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IDProject InfoCollegeCollege ID
4

Stress, Behavior and Health

The teams have been studying subtle changes in brain function that are associated with increased risk for hypertension in young adults. These changes in brain function produce emotional dampening; the reduced perception of emotionally meaningful environmental cues such as facial expressions. Emotional dampening could lead to increased psychosocial stress and further elevations in blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular disease.

Team Leaders
James A McCubbin Psychology
Accomplishments
As President of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine, I highlighted several of our undergraduate CI project results in my Presidential Address at the annual meeting in Santa Fe, NM, June 24, 2017.
Kyla Davis graduated this year (May 2017) with departmental honors using her CI-related study protocol.
NIH- 1 R13 CA216984-01, PI- James McCubbin, Total Costs = $15,580 requested and funded).
McCubbin, J., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cummings, G., *O'Toole, L. & *Demas, R. (2017, April 5). The Effects of Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening on Financial Risk-Taking Behavior. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., *Whitesides, K., *Tucker, J., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Basiura, R,. Haile, B. & Wood, D. (2017, March 31). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening of Threat Perception: A Preliminary Study of Blood Pressure and Financial Risk-Taking. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.
McCubbin, J., *McGee, T., *Green, C., *Grady, J., *Kinard, S., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cole, S., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Spencer, B., *Tucker, J., Wood, D. (2016, April 6-7).  Blood pressure, emotional dampening, and risky behavior: A model and converging methods. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Lindberg, C.A., *McGee, T.E., *Rodriguez, M.K., *Hayes, J.M., *Green, C.A. & *Kinard, S.L. (2015, April 6). The relationships among sleep quality, hostility, blood pressure, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Morrison, A.V., *Hayden, G.W. & *Lindberg, C.A. (2015, March 18-21). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep quality, hostility and blood pressure in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at the 73rd Annual Scientific meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Savannah, GA.
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., *Morrison, A.V., *Wilson, E.D., *Backman, K.L. & McCubbin, J.A. (2013, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is there a Relationship Between Social Support and Blood Pressure. Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, La Crosse, WI.
McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J.G., Bart, R., *Hibdon, M.A., *Loukas B., Brower-Lingsch, D., *Ross G., *Nathan, A., *Isgett, S.F., and *Schram, R. (2012, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Is There a Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Risk. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, New Orleans, LA.
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., McCubbin, J.A., (2013, March). Does Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Reduce Social Support. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Miami, FL.
McCubbin, J.A., Burnette, C.M., *Peach, H., Allen, A.J., Gillispie, S., Pilcher, J.J. (2010, March). Methodological Pilot Study The Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Emotion in Narrative Sentences. Presented at Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Association. Portland, OR.
McCubbin, J., Loveless, J., Hall, G., *Robinson, G., Moore, D., (2011, March). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is Independent of Alexithymia. Presented at the Annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Hall, G., Loveless, J., McCubbin, J. (2010, August). The Relationship Between Cardiovascular Function and Emotion Recognition Studying the Emotional Dampening Hypothesis. Presented at the Conference on Applied Psychology, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, March). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Presented at the Annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Moore, D. (2011, March). Sleep Deprivation Increases Blood Pressure in Persons with a Family History of Hypertension. Accepted for oral presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, April). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Accepted for presentation at the annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference, Coral Gables, FL.
McCubbin, J., *Nathan, A., *Hibdon, M. A., *Stephens, J., *Morrison, A., *Graham, J. G., *Schram, R., *Hayden, G. (2014, March). Blood pressure and emotional dampening in young adults: Effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Francisco, CA
*Nathan, A., *Lansinger, D., *Hayden, G., *McDermott, K., *Newman, A., *Quakenbush, J. & McCubbin, J. (2014, April 3). Systolic blood pressure and effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hibdon, M., *Morrison, A., *Stephens, J., *Scanlon, M., *Lindberg, C. & McCubbin, J. (2014, April 3). Cardiovascular emotional dampening and blood pressure: Is there a relationship between diastolic blood pressure and risk-taking behavior? Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., Zinzow, H., *Hibdon, M., *Nathan, A., *Morrison, A., *Hayden, G., *Lindberg, K. (2016). Subclinical post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms: Relationships with blood pressure, hostility and sleep. Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology, Volume 2016,1-9. Article ID 4720941, https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4720941
McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J.G., Hall, G.A., Bart, R.M., Moore, D.D., Merritt, M.M., Lane, R.D., Thayer, J.F. (2013, June). Emotional dampening in persons with elevated blood pressure: Affect dysregulation and risk for hypertension. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 47, 111-119.
McCubbin J., *Peach, H., Pilcher, J., Moore, D. (2012, January). Decreased Cognitive Function in Young Adults at Risk for Hypertension: Effects of Sleep Deprivation. International Journal of Hypertension, vol. 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/989345
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
18

Mirrors and Windows: A Children's Literature Newsletter

The purpose of this CI project is to create a newsletter that focuses on children's literature intended for youth in grades K-6. The books will be diverse in terms of genres (e.g., poetry, fantasy, nonfiction, etc.) as well as the race of the authors and illustrators. Students will read 6-8 titles and select their favorite book to review.

Team Leaders
Jonda McNair Teacher Education
Accomplishments
McNair, J.C. (2015). Picturebook Apps. Mirrors and Windows, in print.
McNair, J.C., *Webb, T., *Spencer, D., *Doctor, A.E., *Montgomery, L., *Richardson, R., *Cobbs, W.D., *Watkins, A. (2007, December). I Never Knew : A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2007.
McNair, J.C., *Spencer, D., *Montgomery, L., *Watkins, A., *Webb, T., *Wilkes, K., *Doctor, A.E. (2007, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2007.
McNair, J.C., *Joseph, M., *Montgomery, L., *Cobbs, W.D., *Henry, R., *Halloway, J., *Crouch, A., *Ochieng, L., *Chandler, L. (2008, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2008.
McNair, J.C., *Richardson, R., *Joseph, M., *Spencer, D., *Brice, C., *Montgomery, L., *Webb, T., *Cobbs, W., *Doctor, A., *Henry, R., *Gaines, L., *Watkins, A. (2008, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2008.
McNair, J.C., *Dekine, T., *Darby, L., *Joseph, M., *Montogmery, L., *Richardson, R., *Chandler, L. (2009, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2009.
McNair, J.C., *Smiley, A., *Ouzts, J., *Weir, M., *Dover, S., *Sturkie, C., *Joseph, M., *Montgomery, L., *Cade, L., *Nimmo, L. (2010, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2010.
McNair, J.C., *Mobley, D., *Trotty, C., *Sease, K., *Fowler, A., *Shaw, T., *Pate, C. Jr., *Hicks, H., *Ochieng, L., *Johnson, C. (2011, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature Fall, 2011.
McNair, J. C. (2013). Mirrors and Windows. Clemson University.
College of EducationE
276

Design and Synthesis of Advanced Nanomaterials to Address the Global Challenges of the 21st Century

As we look into our future, we see many daunting challenges that face our global society. Einstein once said, “We cannot solve the problems we face using the same kind of thinking that was used when we created them.” Creative Inquiry offers a new kind of research where we approach research as an interdisciplinary, collaborative approach. This is particularly true when we look into the global challenges for the 21st century. Some of these challenges include: Providing renewable energy and clean water to satisfy the global demand, Developing new diagnostics and therapeutics for the next generation of diseases that we face, and creating sustainable technologies that benefit society without being detrimental to the environment. The goal of this creative inquiry research is to look into these challenges and determine what problems can be solved by designing advanced nanomaterials with specific functionalities.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Jiang, M., DeMass, S. N.*, Economy, D. R., Shackleton, T.*, Kitchens, C. L. (2016, in press). “The Formation of Highly Oriented Cellulose Nanocrystal Films by Spin-Coating Films from Aqueous Suspensions”. Journal of Renewable Materials.
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, March 12-16). “Impact of the gold nanoparticle stabilizing ligands on catalysis.” Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, March 12-16). “Modifying lipid bilayer permeability with inorganic nanoparticles.” Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
*Shackleton, T., *Wilson, O., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April). “Investigation of Carbon Nanotubes/Cellulose Nanocrystals Composites for Potential Use in Microelectromecanical Systems.” Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
McMillan, M., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April). “Nanocrystalline Cellulose Device Platforms.” Southeastern Regional AIChE Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Mispireta, P., Ansar, S.M., Kitchens, C. (2015 April). Transformations of Silver Nanoparticles exposed to bovine serum albumim.
*Demass, S., *McMillan, M., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). Phase behavior and application studies of cellulose nano-crystals synthesized by acetic acid. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Solon, T., *Davidson, C., *Stonaker, J., *Ledford, T., Leroy, C., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems using gold nanoparticles and phospholipid vesicles. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
21

Conservation of Marine Resources

The Conservation of Marine Resources creative inquiry team participates in marine ecology research to benefit the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Current projects include studying (1) the direct and indirect impact of parrotfish grazing on the survival of coral transplants, and (2) the impact of mass sponge mortality on the survival of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters.

Team Leaders
Kylie Smith Biological Sciences
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Kara Noonan Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 4-5) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 2-3) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 2-3) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Rolfe, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 29). Conservation of Marine Resources Summer Research blog. Presented at the Creative Inquiry Summer Research Showcase, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 22). Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Presented at the Annual College of Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, February 25). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. February 25, 2017. Poster presented at the 9th Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A. & Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the 46th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlers, A., *Whitaker, S., *Fraser, L. & Smith, K. (2017 April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the 46th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., *Rolfe, S. & Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the 46th Annual Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Ehlert, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S., *Sims, R., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, April 4-5) Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, February). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presented at the Annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the 46th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlert, A. & Childress, M. (2016 April 12-16). What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the 45th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of coral cover in the Florida Keys". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef community structure". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Oral presentation presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Coster, D., *Ehlers, A., *Whitt, J., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, April 6-7). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Coster, D.*, Ehlers, A.*, Whitt, J., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, February 20. Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2015, January 3-7). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and parrotfish grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, West Palm, FL.
*Burgess, M.T., *Sims, R.J., Smith, K.M. & Childress, M.J. (2015). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Athens, GA.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2015, April 6). Monitoring the impact of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Ehlert, A., *Fraser, L., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2015, April 6). Are lobsters from disease free habitats more social? Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Whitt, J., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Coster, D., Smith K. & Childress, M. (2015, April 6). Taking a bite out of the reef: factors influencing foraging patterns and dietary selectivity indices. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M.J., Parmenter, K.J. (2012, October 10-11). Dying of Thirst: Impact of Reduced Freshwater Inflow on South Carolina Blue Crabs. Presented at the South Carolina Water Resources Conference proceedings, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M.J. (2010, October 15-16). Modeling The Impact of Drought on South Carolina Blue Crabs Using a Spatially-Explicit Individual-Based Population Model. Presented at the 2010 South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *Quirk-Royal, B.E., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). It ain't easy being reef: impacts of competition and corallivory in Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the 43rd Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Holt, B., *McClellan, K., *Watts, R., *Witt, R., Parmenter, K. & Childress, M. (2012, March). Impact of Drought on Blue Crab Health. Presented at the 2012 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA
*Gurley, A., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on juvenile blue crab growth and survival. Presented at the 2011 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*Miller, S.D., Heldt, K.A. & Childress, M.J. (2013, March). Effects of ocean acidification on aggression and den sharing behavior of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus. Presented at the 2013 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Micklewright, J., Parmenter, K. & Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on Hematodinium sp. infection of blue crabs in the ACE Basin. Presented at the 2011 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*McClellan, K., *Quirk-Royal, B., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2013, March). Who says intermediacy is a bad thing? Influences of community factors on coral diversity in the Florida Keys. Presented at the 2013 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Clarke, L., *Cunningham, K., Heldt, K. & Childress, M. (2013, April 9). Personality in lobsters: Do juvenile spiny lobsters show repeatability in their social and anti-social behaviors? Presented a the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N. & Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the 2014 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Quirk-Royal, B., *Hoffmann, S., Childress, M. & Smith, K. (2014, April 3). Just keep grazing: Parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. & Childress, M. (2014, April 3). It's not easy being a reef: Impacts of competition and corallivory in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N. & Childress, M.J. (2014, April 3). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Ellis, J.R., *Cunningham, K.G., Heldt, K.A. & Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Do Spiny Lobsters Prefer to Associate with Familiar Individuals? Poster presented at the 2014 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Historical vs. contemporary effects on coral cover in the Florida Keys. Presented at the 43rd Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Cunningham, K., *Ellis, J. & Childress, M. (2014, April 3). Do spiny lobsters prefer to associate with familiar individuals? Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Noonan, K. Clemson University Professional Enrichment Grant - $750
Smith, K. International Women’s Fishing Association - $1000
ACC Fellowship in Innovation and Creativity awarded to Thomas Guryan This fellowship program supports undergraduate student-driven research projects at the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) campuses. Fellows are sponsored by the Clemson University Office of Undergraduate Studies and the Atlantic Coast Conference Inter-institutional Academic Collaborative (ACCIAC). Each Fellow receives an award of up to $4,000 to conduct innovative research. The project must be substantially the idea of the student, though it may derive from previous work with a mentor. Examples of project outcomes might include publication, artistic work, presentation or a proof-of-concept proposal. Fellows receive additional funding to present their project results at the 2017 ACC Undergraduate Research Conference. Application forms for this fellowship are available in early February each year. The Fellowship research period is March through August. http://www.clemson.edu/academics/programs/creative-inquiry/opportunities/?type=all
The Explorer’s Club Youth Activity Fund Grant awarded to Randi Sims. The Explorers Club is proud of its history but also looks toward the future, recognizing the importance of new ideas and avenues of exploration. The Club is deeply committed to supporting the fieldwork of serious researchers and, as part of its public service commitment, offers the following grants: The Youth Activity Fund Grant supports high school students and college undergraduates. Its goal is to foster a new generation of explorers dedicated to the advancement of the scientific knowledge of our world. Awards range from $500 to $5,000. We recommend keeping your budget realistic. The average award is approximately $1,500. Only a few grants may be awarded at the $5,000 level. https://explorers.org/expeditions/funding/expedition_grants
Women Diver’s Hall of Fame undergraduate conservation research grant awarded to Randi Sims. The Women Divers Hall of Fame™ (WDHOF) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to honoring and raising awareness of the contributions of outstanding women divers. WDHOF provides educational, mentorship, financial, and career opportunities to the diving community throughout the world. Each year, WDHOF awards scholarships and training grants that provide financial and educational support to individuals of all ages, particularly those who are preparing for professional careers that involve diving. Marine conservation has been our most popular and most competitive scholarship opportunity for several years. The scholarships will be awarded to qualified women of any age who are enrolled in accredited graduate or undergraduate academic or research programs in the field of marine conservation. http://www.wdhof.org/scholarships/scholarships.shtml
*Krachman, H., and Childress, M. (2017) The investigation of Exploratory and social behaviors in Panulirus argus. (Honors Thesis Presentation). Clemson University
Childress, M. J., Heldt, K. A., & Miller, S. D. (2015). Are juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus) becoming less social? ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal Du Conseil, 72(suppl 1), i170–i176. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsv045
Heldt, K., Bridges WC, jr, & Childress, M. (2015). Behavioral response to habitat loss in juvenile spiny lobsters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 521, 117–128. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11125
Parmenter, K. J., Vigueira, P. A., *Morlok, C. K., *Micklewright, J. A., Smith, K. M., Paul, K. S., & Childress, M. J. (2013). Seasonal Prevalence of Hematodinium sp. Infections of Blue Crabs in Three South Carolina (USA) Rivers. Estuaries and Coasts, 36(1), 174–191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-012-9556-1
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference best undergraduate oral presentation 3rd place awarded to *Randi Sims
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 1st place awarded to *Daniel Coster
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 3rd place awarded to *Lauren Fraser
Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring in Creative Inquiry - May 2015 - Clemson, SC
Best Undergraduate Poster - Second Place - Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium - Feb 2015 - Clemson, SC
Outstanding Undergraduate Research Poster 2010 Benthic Ecology Meeting - Wilmington, NC
Best Undergraduate Poster - First Place - 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium
College of ScienceG
23

Courage Research

This CI project has students examine the psychological processes involved in courageous behavior.

Team Leaders
Cynthia Pury Psychology
Accomplishments
Pury, C., Brawley, A., Lopez, S., & Burnett, E. (2016). Courage. In C. Snyder, S. Lopez, L. Edwards, & S. Marques (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of positive psychology 3rd ed., 1-24. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199396511.013.30
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., *Kulik, R. E., *Skjerning, K. L., & Sullivan, E. A. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(5), 383–388. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2015.1004552
Pury, C. L. S., Britt, T. W., Zinzow, H. M., Raymond, M. A. (2014). Blended courage: Moral and psychological courage elements in mental health treatment seeking by active duty military personnel. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9, 30-41.
Lester, P., and Pury, C. (2011). What leaders should know about courage. In Sweeney, P., Matthews, M., Lester, P. What leaders should know about courage.Leadership in dangerous situations: A handbook for the armed forces, emergency services and first responders. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 21-39.
Pury, C. L. S. Starkey, C. (2010). Is courage an accolade or a process: A fundamental question for courage research. In Gruber, C. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 67-87.
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J. (2010). Introduction. In Gruber, C. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 3 - 5.
Pury, C. L. S. Starkey, C. (2010). The future of courage research. In Gruber, C. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 229 - 235.
Pury, C. L. S., & Hensel, A. D. (2010). Are courageous actions successful actions? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(1), 62–72. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760903435224
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J. (2009). Courage. In Lopez, S, and Snyder, C. In Lopez, S, and Snyder, C. Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 2nd Ed. New York, NY. Oxford University Press. pp.375-382.
Pury, C. L. S. (2009). Perseverance. In Lopez, S., The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 2. Oxford, UK. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 678-682. ISBN: 1780341776, 9781780341774
Pury, C. L. S., Woodard, C. (2009). Courage. In Lopez, S., The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1. Oxford, UK. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 247-254.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008). Can courage be learned Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people, in Lopez, S., Positive Psychology: Discovering human strengths. Westport, CT. Praeger Publishers, pp. 109 - 130.
Pury, C. L. S., & Kowalski, R. M. (2007). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), 120–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760701228813
Pury, C. L. S., Kowalski, R. M., & Spearman, J. (2007). Distinctions between general and personal courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), 99–114. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760701237962
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Kelley, C., Murphy, H., & Lowndes, A. (2014) Courage interventions: Future directions and cautions. In Parks, A., and Schueller, S., The handbook of positive psychological interventions (A. Parks- Sheiner, Ed.), Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell (301-323). ISBN 978-1-119-95056-1
Wasko, L., Pury, C. L. S. (2009). Affective forecasting. In Lopez, S., The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1. Oxford, UK. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 24-26.
Woodard, C. R., & Pury, C. L. S. (2007). The construct of courage: Categorization and measurement. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(2), 135–147. https://doi.org/10.1037/1065-9293.59.2.135
Pury, C. (2013). Fostering courage in individuals: Basic directions and cautions.In: Burke, R., and Cooper C.,Voice and whistleblowing in organizations: Overcoming fear, fostering courage, and unleashing candor. Cheltnham, UK: Edward Elgar. pp. 343-357.
Pury, C. (2013). Proposed frailties of courage and related interventions.In Burke, R., Fox, S., and Cooper, C. Human frailties: Wrong choices on the drive to success. New York, NY. Gower Publishing, pp. 261-267.
Grau, C., & Pury, C. L. S. (2013). Attitudes Towards Reference and Replaceability. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 5(2), 155–168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13164-013-0162-3
Pury, C. L. S., Glennon, K. N. (2014). Psychological and Spiritual Aspects of Courage for Self-Renewal. In Wicks, R., Maynard, E., Clinician's Guide to Self-Renewal: Essential Advice from the Field. Hoboken, N.J., John Wiley & Sons, 251-262.
Pury, C. L. S. (2017, July). Nature is lumpy: Goal-risk parings and types of courage. Symposium contribution to Pioneering and Profiling Courage: The work and legacy of Shane Lopez. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
*Jordan, M., Burnett, E., *Wisch, N., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K., *Russell, L, *Gonzalez, K., *Kouser, A., & Pury, C. (2017, March). Views of Controversial Decisions Based on One's Values. Poster presented at the 63rd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Burnett, E. A., Pury, C. L. S., & Ellenberg, D. (2017, July 13-16). Interpersonal Courage in Organizations. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Hardy, B. P., Pury, C. L. S., & *Jordan, M. J. (2017, July 13-16). Does it take Courage to Start a Business? Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Saylors, S., *Vanelli, N., *Cataldo, A., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July 13-16). Virtues as Guides to Maximizing Well-Being: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Jordan, M. J., *Cataldo, A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July 13-16). Accolade Courage as a Reflection of the Observer’s Values. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E. & *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July 28-31). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E. & *Russell L. E. (2016, July 28-31). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R. & *Allen F. E. (2016, July 28-31). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C.L. S., Sporrer, L., Hunter, E., Gorney, A., Baker, M., Smith, L., Elrod, M., DeWitt, S., Sternfeld, J., Mitchell, T. (2006, November). Courage and hope Pathways to action. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Knoxville, TN.
Pury, C., Starkey, C., *Hawkins, C., Weber, C., Saylors, S. (2009, June). A cognitive appraisal model of courage. Presented at the First World Congress on Positive Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R., McRae, T., Kentera, J., Arnold, C., Becht, C., Starkey, J. (2006, October). Getting up the nerve Self-reports of deliberate attempts to increase courage. In C. Pury (Chair) Symposium Courage. Presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Murphy, H. & Kelley, C. (2011, July 25). A goal systems theory explanation of courage. Poster presented at the 2nd International Positive Psychology World Congress, Philadelphia, PA.
Campbell, R., Pury, C. (2005, September). Moral courage, self-esteem, and self-respect. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Hensel, A., Pury, C. (2005, September). Courage in retrospect An investigation into the roles of self presentation and hindsight. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R. (2005, September). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. Poster presented at the 4th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Wasko, L. E., Pury, C. L. S. (2006, October). An empirical integration of affective forecasting and the Good Life. Poster presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Higgenbottom, L., Pury, C. (2006, November). Getting up the nerve to overcome. Is there a relationship between the type of obstacles individuals encounter and the methods used to increase courage. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS), Anaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, August). Types of courage within an organizational context. Presented at the 2008 Annual Academy of Management Meeting, Annaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2007, October). Goal pursuit, meaning, and courage. Presented at the 2007 Courage Summit, Washington, D.C.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, April). The psychology of courage. Presented at 2008 University of South Carolina Lancaster Community Health Lecture Series, Lancaster, SC.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Wueste, D. (2008, October). Cognitive appraisals, Courage, and academic integrity. Presented at the 2008 Center for Academic Integrity Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Kelley, C. & Pury, C. L. S. (2011, May 19-22) Development and validation of a workplace courage scale. Poster presented at Work, Stress, and Health 2011: Work and Well-Being in an Economic Context, Orlando, FL.
Pury, C. L. S. & Starkey, C. (2013, July 31 - August 4). Is Courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association 2013 Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Pury, C. L. S. & Murphy, H. J. (2013, April). Courage interventions in the workplace. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP), Houston, TX.
Pury, C. L. S. & Starkey, C. (2013, February). A cognitive appraisal theory of courage. Presented at the American Philosophical Association 2013 Central Division Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
892

EMAG!NE: K-12 STEM/STEAM Outreach Network

EMAG!NE is a coordinated network of Clemson University faculty, students, and staff with the mission to: Inspire K-12 students to see the value in their education and the impact they can make on society in STEM careers.Support K-12 teachers in overcoming the challenges associated with effectively integrating engineering and technology within the current curricular standards.Grow networks within communities that support and embrace STEM/STEAM education in formal and informal settings.The student, faculty, and staff members of the EMAG!NE network are dedicated to inspiring South Carolina K-12 students to see the value of their education and to consider careers in STEM fields.  The EMAG!NE network supports engineering integration in formal and informal learning settings by developing activity plans and context to enhance traditional learning objectives and to promote critical thinking, teamwork, communication, and leadership skills while helping students see the application of the science and math concepts they are learning in school.  To accomplish this goal, EMAG!NE travels across the state to help organize STEM/STEAM related events, lead design challenges, assist in developing engineering related curriculum content, and discuss STEM opportunities and experiences with students, teachers, parents, and community members.  During the 2015-16 academic year, EMAG!NE engaged more than 10,000 students, teachers, parents, and community members in active outreach activities.  By creating more educational activities based on the topics and products of research conducted at Clemson University, K-12 students and teachers will have a better understanding of how to apply their current knowledge (formal and informal) to challenges facing our society (locally and globally).

Team Leaders
Bradley J Putman Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
29

Physical Activity & Health

This research program uses FitDesks (stationary bikes with a desk top) or similar activity workstations in college study areas, K-12 classrooms, and in office spaces to examine how being physically active can positively affect performance, health, and well-being. We are placing FitDesks around the Clemson campus and in 6-12 educational settings. The goal of this research is to document the effects of placing activity stations in areas that typically encourage sedentary behavior. 

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
Pilcher, J. J. & *Baker, V. C. (2016). Task performance and meta-cognitive outcomes when using activity workstations and traditional desks. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 957.  doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00957.
Pilcher, J. J., *Morris, D. M., *Bryant, S. A., Merritt, P. A., & *Feigl, H. B. (2017). Decreasing Sedentary Behavior: Effects on Academic Performance, Meta-Cognition, and Sleep. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2017.00219
Staton, M. (2016, July 5). Clemson professor finds positive effects from bringing physical activity to the desk. The Newsstand (media release).
Morris, D. M., *Diaz, E., *Wilkes, M. J. & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 8-11). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
*Cashman, J. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K. & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 8-11). Effects of low-intensity activity on academic performance and mental health. Poster presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., *Hulett, T. L. & *Macpherson, V. K. (2017, May 25-28). Home sweet home: Study habits predict perception of activity workstations. Poster presented at the 29th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Boston, MA.
*Cashman, J., *Diaz, E., *Harrill, P., *Hulett, T., *Soman, A., *Spencer, J., Morris, D. & Pilcher, J. (2017, April 4-5). FitDesks for Finals: Movement and its Benefit on Grades. Poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, May). Resist: A methodological toolkit for measuring self-control. Presentation at the 2017 Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, MA.
*Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., *Drummond, C. N., Morris, D. M. & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April 6-7). Low intensity physical activity reduces autonomic coactivation and heart rate variability during stressful cognitive tasks. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Limyansky, S. E., *Diaz, E., *Drummond, C. N., *Macpherson, V.K., *Cashman, J. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April 20). Comparing activity levels in high school athletes during studying. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., Sauls, M. E., *Bryant, S. A., *Drummond, C. N., *Limyansky, S. E., & *Macpherson, V. K. (2015, October). Breaking a mental sweat: Low-intensity physical exertion during cognitive tasks did not affect performance. Presentation at the 2015 Neural Plasticity and Learning Conference, Columbia, SC.
*Smith, P. D. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May 21-24). Context differentially affects males and females moral decision making. Presented at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Pilcher, J.J., Merritt, P. S., *Bryant, S. A. & *Walker, J. H. (2015, May 21-24). Exercise is not Enough: Low Level Activity While Studying. Presented at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
*Bryant, S. A., *Walker, J. H., Bryan, R. C., *Drummond, C. N., *Macpherson, V. K., Morris, D. M., Merritt, P. S. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April 6). The Influence of Light Activity on Academic Performance and Sleep Quality. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Staton, M. (July 5, 2016). Clemson professor finds positive effects from bringing physical activity to the desk. The Newsstand. 
Montgomery, B. (July 10, 2016). Study: Mixing exercise and work leads to better results. Goupstate.com.
Logue, J. (December 15, 2015). Study cycle. Inside Higher Ed. 
Pursell, R. (March 9, 2016). How using a stationary bike at work could improve your productivity. Grind TV. 
James, S. (April 19, 2016) FitDesk Bikes Help Students Pedal Their Way to Health, Academic Rewards. NBC News. 
Carson, M. (July 11, 2016). New Clemson study finds benefits to FitDesks while working. South Carolina Radio Network. http://www.southcarolinaradionetwork.com/2016/07/11/clemson-professor-research/
Media release written by Michael Staton mentioned CI students. This release has been shared by a number of other on-line news and science sources. Here is a selected list of the more prominent pages: - EurekAlert AAAS: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/cu-cpf070516.php - Science Daily: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160705135132.htm - Science Newsline Psychology: http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2016070614340016.html - Medical Xpress: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-professor-positive-effects-physical-desk.html - Health Medicine Network: http://healthmedicinet.com/i/professor-finds-positive-effects-from-bringing-physical-activity-to-the-desk/ - News Medical: http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160706/Light-physical-activity-during-work-or-study-has-positive-benefits-reveals-Clemson-professor.aspx - Business Standard: http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/bring-physical-activity-to-your-desk-to-stay-healthy-116070600276_1.html - Physical Therapy Products: http://www.ptproductsonline.com/2016/07/including-light-physical-activity-work-study-may-positive-effects/ - Wellness Council of America: https://www.welcoa.org/blog/professor-finds-positive-effects-from-bringing-physical-activity-to-the-desk/
Morris, D. M., Hamilton, G. L., *Howard, E. E., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 10th). Reading Your Opponent: Health Risk Interactions in Collegiate Athletes. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
30

Sleep and Sleep Loss

This CI team includes two main research paradigms. (1) Examining the effects of sleep loss and sleep deprivation on performance, health, and well-being. (2) Examining the effects of sleep habits (including sleep timing, sleep quantity, sleep quality, and day-time sleepiness) on daily functioning, performance, health, and well-being. The broad goal of this research project is to develop intervention strategies to improve performance and well-being in the work place and to help college students make better decisions regarding sleep habits.

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
Pilcher, J. J., *Jennings, K. S., *Phillips, G., & McCubbin, J. A. (2016). Auditory attention and comprehension during a simulated night shift: Effects of task characteristics. Human Factors, 58(7), 1031-1043.
Pilcher, J. J. & *Bryant, S. A. (2016). Implications of social support as a self-control resource. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 228. 
Morris, D., Pilcher, J., & Switzer III, F. (2015). Lane heading difference: An innovative model for drowsy driving detection using retrospective analysis around curves. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 80, 117-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.007
Pilcher, J., & *Baker, V. (2016). Task Performance and Meta-Cognitive Outcomes When Using Activity Workstations and Traditional Desks. Frontiers In Psychology, 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00957
Morris, D. M. & Pilcher, J. J. (2016). The cold driver: Cold stress while driving results in dangerous behavior. Biological Psychology, 120, 149-155.
Pilcher, J. J. & *Bryant, S. A. (2016). Implications of social support as a self-control resource. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 228. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00228
Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., Mulvihill, J. B., & Vander Wood, M. A. (2017). Performance awareness: Predicting cognitive performance during simulated shiftwork using chronobiological measures. Applied Ergonomics, 63, 9–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.03.009
Pilcher, J. J., Jennings, K. S., Phillips, G. E., & McCubbin, J. A. (2016). Auditory Attention and Comprehension During a Simulated Night Shift. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 58(7), 1031–1043. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720816654377
Pilcher, J. J., Callan, C., & Posey, J. L. (2015). Sleep deprivation affects reactivity to positive but not negative stimuli. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 79(6), 657-662.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.05.003
Pilcher, J. J., Geldhauser, H. A., Beeco, J. A., Lindquist, T. A. (2013). Controlled attention and sleep deprivation: Adding a self-regulation approach? International Journal of Psychological Studies, 5(3), 71-83.  https://doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v5n3p71
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., Donnelly, J., *Feigl, H. B. (2015). Interactions between sleep habits and self-control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00284
*Burnett, M. L., Pilcher, J. J. (2011). Evaluating speed-accuracy tradeoff in sleep-deprived persons [Abstract]. Sleep, 34 (Suppl.), A100-A101.
Pilcher, J. J., Vander Wood, M. A., O'Connell, K. L. (2011). The effects of extended work under sleep deprivation conditions on team-based performance. Ergonomics. 54(7), 587-596.
Pilcher, J.J., *Burnett, M.L., McCubbin, J.A. (2013). Measurement of Sleep and Sleepiness. In Sinclair, R., Wang, M., Tetrick, L. Research Methods in Occupational Health Psychology: Measurement, Design, and Data Analysis. New York, NY, Routledge.
Pilcher, J. J., *Lindsey, M. M. (2011). Effects of sleep deprivation on task engagement [Abstract]. Sleep, 34 (Suppl.), A72.
Morris, D. M., *Hamilton, G. L., *Howard, E. E. & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 8-11). Reading your opponent: Health risk interactions in collegiate athletes. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Morris, D. M., *Diaz, E., *Wilkes, M. J. & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 8-11). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
*Cashman, J. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K. & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 8-11). Effects of low-intensity activity on academic performance and mental health. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
*Wilkes, M., *Smith, E., *Scircle, E., *Diehl, K., Morris, D. & Pilcher, J. (2017, April 4-5). Slow and Steady: Speed-accuracy tradeoff during sleep deprivation. Poster presentation at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Elder, A. L., Pilcher,J. J., & Rosopa, P. J. (2016, May). Affective predictors of performance during sleep deprivation. Poster presented at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
Morris, D. M., Pilcher,J. J., *Bryant, S. A., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & *Drummond, C. N. (2016, May). The active heart: Physical activity moderates heart rate variability during cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
*Wilkes, M. A., *Diaz, E., Morris, D. M. & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April 6-7). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Poster presentation at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Szubski, E. C., *Roberson, T. A., *Old, A. L., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Culture sleep habits: A comparison of Austria and America. Poster presented at the 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
Morris, D. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., *Hamilton, G. L., *Wilkes, M. J., *Yochum, C. A., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Training under cold stress improves future impulse control. Poster presented at the 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., *Hamilton, G. L., Powell, R. B., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April 11). Journey to the bottom of the earth: Occupational risk in Antarctica. Presented at the 4th Annual Graduate Research and Discovery Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
Morris, D. M., *Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Think warm thoughts: Electroencephalography during cold stress. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Szubski, E. C., *Rummel, E. G., *Roberson, T. A., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C. & Pilcher J. J. (2016, March 30 - April 2). Differences in Sleep Consistency and Sleep Habits across American and Austrian Cultures Data. Presented at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Bryant, S. A. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May 21-24). Stress Depletion of Physiological and Cognitive Self-Regulatory Processes. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York, NY.
*Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., & Rosopa, P. J. (2015, May 21-24). Differences between Positive and Negative Affect during Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
*Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J. & Rosopa, P. J. (2015, March 18-21). Differences in Predictability of Simple and Complex Task Performance under Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., Donnelly, J. & *Feigl, H. B. (2014, July 24-27). Sleep: Fueling self-regulation. Presentation at the Inaugural European Conference on Psychology and the Behavioral Sciences, Brighton, United Kingdom.
*Jennings, K. S. & Pilcher, J. J. (2013, May 16-19). Effects of perceived interest and difficulty on auditory comprehension under sleep deprivation conditions. Presentation at the Work, Stress, and Health 2013 Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Pilcher, J. J., *Callan, C., *Posey, J. L. (2013, May 23-26). Sleep deprivation negatively affects reactivity to emotional stimuli. Presentation at the 25th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, Washington, DC.
*Bryant, S. A. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). The Implications of Social Support on Stress Induced Depletion of Self-Regulation. Presentated at the 10th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds: Undergraduate Research Conference, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
*Walker, J. H., *Rummel, E. G., *Williams, J. R., Morris, D. M., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C. & Pilcher, J. J. (2014, April 3). American vs. Europeans: Who Has Better Sleep Quality? Poster presentation at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Sullivan, K. L., Henderson, E. A., *Hohenberger, M. E., *Smith, P. D., *Williams, J. F. & Pilcher, J. J. (2013, April 9). Correlations between Sleep Factors and Body Mass Index in Undergraduate College Students. Poster presentation at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Bryant, S. A., *Howard, E. E., *Rummel, E. G., *Baker, V. C. & Pilcher, J. J. (2013, April 9). Evaluation of Mood State and Sleep Quality in College Students. Poster presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Ferguson, E. M., *Horth, N. L. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May 21-24). Applications of Wearable Technology to Monitor Movement during Sleep. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Morris, D. M., *Horth, N. L., *Ferguson, E. M., *Limyansky, S. E. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, March 18-21). Motion by Body Location: Body Movement and Sleep Quality. Presentation at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Rummel, E. G., *Horth, N. L., *Szubski, E. C., *Ferguson, E. M., *Limyansky, S. E., Morris, D. M. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April 6). Sleep Consistency as a Predictor of Daily Well-Being: Sleep Habits in Clemson and Vienna Students. Poster presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Feigl, H., *Howard, E., Henderson, E., Ferguson, E., Pilcher, J. & Morris, D. (2014, April 3). Sleep habits around the world. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
(June 16, 2015). Drowsy driving segment. WSPA (CBS), Greenville, SC. 
Uhlmann, R. (July 2, 2015). Clemson Research: Bad sleep habits linked to higher self-control risks. The Newsstand. 
(July 5, 2015). Bad sleep can lead to bad habits: study. CTV News.
Bushak, L. (July 6, 2015). Sleep deprivation may have negative effect on self-control, increasing impulsivity and distractedness. Medical Daily. 
(July 7, 2015). Bad sleep habits can compromise self-control, Clemson University study. BioSpace. 
Ray, R. (July 9, 2015). Poor sleep leads to dangerous behavior. WBTW News 13. 
(July 10, 2015). The good habit which boosts self-control. PsyBlog. 
Holohan, M. (July 20, 2015). Resist chocolate! Boost your willpower by doing this one basic thing. Today.
(July 21, 2015). This is why your lack of sleep can ruin your life. Her World Plus. 
Shurkin, J. (July 22, 2015). Watch the car, not driver to cut accidents. Inside Science. 
Fluckey, E. (July 25, 2015). How sleep affects your willpower. The Huffington Post. Pilcher cited in news article.
(July 26, 2015). Self-control starts with a good nights sleep: study. Egypt Independent. 
Shurkin, J. (August 14, 2015). Watching the car and shaking the wheel to wake sleepy drivers. Inside Science. 
Uhlmann, R. (Fall 2015). A wake-up call for drowsy drivers. Glimpse, Vol 4, number 2, pg 11. 
Cara, E. (February 24, 2016). From poor sleep to ovulation, subtle trigger that can make us more impulsive. Medical Daily. 
TheBrainFlux. (March 1, 2016). Sleep can help you make better decisions. Time.
BedTimes. (October 7, 2015). Sleep well for better decision making.
Rodriquez, T. (March 1, 2016). Why sleep deprivation makes you crabby. Scientific American.
Shreiber, K.(March 24, 2016). 9 surprising things that make you overeat. Cosmopolitan.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
32

Human Stress and Motion Science Laboratory

Our research projects are related to understanding eating and weight loss behaviors and perceptual problems in virtual environments.

Team Leaders
Eric R. Muth Psychology
Sarah Beadle Psychology
Accomplishments
*Waters, D., *Cavanaugh, S., *Wegner, H. & Kinsella, A. (2018, March) Social Implications of Using Remote Food Photography Method Comapred to a Wrist-Worn Bite Counting Device. Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Russell, L., *Hourigan, C., *Daniels, B., *Messinger, C. & Kinsella, A. (2018, March) Comparing Ease of Use of a Bite Goal Comared to a Calorie Goad During a Meal. Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Simpson, S. & Kinsella, A. (2018, March) Trait Anxiety Predicts Motion Sickness in Head-Mounted Display. Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Daniels, B. & Kinsella, A. (2018, April) Using a Wrist-Worn Device to Eat to a Bite Goal: Does Behavior Change? Presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Clemson, SC. 
*Cavanaugh, S., *Daniels, B., *Messinger, C., *Russell, L., *Waters, D., *Wegner, H., *Hourigan, C., Beadle, S. & Muth, E.R. (2018, April 2-3) Studying eating behavior with mobile health technologies. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Beadle, S., Salley, J., McSorely, J. Determining Criteria for Valid Data in Long Term Studies with Wearable Devices. Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC, April, 2017.
*Hwang, T., *Muth, E., *Guercio, H., *Demos, J. (2017, April 4-5). Taking a Bite from the Mindless Margin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Burns, D., *Kohm, K., *Timmons, E., *Elsey, T., *Jeanes, K., *Rampey, L., *Williams, L., *Dison, R., *Schroer, R., and Muth, E. (2013, April). Accuracy of the Bite Counter Device in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Westmoreland, M., *Brown, M., *Dixon, R., *Good, H., *Jackson, C., *Jasper, P., *Kohm, K., *Owens, R., *Srickland, C., *Sowell, A., and Muth, E. (2012, April). An Assessment of the Use of Bite Count as an Energy Intake Monitor in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
McSorley, J. (2017 April 1). "An Overview of the Effects of Latency on Simulator Sickness in Head-Mounted Displays". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
*Jasper, P.W., Scisco, J.L., Parker, V.G., Hoover, A.W. & Muth E.R. (2012). Using the Bite Counter Device to Measure Energy Intake in Overweight African Americans. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine conference, San Francisco, CA.
*Salley, J. N., Scisco, J. L., Hoover, A. W. & Muth, E. R. (2011, October). Variability in bite count and calories per bite across identical meals. Poster presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the Obesity Society, Orlando, FL.
Scisco, J.L., Muth, E.R., Dong, Y., Hoover, A.W., O'Neil, P.M. & Fishel-Brown, S.R. (2011 Sept 19-23). Usability and acceptability of the bite counter device. Presented at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
36

Lifestyle Medicine

In this CI project, lifestyle Medicine projects are developed, refined, evaluated, and prepared in association with an interdisciplinary academic nursing center.

Team Leaders
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Paula Watt Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
William W Mayo Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Accomplishments
*Berg, H., *Wiksell, G., *Tomevi, M., Meehan, N. & Moore, C. (2017, April 4-5). Lifestyle Modification Within an Underserved Population: A Case Study Analysis. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Palermo, L., *Smith, A., Moore, C., Meehan, N. (2017, April 4-5). Participant Outreach for Frist Line Therapy Program at Rural Women's Clinic. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Cook, K., *Gaal, E., Moore, C., Meehan, N. & Watt, P. (2016, April 6-7). CU Succeed: Incentive Wellness Program for Pregnant and Parenting Teens. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, T. & *Tantillo, E., (2015, April 23-24). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans Waistlines. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Building Healthy Academic Communities National Consortium, Irvine, CA.
*Clements, N. & *Stonecypher, G. (2015, April 23-24). Evaluating the effectiveness of an employee wellness program. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Building Health Academic Communities National Consortium, University of California, Irvine, CA.
*Tantillo, G., *Miller, T., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Watt, P., Meehan, N. (2015, April 6). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans' Waistlines. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Clements, N., *Stonecypher, G., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Meehan, N. & Watt, P. (2015, April 6). Improving Clemson's Employee Wellness Program. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Funding given for supplies and cost of implementing programming.
Calhoun Honors Grant
Calhoun Honors Department Grant Money
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
44

How can we document and communicate our skills and capabilities to others?

