Giant Bulrush

picture of giant bulrushSchoenoplectus californicus

Family:
Cyperaceae

Lifecycle:
Perennial

Native or Introduced:
Native

Nutrient Removal Rating:
High

Wildlife Value:
Medium

Rooted or Floating:
Rooted

Site Requirements:
Full sun

Maximum Water Depth:
36 inches

Plant Description:
Southern bulrush produces rhizomes (0.5 inches in diameter) and culms with nearly flat sides. Stems can be as tall as 12 feet. Leaves are basal and  approximately 1/6 the length of the culm. Inflorescences are branched and made up of hundreds of spikelets. Fruiting occurs from spring to summer.

Plants live in brackish or fresh marshes or along moist shores. They are often observed as emergent in water.

Sources:

  • Flora of North America (see link below)

Additional reading: