Native or Introduced:
Nutrient Removal Rating:
Rooted or Floating:
Rooted though can occasionally float
Maximum Water Depth:
Pickerelweed is an herbaceous perennial plant that can grow to be 3 1/2 feet tall. Leaves arise from below ground thickened rhizomes. Leaves are green, shiny, and heart or lance shaped with a leathery texture. The leaf blades can be up to 7 inches long and are singly attached to long petioles that originate at the plant base.
Plants produce long terminal flower spikes. The terminus of these spikes (top 3 to 4 inches) is covered with numerous tubular violet flowers that each last for only a single day. Pickerelweed reproduces through two methods – sexually through seed and vegetatively through rhizomes. Flowering occurs from April to October.
Pickerelweed grows along the edges of lakes, ponds, and streams. It can tolerate very deep water for its size. Sometimes, it may even be found floating rather than rooted into the bottom.