Evaluation of the values of ePortfolios in education

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Pittman, R., *Stanton, C., *Diaz, E. & Stephens, B. (2017, July). Ignite! Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
*Pittman, R., *Stanton, C., *Diaz, E. & Stephens, B. (2017, July). Lessons Learned for ePortfolio Iniatives at Clemson University. Poster Presented at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Portland, OR.
Stephens, B., *Pittman, R., *Stanton, C. & *Diaz, E. (2017, July). The Do’s and Don’ts for ePortfolio Initiatives at Clemson University. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR. 
*Stanton, C., *Diaz, E. & Stephens, B. (2017, April 4-5). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Pittman, R., *Moss, G., *Shull, N., *Stanton, C. & Stephens, B. (2017, March). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Stephens, B., *Pittman, R., *Carter, M., *Stanton, C., *Moss, G. & *Shull, N. (2016, August 1-4) Undergraduate views of the value of a general education eportfolio. Paper presented at the meetings of the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Boston, MA.
Ring, G., Brackett,B., Stephens, B. & Waugaman, C. (2016, August 1-4) ePortfolio and Improved Interviewing Skills. Paper presented at the meetings of the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Boston, MA.
Stephens, B.R., *Nagaishi, M., *Carter, M. & *Pittman, R.  (2015, November 9-10). Using the PESC Schema to Identify Features of Academic ePortfolios. Presented at the AAEEBL Southeast Regional Conference, Athens, GA.
*Carter, M., *Moss, G., *Pittman, R., *Shull, N., *Stanton, C. & Stephens, B. (2016, April 6-7). Values of a General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Dicke, C., *Pittman, R., *Schneider, A., *Stevens, D., *Yockel, K. & Stephens, B. (2016, April 6-7). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Pittman, R., *Nagaisha, M., *Carter, M. & Stephens, S. (2016, March). Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Klien, N., *Bagley, A., *Ellis, J., *Embry, L., *Nagaishi, M. & Stephens, B. (2015, March 18-21). Improving Pedagogical Aspects of a General Education Portfolio. Presented at the 61st Annual meeting of SEPA, Hilton Head, SC.
Klein, N., Stephens, B., *Ellis, J., *Embry, L. , *Bagley, A. & *Nagaishi, M. (2014, November 24). Understanding and Improving Pedagogical Aspects of a General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the Annual Southeast conference of The Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Athens, GA.
Stephens, B.R., *O'Hara, C., *Leland, E., *Cooper, C.. *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, M., *Baskett, T., *Lucas, L. & *Lansinger, D. (2014, July) Undergraduate views of the Clemson General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the Association for Authentic Experiential and Evidence Based Learning, Boston, MA.
Stephens, B.R., *O'Hara, C., *Leland, E., *Cooper, C.. *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, M., *Baskett, T., *Lucas, L. & *Lansinger, D. (2014, April 3) Undergraduate Views of the Structure and Value of the Clemson General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Stephens, B.R., *Kistler, C., *Leland, E., *Marshall, C., *O'Hara, C., *Rinz, A., *Rollo, A., *Wasloski, S. & *Bolt, T. (2013, March 13-16) Objective Measures of General Education e-portfolios. Presented at the 59th Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Stephens, B.R., *McCormick, S., *Marshall, C. & *McKissack, K. (2012, July 18) e-Portfolio Format Can Enhance Appeal of Job Applications. Presented at the 2012 AAEEBL conference, Boston, MA.
*Birckbichler, J., Stephens, B.R., *Bolt, T., *Brannon, L., *Marshall, C., *O'Hara, C., *Rinz, A. & *Rogers. A. (2012, February 15-18). NSF/REU intern eportfolio maps correlate with program learning outcomes. Paper presented at the 58th annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Birckbichler, J.M., *Maynard, S.V., Klein, N.D. & Stephens, B.R. (2011). Using student-centered instruction to enhance the effectiveness of an eportfolio program at improving competency in the social sciences. Presented at South Carolina Psychological Association meeting.
Klein, N.D., *Birckbichler, J.M., *Maynard, S.V. & Stephens, B.R. (2011, February). Student Learning via a General Education Eportfolio Does It Occur and How Can It Be Enhanced . Presented at the 28th Annual Southeastern Conference on the Teaching of Psychology, Atlanta, GA.
*Maynard, S.V., *Birckbichler, J.M., Klein, N.D. & Stephens, B.R. ( 2011, April). Do students learn from completing an eportfolio. Presented at 2011 South Carolina Psychological Association meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*McCormick, S., Stephens, B.R., *McKissack, K. & *Harvey, K. (2012, Febuary). ePortfolio format can enhance appeal of job applications. Paper presented at the 58th annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Stephens, B.R., Klein, N.D. & *Rivchun, A.R. (2011, September 19-23). Structural Measures of Intern ePortfolios in a NSF-funded REU Summer Program in Applied Psychology. Presented at the 55th Annual meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Las Vegas, NV.
Stephens, B.R., Rondon, A., Getz, B., Klein, N., *Laux, M., *MacMinn, J., *Hale, B., *Rivchun, A., *Harrill, K. & *Dimitri, A. (2011, July 25-28). Multiple Artifacts And Deeper Reflection Increase Learners Ratings Of General Education Eportfolio Content Experiments And Implications. Presented at 2011 AAEEBL conference, Boston, MA.
*Birckbichler, J., *Rinz, A., *Marshall, C., *Bolt, T., *O'hara, C., *Rollo, A., Stephens, B.R. (2012) Structural Measures of Undergraduate ePortfolios in Three Educational Contexts. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, pp 561-565.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
50

The Hispanic World through Film, Literature, and Media

This CI project will analyze social, philosophical, political, and economic issues in the Hispanic world through videos and pertinent materials. Students will explore the impact of systems on individuals to analyze strategies, values, and consequences. Topics will focus on multicultural environments related to the following: culture, society, economics, politics, psychology, philosophy, ethics, technology, health, business, gender, and dictatorships among other relevant topics.  

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
Rebecca Lynn McConnell - Language and International Health Academic Honor Award. The Language and International Health Society gives this award to a Language and International Health major who demonstrates ability to perform, achieve, and excel in scholastic activities.Rebecca is a senior at Clemson University. Her major is Language and International Health and the concentrations are Spanish and health administration. Rebecca plans on working as a volunteer coordinator or Greenville Health System after she graduates. She has done 4 creative inquires with Dr. Graciela Tissera, she is the vice-president of the Language and International Health club, and she is graduating with honors.
Department of Languages travel grant: $1,248. Students presented their research at a national conference (CLAC Conference, October 2016).
Department of Languages travel grant: $1,822. students presented their research at a national conference (Southwest Popular/American Culture Association, February 2017).
Creative Inquiry travel grant: $2,000. Students presented their research at a national conference (Southwest Popular/American Culture Association, February 2017).
Department of Languages travel grant: $656. Students presented their research at a national conference (Film & History Conference, October 2016).
*Elouise Giroux Cram – Language and International Health Award of Excellence in Research. The award is given to a Language and International Health major for outstanding academic research on international health topics. Elouise Cram: I’m a senior L&IH major (Spanish, health administration concentrations). I am a board member of the Clemson Academic Integrity Board, a judge for the Clemson Debate Team, president of the Language and International Health Society, and a member of Gamma Phi Beta sorority. Outside of the classroom, I participate in Clemson’s Creative Inquiry program with Dr. Tissera, where I explore health topics in Hispanic film. My love of research found me in a lab this past summer at the Medical University of South Carolina researching periodontal disease and gene expression. After graduation, I will be attending the University of Pittsburgh School of Social Work to get my Master’s in Social Work with an emphasis in hospital social work.
Creative Inquiry travel grant: $2,000. Students presented their research at a national conference (Film & History Conference, October 2016).
McConnell, R. (2017, February 15-18) "Cinematic Interpretation of Aura by Carlos Fuentes: Damiano Damiani's The Witch (1966)." Presented at The Southwest Popular/American Culture Association 38th Annual Conference, Albuquerque, NM. 
*Holodak, J. (2016, October 26-30) "The Orphanage by Juan Antonio Bayona (2007): Paranormal Phenomena and the Game of Revelation." Presented their research at The 2016 Film & History Conference: Gods & Heretics: Figures of Power and Subversion in Film and Television, Milwaukee, WI.
*Cram, E. (2017, February 15-18) "Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Lisandro Naranjo: Recreating the Story of Margarito Duarte in the film Miracle in Rome (1988)." Presented at The Southwest Popular/American Culture Association 38th Annual Conference, Albuquerque, NM.
*McConnell, R. (2016, October 26-30) “The Occult beyond the Imagination in The Appeared by Paco Cabezas (2007).” Presented at the 2016 Film & History Conference Gods & Heretics: Figures of Power and Subversion in Film and Television, Milwaukee, WI.
*Cram, E., *McConnell, R., *Campos, R., *Courage, M., *Fuentes, M., *Gilliam, H., *Haight, D., *Jones, C., *Rogers, R. (2017, April). The Fantastic in Hispanic Film. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*O'Sell, M. (2013, August). "Borges and 'The South': Text and Filmic Perspectives on the Essence of Time and Space". Presented at the XIII Jornadas "Borges y los otros" International Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
*Dengler, E. (2013, August). "Cinematic Labyrinths and Symmetries in 'Death and the Compass' by Jorge Luis Borges". Presented at the XIII Jornadas "Borges y los otros" International Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
*Husain, M., *Winburn, E., *Lovett, K., *Haire, H., *Dunnigan, C., and Tissera, G. (2014, April). Literary and cinematic perspectives on gender studies. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Addis, C., *Aniarwalla, A., *Athavale, D., *Cotton, T., *Davis, B., *Fuentes, M., *Haire, H., *Jamison, A., *Orellana, K., and Tissera, G. (2014, April). International health and Hispanic culture. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Blackshire, E., *Cram, E., *Frasier, C., *James, N., *McCully, M., *Rojas, A., *Sullivan, A., *Valvo, A., *Watkins, A., *van der Horst, T., *Martin, C., and Tissera, G. (2016, April). Health and Business Topics in Film and Media. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Boyd, M., *Duenas, L., *Mcconnell, R., *Osell, M., *Plasky, R., *Sipes, C., *Hernandez, J., *Bolta, J., *Stephens, D., *Addis, C., and Tissera, G. (2015, April). Health, Business, and Gender Topics in Film. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Blackshire, E., *Dogan, J., *Jones, J., *Offerle, T., *Villegas, E., *Wingard, A., *Rojas, A., *Frasier, C., *Ragland, K., *James, N., *Williams, K., and Tissera, G. (2015, April). International Health and Hispanic Culture. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Aleman, Y. (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). The long journey to the promised eden in Maria full of grace and El norte. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Edwards, B. (2012, February). In J Meehan (Chair). Representation of survival in national reorganization process through argentinean films. Presented at Southwest/Texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Cotton, T. (2012, February). In J Meehan (Chair). In the eyes of war Salvador and Machuca. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
Kincheloe, J.* (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). Hispanic children in the USA Visual learning, filmic portrayal. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Meehan, J. (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). The paradox of motherhood Cinematic and cultural perspectives. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
216

Bundling Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences

Teams design and test new healthy food products and services for children.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Adair, J., *Andrew, B., *Babson, E., *Bartz, M., *Baxley, M., *Bernhardt, A., *Buzhardt, C., *Cobb, K., *Dillard, J., *Downs, R., *Eades, A., *Marsh, S., *Martinez, A., *Mattocks, C., *Murphy, K., *Russell, N., *Whitlow, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2017, April). Healthy Children's Food Product Development. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Coffee, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Halteman, B., Sharp, J.(2016, May 5). Development and Testing of Supplemental Materials For a Product Development Course to Include Herbs, Spices and Sensory Science. Poster presentation at the 2016 South Carolina Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Annual Conference, Columbia, SC. 
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 
*Blankenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M, *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., Condrasky, M., Duncan, D. (2016, April). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Condrasky, M., Weeks, A., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Coffee, A., Halteman, B. (2015). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development for Sophomore Students. Presented at the Research Chefs Association, New Orleans, LA.
Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Weeks, A. (2016, June). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course Design and Implementation. Journal article accepted by the Journal of Food Science Education.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
217

Culinary Nutrition

Nutrition science applied to creative recipe modification, and culinary sciences project applications. Research with children programs and camps in the upstate.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Flowers, L., *Forbes, H., *Hudachek, G., *Jordan, T., *King, C., *Longobardo, A., *Mahoney, S., *Marshall, V., *Richardson, J., *Thomas, K., *Wendt, E., Condrasky, M. (2017, April). Vegetable Recipes that Families Choose. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., and Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 
*Blakenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M., *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., and *Condrasky, M. (2016, April 7). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Condrasky, C., Hegler, M. (2009, February). Bridging the Nutrition Gap for Chefs.The National Culinary Review, 54-56.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, June). Allergen Awareness. Culinary Nutrition News,1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, May). Vegetarian-Friendly. Culinary Nutrition News,1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, November). Downsizing Calories and Portions. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, October). Demystifying Lipids. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, December). Protein: The Vegetarian Way. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, February) Balancing the Plate from the Less-is-More Perspective. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, January). Nutrition Resolutions for 2010. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, July). Probiotics: The Friendly Bacteria. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, March). Nutrition and the Baby Boomer Generation. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, November). Allergen Awareness: The Peanut Edition. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, December). Building Better Menus for Kids. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-5.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, February). Fighting Phytochemicals. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, June). The Scoop on Sodium. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, March). Small Plates for Healthy Appetites. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, November). Functional Ingredients: Gums and Starches. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, September). The Other Red Meats. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2012, February). Why Most Diets Fail and How You Can Help. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2012, January). A Look Back at 2011-the Year of Culinary Nutrition. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
62

International Design Projects With Engineers Without Borders (EWB) In Central America

Students participating in this project will lead drinking water treatment and production designs for the CU-EWB official project in Nicaragua.

Team Leaders
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Jerry Wylie Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Shyla Kupis
Accomplishments
*Braun, H. (2017, April 10). A New Clemson University Engineers Without Borders (CU-EWB) Bridge Project for El Serrano, Nicaragua. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Professional Engineers (SPE), Greenville, SC.
Black, E, & Wylie, J. (2017, April 6). Challenges to Rural Community Water Supply Development in Nicaragua. Presented at the 25th Annual meeting of the David S. Snipes Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium. Clemson University Clemson, SC.
Hennessy, S., *Wylie, J., *Parker, M., *Black, E., Watson, M.M., Pales, A., *Bellino, K., *Brigham, E., *Braun, H. and Schlautman, M.A. Water Solutions and Bridge Design in El Serrano, Nicaragua. 25th Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC, April 6, 2017.
Hennessy, S., Wylie, J., Parker, M., Black, E., Watson, M.M., Pales, A., Tracy, J., Bellino, K., Brigham, E., Braun, H. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, March 12-15). Water Solutions and Bridge Design in El Serrano, Nicaragua by Clemson University Engineers Without Borders. 27th Annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Sheraton Myrtle Beach Convention Center, Myrtle Beach SC.
*Braun, H., *Brigham, E., *Bellino, K. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 5-6) Engineers Without Borders-Nicaragua. 12th Annual Poster Forum, Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
Generous funding from university sources including undergraduate student government (CUSG), Creative Inquiry, the Calhoun Honors College and other student organizations (including Omicron Delta Kappa and Alpha Lambda Delta).
$4000 award given to EWB by Clemson's ODK honor society.
$2500 award granted by Clemson's ODK honor society.
Collaborating with engineers and geologists from Geosyntec (Greenville). Employees mentoring and participating in engineering activities with Clemson students. Geosyntec recently donated $15,000 towards our efforts.
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National from ALCOA in the amount of $10,000
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National for $2000.
Clemson’s chapter of Engineers Without Borders has worked in La Pintada, a rural community in Nicaragua, for four years. During this time, we have been able to identify issues with the water system in the community, and we have begun implementing solutions with the drilling of a well and updating of the distribution system. Our future implementation will include a chlorinator for the well and a structure to house it. Throughout this time, students have gained engineering design experience and hands on experience through travel and our chapter has developed a strong relationship with the community members of La Pintada.
*Harper, J., *McPherson, E., *Korte, C., *Tracy, J., *Stahel, K., *Broom, C., *Devol, N., *DeMass, S., Hotzlet, N., *Gordon, A., Boland, R., *Bryla, B., *Bellino, K., *Yeoman, C., *Rhodes, E., *Danahy, R., Parker, M., Estes, S., and Emerson, H. (2014, April 20). "Document 524 Draft Final Design Report". 
*Bellino, K., *Korneva, K., *Mumma, H., *Danahy, R., *Olinger, M., *McPherson, E., Watson, M., Parker, M., Tracy, J. (2015, July). Document 526 Post Implementation Report. Engineers Without Borders USA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
69

Cyber Bullying

Students on this team examine the experiences with cyberbullying of both youth and adults.

Team Leaders
Robin Kowalski Psychology
Accomplishments
*Crawford, K., *Foster, M., *Hughes, A., *Nash, S., *Franchi, M., *Bednar, H., Kowalski, R. M., *Geary, E., *Brady, A., *Luber, C., *Taylor, K., *Doghman, M., *Garrett, B., & *Pitts, B. (2018, March 1-3). Sorry, I’m not sorry: Apologies in interpersonal Interactions. Paper presented at the 2018 Annual meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.
*Crawford, K., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., *Bednar, H., *Taylor, K., *Morgan, M., & Kowalski, R. (2017, April). Change the Name, Change the Game: Cyberbullying Changes with Platform. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, K., *Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Taylor, K., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., & *Bednar, H. (2017). Change the name, change the game: Cyberbullying changes with platform. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Kowalski,R. M., Morgan, M.*, Taylor, K, Broderick, A., Schrader, K., Geary, E., Wilson, E., Brady, A., Pitts, B., Wewers, L., Vernau, J.,Dickson, A., & Whittaker, E. (2016). Hard to say I'm sorry or is it?: Apologies in interpersonal interactions. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists. 
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). “Is this cyberbullying or not?”: Intertwining computational detection with human perception (A case study). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Orlando, FL.
Kowalski, R. M., & Morgan, M. (2016). Technology to overcome the stigma of mental illness. Paper presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Symposium on Mental Health, Greenville, SC.
Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M., Dillon, E., & Macbeth, J. (2016). Is it or isn’t it? Cyberbullying in conversations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Whittaker, E., & Kowalski, R. M. (2016). Cyberbullying in political campaigns. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Morgan, M., Kowalski, R. M., *Geary, E., *Schroeder, K., *Wilson, E., *Broderick, A., *Brady, A., *Wewars, L., *Dickson, A., *Taylor, K., *Vernau, J., *Pfeiffer, C. (2016). Going postal in a digital world: Online workplace bullying/incivility. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Morgan, M., *Geary, E., Zaremba, B., Drake-Lavelle, K., Stephens, J., Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewars, L., *Pfeiffer, C., Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., & Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders’ self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Toth, A. & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., *Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Morgan, M., *Geary, E., *Zaremba, B., *Drake-Lavelle, K., Stephens, J., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewars, L., *Pfeiffer, C., *Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Allison, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). The Relations between Psychological Health Climate and Individual Health Behaviors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Stephens, J., *Webb, M., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K. (2015). Bystander reactions to cyberbullying. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Whittaker, E., *Ballard, T., *Huff, M., *Zaremba, B., *Toth, A., *Pfeiffer, C. (2014). Complaining in the media: Regional differences in dissatisfaction expressed in letters to the editor. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
Wynkoop, G., Kowalski, R., *Robinson, A., *Blackshire, E., *Toth, A., *Lankowski, C., *Emerson, L., *Dogan, J., Smith, B., Sherck, K., Brown, L., *Whittaker, E., *Allison, B. (2014). Ask me about 27. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013, March). Bullying and cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Fortune, A., *Morgan, M., *Murphy, C., Schroeder, A. (2013, March). College narratives Understanding student identity through passion dispersion. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Baker, B.*, Kowalski, R. M., McMillan, V.*, Turner, J*., Whittaker, E.*, Elsey, T., Fortune, A.*, Morgan, M., Murphy, M., Maclennan, C.*, Frazee, L.*, Stephens, J.* (2012, November). Happiness and passion: What type of passion defines happy people. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Gainesville, FL.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Turner J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, E., *MacLennan, C., *Murphy, C., *Stephens, J., *Elsey, T., *McMillan, V., *Morgan, M., *Fortune, A. (2013, March). Pet peeves and happiness How do happy people complain. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Schroeder, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2013, June). Energizing our way to a better workforce An examination of employee energy and passion. Paper to be presented at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Brooke, B. A. & Kowalski, R. M. (2012). Domain and range Determining passion dispersion among college students. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Research Experience for Undergraduate Students, Clemson, SC.
*Freeman, S., *Fulmer, R. M., *Johnson, E., *Louderback, S., *Richman, A. & Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Priming empathy in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Freeman, S., Kowalski, R. M. & Woorons-Johnston, S. (2011, March). Athletic attainment. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
Giumetti, G., Schroeder, A.*, Kowalski, R. M. (2013, June). Two-wave panel study investigating the relative impact of cyber and face-to-face incivility on employee outcomes. Paper to be presented at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
*Hatfield, A., Guiumetti, G. & Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Effects of experiencing cyber-incivility in the workplace. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Hock, L., Kowalsk, R. M., Hunter, E. (2012, March). The role of the actor-observer bias in attributions for obesity. Paper presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Blacksburg, VA.
*Hock, L., Kowalski, R. M., Hunter, E. (2012, March). The role of actor-observer bias in attribution for obesity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychologica Association, New Orleans, LA.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.*, Giumetti, G., Senn, W.* (2012, March). Cyberbullying among college students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Isgett, S., Kowalski, R., Lattanner, M., *Schroeder, A. & Giumetti, G. (2011, November). Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Society for Southeastern Social Psychologists, Johnson City, TN.
*Isgett, S., Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., *Schroeder, A. (2012, February). Cyberbullying among college students. Presented at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014, April). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some slices? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Turner, J., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014, April). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E. (2014). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A. (2014). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some pieces? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2014) Cyber victimization: Categories, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2014). Cyberbullying: Victims, venues, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper to be presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Martin, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). What makes you happy? Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Defining happiness and joy. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Venue and subject of cyber aggression in social networking sites. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
NSF EAGER Grant Supplement
Incentive Award given by the office of Creative Inquiry
The students' poster won third place among judged posters at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference.
CAFLS Creative Inquiry Competition -- Zan Isgett -- 1st place -- Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors.
Whittaker, Elizabeth -- ACC-CIO award recipient.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., & *Webb, M. (in press). Bullying among boys with disabilities. In C. Kowalski (Ed.), Bullying.
Kowalski, R.M., Toth, A., & *Morgan, M. (2017). Bullying and cyberbullying in adulthood and the workplace. Journal of Social Psychology. 0:1-11. Doi:10.1080/00224545.2017.1302402
Kowalski, R. M., & Toth, A. (2017). Cyberbullying among youth with and without disabilities. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma. 10(4):1936-1521. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-017-0139-y
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). Is this Cyber-bullying or Not?": Intertwining Computational Detection with Human Perception (A Case Study). In D. Nicholson (Ed.), Advances in human factors in cybersecurity: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 international conference on human factors in cybersecurity. (pp. 337-346). New York, NY, Springer.
Kowalski, R.M., Morgan, M., & Taylor, K. (2017). Stigma of physical and psychological disabilities and the use of mobile technology. Journal of Social Psychology.
Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., & Webb, M. (2016). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal, 53, 34-39.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., *Drake-Lavelle, K., & Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.044.
*Whittaker, E. B., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Cyberbullying. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd. ed.). New York: Elsevier.
Kowalski, R. M., & *Whittaker, E. (2015). Cyberbullying: Prevalence, causes, and consequences. In L. D. Rosen, L. M. Carrier, & N. A. Cheever (Eds.), The handbook of psychology, technology, and society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., *Drake-Lavelle, K., Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. 
Bradley, B. E., Dean, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Hidden trauma, Quiet drama: The prominence and consequence of problematic grieving among college students. Journal of College Student Development, 56, 280-285.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, M. (2015). Cyberbullying in schools. In Sturmey, P. (Ed.), The Wiley handbook of violence and aggression: Societal interventions (Vol. 3). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., Webb, M. (2015). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., & Limber, S. (2012). Traditional bullying as a potential warning sign of cyberbullying. School Psychology International, 33(5),505-519.
Kowalski, R. M., *Giumetti, G. W., *Schroeder, A. W., *Reese, H. H. (2012). Cyber bullying among college students: Evidence domains of college life. In C. Wankel & L. Wankel (Eds.), Misbehavior online in higher education (pp. 293-321). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing Group.
Kowalski, R. M., *Schroeder, A. N., *Smith, C. A. (2013). Bystanders and their willingness to intervene in cyberbullying situations. From cyberbullying to cyber safety: Issues and approaches in educational contexts.
Kowalski, R. M., *Baker, B., *Giumetti, G., *Turner, J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J. (2014). Pet peeves and happiness: How do happy people complain? Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 1-5.
*Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M. (in press). Cyberbullying via social media. Journal of School Violence.
*Whittaker, E. B., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). "Cyberbullying." International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd.ed.). New York: Elsevier.
Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E. (2014). "Cyberbullying: Prevalence, Causes, and Consequences." The Handbook of Psychology, Technology, and Society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
957

Investigations into Primate Personality

Individuals often vary in their behavior. When inter-individual differences in behavior are consistent over time and across contexts, animals are said to have distinct personalities. Such consistent behavioral tendencies are often heritable and entail consequences for survival and reproduction. Given that these traits satisfy the requisites of national selection (i.e., phenotypic variation exists, said variation is heritable, and there is differential survival and reproductive success based on phenotypic variation), personalities may have important implications for species’ evolutionary trajectories. Primates exhibit rich behavioral repertoires and are therefore interesting models for studying the causes and consequences of variation in personality traits. For this CI project, we examine inter-individual variation in the behavioral and physiological repertoires of captive callitrichine monkeys. Our study species include the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia). Callitrichine monkeys offer interesting opportunities to investigate personalities for several reasons. One of which is that these monkeys typically give birth to twins or triplets. Thus, we can compare how variation in the sex ratios of the litter (i.e., how many males and females) impacts physiological and behavioral outcomes of individuals.Over the past two years, we have conducted experiments with the goal of uncovering the possible behavioral and physiological effects of differing birth sex ratios on female monkeys. Our CI students will attempt to better understand this phenomenon via analysis and interpretation of these data. To do this, students will actively participate in transcribing behavioral trials. Students will also have the opportunity to learn analytical techniques to measure hormonal correlates of behavior. 

Team Leaders
Lisa Rapaport Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Jahn, J., *DeLorenzo, M., *Haas, K., Frye, B. & Rapaport, L. (2018, March 3). Information transfer in response to novelty in zoo-living golden lion tamarins. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the South Eastern Evolution and Human Behavior (SEEHB), Atlanta, GA.
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, June). Validating Behavioral Assessments of Exploratory Behavior in Captive Golden Lion Tamarin Monkeys (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*Keener, M., *Schultz, C., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, June). Validating Behavioral Assessments of Exploratory Behavior in Captive Common Marmoset Monkeys (Callithrix jacchus). Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*Schultz, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Validating Tests of Behavioral Consistency in Captive Golden Lion Tamarins. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Validating Tests of Behavioral Consistency in Captive Common Marmoset Monkeys. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Personality Consistency in Common Marmosets in Response to Novel Foods and Objects. Poster presentation at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Schultz, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Personality Consistency in Golden Lion Tamarins Response to Novel Foods and Novel Objects. Poster presented at the 9th Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Brown, T., *Delorenzo, M., *Schultz, C., *Jahn, J., *Keener, M., Frye, B., Rapaport, L. (2017, April). Personality differences in exploration and activity in captive callitrichine primates. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
*Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
*Nielson, M., *Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., *Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Knotts, H., *Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Holthausen, C., *Cobranchi, A., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, H., *O'Brien, M., *Brown, T., Frye, B., and Rapaport, L.G. (2016, Feb 20). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Presented at  the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, SC.
Maggie Keener was awarded the honorable mention for the competitive Charles H. Turner Award ($125.00) to support her travel to the Animal Behavior Society meeting (Toronto, Canada) where she presented a poster about personality parameters in golden lion tamarin monkeys. 
Brett Frye was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2017) where she will present a talk about personality and physiology in common marmoset monkeys.
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Charles H. Turner Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the Animal Behavior Society meeting (Toronto, Canada) where she presented a poster about personality parameters in common marmoset monkeys.
The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Maggie Keener was awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the annual meeting for the Animal Behavior Society in Toronto, Canada.
*Tara Brown, American Society of Primatologists Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($300)
*Tara Brown, Southwest National Primate Research Center Summer Interns Program (2016)
Tara Brown has accepted a position at the Southwest National Primate Research Center in San Antonio, TX for mentor Dr. Corrine Lutz. Tara is one of six students in the United States that has been admitted this year. At the SNPRC, she will investigate how environmental enrichment can be used to improve the welfare of captive primates.
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the International Primatological Society/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2016) where she will present a poster of the sex differences of behavior in primates.
The Sigma Xi Grants in Aid of Research was awarded to support the aspects of our research that examine the developmental underpinnings of primate behavior.
The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Alyssa has been awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research.
Grant proposals are for general research projects, with preference given to training initiatives, start-up funds, supplementary funding for students, and innovations in animal care and research technology. Award amounts range from $500 to $1500, and will be for a period of one year.
Our group was awarded the Creative Inquiry Travel Grant ($3,000) to attend the annual meeting for the Animal Behavior Society in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
*Maggie Keener was awarded the Conference Travel Grant from the Calhoun Honors College to attend the Animal Behavior Society meeting in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
*Maggie Keener was awarded honorable mention for the Charles H. Turner Award (June 2017). The Charles H. Turner Program for undergraduate participation at the annual Society meetings. This program, previously funded by an NSF grant but now supported entirely by the Animal Behavior Society, is a travel grant that supports the goals of increasing the diversity of our membership. Selected Turner Program Fellows will receive support to travel to the Annual Conference, and participate in a one-day workshop structured to integrate students into both the meeting experience and the broader community of the Animal Behavior Society.
*Tara A. Brown was awarded the Charles H.Turners Award (June 2017). The Charles H. Turner Program for undergraduate participation at the annual Society meetings. This program, previously funded by an NSF grant but now supported entirely by the Animal Behavior Society, is a travel grant that supports the goals of increasing the diversity of our membership. Selected Turner Program Fellows will receive support to travel to the Annual Conference, and participate in a one-day workshop structured to integrate students into both the meeting experience and the broader community of the Animal Behavior Society.
College of ScienceG
78

Testing Variables of Foods, Films, Antimicrobials and Surfaces Affecting Transfer and/or Survival of Bacteria

This team studies the transfer and survival of bacteria on various surfaces related to food. This past semester the group tested the bacteria found and transferred to can lids.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Dawson, P., Inyee, H., Buyukyavuz, A., Aljeddawi, W. Martinez-Dawson, R., *Downs, R., *Riggs, D., *Mattox, C., *Kurtz, A., *MacInnis, M., *Freeland, J., *Garrison, S., *May, T., *McClary, J., *MonitTo, F., *Nguyen, T., *Polte, K., *Suffern, M., *Tanner, Z., *Thurmond, A., and *Ellis, V. (2017). Transfer of Escherichia coli to lemon slices and ice during handling. Journal of Food Research 6(4): 111-120. doi:10.5539/jfr.v6n4p111.
*Bartz, M., Buyukyavuz, A., *Dawson, E., *Diener, M., *Gates, R., Han, I., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Ritterpusch, M., *Zazzara, M., and Dawson, P.  (2016). Transfer of Escherichia coli while using Salad Tongs. Journal Of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene, 01(02). http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2476-2059.1000112
Baker, K.A., Han, I.Y., *Johnson, L., *Jones, E., *Knight, A., *MacNaughton, M., *Marvin, P., *Nolan, K., Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2015). Bacterial transfer from hands while eating popcorn. Food and Nutrition Sciences.  6(15), 1333–1338. https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2015.615139
Dawson, P.L., Han, I., Bailey, C., Lynn, D., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015). Bacterial transfer to beverages during drinking games (beer pong). International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Safety. 5(2): 151-161.
Alsallaiy, I.*, Dawson, P., Han, I., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, July). Recovery, Survival and Transfer of Bacteria on Restaurant Menus. Journal of Food Safety,
*Nguyen, T., *Garrison,S., *Taylor, A., *Macinnis, M., *Kurtz, A., *Mattox, C., *Ellis, V., *Freeland, J., *Monitto, F., *Polte, K., *Suffern, M., *Thurmond, A., *Riggs, D., *Downs, R., *McClary, J. (2017, April). Bacterial transfer and survival on lemons. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bartz, M., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Dawson, E., *Ritterpusch, M., Dawson, P. April 2015. Study of the transfer of microbes from hands to tongs. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC
Hessinger, A., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Does Salt Affect Milk Spoilage? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gillespie, C., *Musselwhite, C., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Brown, S., and Dawson, P. (2014, April). Foam vs. Gel; Are These Soaps Foams Equal. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
79

Using Creative Inquiry to Investigate Food Advertising Claims

This CI team evaluates various Food Advertising Claims including those claiming to taste "better", last longer and meet a specific specification. Last semester the team tested the Alkaline water claim, which included sampling different types of alkaline water and also temperature effects on the pH of the water. 

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Rose Martinez-Dawson Mathematical Sciences
Accomplishments
Dawson, P., Martinez-Dawson, R. *Fryga, C., *Hieronymus, B., *Ludden, E., *McKay, S. & *Nguyen, T. (2017, April 3-4). Not Your Basic Water. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Butterworth, B., *Jones, E., *Pierce, L., *Reale, E., *Nicholson, A., *Spagnoletti, A., Dawson, P., Hopkins, D. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2015, April 6). Are Ruffles Deep Ridge Potato Chips Twice the Depth of Regular Ridge Chips? Using Statistics to test food advertising claims. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Painter, M., *Tatge, R., *Crosby, B., *Spagnoletti, A., *Boggs, A., Dawson, P. & Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, April 6). Testing if Coke Zero has real Coke taste. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Macnaughton, M., *Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Davis, K., *Ewald, E., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Jones, E., *Keating, L., *Maurer, M., Martinez-Dawson, R. & Dawson, P. (2014, April 3). Investigating if Dr. Pepper TEN is a "10" for men. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Falconi, L., *Jones, E., Martinez-Dawson, R. & Dawson, P. (2014, April 3). Investigating Nabisco's claim that double stuff Oreos contain double the stuff. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
80

Changing Dynamics of China's Development

The objective of this Creative Inquiry project is to instruct Clemson University undergraduate students to systematically examine some of the most important issues facing the world, by involving the students in on-going discussions and debates and engaging them in direct dialogues with government officials and business leaders, both Chinese and American.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
92

Robotic Systems Research

The goal of this CI project is to design and build a robot to compete in the IEEE Southeastcon hardware competition.

Team Leaders
III,William J Reid Electrical & Computer Engr
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
189

Nutraceutical and Functional Foods Research and Product Development

This project helps students learn analytical techniques of food components, such as vitamins, flavors, lipids, artificial sweeteners, nutraceuticals, colorants, etc, via modern analytical instruments such as spectrometer, gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. We also encourage students to make nutraceutical formulations for human health.                      

Team Leaders
Feng Chen Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
the CI team was invited as the finalist to attend the national undergraduate student research competition organized by the American Chemical Society (ACS), which was held in San Francisco, CA, April 4-6, 2017;
*Mr Ryan Ramey, the CI team leader, was awarded the Marcondes scholarship, and has submitted his application for a MS program in our department.
Carr Family donate $4000 to support this CI project.
2016-2017 Recipient of The Carr Family Endowment for CI.
one CI team member, Mr. *Ryan Ramey, was hired as an intern using his knowledge and analytical skills learned from my lab in a big food company, McCormic, this passed summer, 2016. He is exciting to use his CI experience in my lab into his intern training and work in company.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
Receive American Chemical Society's trip fund $1000 to support the CI team to attend the final undergraduate research competition as the invited finalist
 
Attaway, D. (2017, February 22). Clemson students to present peach research in national competition.  The Newsstand. 
Wang, X., Beckham, T.H., Morris, J.C., Chen, F., Gangemi, J.D. (2008). Bioactivities of Glossypol, 6-Methoxygossypol, and 6,6'-Dimethoxygossypol. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56, 4393-4398.
Wang, X., Howell, C., Chen, F., Yin, J., Jiang, Y. (2009). Review: Gossypol-A Polyphenolic Compound from Cotton Plant. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 58(6), p213-261.
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Ramey, R., and *Nguyen, T.(2017, April 2-5). Investigation of Antioxidant Capacity and Bioactive Chemicals in South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at the 2017 American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, San Francisco, CA. 
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Nguyen, T., and *Ramey, R. (2017, April 2-6). Total Phenolics and Antioxidant Capacity of South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Francisco, CA. 
Carr Family CI research endorsement, $4000
The 2016-2017 Carr Family Endowment for Creative Inquiry
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
99

Green Energy and Biodiesel Project

From Fields to Fuel, team members will be researching all aspects of sustainable biofuels production and engineering while facilitating biodiesel and ethanol production to be utilized by University Facilities. Project team 1 is focused on facility optimization through relief of production bottlenecks. Project team 2 will research increasing biodiesel feedstock acquisition through cultivation of energy crops and harvest of waste lipid streams.

Team Leaders
Jazmine Taylor Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Terry Walker Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Zanin, E. (2017) Optimization of FAME Production using Eversa® Transform and Methyl Acetate. Presented to the Department of Biosystems Engineering as Honors Thesis presentation, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Zanin, E., Anderson, S., Thornton, C.D., Walker, T.H. (2017, January 16-19) Optimization of FAME Production using Eversa® Transform and Methyl Acetate. Presented at the 2017 National Biodiesel Board Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Anderson, S., Thornton, C.D., Walker, T.H. (2017, January 16-19). Identification of dominant factors in the conversion percentage of cottonseed oil in the enzymatic interesterification of biodiesel. Presented at the 2017 National Biodiesel Board Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
*Monroe, E.A. , *O'Connell, W.J., and *Mashtare, K.R. (2016, January 27). "Synthesis of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil Using Lipase Catalyzed Interesterification at Clemson University". Lecture given at National Biodiesel Conference in Tampa, FL.
*Hummer, J. "Enhancing Economic Competition Using Black Soldier Fly Composting." (2016, January 27). National Biodiesel Conference, Tampa, FL.
*Hummer, J. (2015, January 20). Use of Hermetia illuscens for conversion of waste to feed, fuel and fertilizer. Poster and Oral presentation at the National Biodiesel Conference. Forth Worth, TX.
*Bobo, C., Buie, R., Culbertson, M., *Dobberstein, L., Duke, K., *Gray, M., Hamlett, B., Huckabee, O., Hyder, E., Jones, C., Spearman, L., Stilwell, W., Szabo, J., Martens, C., McGowans, S., *Patton, R., Prosser, K., *Hughes, L., Williams, J. (2014, April). Exercise is medicine in rural health centers and federally qualified health centers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
$241,000 in SARE support for the collaboration under Dr. Zehnder. project number es13-117
The Green Energy and Biofuels CI in conjunction with Clemson Facilities and Clemson Student Government received a Capital Improvement Projects grant for Approximately $40,000.00 to purchase a diesel waste collection truck, rainwater reuse system and new biomass research pole barn for gasification research. These projects were completed June 2016 and can be toured at Cherry Crossing Research Center.
Association of South Carolina Energy Managers - Energy Project of the Year! For production of an estimated 3000 gallons of biodiesel fuel over 2011. Simms, Bryan. Clemson Biofuels Program Wins Award. Biodiesel Magazine, Nov 2011. http //www.biodieselmagazine.com/articles/8205/clemson-university-biodiesel-program-earns-award
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
150

Microbial ecology and bioinformatics

In this Creative Inquiry project, students will use bioinformatics as well as PCR, qPCR and next generation sequencing technology to identify, characterize and track the activity of microbes in the environment.          

Team Leaders
Barbara Campbell Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel, M.I. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 April 2-3) Environmental factors in the Delaware Bay affecting microbial composition and function. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel, M.I. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 June 7-11) Understanding the effects of environmental factors on microbial activity and composition in the Delaware Bay. Presented at the ASM Microbe 2018, American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, GA.
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., Hambright, A., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel, M.I. & Campbell, B.J. (2017 September) Characterizing the Delaware Bay microbiome. Presented at the College of Science Undergraduate Research Showcase, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel M.I. & Campbell B.J. (2018 March 10) Environmental factors in the Delaware Bay affecting microbial composition and function. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Nachman, E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J.C. (2017). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam, Phacoides pectinatus. Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium. Clemson University, South Carolina (undergraduate student poster).
*Nachman E., Lim J., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
*Katragadda S., *Weber E., Lim J, Weber R., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
Katragadda,S.*, Weber, E.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. Campbell. (Fall 2016). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. COS Research meeting.
Weber, E.*, Katragadda, S.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. J Campbell. (2016, April). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. SC ASM Branch Meeting, MUSC, Charleston, SC.
*Love, K., *Seward, J., Miller, K.P., Kurtz, H., Henson, J.M. (2016, April 9). Assessment of the microbial soil community in two South Carolina peach orchards.  Poster presentation: South Carolina branch of the American Society of Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Erika Nachman, *Elijah Weber and *Suraj Katragadda won first place undergraduate poster award for their posters presented at the South Carolina Branch Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Spring 2017 meeting in Florence, SC.
College of ScienceG
112

Machine Learning Applications

Undergraduate students in the Future Computing Technology Facial Recognition Team are investigating distributed algorithms for biometrics and the use of accelerator architectures such as FPGAs, GPUs, and MIC processors to accelerate and improve the performance of these algorithms. The field of biometrics, specifically facial recognition, relies heavily on repetitive image processing but has yet to fully take advantage of the efficiency and parallelism offered by accelerator architectures. Facial recognition is desirable over other available biometric techniques due to its ease of collectability and acceptability, and thus has the potential for use in a wide range of applications. However, due to the lower uniqueness of facial features and typical variations in image samples obtained because of environmental changes like illumination, temporal changes, and occlusion, the robustness of the facial recognition process suffers severely. Several facial recognition algorithms, including principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), have been researched extensively in comparative and independent studies. Such studies have revealed that while each algorithm has advantages, none are accurate for all variations of input data, making robust identification difficult. Real-time recognition has also been hindered by the complex calculations and large memory requirements involved in this process. Our research exploits the inherent parallelism available in accelerators by implementing multiple algorithms concurrently to increase accuracy via fusion of results while improving decision time by exploiting the available parallelism. The successful development of robust biometric identification algorithms capable of high performance in uncontrolled environments is especially of interest to the intelligence community (e.g. CIA, FBI, Department of Homeland Security) and would represent a major contribution to the field of biometrics.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Benjamin Shealy Electrical & Computer Engr
Colin Targonski Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
*Goodall, T., Gibson, S. & Smith, M. (2012, July 10-11). Parallelizing Principal Component Analysis for Robust Facial Recognition Using CUDA. Presented at 2012 SAAHPC, Chicago, IL. 
*Shealy, B. & *Targonski, C. (2017, April 4-5). Robust Real-time Face Recognition with PCA, LDA, and ICA. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
115

Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics: CU- REPRO

Medical implant devices (MID) have been used widely for more than 40 years, and it is estimated that 8 percent 10 percent of Americans (20-25 million people) currently have such a device. Although implant devices have produced great benefits, it must be recognized that sometimes MID must be removed or replaced. Bioengineers contribute to their continual state of development to increase their performance and extend their useful lifespan. Long-term data on the behavior of implanted devices and host response are essential inputs to the development process, yet there are few systematic programs for the retrieval and analysis of implants in the USA. Independent and international data banks do exist however. The contributions to implant design provided by retrieval and analysis will benefit patients through improvements in implant performance. We can consider implants to be defined as having a minimum lifespan of 3 months, as penetrating living tissue, as having a physiologic interaction and as being retrievable. A number of barriers exist to the establishment of an implant retrieval program. Major impediments are the costs associated with such a program and fear of litigation affecting manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and investigators. The long term goal of this creative inquiry group is to discuss, investigate, develop, establish, promote and grow a viable Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program. The aim of such a program is to provide a working repository for retrieved implants, and to develop the tools and techniques for the systematic evaluation of implant designs, materials, surfaces and function.

