Native or Introduced:
Nutrient Removal Rating:
Rooted or Floating:
Full sun to partial shade
Maximum Water Depth:
Carolina mosquito fern plants can be dark green, dark red, or dark green with red margins. They may float individually, but when growth conditions are ideal, mosquito ferns may form mats 1.5 inches in thickness. Plants typically measure approximately 0.5 inches in length with contorted surfaces that are actually very small fronds.
Thin, branched stems are covered by leaves. Small numbers of unbranched roots are also produced.
In temperate areas it can survive year round. Carolina mosquito fern lives in swamps, lakes, ponds and ditches. It is rare that only a single species of mosquito fern is present. Additionally, mosquito ferns are typically associated with duckweed.