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Hayek Center

Research

The Hayek Center supports multiple research initiatives that examine when and under what conditions business activities shape the human condition. We are interested in how economic and legal institutions affect markets and, consequently, how markets affect individual and firm behaviors. Our research is guided by a genuine interest in relevant social problems and grounded in academic integrity.

Topics of interest include but are not limited to:

  • Law and economics, particularly antitrust and intellectual property.
  • Regulation and its effect on economic growth, innovation, and health.
  • Disruptive technologies and their long-run impact on consumers and workers.
  • Market access and development in poor communities.

2022 ESG and Policy Research Conference

The research conference investigates social and environmental policies across various aspects of the corporate world, including banking, asset management, product markets, capital investment and corporate governance. Research featured in the conference falls into two groups. The first evaluates ESG-related public policies through their effect on firms’ behavior, such as financing, investment and disclosure. The second group explores the effect of firms' adoption of ESG policies on the economy, such as product markets and asset management.

The invite-only conference brings together financial economists from premier US institutions, including Arizona State University, Clemson University, the University of Delaware, Emory University, the University of Georgia, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Indiana University, Rice University and the University of South Carolina to explore these complex dynamics and ultimately provide insights that inform future policies.

View the Conference Agenda.

Research Workshop - Labor Markets and Public Policy

Chris Walters presenting st Labor Markets and Public Policy Workshop

The purpose of this workshop is to examine how various public policies affect labor markets and, consequently, the role of employment in society. This workshop will be broken up into three sections, Human Capital Production, Mobility and Migration, and Pay, Participation, and Productivity and will explore questions including How do charter schools, border walls, and tax policies influence the accumulation of human capital and the supply of labor? What evidence exists on the effect of minimum wage laws and professional licensing requirements on the demand for labor or the productivity of that labor? Does regional unemployment increase rates of suicide and drug overdose?

This by-invitation-only workshop will gather renowned labor economists as well as emerging scholars and graduate students from the University of Arizona, the University of California, Berkeley, the University of California, Los Angeles, Clemson University, Cornell University, Duke University and the University of Rochester to examine these complex and dynamic relationships.

Labor Markets and Public Policy workshop attendees can log in here.

Research Projects supported by the Hayek Center

"Certificate of Need"
Investigators: Vitor Melo and Reed Watson
Summary: Certificate of Need (CON) laws prohibit hospitals and certain other healthcare providers from building new facilities, expanding existing facilities or acquiring new equipment without first obtaining approval from a state regulatory board. The stated goals of these laws are to contain healthcare spending, prevent unnecessary duplication of facilities and services, and ensure high-quality service; yet evidence of their effectiveness is scant. Using a differences-in-differences model, we find CON laws reduce competition in a healthcare industry leading to higher prices and increased spending. To more precisely account for demographic and economic differences between states that have repealed their CON laws and those which have not, we also construct a weighted combination of control states against which the treatment group is compared. As with the differences-in-differences model, we use as the treatment group those states that originally enacted then subsequently repealed their certificate of need law. Initial findings using synthetic controls suggest the differences-in-differences models may underestimate cost savings from repealing CON laws.

"Guaranteed Basic Income Pilot"
Investigators: Jorge Garcia, Patrick Warren, Reed Watson
Summary: Guaranteed Basic Income (GBI) is a policy that guarantees a cash grant to households or individuals, usually every month. The policy received attention recently as the primary policy proposal of presidential primary candidate Andrew Yang, but had earlier support from both Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Milton Friedman. GBI has the potential of releasing individuals from a poverty trap – where the day-to-day struggle to meet immediate needs means a single slip can lead to job loss, eviction, bankruptcy, or reduced physical and mental health. In this environment, the long-term investments in skills and competency required to escape poverty are extremely risky and unlikely to occur. GBI can make those investments more likely. But the overall impact of such a policy is not unambiguously positive. The main concern is that guaranteeing a basic monthly income could lower employment and labor force participation.

Until this project, all the academic and policy work directly evaluating GBI in the developed world has focused on urban settings. In these settings, GBI is shown to reduce the variability of consumption, improve mental and physical health, and increase career-related investment (internships, classes, and job hunting). There is no evidence of a dis-employment effect. On the contrary, there is some evidence that, after a year of GBI, recipients are more likely to be employed than non-recipients are (Marinescu, 2018; SEED, 2021). Poverty is an issue in rural areas, and the tradeoffs might substantially differ in that setting. To study these tradeoffs, we aim to implement a social experiment for producing state-of-the-art evidence on the socioeconomic implications of GBI in the rural areas and small towns near Clemson, South Carolina.

"Management Flexibility and School Performance"
Principal Investigator: Patrick Warren
Summary: In studying education, the flexibility of managers (principals) to change management practices might be constrained for public schools while private and charter schools have greater flexibility to adopt new practices. Additionally private and charter schools are subject to market forces while the state insulates public schools. Flexibility and market forces might be complements in the production of student outcomes, or they might be substitutes, understanding which matters for student outcomes. An improved understanding of this could not only help in the understanding of management practices in education and student performance but improve understanding of the role constraints (or lack of constraints) placed on managers that impacts the adoption of successful management practices and ultimately firm outcomes. Using student performance on the state test as our measure of organization performance we are looking at how management matters for student performance and if it matters differentially for public or private schools.

"Generic Antibiotics, Prescriptions of Antibiotics, and Effectiveness of Antibiotics"
Principal Investigator: Scott Templeton
Summary: Major news media regularly report the growing ineffectiveness of antibiotics and antiviral medicines and worldwide concerns about untreatable or difficult-to-treat infections. This study examines the role of competition in the pharmaceutical industry, in particular, how the expiration of patents for brand-name antibiotics affects the development and prescription of generic antibiotics.

"Market Access in Impoverished Regions"
Principal Investigator: Reed Watson
This study will develop policy reforms and training to address region-specific infrastructural, informational, economic, and legal constraints on market development. Specifically, we will examine supply chains, market structures, land tenure, and finance in impoverished areas to complement and maximize the effectiveness of ongoing agricultural education and innovation.

Graduate Students

The Hayek Center supports graduate students and post-doctorates whose research explores the role of competition in the marketplace and who are interested in pursuing careers in academia. If you are a graduate student or post-doctorate interested in conducting research at the Hayek Center, please contact us.

Hayek Center for the Business of Prosperity
Hayek Center for the Business of Prosperity | 309B Wilbur O. and Ann Powers Hall, 225 Walter T. Cox Blvd., Clemson, S.C., 29634