Team Leaders
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Stanford, M., *Nguyen, H., Meilinger, N., Lu, X., Harman, M. (2017, August 4) Biaxial mechanical characterization of abdominal wall tissue phantoms and hernia mesh. Presented at the Biomaterials Day Regional Symposium, Nashville, TN.
*Bebler, M., *Young, L., Meilinger, N. & Harman, M. (2018, April 11-14) Conformity and stability in total knee replacements. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Society for Biomaterials, Atlanta, GA.
*Nguyen, H., Schöneberg, L., Schmitt, S. & Harman, M. (2018, March 10-13) Implant retrieval analysis of an ACL-Substituting TKR design at a minimum 5 year follow-up. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), New Orleans, LA.
*Nguyen, H., Schöneberg, L., Schmitt, S. & Harman, M. (2017, August). Implant retrieval analysis of an ACL-Substituting TKR design at a minimum 5 year follow-up. Submitted to the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Young, L., *Bebler, M., Flannery, S., *Leslie, H., Snethen, K., Burnikel, B., Geary, S., Jeray, K., Pace, T., Shirley, B., Toaln, S. & Harman M. (2017, May) Does Implant Design Affect Knee Stability After Total Knee Replacement? Submitted to the Health Sciences Center Research Showcase, Greenville, SC.
*Bebler, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Nguyen, H., *Young, L. & Harman, M. (2017, May) Retrieval Research and Reprocessing of Medical Devices. Presented at the Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC.
*Adams, L., *Bebler, M., *Coggins, M., *Gaston, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Marrs, E., *Nguyen, H., *Schroeder, W., *White, E., *Young, L. & Harman, M. (2017, April 4-5). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M. (2016, April 6-7). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Young L., Snethen K., Brandt P., *Bebler M., *Leslie H. & Harman M. (2016 October 5-8). Constraint testing of flat, semi-constrained, and mobile bearing total knee replacements. Presented at the 2016 Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Young, L., *Li, A., *Farrell, A., *Bebler, M., *David, M., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M. (2015, September 25).  Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Presented at the Biomaterials Day Regional Symposium, Society for Biomaterials, Clemson, SC.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W. & Harman, M. (2016, April 29). Performance of four knee design categories: A comparison of CU-REPRO and international registries. Presented at the Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC.
*Csernica, R., Harman, M., Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Erani, P., Stea, S. & Toni, A. (2013, January). Mechanical disassembly and taper damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
Freed, R., *Keith, K., Hodge, A. & Harman, M. (2013, January). Risk of damage during hip dislocation: Surface roughness on dislocated versus non-dislocated femoral heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P. & Harman, M. (2014, October). Quantifying variations in the femoral head-neck moment arm and associated surface changes on retrieved modular total hip replacements. Presented at the Annual Biomaterials Day, Atlanta, GA.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P. & Harman, M. (2015, April). Quantitative assessment of taper damage and head-neck moment arm on retrieved total hip replacements with modular bore-cone taper junctions. Presented at the Society for Biomaterials, Charlotte, NC.
*Binnicker, R., *Patel, A., *Taylor, R., *Hall, G., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M., (2015, April 6). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler M. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October 6-9). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Proceedings of the 2010 Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M., Voss, F. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October 6-9). Comparative Analysis of Retrieved Genesis II UHMWPE Articulating Against OxZr vs. CoCr Femoral Components. Proceedings of the 2010 Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M.E., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Total Knee Replacement Explant Surface Damage Characterization. Presented at the 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Csernica, R., Harman, M., Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Stea, S., Toni, A. (2012, October 24-27). Mechanical disassembly and damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Durig, N., Alvarez, E. & Harman, M. (2012, October 24-27). Characterizing metal-polymer bearing couples of knee replacement prostheses retrieved after in vivo function. Presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M.E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E. & DesJardins, J.D., (2011, October 23-26). Assessment of Quantitative Methodology for Evaluation of Retrieved Metallic Femoral Components from Total Knee Replacements. Presented at the 2011 International Joint Tribology Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D., Schmitt, S. & Harman, M., (2012, February 4-7). Relationship between Surface Roughness and Articular Wear for Cobalt-Chrome on Polyethylene Bearing Couples Evaluation of Retrieved Unicondylar Knee Replacements. Presented at the 2012 Annual Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M.E., *Cash, H.A., *Wabler, M.E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M., Burnikel, B., Rodrigo, J. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October 6-9). Comparative Analysis of Damage to Retrieved Femoral and Tibial NexGen PS Components. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
Henson, K., *Quinn, R., Kuruvilla, J., *Lamb, A., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M. (2012, September 28-29). Systematic Characterization of Specific Design Features for Retrieved Joint Prostheses. Presented at the 2012 Society for Biomaterials: Biomaterials Day, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Keith, K., Hodge, A., Harman, M. (2012, October 24-27). Surface roughness of dislocated metal hip heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Elpers, M.E., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis Retrieved Femoral Components Surface Scratching in the NexGen PS Design. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Sloan, E., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October 6-9). Analysis and Damage Characterization of PS Total Knee Joint Replacement Posts. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
Pace, T.B., *Keith, K., Alvarez, E., Snider, B. & DesJardins, J.D., (2012, August 2-5). Comparison of Conventional Polyethylene Wear and Signs of Cup Failure in Two Similar Total Hip Designs. Presented at the 2012 South Carolina Orthopaedic Association Annual Scientific Meeting, Kiawah Island, SC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., Demos, H., Schutte, H. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October 6-9). Damage Scoring and Surface Roughness Analysis to Assess Oxinium and Standard CoCr Femoral Component Scratching in Total Knee Replacements. Presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
*Wabler, M.E., Wright-Walker, C.J., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2009, October). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (CU-REPO). Presented at the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC). Washington, DC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2009, July 23). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program (CUIRP). Presented at the 7th Annual NIH-NSF BBSI Second Annual NASA-REU SSBR Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Comparative Analysis of Surface Scratching of Retrieved Femoral Components in the NexGen PS Design. Presented at the 8th SC-LIFE Colloquium of Undergraduate Research, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Sloan, E.E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Protocols for Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Joint Replacement Wear Testing and Damage Characterization. Presented at the Spring 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, June 20-23). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (REPO). Presented at the  Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education Conference and Exposition, Louisville, KY.
Alvarez, E., Harman, M., DesJardins, J.D. (2012, February). Development and Assessment of Knee Femoral Component Surface Damage Classification and Training Method, Poster #1949. Presented at the Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Durig, N. & Harman, M. (2012, April). Characterizing Metal-Polymer Bearing Couples Assessment of Knee Replacement Prostheses Retrieved After in vivo Function. Presented at Society for Biomaterials: Biomaterials Day, Memphis, TN.
*Lamb, A. (2013). Obesity in Total Joint Replacement: Literature Review. (BIOE Departmental Honors - Thesis). Clemson University
*Durig, N. (2013). Characterization of potential wear sources in knee arthroplasty prostheses after in vivo function.  (MS). Clemson University.
Stamer, C. (2015). Assessment of Bore-Cone Taper Junctions in Explanted Modular Total Hip Replacements (MS). Clemson University.
Panigrahi, P., Durig, N., Alvarez, E., & Harman, M. K. (2015). Damage from unintentional metal-metal articulation of CoCrMo, TiAlV, and oxidized zirconium knee replacements following polyethylene insert failure. Wear, 324-325, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2014.11.007
Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, 5/8/2017-6/30/2017.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, Principal Investigator, 8/17/2016-5/5/2017.
Summer Stipend for Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics”, institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, Principal Investigator, 5/8/2017-6/30/2017.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, 8/17/2016-5/5/2017.
Summer Stipend for CU-REPRO, institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, 5/2/2016-6/30/2016.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, Principal Investigator, $5,500 funded, (8/19/2015-4/29/2016).
Hieu (Helen) Nguyen was awarded a summer research stipend from Clemson University Creative Inquiry Program. Helen was nominated for this competitive university award in recognition of her progress in REPRO-related research and her willingness to participate in REPRO outreach events during summer 2017.
*Zach Hargett will continue with orthopaedic research as a graduate student in Bioengineering, pursuing a PhD degree in Dr. Harman’s lab.
*Maddi Bebler will continue with orthopaedic research as a graduate student in Bioengineering, pursuing a Master’s degree with thesis research in Dr. Harman’s lab.
Best Poster (2nd place) - Retrieval of Explants and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO), Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson University (2013)
February 2016: CU-REPRO was featured in a broadcast of Decipher TV produced by Clemson TV. Dr. Melinda Harman and CU-REPRO students *Haley Leslie and *Jon Doyle discussed the impact of joint replacements on patients and modern developments in implant design. The link to the finished broadcast was provided by Tullen Burns: https://clemson.box.com/s/o6o8ixr4d8o1j6tjl0at3woepary154g
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
944

Perception & Action: Studies in Virtual Reality, Haptic Surgical Simulator, Robotics and Affordances

Students will assist in conducting experimental research in one of a number of ongoing projects involving visual perception in virtual reality, touch and muscle perception in a laparoscopic surgery simulator, tele-operated robotics and/or the perception of “affordances.” "Affordances" are the things that can be done with the surfaces of the environment, such as whether an area on the floor is "step-over-able" or whether the width of a doorway is "pass-through-able." In a series of experiments we will investigate the accuracy of perceptual judgments pertaining to a variety of affordance behaviors, such stepping over, jumping over, passing through, whether or not an object is reachable, whether or not a short incline is stand-on-able, etc. Students are expected to participate in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.

Team Leaders
Christopher Pagano Psychology
Hannah Solini Psychology
Kathryn Lucaites Psychology
Leah Hartman Psychology
Brian Day Psychology
Accomplishments
Lucaites, K. & Pagano, C. (2018, April 7). In search of a dynamics-based predictor of action capabilities. Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Wegner, H., Lucaites, K. & Pagano, C. (2018, April 2-3). Static and Dynamic Judgments of Aperture Passability in Novice Walker Users.Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Bhargava, A., Lucaites, K., Hartman, L.S., Solini, H., Bertrand, J., Robb, A., Pagano, C.C. & Babu, S. (2018, March 18-22). A Comparative Evaluation of Passability Judgments in Real and Immersive Virtual Environments. Poster presented at the IEEE Virtual Reality 2018 Conference, Reutlingen, Germany.
Pagano, C. C. (2017, April 14). "Perceiving Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task." Illinois State University Department of Psychology & CBS Colloquium Series. Normal, IL.
*Wegner, H., Day, B., Hartman, L., Pagano, C. (2017, April). Investigating Avatar Transformations and Perception in Virtual Reality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Hartman, L., & Pagano, C. (2016, June 20-22). Facilitating performance through perception. Poster presented at the 2016 North American Meeting of the International Society for Ecological Psychology, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Ebrahimi, E., Pagano, C. & Babu, S. (2016, March 19-23). Applied Perception Research Group, Clemson University. Demonstration at IEEE Virtual Reality Conference 2016, Greenville, SC.
Hartman, L.S., Day, B.M., Pagano, C.C., Kil, I. & Burg, T.C. (2015, July 15-18). Modality Effects in Training Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Perception and Action XIII: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Perception and Action, 117-120, Minneapolis, MN.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015, July). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety. Poster presented at the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action, Minneapolis, MN.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., *Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Pagano, C. C. (2015, April). Is The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety? Poster presented at Clemson GRADS research symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Day, B., Hartman, L., and Pagano, C.C. (2015, April). Perception of Gap Traversability and Safety of Actions. Poster presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Altenhoff, B.M., Pagano, C.C., Kil, I., & Burg, T.C. (2017). Learning to perceive haptic distance-to-break in the presence of friction. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43, 231-244.
Long, L., Pagano, C., Singapogu, R., & Burg, T. (2016). Surgeon’s Perception of Soft Tissue Constraints and Distance-to-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Proceedings Of The Human Factors And Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 60(1), 1600-1604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1541931213601369
Hartman, L., Kil, I., Pagano, C., & Burg, T. (2016). Investigating haptic distance-to-break using linear and nonlinear materials in a simulated minimally invasive surgery task. Ergonomics, 59(9), 1171-1181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2015.1127429
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson’s Margin of Safety. In J. Weast-Knapp, M. Malone, & D. Abney (Eds.), Studies in Perception & Action XIII: Proceedings from the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action (pp. 179–182). New York: Psychology Press.
Pagano, C. C., Co-Investigator, “Investigating Perceptual-Motor Synchrony and Coordination on Cybersickness, Skills Training, and Spatial Perception in a VR Rowing Simulator.” Clemson Brooks Sports Sciences Institute, 1/17-12/17, $47,000, Sabarish Babu, PhD, principle investigator.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
118

Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip

In this Creative Inquiry project, we explore the use of electric and magnetic fields for the transport and control of biological and synthetic particles in engineered microchannels with lab-on-a-chip applications to chemistry and biomedicine.

Team Leaders
Xiangchun Xuan Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Li, D., *Walker, P., *Newcomer, M., *Zielinski, J., Kozubowski, L. & Xuan, X. (2017 October) “Morphology based continuous cell separation via elasto-inertial pinched flow fractionation,” Presented at the MicroTAS 2017: The 21st International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, Savannah, GA.
*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Prabhakaran, R. & Xuan, X. (2016, March 14-18). "Joule heating effects on electrokinetic flow instabilities in ferrofluids." Presented at the APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Lu, X. & Xuan, X. (2015, November 22-24). "Electrothermal flow enhanced sample mixing in a ratchet microchannel". American Physical Society 68th Annual Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) Meeting, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X. & Xuan, X. (2016, March 14-18) "Lift-enhanced electrical pinched flow fractionation for particle and cell separation." Presented at the APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X. & Xuan, X., (2015, November 22-24). "Continuous-flow electrophoretic separation of particles with dissimilar charge-to-mass ratios via the wall-induced non-inertial lift." Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X. & Xuan, X. (2014, November 16-21). Selective concentration and separation of colloidal particles by positive reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Thanjavur, D., *Pasternak, S., Zhou, Y., Lu, X. & Xuan, X. (2014, November 16-21). Electrokinetic instabilities in ferrofluid flows. Presented at the AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G. A., Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J. & Xuan, X. (2013, May 24-26). Diamagnetic particle and microbe concentration using ferromicrofluidics. Presented at the Annual meeting of Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Zeng, J., *Wilbanks, J. J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J. & Xuan, X. (2013, May 24-26). Continuous size-based particle and cell separation in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel with two offset magnets. Presented at Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., Xuan, X. (2012, November 18-20). Continuous-flow separation of live and dead yeasts using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at 65th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, San Diego, CA.
*Johnson, M., *Anderson, R., Patel, S., Tzeng, T., Xuan, X. (2012, October). Microbe removal using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA.
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Chen, C. & Xuan, X. (2012, October). Diamagnetic particle trapping in ferromicrofluidics. Presented at the AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA.
*Brown, V., *Zeng, J., Liang, L., Tzeng, J. & Xuan, X. (2012, March 3-6). Continuous Cell Concentration Using Ferrofluids. Presented at the ASME 2012 Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Ibarra, E., *Keten, G., *Nieto, J., Church, C. & Xuan, X. (2009, November 8-13). Negative and positive dielectrophoresis of particles in curved microchannels. Presented at 2009 AICHE Annual Meeting, Nashville,TN.
*Showers, D., *Brown, V., et al. (2011, November 20-22). Dielectrophoretic Separation of Live and Dead Yeast Cells in Microfluidic Reservoirs. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Baltimore, MD.
*Zeng, J. & Liang, L. (2011, November 20-22). Diamagnetic Cell Focusing in Ferrofluid Microchannel Flows. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Baltimore, MD.
Liang, L., *Rivers, J. & Xuan, X. (2012, March 3-6). Continuous flow separation of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in a ferrofluid. Presented at ASME 2012 Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference, Alanta, GA.
*Showers, D., Patel, S., Liang, L. & Xuan, X. (2012, March). Three-dimensional characterization of electrokinetic particle entry into microchannels. Presented at the ASME 2012 3rd Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference, Atlanta, GA.
DuBose, J., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J., Patel, S. & Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrokinetic filtration and separation of particles by size in single-spiral microchannels. Presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Harrison, H., *Johnson, M., Patel, S. & Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrical manipulation of submicron particles by reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
Zhu, L., *Patel, S., *Johnson, M., Kale, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., & Xuan, X. (2016). Enhanced Throughput for Electrokinetic Manipulation of Particles and Cells in a Stacked Microfluidic Device. Micromachines, 7(9), 156. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi7090156
*Thomas, C., Lu, X., *Todd, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D., Xuan, X. Charge-based separation of particles and cells with similar sizes via the wall-induced electrical lift. ELECTROPHORESIS, 38(2), 320–326. https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.201600284
Harrison, H., Lu, X., Patel, S., *Thomas, C., *Todd, A., *Johnson, M., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D., Xuan, X. (2015). Electrokinetic preconcentration of particles and cells in microfluidic reservoirs. The Analyst, 140(8), 2869–2875. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5an00105f
*Wilbanks, J. J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Zhang, C., Tzeng, T.-R., & Xuan, X. (2014). Exploiting magnetic asymmetry to concentrate diamagnetic particles in ferrofluid microflows. Journal of Applied Physics, 115(4), 44907. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4862965
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., Xuan, X., (2012). Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Biomicrofluidics, 6(3), 34102. http://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4732800
Church, C., Zhu, J., *Nieto, J., *Keten, G., *Ibarra, E., Xuan, X. (2010). Continuous particle separation in a serpentine microchannel via negative and positive dielectrophoretic focusing. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20(6), 65011. https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/20/6/065011
Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., *Brown, V., Tzeng, T.-R. J., & Xuan, X. (2012). Three-dimensional magnetic focusing of particles and cells in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 22(10), 105018. https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/22/10/105018
Zhu, J., *Canter, R. C., *Keten, G., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T.-R. J., & Xuan, X. (2011). Continuous-flow particle and cell separations in a serpentine microchannel via curvature-induced dielectrophoresis. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 11(6), 743–752. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10404-011-0839-9
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
561

Identification and Functional Evaluation of Anti-cancer and Anti-inflammatory Immunomodulators from natural products

Samples isolated from many natural products have anti-cancer and/or anti-inflammatory activities through the activation of the immune system, such as  natural killer (NK) cells, macrophages, etc. We are in a process of identifying these potential anti-cancer or anti-inflammatory compounds from various natural products. The CI project is a part of this effort and responsible for the biological screening and characterization of these samples. CI students will use in vitro screening systems to exam cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, inflammatory mediator production, etc. to identify potential anti-cancer/inflammatory drugs. A minimum of two semesters are required for a student to register this course (BIOL 4940).

Team Leaders
Yanzhang Wei Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Ding,D., *Kouser, H., *Magrane, M., *Smith, MC., Yang, X. & Wei, Y. (2018, April 2-3) Anti-Inflammation, Anti-Cancer, and Antioxidant Effects of the Poha Plant. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Kouser, H., *Magrane, M., Smith, M.C., Yang, X. & Wei, Y. (2017) Anti-inflammation, Anti-cancer, and the Antioxidant Effects of the Poha Plant. Presented as CI Lab Report: Wei Lab 2017, Clemson, SC.
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Yang, X., and Wei, Y. (2017, April 5-6). "Anti-cancer and/or Anti-inflammatory Effects of Marine Protist Metalized Materials." Presented at the 12th Annual FoCI Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Fox, A., *Cruse, K., *Polito, M., Wei, Y. (2016, April) CI Report. Presented at Dr. Wei's lab meeting.
Tietje, A., Yang, I., *Huggins, H., *Brierley, S., *Burns, A., *Shearer, A. (2015, April). Anti-tumor potential of compounds isolated from Physalis peruviana (poha). Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Borucki, R., *Blumer, A., *Huggins, H., Wei, Y., *Tietje, A., Yang, X. (2014, April). Compounds from fermented noni exudates (fNE) selectively kill human cancer cells. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Yang, X., and Wei Y. (2016). CI Semester Report 2016 Fall. Presented at Dr. Wei's group.
Youn, U., Park, E., Kondratyuk, T., Sang-Ngern, M., Wall, M., & Wei, Y., Pezzuto, J. M., and Chang, L. C. (2016). Anti-inflammatory and Quinone Reductase Inducing Compounds from Fermented Noni (Morinda citrifolia) Juice Exudates. Journal Of Natural Products, 79(6), 1508-1513. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00970
College of ScienceG
162

Health Disparities

Racial and ethnic minorities represent one of the fastest growing segments of our society. Of the 281 million people counted by the 2000 Census, more than half were women. Approximately 41 million of these were women of color, representing 29% of all the U.S. population. Of these, 43% were classified as black non-Hispanic, 41% Hispanic, 13% Asian non-Hispanic, 0.4% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) and 2.5% American Indian/Alaska Native (non-Hispanic). Concomitant with the population growth of racial/ethnic minority groups is growing in this country, the disparities in health between minorities and the majority group remain large in some cases continue to widen. Health Disparities are defined as differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States when compared to non-Hispanics. Specific population groups are identified as African-Americans, Asian and Asian Pacific Islanders, Hispanic and Latino, Native American and Native Alaskan. Medically Under-served Populations are defined as populations that have inadequate access to, or reduced utilization of high quality health care. Included in this group are low literacy, rural and low-income populations, including older minority women. In an effort to improve the nation’s health, Healthy People 2020 encourages the design of strategies and action plans to address one or more of the leading health indicators. Successful interventions that target these indicators are integral to improving the quality of life and reducing the incidence of the leading causes of death for all people. It is well documented that many of the disparities in health are related to a variety of lifestyle factors and may be amenable to primary and or secondary preventive measures.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Reifeis, E. & Lanham, J. (2011, April). Health Promotion, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention in Preschool Children. Presented at the CBSHS/CoE Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lyons, T., *Gandy, E., and *Foley, E. (2016, April). Telemedicine: Changing the Face of Healthcare. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
163

Geologic Mapping in the Upstate of SC

This group explores and analyzes the geologic structures and mineralogy of the bedrock formations that comprise the upstate of South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Coolman, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Mapping Distinct Units within the Tallulah Falls Formation in the Southern Portion of the Six-Mile Quadrangle, SC. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Coolman, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Mapping Distinct Units within the Tallulah Falls Formation in the Southern Portion of the Six-Mile Quadrangle, SC. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Coolman, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Mapping Distinct Units within the Tallulah Falls Formation in the Southern Portion of the Six-Mile Quadrangle, SC. Poster presented at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presented at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Seigler, M. & Brame, S. (2017, April 4-5). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Nguyen, S. & Brame, S. (2017, April 4-5). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wykel, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April 4-5). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Berisford, J. & Brame, S. (2015, April 6). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D. & Brame, S. (2015, April 6). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R. & Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Gloerson, K., *Goretoy, S. &Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determination of chemical weathering rates using mass balance equations and determination of weathering products using X-ray diffraction. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Hickok, K. & Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Carbon dioxide efflux in forest soil and topsoil influenced by soil moisture and temperature variations. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Coffin, A. & Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Comparison of till and no-till agricultural practices on carbon dioxide flux from the soil on an organic farm. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wylie, P. & Brame, S. (2013, April 9). Using soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Black, E. & Brame, S. (2013, April 9). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact Between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss Using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lefitz, A. & Brame, S. (2013, April 9). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Grayson, A. & Brame, S. (2012, April 10). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Rock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017, April 4-5). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Lo, S. & Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Interpretation of a Large Amphibolite Body in the Clemson Forest, Six Mile Quad, SC. Presented at the 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Slocum, C. & Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Calculation of Mineral Weathering Rates of Four Different Rock Types in the Sunset Quad (SC) Using a Mass Balance Equation. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Berisford, J. & Brame, S. (2015, March 26). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Caldwell, G. S. & Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Refinement of the Seneca Fault in the Southwest Corner of the Six Mile Quadrangle. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Herrmann, A., Brame, S. & Bharadwaj, A. (2015, March 25). Sediment Core Characterization in the Twelvemile Creek Arm of Lake Hartwell, SC. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*McFarland, W. & Brame, S. (2015, March 25). XRD Analysis of Soil between Outcrops of Amphibolite and Mica Schist. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Villanueva, R. & Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Re-examining the Geologic Interpretations Used to Delineate the Seneca Fault. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Goretoy, S. & Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Mineral Weathering Rates in the Clemson Experimental Forest using a Mass Balance Approach. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gloersen, K. & Brame, S., (2014, April 3). Determining Residual Soil Mineralogy using X-ray Diffraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Phillips, C. (2012, April 25) Geothermometry of Migmatites in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Grayson, A. (2012, April 12) Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Bodies in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
645

