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Immunization Clinic

  • Hepatitis A vaccine

    Hepatitis A vaccine: prevents Hepatitis A

    • Hepatitis A vaccine is a 2 dose vaccine. You should receive a Hepatitis A vaccine if you want to avoid getting Hepatitis A, if you were vaccinated in the past but did not receive your second dose, if you are part of a high risk group or if you are traveling outside the U.S.
    • What is Hepatitis A? An infection in the liver that is spread person-to-person primarily through the fecal-oral route. Symptoms include fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, dark urine or jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes). An infected person may have no symptoms, mild symptoms, or severe symptoms that last for months and require hospitalization. Approximately 100 people in the U.S. diet each year from Hepatitis A.
    • Fifteen percent of people with Hepatitis A are hospitalized each year.

    If you would like to prevent both Hepatitis A and B, there is a vaccine available called Twinrix that combines the two vaccines. 

  • Hepatitis B vaccine

    Hepatitis B vaccine: prevents Hepatitis B

    • Hepatitis B vaccine is a 3 dose vaccine. You should receive a Hepatitis B vaccine if you want to avoid getting Hepatitis B, if you have not completed all 3 doses of the vaccine, if you are in a high risk group, a healthcare worker exposed to blood and bodily fluids, or if you are traveling outside the U.S.
    • What is Hepatitis B? An infection in the liver caused by the Hepatitis B virus, which is spread through blood or other body fluids. Hepatitis B causes flu-like illness with loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, rashes, joint pain and jaundice. The virus stays in the liver of an infected person for the rest of their lives and can result in severe diseases, including fatal cancer.
    • There are 51,000 new cases of Hepatitis B each year, 95% of new cases are adults.

    If you would like to prevent both Hepatitis A and B, there is a vaccine available called Twinrix that combines the two vaccines. 

  • Twinrix vaccinations

    Twinrix is a combination of hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccinations.

  • Tetanus vaccinations

    Vaccines are available that can help prevent tetanus, an infection caused by Clostridium tetani bacteria. There are four kinds of vaccines used today to protect against tetanus, all of which are combined with vaccines for other diseases:

    • Diphtheria and tetanus (DT) vaccines
    • Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccines
    • Tetanus and diphtheria (Td) vaccines
    • Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccines

    Tetanus vaccination is recommended for all babies, children, teens, and adults. DTaP and DT are given to children younger than 7 years old, while Tdap and Td are given to older children and adults.

  • Tdap vaccine (combination of tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis)

    Tdap vaccine: prevents tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough)

    • Tdap vaccine is given once and then a booster is given every 10 years. You should receive a Tdap vaccine if it has been more than 10 years since your last vaccine, if you have been exposed to tetanus or diphtheria and it has been more than 5 years, or if you are around small children.
    • What is tetanus? Tetanus is caused by bacteria found in soil, dust and manure. It enters the body through a wound and can produce a toxin that causes painful spasms and stiffness of all muscles in the body. This can lead to “locking” of ht ejaw so a person cannot open their mouth, swallor, or breathe. Complete recovery from tetanus can take months.
    • What is diphtheria? A contagious bacteria disease that affects the respiratory system. It is passed from person to person by direct contact with droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. The diphtheria bacteria produce a toxin in the body that can cause weakness, sore throat, fever and swollen glands. The toxin can also lead to swelling of heart and possibly heart failure. In severe cases, the toxin can cause coma, paralysis and even death.
    • What is pertussis? Pertussis is also known as whooping cough, and is spread through direct contact with droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. Symptoms seem similar to the common cold, but after 1-2 weeks lead to violent coughing and choking, making it hard to breathe, drink or eat. The cough can last for weeks. Pertussis is more serious for babies and young children, as it can lead to pneumonia, seizures, brain damage and death. 


  • Flu vaccine

    Influenza vaccine: prevents specific strains of the flu

    • All people 6 months of age and older should get a flu vaccine annually, especially those at higher risk for getting the flu (including health care workers and those with compromised immune systems). There are several types of flu vaccine, ask your health care provider which one is best for you.
    • What is the flu? A virus spread through an infected person’s cough or sneezes, and can cause mild to severe illness. Symptoms include sudden high fever, cough, chills, headache, runny nose, sore throat, sore muscles and joint pain. The flu can cause extreme fatigue for several days to weeks. Severe cases can lead to hospitalization or even death.
    • Each year, thousands of people die from the flu and even more are hospitalized. 


  • MMR vaccine

    MMR vaccine: prevents measles, mumps and rubella

    • MMR is a 2 dose vaccine. You should get the MMR vaccine if you are unsure if you received both doses, if you are a woman trying to get pregnant and don’t know if you are immune to rubella, or if you have a blood test that does not confirm MMR immunity.
    • What is measles? A virus spread by direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person. It is highly contagious—just being in the same room after a person who is infected can result in infection in a susceptible person. Symptoms include rash, fever, cough and red, watery eyes. Measles can lead to pneumonia, seizures, brain damage and death.
      • Measles is one of the most contagious vaccine-preventable diseases.
      • Measles during pregnancy increases the risk of premature labor, spontaneous abortion and low birth weight babies.
    • What is mumps? An infectious disease caused by the mumps virus, spread in the air by a cough or sneeze from an infected person. It can also be spread through contact with a contaminated object, like a toy. Symptoms include fever, headache, painful swelling of salivary glands, muscle aches, tiredness and loss of appetite. Severe complications, although rare, include meningitis, encephalitis, permanent hearing loss or swelling of the testes (which can lead to sterility in men).
    • What is rubella? A virus spread through coughing and sneezing. Rubella causes mild illness in children, but can be very serious to a baby in the womb. A pregnant woman infected with rubella can lead to miscarriage, heart defects, mental retardation and loss of hearing and eyesight.
      • If a pregnant woman develops rubella during the first trimester, there is an 85% change of fetal damage. 


