Native or Introduced:
Nutrient Removal Rating:
Rooted or Floating:
Full sun to part shade
Maximum Water Depth:
Cattails are herbaceous perennials. The above ground portions grow from underground rhizomes. Shoots measure 60-120 inches in height at maturity. Leaves are covered with a waxy coating and can grow to a length of 5 feet with a width of one inch.
Large flowering spikes are produced atop tall shoots. Male flowers grow at the top while groupings of female flowers are clustered at the bottom of the spike. Flowering occurs from spring to early summer. The flowering spikes remain until early winter.
Common cattail is found in fresh or slightly brackish waters such as ponds, rivers, marshes, and ditches.