Bamboo Reinforced Concrete

This Creative Inquiry (CI) project aims to address the sub-standard and dangerous construction of buildings with unreinforced concrete due to the high cost of rebar. In many developing countries, such as Haiti, single-story family homes are constructed with severely under-reinforced concrete beams and columns and in many cases unreinforced concrete masonry units (CMU). When the 7.0 earthquake hit Port-au-Prince in January 2010, thousands of people died from the collapsing of these under-designed homes. The high cost of rebar is the major cause for the construction of under-reinforced buildings. In many developing countries, the cost of rebar for a home could be more than several months’ wages and because of this, many chose to build their houses with little to no rebar reinforcement. This CI project will explore the possibility of using bamboo to replace steel to provide tensile reinforcement for concrete. Some past studies have shown that the maximum tensile capacity of bamboo is comparable to that of steel and the tensile strength to weight ratio of bamboo is six times that of steel. In addition, bamboo is a sustainable and renewable construction material. Bamboo grows naturally in many regions of the world including Haiti. It can reach full growth in just a few months and its full strength in just a few years.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Brokaw, G., *Cook, M., *Davis, L., *Patel, M., *Repp, A., *Ressler, E., *Spong, C., Pang, W. (2017, April). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, M., *Hummel, G., *Ressler, E., *Brokaw, G., and *Spong, C. (2016, December). “Bamboo Reinforced Concrete – Fall 2015 Activities Summary”. Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (CEDC) end-of-semester project summary presented Watt Innovation Center, Clemson, SC.
Anastopoulo, T.*, Hummel, G.*, Jerwann, K.*, Patel, M.*, Tatem, L.*. (2016, April). The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group. Innovations Summit Presentation.
Patel, M.*, Hummel, G.*, Tatem, L.*, Anastopoulo, T.*, and Jerwann, K.* (2016, April). "The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group". Concrete Innovations Summit,  Clemson, SC.
*Schneider, N., Pang, W., Gu, M. (2014, April 3-5). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete for Seismic Design. Presented at Structures Congress, ASCE, Boston, MA.
*Schneider, N., *Albritton, S., *Crowder, M., *Goodwin, J., *Kiser, S., *Lawler, P., *Lehne, W., *Mcgowan, R., *Stoner, M., (2013). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster Presentation, Clemson Green Expo, Clemson, South Carolina.
2015 - Overall 3rd Place in Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Beam Competition - ASCE Carolinas Conference
Schneider, N.*, Pang, W., Gu, M. (2014), "Application of Bamboo for Flexural and Shear Reinforcement in Concrete Beams," 2014 Structures Congress, Boston, MA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
176

Health Promotion, Physical Activity and Obesity Prevention Among Children, Adolescents and Teenagers

The prevalence of obesity continues to be a health concern for children and adolescents in the United States. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions. These include: Coronary heart disease Type 2 diabetes Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon) Hypertension (high blood pressure) Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides) Stroke Liver and Gallbladder disease Sleep apnea and respiratory problems Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint) Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility) One of the Healthy People 2020 national health objectives is to reduce the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents to less than 5%. Significant differences in obesity among race or ethnic groups remain. The prevalence of overweight in Mexican-American and non-Hispanic black girls was higher than among non-Hispanic white girls. Among boys, the prevalence of overweight was significantly higher among Mexican Americans than among either non-Hispanic black or white boys. There were significant differences by age. Adolescents were more likely to be overweight than younger children. Obesity and overweight are a result of an imbalance between food consumed and physical activity. National data have shown an increase in the calorie consumption of and no change in physical activity patterns. Overweight adolescents often become obese adults. Although the United States has the highest prevalence of obesity among the developed nations, it is not alone in terms of trends. Increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults have been observed throughout the world.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Lanham, J., *Johnson, P., and Boyd, C., (2017, April). Prevalence and Incidence of Childhood Obesity. Poster presented at the annual FoCi Forum for Creative Inquiry. Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
Lanham, J., *Boyd, C., *Cureton, H., *Gibbs, J., *Holmes, S., *Johnston, P., *Robelen, M. (2017, April). Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Lanham, J. (2013). Childhood Obesity. Poster presentation for the Creative Inquiry Undergraduate Research Program. Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Lanham, J., *Moon, A., *Beardsley, K. & *Baxter, S. (2013 April 9) Childhood Obesity Prevention in the Latin American Community. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
With golden arches on every street corner and video games to keep children on the couch for days, childhood obesity is a quickly spreading problem in today's society. Poor eating and sedentary habits can lead to the predisposition of chronic illnesses and eventually premature death. This publication intends to educate minority preschool age children about issues involving nutrition, exercise, and the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle. The group plans to create an activity book for interactive learning with the goal of decreasing childhood obesity.
Graff, R., Hook, L., Hungerford, S., Pryor, C., Wright, S., and Berkompas, B. (2013). "Healthy for me from A-z". 
Reifeis, E. (2013). "Health Promotion, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention in Preschool Children".
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
187

Exploring microbial community in students' exercising environment

Microorganisms are everywhere in the environment. Although most of them are harmless or beneficial microorganisms, human pathogens or antibiotic resistant microorganisms can pose the threat to human health.  In this project, we are interested in understanding the microbial community in student exercising environment. The goal is to evaluate the risks of students acquiring those harmful microorganisms during exercising, and develop practical methods for controlling those risks.Food fermentation practices can be traced back many centuries ago. Worldwide, there are numerous food products created by beneficial microorganisms such as lactic acid producing bacteria, mold and yeast. These fermented food products, such as cheeses, yogurt, miso, soysauce, kimchi, rice wine and so on, not only add the flavor, nutritional value but also enhance food safety of food products. We'll explore the microbiological aspects of these products using both traditional and molecular biological tools, and hopefully develop some unique products or improve the safety of existing fermented food products.

Team Leaders
Xiuping Jiang Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Caren Mccollum
Nykira Sutton
Amber Baker
Accomplishments
*Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C. & Jiang, X. (2017, April 4-5).  Joining the resistance: microbial presence and antibiotic resistance in student exercising environments. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
199

Social and Organizational Psychology

Our research team uses multiple methodologies with diverse samples to better understand how characteristics of the individual interact with the demands and opportunities in the environment to influence motivation, health, and performance. Our research findings have led to recommendations for improving the well-being and performance of military personnel and foreign language analysts working for the US government, and have shed light on the structural and attitudinal barriers that affect individuals considering treatment for psychological problems.

Team Leaders
Thomas W. Britt Jr Psychology
Accomplishments
Jennings, K.S., Goguen, K.N., Britt, T.W., *Jeffirs, S.M., *Wilkes, J.R.,  *Brady, A.R., *Pittman, R.A., & *DiMuzio, D.J. (2017). The role of personality traits and barriers to mental health treatment seeking among college students. Psychological Services, 14(4), 513-523. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ser0000157
Goguen, K., Britt, T.W., Jennings, K., Sytine, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Peasley, P., *Zaremba, B., & *Palmer, J. (2016). Implicit and explicit attitudes toward mental health treatment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 35, 45-63.
Britt, T.W., Sytine, A., *Brady, A., *Wilkes, R., *Pittman, R., Jennings, K.S., & Goguen, K. (2017). Enhancing the meaningfulness of work for astronauts on long duration space exploration missions. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, Volume 88, Number 8, August 2017, pp. 779-783(5)
Zinzow, H. M., Britt, T. W., Pury, C. L. S., Jennings, K., Cheung, J. H., & Raymond, M. A. (2015). Barriers and Facilitators of Mental Health Treatment-Seeking in U.S. Active Duty Soldiers With Sexual Assault Histories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 289–297. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22026
Gillispie, S. K., Britt, T. W., Burnette, C. M., & McFadden, A. C. (2016). Employee mental health treatment seeking: Perceptions of responsibility and resilience. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 31(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/15555240.2015.1100519
Jennings, K.S., Cheung, J.H., Britt, T.W., Goguen, K., *Jeffirs, S., *Peasley, A., *Lee, A. (2015). How are perceived stigma, self-stigma, and self-reliance related to treatment seeking? Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal (Special Issue: Self-Stigma and Mental Illness), 38, 109-116.
Britt, T.W., Pusilo, C., McKibben, E.S., Kelley, C., *Baker, A.N., Nielson, K.A. (2011). Personality and strength-related attitude dimensions: Between and within-person relationships. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 586-596.
*Wilkes, J.R., *Brady, A.R., *Pittman, R.A., *Jennings, K.S., Sytine, A., Sawhney, G.. Goguen, K.N., Britt, T.W., *Jeffirs, S.M., & Sheridan, D. (2017, March). Meaningful work as a buffer against stressors facing astronauts. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pittman, R., Jennings, K., Goguen, K., Britt, T., Jeffirs, S., Wilkes, R., *Brady, A., and *DiMuzio, D. (2017). Personality traits and barriers to treatment seeking among college students. Poster to be presented at the LXIII Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (SEPA), Atlanta, GA.
*Peasley, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Zaremba, B., *Lee, A., *Rivera, K., *Palmer, J., Goguen, K., Jennings, K., Britt Jr, T. (2014, April). Implicit and explicit stigma towards mental health treatment. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2015-2016). What to Tell a Soldier Who Hasn't Gotten Treatment [Video file]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891179
(2015-2016). The Importance of Unit Support [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891181
(2015-2016). Barriers Soldiers Face [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891177
(2015-2016). The Benefits of Treatment [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891180
(2015-2016). Mental Health Symptoms and the Need for Treatment [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891180
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1085

Design, Development and Creative Uses of a Combined Optical Tweezer and Fluorescent Microscope

Optical tweezers is an instrument used to apply and measure loads to single molecules, particularly in the study of the physical properties of biological molecules. The tweezers primarily consist of a laser that is focused to a diffraction-limited point at which a 0.5 – 2 um bead can be trapped and an optical microscopy light path to observe the sample. The laser can be moved by deflecting the laser beam. Based on the location of the bead in the beam, the force that the laser exerts on the bead can be determined. Students work together in interdisciplinary teams to design and implement subsystems into an optical tweezer instrument. While the function of the subsystem will be determined based on the interests of the students who participate, it could have significant optical, mechanical, and electrical components. Additionally, there are opportunities for primarily software enhancements potentially adding functionality or improving the user experience. Possible design projects include implementing time-sharing for trapping multiple beads simultaneously with one laser, enhancement of feedback control algorithms, introduction of real-time particle tracking, adding imaging modalities to the optical path (darkfield, DIC, phase contrast), etc.The final outcome, after 2 (or more) semesters, of this project will be the presentation or publishing of the results of the research, design and demonstration effort at an appropriate scientific conference or journal. This project will give students practical, hands on experience building precision scientific instruments. Successful completion, the experience gained as part of this project will be invaluable to students either planning on finding an industry job or entering a graduate program in science or engineering.

Team Leaders
Joshua Alper Physics and Astronomy
Ashok Pabbathi Physics and Astronomy
Subash Godar Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
235

Exploring Nutrient sensing in an ancient pathogen

The sugar glucose is essential to the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness. Heretofore, we have known very little about the regulation of a key enzyme in glucose metabolism, hexokinase (TbHK1). Recently, our group has identified a second HK (TbHK2) that regulates the first. This observation, along with our finding that products from other cellular processes can alter HK activity, suggest that HK serves as a central mediator of metabolism in the cell. Here, we propose to explore how TbHK2 regulates TbHK1, including studies aimed at understanding the impact of multimerization on enzyme activity. Further, we will consider how the enzyme is regulated by other mechanisms, including phosphorylation and inhibition by other cellular metabolites. Our long-term goal is to carefully characterize the roles of the two HKs in the biology of T. brucei, with a particular emphasis on understanding the role of these proteins in regulation of metabolism. We hypothesize that the proteins may regulate the cells’ response to environmental changes in nutrient availability that occurs as the parasites move from one host to another.

Team Leaders
James Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Phillip Burkhardt will be enrolled in an MD/PHD program at Baylor University this fall.
*Stephen Patrick, a former CI student, was awarded the "Deans Scholarship" at MUSC. This covers the tuition and associated costs for his medical school training and is one of two awarded a year.
*Ratner, L. & Morris J.C. (2018) Research into possible therapeutic developments for treating Trypanosoma brucei. Oral presentation at the Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Honors Day, Clemson, SC.
*Burkhardt, P. & Morris, J.C. (2018)  Strategies to Identify Small-Molecule Lethal Mechanisms in Trypanosoma brucei. Oral presentation at the Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Honors Day, Clemson, SC.
*Burkhardt, P., Qui, E., and Morris, J. (2016, November). Heterologous expression of human glucokinase in the African trypanosome. Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.
*Werner, T., *Newton, W., Milanes, J., and Morris, J. (2016, November 17-19). Targeting the Naegleria glucokinase as a therapeutic target: an amoeba Achilles heal? Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.
*Patrick, S.L., Golden, J.E., Dwivedi, V., Drew, M.E., Sharlow, E., Davis, M.I., Shen, M., Hall, M.D., Boxer, M., Blanding, W.M., Kahney, E.W., Morris, J.C. (2016, Jan 25-29). Protozoan hexokinases as therapeutic targets: Trypanosoma brucei and Plasmodium falciparum in the crosshairs. Presented at the Keystone Symposium Meeting, "Drug Discovery for Parasitic Diseases," Tahoe City, CA.
*Griffith, M. (2015, October). Purifying and Characterizing Hexokinase 1 in Leishmania donovani. Presented at the 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting.
National Institutes of Health – PI, "Identification of kinetoplastid parasite glucose uptake and subcellular distribution inhibitors as therapeutic leads" (1R21AI127575-01) (R21/33 R21/33 Phased Innovation Award Mechanism)
April 15, 2016 – awarded,TI, on 1P20GM109094-01A1, NIH Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE).
Qiu, Y, *Patrick, SL, and Morris JC. (2016). Chapter 7.  Nutrient sensing in kinetoplastid parasites. eds. Berhardt, L. Advances in Medicine and Biology 105:177-202. Nova Science Publishers.
Gordhan, H., *Patrick, S., Swasy, M., *Hackler, A., *Anayee, M., & *Golden, J., Morris, J., Whitehead, D. (2017). Evaluation of substituted ebselen derivatives as potential trypanocidal agents. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 27(3), 537-541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2016.12.021
*Hackler, A., *Patrick, S., Kahney, E., Flaherty, D., Sharlow, E., Morris, J., & Golden, J. (2017). Antiparasitic lethality of sulfonamidebenzamides in kinetoplastids. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 27(4), 755-758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2017.01.043
Lin, S., Voyton, C., Morris, M., Ackroyd, P., Morris, J., & Christensen, K. (2017). pH regulation in glycosomes of procyclic formTrypanosoma brucei. Journal Of Biological Chemistry, 292(19), 7795-7805. http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m117.784173
Davis, M.I., *Patrick, S., Blanding, W.M., Dwivedi, V., Suryadi, J., Golden, J.E., Coussens, N.P., Lee, O.W., Shen, M., Boxer, M.B., Hall, M.D., Sharlow, E.R., Drew, M.E., Morris, J.C. (2016). Identification of Novel Plasmodium falciparum Hexokinase Inhibitors with Antiparasitic Activity. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 60(10), 6023–6033. https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.00914-16
*Hackler, A. L., Qiu, Y., *Patrick, S. L., Hee Lee, S., Acosta-Serrano, A., & Morris, J. C. (2015). Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 4, 33–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrep.2015.08.013
*Hackler, A. L., Qiu, Y., *Patrick, S. L., Lee, S. H., Acosta-Serrano, A., Morris, J. C. (2015, August). Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 4, 33_38.
Harris, M.T., Walker, D.M., Drew, M.E., Mitchell, W.G., *Dao, K., Schroeder, C. E., Flaherty, D. P., Weiner, W. S., Golden J. E., Morris, J. C. (2013, Aug) Interrogating a Hexokinase-Selected Small Molecule Library for Inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum Hexokinase. (In Press) Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.;57(8):3731-7. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00662-13.
Harris, M.T., Mitchell, W.G., Morris, J.C. (2013). Targeting protozoan parasite metabolism: glycolytic enzymes in the therapeutic crosshairs. Current Medicinal Chemistry.;21(15):1668-78.
College of ScienceG
986

Membrane Separations for Clean Water and Energy Applications

Team members in the Membrane Separations for Clean Water and Energy Applications CI group will design and perform membrane separation experiments to test hypotheses that could lead to improved water purification and energy extraction using membranes.  The CI will span 3 semesters. In the first semester, students will learn about membrane technologies and basic principles of membrane design, testing and operation. In the second semester, team members will design and perform membrane performance experiments to test an initial hypothesis. In the final semester, students will build learn and use membrane characterization techniques to support the hypothesis and the performance results.

Team Leaders
Jaime Idarraga Mora Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Scott M Husson Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Mullan, C., *Price, C., *Riggs, J., *Roberson, S., *Ruff, C., *Westbrook, B. (2017, April). Water Purification on a Cart: Mobile Laboratory Experiments to Teach about Membrane Separations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Metri, J., *Mullan, C., *Reed, G., *Roberson, S., *Tedder, J., *Westbrook, B. (2016, April). Design and construction of a reverse osmosis demonstration unit for clean water. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Event, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
DMREF: Collaborative Research: An Integrated Multiscale Modeling and Experimental Approach to Design Fouling-Resistant Membranes The creative inquiry project was included in this grant to develop the membrane filtration unit to test these new membrane materials. The CI students will construct the membrane filtration unit that will be used by graduate students in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering who are funded under the DMREF grant. Additionally, the membrane filtration unit will be part of an outreach program included in the DMREF grant.
DMREF: Collaborative Research: An Integrated Multiscale Modeling and Experimental Approach to Design Fouling-Resistant Membranes. This grant includes an outreach component that will use the membrane separation systems built by the CI to teach high school students about membrane technologies and opportunities in STEM.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
237

Biochemical and genetic approaches to understanding acetate metabolism in pathogenic fungi

Cryptococcus neoformans is an invasive opportunistic pathogen of the central nervous system and the most frequent cause of fungal meningitis resulting in more than 625,000 deaths per year worldwide. Exposure to C. neoformans is common, as it is an environmental fungus found in the soil and can enter the lungs through inhalation, leading to pulmonary infection. An increased rate of infection occurs in individuals with impaired cell-mediated immunity, particularly those with AIDS and recipients of immunosuppressive therapy. Acetate has been shown to be a major fermentation product during cryptococcal infection, but the significance of this is not yet known. Little is known about what enzymes are responsible for acetate production and how it is transported. We have identified three putative acetate-producing pathways in C. neoformans. The genes encoding enzymes from these acetate-producing pathways and two putative acetate transporters have been shown to be unregulated during infection, suggesting that acetate production and transport may be a necessary and required part of the pathogenic process. The objective of this study is to use biochemical and genetics approaches to investigate the role of acetate fermentation in C. neoformans in metabolism and infection. 

Team Leaders
Kerry Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Brittany Avin (lab alumna - BS Biochemistry 2015) - National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship
*Megan Hunt - 2017 Phi Kappa Phi Certificate of Merit
NSF-REU supplement for 2010 - $6,000 Principal Investigator Kerry Smith Co-investigator Cheryl Ingram-Smith, Indi Bose Student Development
NSF-REU supplement for 2012 - $7,000
Principal Investigator Kerry Smith Co-investigator Cheryl Ingram-Smith National Science Foundation Biochemistry and physiology of novel acetate kinases from eukaryotic microbes 08/01/09 - 7/31/12 (extended to 7/31/13) Award# 0920274 $739,967
National Institutes of Health The presence of a bacterial metabolic pathway in eukaryotic fungi 05/01/10 - 4/30/12 (extended to 4/30/13) Award # GM084417-01A1 $210,720
The Awards of Distinction are presented by graduating National Scholars to faculty and staff who have served as significant mentors, both in class and out, and have helped develop the students intellectually, professionally, and personally during their time at Clemson. Brittany Avin* presented the award to Kerry Smith
*Ohlund, H., Ammar, M., and Smith, K. (2016, November 17-18). The Role of Carnitine Acetyltransferase in Cryptococcus neoformans. Presented at Departments of Biological Sciences and Genetics & Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation CenterCell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens (CBEP), Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, M., and Smith, K. (2016, November 17-18). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. Presented at Department of Genetics and Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens (CBEP), Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, M., and Smith, K.  (2016, September 16). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. Presented at Department of Genetics and Biochemistry and Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center College of Science Family Appreciation Day and Undergraduate Poster Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Ohlund, H.*, Ammar, M., and K. Smith. (2016, September). "The Role of Carnitine Acetyltransferase in Cryptococcus neoformans". Departments of Biological Sciences and Genetics & Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center  College of Science Family Appreciation Day and Undergraduate Poster Presentation
*Hunt, M., and Smith, K. (2016, March 10-12). "The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence".  Presented in Washington, D.C.
*Hunt, M., Smith, K. (2016, April 8-10). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. ACC Meeting of the Minds, Syracuse, NY.
Taylor, T., Bose, I., *Luckie, T., Smith, K. (2015, March). Biolistic transformation of the opportunistic fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Journal of Video Experimentation, 97.
Ingram-Smith, C., *Wharton, J., *Reinholz, C., *Doucet, T., *Hesler, R., Smith, K. (2015). The role of active site residues in ATP binding and catalysis in the Methanosarcina thermophila acetate kinase. Life (Basel), 5:861-871.
C. Ingram-Smith, J. Thurman, K. Zimowski, and K. S. Smith. 2012. Role of motif III in catalysis by acetyl-CoA synthetase. Archaea 509579. Epub 2012 Aug 15.
Meng, Y., Ingram-Smith, C., Cooper, L., Smith. K. S. (2010). Characterization of an archaeal medium-chain acyl-CoA synthetase from Methanosarcina acetivorans. Journal of Bacteriology 192:5982-90.
College of ScienceG
979

Google Education for Preservice Teachers

In support of the College of Education mission to “engage our students in high quality applied research, professional learning, and immersive experiences,” this Creative Inquiry project aims to provide a cohort of undergraduate education majors with an opportunity to participate in a unique educational experience focused on digital media in support of learning.During this experience, students will enroll in the EDHD3110 course in two consecutive semesters in order to: 1) learn fundamental and advanced concepts of Google Apps for Education; 2) lead informal learning activities developed to teach their preservice peers; 3) develop the (Google Apps) expertise necessary to provide professional development to classroom teachers; and 4) participate in research activities designed to address how preservice educators can develop a professional mindset by engaging in professional development, providing professional development, and by presenting at conferences. 

