Bulltongue Arrowhead

picture of bulltongue arrowheadSagittaria lancifolia

Family:
Alismataceae

Lifecycle:
Perennial

Native or Introduced:
Native

Nutrient Removal Rating:
Medium

Wildlife Value:
High

Invasiveness:
Low

Rooted or Floating:
Rooted

Site Requirements:
Full sun to part shade

Maximum Water Depth:
12 inches

Plant Description:
Bulltongue arrowhead is an herbaceous perennial that can grow as tall as 6 feet. 

The above ground portions grow from a coarse underground rhizome that serves as a storage organ. Petioles measure 18-20 inches and are attached to linear or oval blades that can be 8-14 inches in length.

Inflorescences present as large clusters of white flowers. Flowers are approximately 1-5 inches in diameter with three white petals and three small green sepals.

Bulltongue arrowhead grows in swamps and marshes and along the edges of shallow bodies of water.

Sources:

  • Audlbach-Smith, C.A., deKozlowski, S.J. 1996. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources.
  • Flora of North America (see link below),

Additional reading: