Juncus effusus var. effusus
Juncus effusus var. solutus
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Soft rushes are herbaceous perennials that grow to be 1-4 feet in height. They produce heavily branched rhizomes that aid in formation of large colonies. Culms measure approximately 1/8 inch at sheath tips.
Flowering occurs in summer with fruiting stretching into the late summer and fall. Plants are found in and along the edges of swamps, marshes, and shallow bodies of water. They can also live in any area with frequently moist soils.
The species Juncus effuses is quite complex taxonomically. Many varieties have been recognized within the species. Juncus effusus var. effusus is a shorter variety of the southeastern US while Juncus effusus var. solutus is taller.