Team Leaders
Ryan Visser Education & Human Dev
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Visser, R.D., Boyer, D.M., *Carey, B. & *Hark, M. (2018). Better preparing preservice teachers for technology integration in a rapidly changing environment. Research presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE), Washington, D.C.
Visser, R.D., Boyer, D.M., *Holbert, K., *Wersinger, B. (2016, March). Developing Google Certified Educators in Undergraduate Teacher Preparation. Research presented at the annual meeting of the Socitey for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE), Savannah, GA.
College of EducationE
244

Healthcare Logistics: Day-of-Surgery OR Improvements, Implementation Barriers, and Beyond

The CI team will be working with faculty and graduate students on two multi-institution, multi-hospital grants to study how to improve: (1) communication and coordination of patient activities on the day of surgery, and (2) traffic flow within the operating room. Work could involve any of the following:User testing our mobile application for day of surgery coordinationCreation of user testing scenariosManaging our social media presence in promoting our research to others across the U.S.Working with discrete-event and agent-based simulation models for both projectsStudying traffic patterns and flows within the operating room

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Emily Huffer General Engineering
Accomplishments
*Pearson, L., *Johnson, E., Zinouri, N., and K. Taaffe, (2015).  Utilizing and testing smart applications in a healthcare environment. Proceedings of the 2015 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference (ISERC), eds. Cetinkaya, S., and Ryan, J. K.  Nashville, TN. 1572-1578.
Taaffe, K., Zinouri, N., and Kamath, A. (2016). Integrating Simulation Modeling and Mobile Technology to Improve Day-of-Surgery Patient Care. in Proceedings of the 2016 Winter Simulation Conference, eds. Roeder, T. M. K., Frazier, P. I., Szechtman, R., Zhou, E., Huschka, T.,  and Chick, S. E., Washington, DC. 2111-2122.
Team member Emily Huffer was awarded an ACC Fellowship to fund research relating to this project.  
Taaffe, K., Dempsey, H. & Dempsey, J. (2016) Integrating Simulation Modeling And Mobile Technology To Improve DayOf-Surgery Patient Care. Presented at the 2016 Winter Simulation Conference, Washington, DC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
252

Production of Recombinant Spider Dragline Proteins for Novel Materials Development

This Creative Inquiry group is studying the mechanism by which soluble spider silk proteins are assembled into a fiber. Understanding this process may provide insights that lead to the development of new biologically-inspired materials.

Team Leaders
William R Marcotte Jr Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Ortman, M.* (2014). An Assessment of the N-terminal Domain in the Spider Silk Assembly Process.
*Gravgaard, C., *McCartney, H., Peng, C. & Marcotte, W.R. (2012, March 4). Confirmation of Mini-spidroin Expression in Transgenic Tobacco. Presented at the American Society of Plant Biology, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Marcotte, B. (2011, October). Biochemical characterization of spidroin self-assembly. Presented at the annual meeting of the New Frontiers in Fiber Materials Science, Charleston, SC.
College of ScienceG
300

PackExpo CI

Students in this CI course will prepare an agenda and attend a trade show. An exhibit booth will be designed, built, and setup at the exposition venue. Each student will participate in managing an exhibit , collect data across a specific subject matter at the trade show, construct a professional trip report, and produce a <10 minute lecture on trade show findings.

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
(confidential) Package of the Year Award - will be disclosed on 10/9/16.
Won first and second place in the Denesco competition 2012.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
447

Clemson ASCE Steel Bridge Team

Team designs, fabricates and competes in a regional steel bridge competition at the Carolinas Conference with the goal to attend the National Student steel Bridge Competition.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
The Steel Bridge Team competed in both the regional (SC, NC, GA) and national competitions. The team was placed 1st in the regional competition and thus qualified for the national competition. The Steel Bridge team was invited to the 2016 National ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) and AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction) Steel Bridge Competition at BYU in Provo, Utah. The team competed against 223 total teams through the regional process and 47 teams at the National level with some International schools as well (5 teams form outside of the US). The Clemson Steel Bridge Team was placed 23rd overall with the 5th lightest bridge.
Team won first place in display (Aesthetic). National Student Steel Bridge Competition. Kansas City, UMKS. http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176
2015 Qualified in National Competition and won 1st Place in Aesthetic Category - National Steel Bridge CompetitionOverall 1st Place in Carolinas Conferencehttp://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176http://www.aisc.org/uploadedFiles/University_Relations/Files/2014%20Qualifiers.pdf
2012 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 9th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition - Hosted National Student Steel Bridge Competition.
2013 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 23rd Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
2014 3rd Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 26th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
The following companies donated or sponsored the activities of steel bridge team. The total monetary contribution from these companies exceeded $11,000. 1) SC State Board of Engineers 2) AECOM 3) SC Solutions 4) Sealed Air Corporation 5) Broyles and Associates 6) Dave Steel Company Inc. 7) Steelfab Inc. of SC 8) NUCOR Vulcraft Division 9) Johnson, Laschober and Associates 10) Britt, Peters and Associates 11) Keck and Wood 12) FlatIron
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
401

Product Innovation

In this project, micro teams of undergraduates will work on multiple design/build/test projects to create new, innovative products. The project will likely result in invention disclosures and patents.  This project is housed in a dedicated prototyping and testing lab that is supported by a local consumer product design group. Students should expect to get their hands dirty.

Team Leaders
Joshua Summers Mechanical Engineering
Douglas Chickarello Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Hess, T., *Bowman, M., Morkos, B. & Summers, J., (2011, November). Cross Analysis of Metal Foam Design Parameters for Achieving Desired Fluid Flow. Presented at the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Denver, CO.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
259

International Design Projects with Engineers without Borders (EWB) in Uganda, Africa

The Engineers Without Borders (EWB) project in The Gambia, Africa offers students the opportunity to solve engineering problems for a community in need. This project is particularly focused on 1) irrigation 2) sustainable farming practices 3) fishery development 4) landfill development 5) community health. It offers students a unique chance to apply their engineering knowledge to real world problems.

Team Leaders
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Shyla Kupis
Accomplishments
*Girvin, Z., Boles, D., *Conroy, N., *McCormick, C., *DeMass I. & Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 6). Designing Rope Pumps for the Women's Garden of Brufut, The Gambia. Presented at the 25th Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
*Bellino, K., Boles, D., *Conroy, N., *Pope, R., *Girvin, Z., *DeMass, I. & Schlautman, M. (2017, March 12-15) Rope Pumps for the Women's Garden of Brufut, The Gambia by Clemson University Engineers Without Borders. Presented at the 27th Annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Girvin, Z., *McCormick, C., *Conroy, N. & Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 5-6) Developing Rope Pumps for Agricultural Use. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum,  Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Geosyntec (Greenville) recently donated $15,000 towards our EWB projects at Clemson.
Calhoun Honors College Travel Scholarship
Price, C., & McMillan, M. (2015). Brufut Women’s Garden Improvements (pp. 1-23). Submitted to EWB-USA National office.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
263

Projects for Sustainable Development in Recovering and Developing Communities

The goal of this CI project is to develop sustainable designs for ecological restoration. The students will focus on the ecosystem of the Louisiana Gulf Coast and the South Carolina coast, and designs for oyster reef restoration.  A work trip to travel to coastal SC to help with oyster reef construction using structures constructed by CI team members to attract oyster shell attachment is planned.

Team Leaders
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R., *Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S. (2017, April). Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S., Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R. (2017, April). Sustainable Design - Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Primm, Z., *Agin, J., *Daughtridge, M., *Gilstrap, Z., *Kernich, K., *Loper, A., *Moriarty, C., *Skibenes, E., *Stefano, G., *Thompson, A., *Thurmes, R., *Willis, H., Tinsley, C., Drapcho, C. (2015, April). Oyster Reef Rehabilitation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
359

Physical Activity Promotion and Research

The purpose of this project is to 1) engage Clemson University students in the implementation and evaluation of an ongoing afterschool  program that promotes physical activity, nutrition, healthy lifestyles and positive youth development among young children from a predominantly Hispanic community; and 2) develop pilot study projects evaluating the afterschool program using resources from the Department of Public Health Sciences Instruction and Research Lab. This Creative Inquiry project will allow students to participate in a tested, theory-based physical activity and nutrition intervention and design and implement a physiology-based physical activity assessment. Both parts of this class involve knowledge and skill development in programmatic implementation, evaluation and research.

Team Leaders
Karen A Kemper Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
I received a sub-award from a 21st Century Community Learning Center grant awarded to Monaview Elementary School in Greenville County School. This sub-award is for $10,000 per year which funds a part-time graduate assistant to assist with the implementation of our project for the 21st Century grant. The graduate student assists me with training and mentoring the CI students to implement community engagement and research.
Kemper, K., *Bossong, A., *Dundervill, K., *Huss, M., *Laporte, M. & *Passailaigue, L. (2016, April 20). Evaluation of the Greenville County Girls on the Run Program. Presented at the 2016 CBSHS Research forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
672

Finding Your Voice (Spring 2018 camp)

This Creative Inquiry group will be responsible for planning and evaluating an all-girls weekend camp at the Clemson University Outdoor Lab. The purpose of the camp is to introduce 11 and 12 year old girls to nontraditional physical activities as well as to offer educational sessions on topics such as self-esteem, body image, and college life. 

Team Leaders
Denise Anderson Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Alexsandra Dubin PRTM Leisure Skills
Teresa Tucker Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
Partnerships with City of Clemson Parks and Recreation, Greenville County Recreation, Parks, and Tourism
*Bedenbaugh, E., *Fleming, L., *Janson, R., *Johnson, A., *Mims, M., *Nance, M., *Oliver, B., *Sease, M., *Shuey, M., *Stapleton, O., *Watt, C., *Whitney, D., *Workman, M. (2017, April). The Impact of the Finding Your Voice Camp on Middle School Girls. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
To supplement the budget provided by CI, students were involved in fundraising efforts from external donors that to date have netted $2000 in additional funding necessary to offer the camp to participants free of charge.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
287

ClemsonLIFE: Nutrition and Healthy Cooking

ClemsonLIFE Postsecondary program currently has 15 students with disabilities on the Clemson campus. The ClemsonLIFE Nutrition and Healthy Eating Creative Inquiry group will assist the program by providing instruction, support, and accountability in the areas of Nutrition and Healthy Eating. People with disabilities typically have a high occurrence of obesity and diabetes due to a sedentary lifestyle and poor food choices. This group will help the students explore healthy eating and cooking options along with educating them on nutrition principles to support them in achieving their ultimate goal of successful independent living.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Sanders, S., Cleland, M., Collins, J. C., *DiGorio, J. & *Styles, S. (2010, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Collins, J. C., Wagner, J. Y. & Ryan, J. B. (2011, February). The Use of Assistive Technology to Promote Socially Appropriate Eating Behavior. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sanders, S., *Collins, J. C. & Romig, J. (2011, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
301

The Clemson Concrete Canoe Team (3CT)

3CT is a student lead team (under the direction of a faculty advisor) that designs, builds, markets, and races a concrete canoe each year. This is a year long project where the students learn and apply classroom knowledge and concepts to a real-world project. This knowledge includes: Project management (organization, scheduling, finances, etc.); concrete mix design and materials; structural analysis and design; naval architecture; public relations; product performance and evaluation; sustainability;, mentoring and education; communication skills (oral and written) .

Team Leaders
Bradley J Putman Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Accomplishments
In 2011, 3CT won the regional concrete canoe competition at the ASCE Carolina's Conference. This gave the team the opportunity to compete at the ASCE National Concrete Canoe Competition in June. The team finished in 11th place overall at the national competition, which was an improvement over their 14th place finish in 2010.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
302

New Product Development

Want to build a new product for the market? Learn how to design in 3D to go to rapid prototyping and prep for market launch?If so, this is the CI for you! Learn Solidworks and go through a series of lectures and a collaborative forum to develop a new product of your choice! Prep all the files to run a 3D prototype! Have fun, experience a practical application of course content, and develop that thing you have always wanted!

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
CAFLS Cultivate, 3rd place
iMotions Biometric software license extension provided
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
563

Global Research Challenge

The Global Research Challenge is a competition overseen by the CFA Institute. At Local competitions, student teams are introduced to a publicly traded company and have to prepare an "Initiation of Coverage" report similar to what Wall Street financial analysts produce. Students have to research the firm, its industry, competitors, market conditions and use several different techniques to value the firm. In addition to a written report, the team will also deliver an oral presentation to a panel of judges made up of investment professionals and fund managers. The winner of the Local competition (SC, GA and AL) moves on the Regional competition and the Regional winner goes to the Global finals. For 2018-19, the Americas Regional competition will be in New York City as will be the Global Finals. The CFA Institute covers all transportation and lodging costs at all levels.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Finance
Accomplishments
The CFA Institute Research Challenge is a global competition which tests the analytic, valuation, report writing, and presentation skills of university students. The challenge comprises analysis of a publicly-traded company, mentoring by a professional research analyst, writing a research report, and presentation of research to a panel of experts. Over 4,000 students from over 865 universities in 70 countries participated in the 2015 Challenge and learned best practices in equity research from leading industry experts.
College of BusinessD
564

Certified Financial Analyst Seminar

The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation is one of the most prestigious certifications in Finance and is recognized globally. This seminar is intended for students that will sit for the Level I exam in June. The readings are allocated among the students who prepare outlines and deliver presentations to the rest of the group so that all will be better prepared to take the exam. Students also take practice tests to get a better feel for which topical areas may require more study.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Finance
College of BusinessD
908

Experimental Cardiovascular System

In this project students will design and prototype a benchtop flow system which mimics realistic human cardiovascular physiology and anatomy. Such a system can be used for direct medical device testing and clinical training. The current phase of the project is designing a pressure-generating device for producing realistic blood pressure waveforms in an experimental system.

Team Leaders
Ethan Kung Mechanical Engineering
Masoud Farahmand Mechanical Engineering
M Sabbir Salek Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Neely, K., *Danahy, R., *Capobianco, P., Shabanisamghabady, M., Farahmand, M., Kung, E. (2017 Oct 11-14) Design of an Actuated Pressure Waveform Generating Device for In-Vitro Cardiovascular Experiments. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
326

Service Learning Mission Trip to Tanzania: Exploring The Needs of Children and Village Life

Students from majors across campus have been meeting regularly (Jan 2012 - Present)to learn about and understand cultural, social, recreation, Health, water and building issues in Tanzania, Africa. With the recent MOU with several agencies and a University in Tanzania, we now want to continue with our research and development of a project plan culminating in a trip to Tanzania (May 2019). This trip will involve working with the local population of educators and various orphanages to improve understanding and to provide volunteer services. Upon returning to the US, students will continue to work with the local contacts in hopes of being able to bring some of the participants here to the US to work, study and research our health, recreation and social issues (Jan 2019). Finally, As our many trips to Tanzania have lead to the building of an orphanage, and the beginning of a cultural heritage center, we are continuing to work with both agencies to grow their programs and work on marketing, needs assessment and customer service. Examples of activities that have come out of this CI have been: over $20,000 in donations or supplies, clean water initiatives, teaching of English and Structural Engineering at schools, donations of chickens to help pay school fees, using recreation as a tool for communication and understanding in the slums, deep discussions about race differences in the US and Tanzania ..and many many more. Ideally, students bring their strengths to the group and we figure out ways to put those skills to their best use in Tanzania. The trip then ends with a 3 day safari through Serengeti National Park to see Elephant, Lion, Zebra etc.

Team Leaders
Skye Arthur-Banning Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
Each year we receive approximately $4000 in donations (either in kind or in fundraising) that the students collect or produce through the projects or culturally appropriate sales to provide the additional funds needed to support our projects while in Tanzania.
Stone, G.A., Duffy, L.N., & Arthur-Banning, S.G. (2015, November 18-22). Confronting Whiteness in Tanzania: Exploring the Role of Cross-Cultural Contact on White Student’s Racial Attitudes and Identity. 114th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropology Association, Denver, CO.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
332

Genetics and Autism

Autism project: We are working on Creatine Deficiency Syndrome - an X-linked intellectual disability and Autism spectrum disorder.  Zebrafish are being used to model CDS, a neurological disorder caused by a mutation in the SLC6A8 gene that results in abnormal energy metabolism in the brain. 

Team Leaders
Susan Chapman Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Aldinger, J. & Chapman, S.C. (2018, April 2-3) Tbx1 mutation results in heart and ear defects in the tufted Araucana chicken. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Robinson, K., *Sullivan, M. K., Anderson, A., Wetzler, M., and Chapman, S. (2017, May 18-20). "N-Modified Creatine as a Treatment for SLC6A8-Related Autism Spectrum Disorders." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA.
*Bernstein, R., Freese, N., *Denney, H., and Chapman, S. (2013, January). Araucana chicken as a model for DiGeorge Syndrome. Presented at Opening of the Life Sciences Building, Clemson University, SC.
Scott, A., Freese, N., and Chapman, S. (2013, March). "Araucana chicken as a model for DiGeorge Syndrome". Presented at 8th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference. Wake Forest University, NC.
Ray, P., Sharif, M.*, Chapman, S. (2016, May 19-21). Lectins differentially label tissues in the embryonic chicken head. Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Whitney Marine Laboratory, FL.
Ray, P., Hughes, A.L., *Sharif, M., Chapman, S.C. (2015, December). Lectin staining selectively labels tissues within the embryonic chicken head. Anatomical Society Winter Meeting. Magdelene College, Cambridge, UK.
NIH R03: SLC6A8 mutant zebrafish as a high throughput screening tool to identify candidate therapeutics of Creatine Deficiency Syndrome. 
5 Students received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their project: Genetics and Autism - Spring 2017
2 Students received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their project: Genetics and Autism research - Spring 2018
4 Students received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their project: Genetics and Autism research - Fall 2017
5 Students received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their project: Genetics and Autism - Fall 2016
2 Students received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their project: Genetics and Autism in Spring 2016.
3 Students received Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Awards for their project: Genetics and Autism in Fall 2015.
1R03MH115354-01 NIH 2 years 2017-2019 $150,000 SLC6A8 mutant zebrafish as a high throughput screening tool to identify candidate therapeutics of Creatine Deficiency Syndrome
A NIH R03 grant proposal was submitted based on this work In October 2015 - Funded from August 2016-July 2018.
NIH R03: Structural analysis of Creatine and its role as a GABA A Receptor neuromodulator. Creatine (Cr) transporter deficiency syndrome affects approximately 1 million people, resulting in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). SLC6A8 codes for the Cr transporter, without which Cr cannot pass the blood-brain barrier, or enter neuronal cells, thus hindering ATP production and metabolic activity in the brain. The neuropathology of Creatine deficiency syndrome is not fully understood. We propose that Creatine is a novel neuromodulator and GABA antagonist at GABA A receptors.
NIH R03 2016-2018 5th Percentile, awaiting award notification.
Ray, P., Hughes, A., Sharif, M., & Chapman, S. (2016). Lectins selectively label cartilage condensations and the otic neuroepithelium within the embryonic chicken head. Journal Of Anatomy, 230(3), 424-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12565
College of ScienceG
336

Applications of Geographic and Soil Information Systems

Students work on soil inventory of private lands to create soil management plans using Web Soil Survey, GIS, Clemson Agricultural Service Laboratory analysis, and statistical software. Individual projects are developed by the students and faculty interaction and are not completed in group settings. Anticipated student learning outcomes include the ability to use cutting edge spatial research tools, including Web Soil Survey, GIS and statistical software, as well as the ability to synthesize information to develop soil management recommendations. Electronic posters, typically presented at the Clemson Creative Inquiry forum (as well as at the national meetings) are used as artifacts for ePortfolio. Students are encouraged to sign up for 3 credits in the Spring of 2014.

