This category is for applicators using or supervising the use of restricted use pesticides to control pests in maintenance and production of ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, and turf. Performing "turf and ornamental pest control activities" includes, but is not limited to, the use of any pesticide with the intent to prevent, destroy, repel or otherwise mitigate any pest of publicly or privately owned turf or ornamental plantings for compensation or as a government employee on the property of another, including the installation of devices. Turf and ornamental pest control activities also includes the soliciting, advertising, or making of sales proposals in any form for any services involving the use of pesticides or devices with the intent to prevent, destroy, repel, or otherwise mitigate any pest of turf or ornamental plantings. (SCPCA 2006)
Q. Describe one of the largest urban sources of groundwater contamination.
Q. What major factors determine whether a pesticide is likely to reach groundwater when applied in a turf and ornamental setting?
Q. Where does most groundwater contamination occur?
Q. What four main safeguards are farmers required to install on chemigation?
Q. Name ways in which birds might be exposed to a pesticide being applied to turf or ornamentals.
Q. When do most bee poisonings occur?
Q. What are ways to reduce drift problems when using air blast sprayers in orchards?
Q. Describe how IPM programs pose minimal hazards to people and the environment.
Q. How should gloves be worn when spraying overhead?
Q. What procedure should be followed when eyes are harmed by pesticides?
Q. What is meant by Restricted Entry Interval (REI)?
Q. What are some employer responsibilities when Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is required by the product labeling?
Q. What practices help keep respirators effective?
Q. Besides pesticides, what are other turf management practices?
Q. What determines the correct mowing height and correct intervals?
Q. How can thatch reduce the effectiveness of pesticides?
Q. What type of watering should be avoided (except during turfgrass establishment) because it promotes shallow roots systems, which can lead to increased incidence of weeds and diseases?
Q. Why is turf grown in shady areas usually less vigorous? What are some solutions?
Q. What method uses water to sample insects associated with the thatch layer?
Q. What kind of herbicide is applied to growing weeds before they have emerged from the soil?
Q. What is the most effective, long-term solution to minimizing weed problems?
Q. What kind of weather should be avoided when pruning plants and why?
Q. When is pruning a good method of insect control?
Q. Why is control of galls not recommended under most circumstances?
Q. When is the most effective time to control armored scales?
Q. What are some ways to avoid pesticide resistance?
Q. In what areas is powdery mildew most common?
Q. What are ways to prevent root rot?
Q. What are methods of control for Verticillium wilt?
Q. What recommendations are made for chemical control of ants?
Q. What types of damage are caused by mole crickets?
Q. What is the host range for slime mold?
Q. Describe the cycle of Japanese beetles.
Q. Describe a method of nonchemical control of daylily leaf streak.
Q. What causes Botrytis Blight on Marigold?
Q. What insecticide breaks down very slowly in the environment and is capable of being stored in the fat tissue of animals?
Q. What insecticides have the ability to act systemically?
Q. What insecticides are synthetic organic pesticides that are quite popular because they are highly effective, moderately priced and generally short-lived in the environment?
Q. What insecticides affect the function of the central nervous system?
Q. What kind of herbicides are designed to kill only specific targeted plants?
Q. What herbicide kills the plant parts to which it is applied?
Q. What kind of herbicides are absorbed by the roots or the above-ground parts of the plant and are translocated throughout the plant system?
Q. Which formulations work well on outdoor turf and ornamentals, because they leave little visible residue?
Q. Which formulations are easy to use and unlikely to harm nontarget organisms?
Q. What kind of ground equipment cannot adequately cover or penetrate dense foliage because of low pressure and gallonage rate?
Q. What kind of ground equipment can penetrate heavy vegetation and reach the tops of tall shade trees?
Q. What kind of ground equipment should only be used in calm weather?
Q. When using dry formulations, what kind of granular spreader applies coarse, dry particles in a precise pattern with little chance of drift?
Q. What type of granular spreader applies coarse, dry particles quickly, but with the chance of drift?
Q. What kind of nozzles are used primarily when penetration is essential for effective insect and disease control and when drift is not a major concern?
Q. What kind of nozzles can be used when better penetration of dense foliage is needed?
Q. What operational technique should be used in orchard spraying when wind velocities are so high that the spray pattern is bent?
Q. When should you recalibrate your equipment?
A. Recalibrate your equipment:
Q. When using power sprayers, what variables affect the amount of spray mixture that is applied per acre or per 1,000 sq. ft.?
Q. What is the first step in calibrating equipment?
Q. What are ways to make pest control safer in indoor public areas?
Q. What are the three general steps of diagnosis?
Q. What pathogen produces a multitude of spores that function like plant seeds?
Q. On what ornamentals are whiteflies most common?
Q. What is essential to an IPM strategy?
Q. What kind of management provides a practical, economical and environmentally appropriate way to control pests?
Q. Why should greenhouse workers be discouraged from wearing yellow clothing?
Q. What unique risks of exposure do applicators in greenhouses face?
Q. What is the safest way to spray as you walk forward in the greenhouse?