Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is 4-H?
- What is 4-H?
- What is the mission of 4-H?
- Isn't 4-H just for kids who live on farms?
- What is a 4-H club?
- What happens in a 4-H club?
- What age must you be to join 4-H?
- Does it cost money to join 4-H?
- How did 4-H originate?
- Where does 4-H get its funding?
- Who "runs" the 4-H program?
- What do the four H's on the 4-H emblem stand for?
- What is the 4-H pledge?
- What is the 4-H motto?
- What is the 4-H slogan?
- Where are 4-H programs found?
- Is 4-H in my county?
- How can I find out more about 4-H in my county?
4-H is a community of young people across America who are learning leadership, citizenship, and life skills. 4-H is the youth development program of the Clemson University* Cooperative Extension Service. As an informal, practical educational program for youth, 4-H is where there's fun in learning and learning in fun! (*4-H programs in the state are also offered via South Carolina State University.)
2. What is the mission of 4-H?
The South Carolina 4-H Youth Development Program uses a learn-by-doing approach, the involvement of caring adults, and the knowledge and resources of Clemson University and the land grant university system to empower youth to become healthy, productive, and contributing members of society.
3. Isn't 4-H just for kids who live on farms?
No! 4-H is for all youth, wherever they live - on farms, in suburbs, in cities. 4-H serves youth from all backgrounds and interests. It reaches both boys and girls through 4-H clubs, special-interest groups and short-term projects, school-age child care, individual & family learning & mentoring, camping, and school enrichment. Most 4-H members do not live on farms and they participate in contemporary projects such as bicycle care and safety, consumer education, aerospace and model rocketry, go-carting, and animal sciences. 4-H offers membership on an age-appropriate basis without regard to race, color, sex, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital or family status.
4. What is a 4-H club?
4-H clubs are the foundation of the 4-H program. A 4-H club is a group of five or more youngsters guided by one or more adult volunteer leaders. A club can be any size from a small group of kids from one neighborhood to a larger club consisting of youth from all over the county.
5. What happens in a 4-H club?
A 4-H club usually concentrates on one or more projects such as gardening, woodworking, small animals, food and nutrition, photography, etc. 4-H members build leadership by electing officers and conducting their own business meetings; work together on community service activities; meet new friends; and most important, have lots of fun.
6. What age must you be to join 4-H?
Youth, ages 5-19, can be 4-H club members and enroll in many different 4-H projects. Younger 4-H members (ages 5-8) are provided a noncompetitive learning experience as "Cloverbuds." Sometimes, Cloverbuds are in separate clubs where they sample a variety of 4-H projects. Older 4-H members also have special opportunities, such as serving on a county-wide 4-H teen council or participating in state programs and events.
7. Does it cost money to join 4-H?
There is a $10 annual membership fee to participate in any 4-H club or project. This fee is waived for any group already assembled that participate in enrichment type activities, such as a school class. Once the fee has been paid for the club year, which runs September through August, it will not need to be paid again and the 4-Her can participate in anything 4-H in any South Carolina county. Some clubs, projects, and camps may have separate fees in addition to the annual membership fee.
8. How did 4-H originate?
4-H clubs were preceded by corn clubs for boys and canning clubs for girls, organized in the early 1900's by public school educators who wanted to broaden the knowledge and experience of their students. 4-H became an official part of the Cooperative Extension Service, along with agriculture and home economics, at about the time Cooperative Extension was officially established by the U.S. Congress in 1914. The term "4-H Club" first appeared in a federal document in 1918, and by the mid-1920s, 4-H was well on its way to becoming a significant national program for youth. 4-H is an American idea that has spread around the world. Throughout its long history, 4-H has constantly adapted to the ever-changing needs and interests of youth.
9. Where does 4-H get its funding?
Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service, of which 4-H is a part, receives funds from a cooperative partnership of three levels of government: federal (via the Cooperative States Research, Education & Extension Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), state (via Clemson University Public Service & Agriculture) and, in some cases, county funding. 4-H also receives support from private sources.
10. Who "runs" the 4-H program?
Volunteers are the key to providing 4-H programs for youth. Capable, interested adult volunteers are always needed to lead clubs and to assist with 4-H activities. Orientation is provided, so no previous experience is necessary. 4-H volunteers are supported by a professional staff, including a county 4-H agent who is a faculty member of Clemson University. The county 4-H agent is responsible for the county-wide 4-H program and also has state and national responsibilities. There are various county 4-H support and advisory groups made up of interested adult volunteers. State and national 4-H personnel assist county 4-H professionals.
11. What do the four H's on the 4-H emblem stand for?
The 4-H emblem is a green four-leaf clover with a white 'H' on each leaflet, symbolizing Head, Heart, Hands, and Health. The 4-H emblem was patented in 1924.
12. What is the 4-H pledge?
At 4-H club meetings and other 4-H events, 4-H members recite the Pledge of Allegiance and this 4-H pledge:
13. What is the 4-H motto?
I pledge my Head to clearer thinking,
my Heart to greater loyalty,
my Hands to larger service,
and my Health to better living,
for my club, my community,
my country, and my world.
"To Make the Best Better"
14. What is the 4-H slogan?
"Learn by Doing"
15. Where are 4-H programs found?
4-H programs are conducted in 3,150 counties of the United States, and also in the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. In addition, more than 80 countries around the world have youth programs similar to 4-H, with an overall enrollment of about 10 million young people.
16. Is 4-H in my county?
Yes! 4-H is in every county in the state. In South Carolina, thousands of members are in hundreds of local 4-H clubs. Thousands more are involved in 4-H through school enrichment, short-term programs, and camping. In addition, thousands of adults volunteer their time to assist with the 4-H program. You can become part of 4-H by contacting your county Extension/4-H office.
17. How can I find out more about 4-H in my county?
Contact the 4-H staff in the Clemson Cooperative Extension office in the county where you live. Check out County Offices.
Written by Keith G. Diem, Ph.D. Adapted from Rutgers Cooperative Extension (NJ) publication #FS577, Answers to Questions You Want to Know About 4-H by Keith G. Diem.