Accessibility Laws, Policies, and Standards
Clemson University is committed to meeting our obligations under the following laws. Please ensure understanding for each of the laws listed below by clicking on their respective links, which provide direction to the appropriate locations where each law is explained and additional requirements outlined.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, As Amended in 2008 provides nondiscrimination protection for all peoples with qualified disabilities, including those at colleges and universities. ADA requires colleges and universities to provide reasonable accommodations to persons with a qualified disability to fully participate in all university activities and academic programs.
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as Amended requires all peoples with disabilities, as members of the public who are seeking information, have access and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to all persons without disabilities. Additional Rehabilitation Act compliance information is listed below:
- Section 503 Overview (Link opens in new tab.)
- Section 504 Overview (Link opens in new tab.)
- Section 508 Overview (Link opens in new tab.)
Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 provides nondiscrimination protection on the basis of sex in education activities or programs.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides nondiscrimination protection on the basis of race, color, or national origin in academic and educational programs and/or activities
- Title VI of Civil Rights Act Overview (Link opens in new tab.)
- Title VII of Civil Rights Act Overview (Link opens in new tab.)
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) protects the privacy of student records. Students who are of the legal age of 18 and older have the right to keep all education records private. However, an adult student may grant written authorization to release partial record information to a parent, spouse, significant other, or trusted individual. Faculty are prohibited from making any personal student records, i.e., grades or any other personal information, available to the public or to any other student or any third party.
The South Carolina Human Affairs Law prohibits discrimination based on sex, race, color, religion, national origin, age, pregnancy, disability and other factors in academic programs, employment and other contexts.
These are two of Clemson's most relevant policies.
- Anti-Harassment and Non-Discrimination Policy (Link opens in new tab.)
- Information and Communications Technology Accessibility Policy (Link opens in new tab.)
For additional policies, visit the Office of Access and Equity's Policies and Procedures for Equitable Treatment page (Link opens in new tab.) or Clemson University's Policies page (Link opens in new tab.) . Also, see Clemson's Web Accessibility Statement.
In addition to the laws above, lawsuit settlements with other higher education institutions will generally mention one or more of the following accessibility design standards.
- WCAG 2.0 A and AA (Link opens in new tab.) *, and WAI-ARIA 1.0 (Link opens in new tab.) for web content;
- ATAG 2.0 (Link opens in new tab.) for software used to create web content;
- UAAG 1.0 (Link opens in new tab.) for web browsers, media players, and assistive technologies;
- WCAG2ICT (Link opens in new tab.) for non-web software and content;
- MathML 3.0 (Link opens in new tab.) specifications for digital mathematical and scientific notation;
- DAISY (Link opens in new tab.) or ePub3 (Link opens in new tab.) for digital publications and documents;
- BANA Guidelines and Standards for Tactile Graphics (2010) (Link opens in new tab.) for hard copy Braille.
- ADAAG (Link opens in new tab.) , ANSI (Link opens in new tab.) , and/or IBC (Link opens in new tab.) for buildings and physical products.
*In 2017 and 2018, W3C began updating WCAG to version 2.1. After the update, it is possible that WCAG 2.1 A and AA will be mentioned in more lawsuits and adopted by more universities. If this happens, it is possible that Clemson will also adopt this standard through an update to the ICT Accessibility Policy. Return to list
In addition to WCAG, WAI-ARIA and UAAG have updated versions as well.