  • Meningococcal vaccine

    MCV: prevents meningococcal disease

    • There are 2 types of meningococcal vaccine, one for those under 55 and one for those older than 55. This vaccine protects against 4 types of meningitis. For most people, this is a 2 dose vaccine that should be taken in adolescence, then upon entering college. You should receive this vaccine if you have not had both doses and if you are going to be living where you will be at risk for contracting the bacteria.
    • What is meningococcal disease? This disease is caused by bacteria that is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis, which is an infection around the brain and spinal cord. The bacteria is spread through droplets from coughing, sneezing, or kissing. Symptoms of meningitis include sudden fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and confusion.
      • Approximately 1 in every 10 people who get meningitis die from it. Survivors may lose limbs, become deaf, have problems with nervous systems, suffer seizures or strokes.


  • Pneumococcal vaccine (pneumonia)

    Pneumococcal vaccine: prevents pneumococcal disease (pneumonia)

    • This vaccine requires 1 to 3 doses. Everyone should receive this vaccine if they are older than 65, and those at high risk for developing pneumonia should receive it before age 65.
    • What is pneumococcal disease? A disease spread through bacteria from infected person’s cough or sneeze. This bacteria can cause pneumonia infection in the lungs, ear infections, sinus infections, meningitis and sepsis. Many people have the pneumococcal bacteria in their mouth or nose without having any symptoms, this is called being a carrier. Severe cases of pneumococcal disease can lead to long term problems, like brain damage, hearing loss or loss of limbs, and even death. 
      • Pneumococcal disease is the leading cause of vaccine preventable death in the U.S.
      • Pneumococcal disease kills about 1 in every 20 people who contract the disease.

    Click here for the CDC Vaccine Information Statement about the Pneumococcal Vaccine

  • Zoster vaccine (shingles)

    Zoster vaccine: prevents shingles, herpes zoster

    • You should receive the 1 dose vaccine for varicella zoster if you are older than 50 and want to prevent shingles.
    • What is shingles? A virus caused by the varicella zoster virus, the same one that causes chickenpox. After a person has chickenpox, the virus lies dormant (inactive) in the body. The virus can reactivate years later, causing shingles. Most cases of shingles occur among men and women older than 60. Shingles is characterized by a painful skin rash, typically on one side of the body. Other symptoms include headache, fever, chills and upset stomach. Severe cases can lead to pneumonia, hearing and vision problems, encephalitis and even death. Only people who have had chickenpox are at risk for shingles. 
      • Almost 1 out of every 3 persons in the U.S. will develop shingles
      • At least 1 million people in the U.S. get shingles each year.


  • Varicella vaccine (chickenpox)

    Varicella vaccine: prevents varicella (chickenpox)

    • Varicella vaccine is a 2 dose vaccine. You should get the vaccine if you have never had chickenpox. If you are unsure, you can have a titer drawn to check for immunity.
    • What is varicella? Varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox, a very contagious virus spread through cough, sneeze, or by touching blisters on the skin. Typical symptoms of chicken pox include itchy rash with blisters, tiredness, headache and fever. It is usually mild, but can lead to severe skin infections, pneumonia, encephalitis or even death. Chicken pox mostly affects children.
      • Adults are 25 times more likely to die from chickenpox than children.


  • Yellow Fever vaccine

    Yellow Fever vaccine: prevents yellow fever

    • Yellow Fever vaccine is a single shot vaccine, and those who are exposed should receive a booster every 10 years. If you live in or are traveling to an area where the virus is found, it is necessary to receive this vaccine. When you get the yellow fever vaccine, you will receive a yellow card signifying your immunity-which is required for entry into certain countries. 
    • What is Yellow Fever? An infection caused by the yellow fever virus that can be found in parts of Africa and South America. It is spread by mosquitos, and not by person-to-person contact. Yellow fever usually causes hospitalization and symptoms include fever, flu-like symptoms, jaundice, bleeding and organ failure that can result in death. 
      • There were 30,000 estimated deaths due to yellow fever in 2002.


  • Typhoid Fever vaccine

    Tyhoid Fever vaccine: prevents typhoid fever 

    • Typhoid vaccine is given as one shot, and then a booster every 2 years for those who remain at risk. Tyhpoid vaccine is recommended for those traveling to areas where they will be at risk for typhoid or if they will be in contact with someone who is a typhoid carrier.
    • What is typhoid fever? A serious disease caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria that causes high fever, fatigue, weakness, stomach pain, loss of appetite and sometimes a rash. It can kill up to 30% of people who get it if left untreated. Typhoid fever generally comes from contaminated food or water, so travelers should be careful of what they ingest while traveling. People can also become typhoid carriers, so if you are exposed to a carrier you should also receive this vaccine. 
      • Typhoid strikes around 21 million people per year in the world.
      • Typhoid kills around 200,000 people per year in the world. 


  • Typhoid Fever vaccine