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Contact Information

P: 864-656-3416

Campus Location

118 Kinard Laboratory


Monday - Friday:
8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.


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Lih-Sin The

Physics and Astronomy

Principal Lecturer

Kinard Lab 120D [Office]

Educational Background

B.S., Physics, University of Indonesia, 1980
Drs., Physics, University of Indonesia, 1981
M.S., Physics, University of Arizona, 1985
Ph.D., Astrophysics, University of Arizona, 1989

Research Interests

X-ray and Gamma-ray from Supernovae,
Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis,
Galactic Dynamics and Evolution

Research Group (Lab)


Courses Taught

Solar System Astronomy ASTR 1010
Stellar Astronomy ASTR 1020
Algebra-based-Physics-I PHYS 2070
Algebra-based-Physics-II PHYS 2080
Calculus-based-Physics-I PHYS 1220
Calculus-based-Physics-II PHYS 2110
Intro to the Methods of Theoretical Physics-I PHYS 3110
Intro to the Methods of Theoretical Physics-II PHYS 3120
Introduction to Computational Physics PHYS 3150

Selected Publications

"Cosmic Supernova Neutrino and Gamma-Ray Backgrounds in the MeV Regime,'' Samalka Anandagoda, Dieter Hartmann, Christopher Fryer, Marco Ajello, Abhishek Desai, Aimee Hungerford, and Lih-Sin The, Astrophysical J., 290, 29 (2023).

``Ex Luna, Scientia: The Lunar Occultation eXplorer (LOX),'' Astro2020 APC White Paper submitted to the National Academy of Sciences Decadal Survey on Astronomy and Astrophysics, Miller, R. S. et al. 2019 arXiv:1907.07005.

``Catching Element Formation In The Act, The Case for a New MeV Gamma-Ray Instrument: Radionuclide Astronomy in the 2020’s, A White Paper for the 2020 Decadal Survey,'' Fryer, C. L, Timmes, F., Hungerford, A. L, Couture, A. et al. 2019, arXiv:1902.02915.

''The Origin of the Cosmic Gamma-ray Background in the MeV Range,'' Pilar Ruiz-Lapuente, Lih-Sin The, Dieter Hartmann, Marco Ajello, Ramon Canal, Frederich K. Ropke, Sebastian Ohlmann, & Wolfgang Hillebrandt, Astrophysical J., 820, 142 (2016).

``Expectations for the Hard X-ray Continuum and Gamma-Ray Line Fluxes from the Type Ia Supernova SN 2014J in M82,'' Lih-Sin The & Adam Burrows, Astrophysical J., 786, 141 (2014).

`s-process Nucleosynthesis in Advanced Burning Phases of Massive Stars,'' Lih-Sin The, M. F. El Eid, & B. S. Meyer, Astrophysical J., 655, 1058 (2007).

``Are $^{44}$Ti-producing supernovae exceptional?,'' Lih-Sin The, D. D. Clayton, R. Diehl, D. H. Hartmann, A.~F. Iyudin, M.~D. Leising, B.~S. Meyer, Y. Motizuki, & V. Sch{\"o}nfelder, Astronomy & Astrophysical, 450, 1037 (2006).

``Nuclear Reactions Governing the Nucleosynthesis of $^{44}$Ti,'' Lih-Sin The, D. D. Clayton, L. Jin, & B. S. Meyer, Astrophysical. J., 504, 500 (1998).

``The Mass of the Coma Cluster,'' Lih-Sin The & S.D.M. White, Astron. J., 92, 1248 (1986).



Honors and Awards

NASA Public Service Group Achievement Award, Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) Team, March 27, 1992.

Grant from Theoretical Advanced Study Institute for Attending Summer School in Elementary Particles, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, June 1984.

National Atomic and Energy Agency Scholarship from the University of Indonesia, 1977 - 1980.


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Contact Information

P: 864-656-3416

Campus Location

118 Kinard Laboratory


Monday - Friday:
8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.