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C., *Green, A., *Kneece, R., *Murphy, H., *Padgett, A., Rogers, T., and Tisdale, E. (2017, April 3-4). Soil Inventory of Private Lands. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C., *Green, A., *Kneece, R., Murphy, H., *Padgett, A., *Rogers, T. & Tisdale, E. (2017, April 6). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in SC. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Brown, M., *Buckfelder, E., *Donohue, R., *Duffy, K., *Dukart, Y., *Lister, V., *McNeely, K., *Moore, F., *Williams, G., Mikhailova, E., Post, C., Sharp, J. (2016, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
*Bryant, S.J., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J. & Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of HWY 9 West, Wallace, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J. & Sharp, J. (2011). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences (MANRRS) 26th Annual Career Fair and Training Conference, Overland Park, KS.
Mikhailova, E.A., Tennant, C.H, Post, C.J., Cicimurri, C. & Cicimurri, D. (2009, November 1-5). Geology Museum based learning in Soil Science Education. Presented at the GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
*Vereen, M., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J & Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of a Residential Plot in Little River, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Werts, J.D., Mikhailova, E.A. & Ring, G. (2009, November 1-5). Introductory Soil Science Artifact for Student ePortfolios. In Annual meetings abstracts CD-ROM . Presented at the GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J. & Sharp, J. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Capps, J., Mikhailova, E. (2014, April). Soil inventory of Capps Forestland, Westminster, SC. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Sharp, J.L., Speziale, B. J. (2015). Creative Inquiry in Soil Science: Soil inventory of private lands. Technical Contribution No. 6357 of the Clemson University Experiment Station. Nat. Sci. Educ. 44(1):1-8.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Koppenheffer, A., Asbill, J. (2009). Celebrating the Smithsonian Soils Exhibit in the classroom with the State/Representative Soil Project. J. Nat. Resour. Life Sci. Educ., 38, 128-132.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
347

Tackling Social Issues: Advanced Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Applied Ethics And Ethical Debate

This research project involves examining various issues in applied ethics from a multidisciplinary perspective. The project will begin with a study of fundamental philosophical concepts that are commonly used in examining such issues. Following this will be a consideration of topics which may include the definition of death, genetically modified foods, automobile engineering ethics, and biometrics and privacy. The examination of these issues will incorporate relevant information drawn from areas such as biology, law, medicine, and psychology. The project will be student-centered and largely discussion-based: the bulk of the latter part of the course will be composed of presentations and related discussions and debates designed by the students. Students in the project must commit for a minimum of two semesters and will register for sections of PHIL 4920 to receive credit. There are two teams and they will be working on different aspects of the project. One group will be focusing on constructing and presenting arguments that address critical ethical issues (making the case for a position respecting an issue that must be presented and defended) the other will be focusing on critical responses to those arguments assuming an adversarial posture in both oral and written exchanges on the issue(s).

Team Leaders
Kelly Smith Philosophy and Religion
David Antonini Philosophy and Religion
Stephen Satris Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Competed at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl Competition that was held in Fall 2015 at Clemson University.
Won the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl, November 2011. Placed second in nation at National Undergraduate Intercollegiate Ethics Bowl competition, March 2012.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
349

Ion Beam Physics

The students apart of this CI team will be involved in the development and running of experiments in ion beam physics. These range from radiation studies related to common electrical engineering device platforms (diodes, capacitors, transistors) to surface and bulk studies of material response to impacting and implanted ions. Training will lead to hands-on experience with vacuum technology, high voltage electronics, particle detectors, and computer interfacing.

Team Leaders
Chad Sosolik Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Miller, A. & Sosolik, C. (2018, April 18). Vacuum Applications of 3D Printed Materials and Devices for Ion Beam Physics. Poster presented at the 22nd Annual Posters on the Hill, Washington DC.
Kulkarni, D. (2016, November). Hyperthermal Ion Induced Hot Carrier Excitations in a Metal Probed using Schottky Diodes. Presented at the American Vacuum Society International Meeting Symposium and Exhibition 2016, Nashville, TN. 
Holstead, A., Monga, N., Sosolik, C., and Kulkarni, D. (2016, April 6-7). Depth Profiling of Stainless Steel for Tritium Storage. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry.
*Jones, V., *Monga, N., *Doran, W., *Gray, B., Kulkarni, D. & Sosolik, C. E. (2015 April 6). Interfacing Ion Beam Line and Data Acquisition System. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Kulkarni, D., Ahl, C., *Shore, A., *Miller, A., Harriss, J., Sosolik, C., & Marler, J. (2017). Kinetic energy offsets for multicharged ions from an electron beam ion source. Review Of Scientific Instruments, 88(8), 083306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4997962
One student was accepted into an on-campus REU program through this work and was funded throughout the summer of 2016 to continue this project.
As a result of this work, Savannah River National Laboratory has set up an external funding agreement to have our group process and analyze samples for them. These funds are allocated on a per sample basis and processed through the university's comptroller's office.
College of ScienceG
351

Ice Cream Innovation

This CI project involves 1. Development of innovative frozen desserts and applications, 2. Manage an Ice Cream Innovation laboratory that engages the student community, 3. Compete in Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation competition against peer institutions

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Sam Lopane received the International Dairy Industries Joe Larson Leadership Award which is given to the student that has demonstrated the greatest leadership potential. This is our industry's version of the Heisman Trophy.
A three person team competed in the Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Contest against other universities from Canada and the US. Clemson placed 2nd overall with numerous top 3 individual and team awards.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
$2,400 Received from the National Dairy Shrine
A member of our team, Kinsey MacDonald*, received the Joe Larson Leadership Award at the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo.� This prestigious award recognizes the student that demonstrates the greatest potential for being a future leader of the Food Manufacturing Industry. Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition.� The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent.� This is the third time in the past 6 years that one of our CI team members has won this prestigious International Leadership Award.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent. This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
*Lopane, S. & *Gaidousek, E. (2016). "Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab Tour". Presented to selected representatives for the State of South Carolina, Clemson, SC.
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Food Science - Real Time Examples for the Classroom. Presented at the 2009 Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit, Charleston, SC.
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Culinary Science Creative Inquiry. Presented at the 2009 Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit, Charleston, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
608

Safety Research

Evaluation of hazard detection

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Lawerence, M., *Stiltner, K.A., *Seay, A., *Burriss, T., *Hearn, S.P., *Serwat, M., *Cooper, H. & Stephens, B.R. (2018, April 2-3) The Effect of Illumination and Texting on Judgments of Trip Hazards. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bartholomew, Z.*, Bensch, A.*, Boyde, R.*, Grossman, A.*, Kirstein, S.*, Sicilia, N.*, Taffer, A.* and Stephens, B. (accepted) Trip hazard assessment: A survey method. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, April.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Kirstein, S., *Seay, A., *Sicilia, N., *Stiltner, K.A., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method. FOCI, Clemson.
*Sicilia, N., *Bartholomew, Z., *Taffer, A., *Angeloff, G., *Hawk, S., *Pickens, E., *Scott, M., Stephens, B. (2016, April). Two techniques for conspicuity assessment. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Bensch, A., *Boyd, R., *Grossman,  A., *Kirstein, S., *Sicilia, N., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method.  Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Sicilia, N., *Bartholomew, Z., *Taffer, A., *Angeloff, G., *Hawk, S., *Pickens, E., *Scott, M., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Two Techniques for Conspicuity Assessment. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.  
*Angeloff, G., *Sicilia, N., *Scott, S., *Hawk, S., *Bartholomew, Z., *Pickens, E., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2015) Detection and Identification Conspicuity. Presented at FOCI, Clemson.
Pacek, M.*, Angeloff, G.*, Scott, M.*, Solesbee, H.*, Stephens, B. (2015). Identification and Detection Conspicuity Measurement. Presented at SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Angeloff, G., *Ramsey, A., *Glaze, K., *Pacek, M., *Myers, B., Stephens, B. (2014, March 5). Attention and Search Conspicuity for Skylight Fall Hazards. Presented at SEPA, Nashville.
Stephens, B.R., Stephens, J.T., Pearl, G.S., *Ramsey, A., *Angeloff, G., *Glaze, K., Thames, Z. (2013). "An Efficient Method to Evaluate Skylight Hazard Conspicuity." Presented at Annual Meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, San Diego, CA.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1005

Sexuality Education

It is not known how many of the nation's colleges and universities offer sexuality education courses.  The CI team will examine all Level II-VI colleges and universities listed by the nation's six accrediting agencies.  For those colleges that do offer a course, a record of the department offering the course as well as a course description will be saved.  The work done by students will be entirely on-line.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
Accomplishments
King, B., *Parker, K., *Hill, K., *Kelly, M., & Eason, B. (2017). Promoting Sexual Health: Sexuality and Gender/Women's Studies Courses in US Higher Education. Health Behavior And Policy Review, 4(3), 213-223. http://dx.doi.org/10.14485/hbpr.4.3.2
King, B. M., *Parker, K. L., *Hill, K. A., & *Kelly M. J. (2016).  Sexuality and gender/women's studies courses in U.S. higher education. Submitted for publication.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
625

Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gastrointestinal Tract

This research project will focus on various aspects of interactions between the normal (non-pathogenic) bacterial members of the human gastrointestinal tract and their human hosts. Initial work is focused on two projects: 1) understanding the involvement of Lactobacillus reuteri, a commonly marketed probiotic, in the recycling of bile acids in the small intestine and 2) investigating the possible involvement of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in the development and/or exacerbation of diabetes and obesity. This project uses a variety of biological and chemical techniques.

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Daniel Whitehead Chemistry
Accomplishments
Whitehead, K. (2018 April 14). "Small Molecule Manipulation of the Bacteroides Starch Utilization System." Presented at the 2018 Annual SC ASM Branch Meeting, Rock Hill, SC. 
*Austin, R., *Bilodeau, M., *Scott, B., Spier Camposano, E., *Floyd, M., *Patel, N., *Owen, H., *Peters, E., Santilli, A., Whitehead, D. & Whitehead, K. (2018, April 2-3). Investigation into Targeted Manipulation of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota Through Disruption of Starch Utilization Systems. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dawson, E., *Owen, H., *Peters, E., *Floyd, M., Whitehead, K., Whitehead, D., *Santilli, A., *Patel, N. (2017, April). Inhibiting the Starch Utilization System of Bacteroides spp. as a Therapeutic Target for Type 1 Diabetes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bryant, H., *Stein, N., *Patel, N., Santilli, A., Tackeberry, K., Whitehead, D., Whitehead, K. (2016). Modulation of Bacteroidetes polysaccharide metabolism by small organic molecules as a potential therapeutic for Type 1 Diabetes. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session. Clemson University.
*Patel, N., *Bryant, H., Tackeberry, K., *Stein, N., Santilli, A., Whitehead, D., Whitehead, K. (2016, April 6-7). Investigation of inhibition of members of the gastrointestinal microbiota to prevent or delay the onset of Type 1 diabetes. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
We received an additional $10,000 supplement from JDRF (Junvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) to continue analysis of the results from our animal study. Two CI undergraduates will be working on aspects of this project this summer and into the Fall
$50,000 grant awarded by the Juvenille Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF). This award was based solely from preliminary data generated by Creative Inquiry students. The grant include money to conduct a preliminary animal study that could greatly further our project.
Non-lethal small molecule inhibition of polysaccharide metabolism in human gut microbes: a potential therapeutic avenue. Submitted to the Journal of Chemical Biology.
College of ScienceG
880

Microbes All Around Us

Microbes are all around us. They are in the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil we walk on, the food we eat; they are even in and on us. Although this fact is generally acknowledged, we don’t always have a great appreciation for the types of microbes found on various surfaces, nor do we always have a sufficient understanding of how the microbes ended up on the surface, how long they are able to remain on the surface, or their impact in that particular environment. This Creative Inquiry project will focus on investigating a variety of microbial environments to try to answer some of these questions. We will use hypotheses generated by the student investigators’ natural curiosity or recent news stories as the driving force behind our experiments. This CI has investigated topics such as microbial contamination of lab coats during General Microbiology teaching labs and the potential for magazines in physician's waiting rooms to serve as sources of infection.  We have also investigated the antimicrobial activity of various novel compounds with collaborators in the Department of Chemistry.  During the 2018-2019 academic year, this CI will continue our antimicrobial testing of various compounds, and we will also continue the identification and investigation of and control measures for over 50 microbial isolates from industrial contamination.  

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Krista R Rudolph Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Conti, A., *Connolly, K., *Maddie B., *Marhefka, C., *Speers, R., Santilli, A., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, D. & Whitehead, K. (2018, April 2-3). Anti-Microbial Evaluation of Synthetic Nanoparticles and Small Molecules. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Conti, A., *Connolly, K., *Maddie B., *Marhefka, C., *Speers, R., Santilli, A., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, D., and Whitehead, K. (2018, April 2-3). Anti-Microbial Evaluation of Synthetic Nanoparticles and Small Molecules. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Connolly, K., *Macomson, J., Whitehead, K., Rudolph, K., *Santilli, A., *Whitehead, D. (2017, April). Antimicrobial Effect of Volatile Organic Compound Capturing Nanoparticles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Migliore, M., *Scott, M., *Ramey, T., Abercrombie, J., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016). Assessment of microbial diversity on surfaces located around a college campus. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session. Clemson University.
*Ramey, T., *Scott, M., *Migliore, M., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of the presence and impact of bacterial pathogens around campus. Presented at FoCI 2016, Clemson University, SC.
"Anti-Microbial Nanomaterials for Rendering Applications". 33% Contributor. Sponsor: Fats & Proteins Research Foundation, Inc., Clemson University Animal Co-Products. 6/1/16 to 7/1/17. $49,500 awarded. The majority of this funding went towards development of the nanomaterials; we received a small amount for antimicrobial testing.
College of ScienceG
632

Bacterial Biotechnology: Microbial Sensors & Enzyme Engineering

Our mantra is “Inspired, but not limited by biology”. Microbial biosynthesis of chemicals and fuels offers a renewable way to create the molecules our society needs in a sustainable manner. The major barriers to more broad adoption of biochemicals in the chemical process industry are starting to be overcome by advances in biotechnology and engineering. Taking advantage of natural biodiversity, and engineering new biological components will enable an expanded set of biochemical reactions to be better controlled and therefore more efficiently produced. Team members in the Sustainable Chemical Production in Engineered Microorganisms Creative Inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of sustainable chemicals. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. The projects available in this Creative Inquiry involve: 1. The design of microbial enzymatic pathways to create sustainable chemicals. 2. Biotechnology development for controlling and improve microbial biosynthesis. 3. Creating a microbial produced non-living biocatalyst. To learn more about the projects available through this Creative Inquiry, or summer research opportunities, please contact Dr. Mark Blenner (blenner@clemson.edu) to schedule an appointment. Open to students in: Chemical Engineering, Biomolecular Engineering, Biosystems Engineering, Bioengineering, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, others. http://www.clemson.edu/ces/proteinengineering

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Blenner, M. (2016, Novemeber). "Microbial Production of Value Added Chemicals and Opportunities for Creating New Markets for Biomass." Invited presentation to the South Carolina Biomass Council, Clemson, SC.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., & Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Improvements to microbial biodiesel production through dynamic regulation." Poster presented at Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Dassetty, S., Wang, W., Blenner, M., & Sarupria, S. (2016, November). "Understanding the Structural Differences Between Psychrophilic and Thermophilic Enzymes: A Molecular Dynamics Study." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Wang, W., Dassetty, S., Sarupria, S., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Improving the Activity of a Thermophilic Lipase By Increasing the Flexibility Proximal to the Active Site." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., *Arvay, E., Rodriguez, G., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Improving Dynamic Regulation of Biodiesel Production in E. coli." Poster presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., Cook. T., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Using Phage-Assisted Continuous Evolution to Develop Novel Biosensors." Poster presentation at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Dassetty, S., Wang, W., Blenner, M., & Sarupria, S. (2017, February). "Engineering Robust Activity in Extremophilic Enzymes: A Molecular Dynamics Study." Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Wang, W., Dassetty, S., Sarupria, S., & Blenner, M. (2017, April). "Engineering Enzymes For Broad Temperature Range Applications Through Active Site Flexibility." Presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Arvay, E. *Barrett, R., *Burkes, K., *Karp, T., *Rumph, M., *Yu, T., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Engineering Bacterial Systems for Renewable Chemicals and Biosensors. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., Rodriguez, G., Wilson, A., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Improving the Dynamic Control of Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Production. Poster presented at the Southeast Regional American Institute of Chemical Engineers Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., Rodriguez, G., Wilson, A., Blenner, M. (2016, March). Improving the Dynamic Control of Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Production. Poster presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
*Campbell, H., *Fowler, J., *Gambill, L., *Hume, P., *Knowles, S., *Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2015, April) Engineering Yarrowia lipolytica for renewable fuels and chemicals from lignocellulose and waste feedstocks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arvay, E., *Kessler, C., and Blenner, M. (2015, April). Dynamic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering of Total Biodiesel Production in E. coli. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jessica Zielinski, Goldwater Scholarship Winner
*Erika Arvay, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program – Honorable Mention
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship to *Erika Arvay, 2016
NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Research Fellowship to *Erika Arvay, 2016
Awarded to Taylor Cook* and Joseph Redzikowski* for projects related to Synthetic Biology for Space Exploration. Taylor's work focuses on developing protein-based sensors, and Joe's project focuses on biosynthesis of lubricating oils.
“Discriminatory Transcriptional Response of Environmental Microorganisms to Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation” Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Co-Principal Investigator $1,480,460 ($709,959), (2017-2022).
3 Year NSF Grant (2015-2018). Synthetic biology can help meet growing demand for sustainable advanced biofuels. Complex pathways for the total synthesis of biofuels are routinely expressed in microbial systems. This project seeks to improve the production of biodiesel in an engineered strain of bacteria by optimizing how renewable substrates are utilized through the use of protein-based metabolite sensors and enzymes with appropriate properties. An additional aim of the project is use this feedback control to make pathways more robust in their ability to maintain high production rates in spite of changing environmental or process conditions. The results of this project may also apply to other metabolic pathways that produce sustainable fuels and chemicals, allowing translation of biotechnologies from the lab to industry with more certainty and fewer complications. The research performed will be the focal point of our efforts to engage women potentially interested in STEM careers, in the state of South Carolina. We aim to integrate education and research by providing training opportunities for students already in STEM, and local outreach to young women who might become more interested in STEM. Finally, this research will be integrated into a new elective course on protein and metabolic engineering offered at Clemson University. This project uses simple unsteady-state kinetic models to rationalize protein engineering and synthetic biology based improvements to E. coli biodiesel production. Modeling suggests inefficiency due to pathway imbalance. Better flux distributions can be achieved through simple genetic and protein engineering efforts. Enzymes with catalytic efficiencies predicted to improve biodiesel production will be used. Critical enzymes will be engineered using directed evolution to relieve pathway bottlenecks. Protein-level feedback control will be engineered and combined with genetic level feedback control to allow pathway fluxes to remain high in spite of short and long time-scale metabolic perturbations. The combination of genetic and protein-level dynamic control will allow biofuel and other chemical producing systems to withstand perturbations from environmental variation and scale-up conditions without suffering large losses in yield and efficiency. The results of this project may lead to more general methods for balancing pathways that does not rely on explicit kinetic or flux data.
AFOSR YIP: 3 Year Grant (2015-2018). Thermostable enzymes from thermophilic extremophiles allow prolonged use of these biocatalysts; however, their activity is greatly compromised at lower temperatures encountered in the environment and physiological systems. Psychrophilic enzymes have evolved more efficient catalytic mechanisms to act efficiently at cold temperatures, but are typically unstable at higher temperatures or over extended times. The combination of these properties would result in enzymes that are highly thermostable and optimally active across a broad temperature range. The goal of the research in this proposal is to develop a set of rational design principles for the engineering the cold-activity into mesostable and thermostable enzymes. Through the careful analysis of biochemical and biophysical data of psychrophilic, mesophilic, thermophilic lipases, we will determine important characteristics and quantitative relationships between these properties and the cold-activity. Our hypothesis is that active site proximal flexibility is an important determinant of cold-activity and can be engineered into thermophilic enzyme scaffolds with minimal loss of thermostability. We will test our hypothesis by engineering a thermostable and mesostable lipase to be broadly active across a wide temperature range and to withstand substantial thermal challenge. Mutants obtained through rational protein engineering, loop grafting, and directed evolution will be used to further refine the quantitative design rules we will establish. To extend the usefulness of this framework, we will engineer thermostable enzymes for materials synthesis and degradation, including organophosphorus hydrolases and cuntinases. This research should make it possible to quickly and rationally engineer most any thermostable enzyme to retain its activity across a wide temperature range. Therefore, enzymes may be deployed with optimum performance and extended lifetimes critical to USAF goals.
“BioNanomanufacturing of Carbide Aerogels”, SC Space Grant Consortium, Co-Principal Investigator, $50,000 ($12,000), (2015-2016).
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). 3 Year Grant with 2 Option Years (2016-2019). Immobilization is frequently used to enhance the lifetime and stability of enzymes, yet a fundamental understanding of the interactions between enzymes, covalent linkers, and complex polymeric surfaces enabling accurate prediction of system performance is lacking. While prediction of enzyme behavior in simple monolayers is well described, these capabilities fall short on complex polymer surfaces used in electrochemical or optical biosensors. The stabilizing effects of enzyme immobilization results in enzymes with longer useful lifetimes; however, this can come at the expense of specific enzyme activity, due to mass transfer limitations caused by orientation effects, the complex interplay between enzyme-linker-substrate interactions, and immobilization related unfolding of enzyme structure. Current approaches for addressing enzyme immobilization focus mostly on solutions to specific problems, i.e., on a specific combination of enzyme, linker, and immobilization chemistry. A broadly applicable understanding of the molecular scale interactions between enzyme-linker-substrate is required to make accurate predictions of the best overall immobilization strategy. This project uses a combined experimental and computational approach to understand the fundamental interactions in enzyme-linker-substrate systems. By combining experimental and simulation data sets, we will identify how particular characteristics of the enzyme, the linker, and the polymeric surface influence structure and activity. This enzyme activity-linker-surface relationship can be used to predict the effect of immobilization strategy on the activity of the enzyme, with application to enzymes for specific detection of tributyl phosphate solvent used in nuclear fuel processing.
Blenner, M. (2015, October). Enzymatic Deconstruction of Lignin for Biofuels. Advances in Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels, 20-36.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
963

Butterfly proboscis structure and engineering inspiration

Proboscis structure.  The CI team will use traditional histological activities, optical microscopy (possibly including confocal and multi-photon), and engineering analyses not traditionally applied in biology to elucidate some of the poorly understood important functions of the butterfly proboscis. During its adult life, the butterfly coils and uncoils the proboscis without noticeable deformities or loss of flexibility, unlike metal springs. The proboscis is a complex biological structure of rigid and flexible components, hydrophilic and hydrophobic components, and control structures. There also are questions about how the curvature, shape, and size relate to the function of the proboscis. For example, is the cross-sectional shape of a proboscis mechanically critical to function? Some investigators have hypothesized that the shape acts like a snap spring to stabilize the coiled or straightened position. Initially the emphasis will be on the butterfly. The CI team will then work in pairs to apply the microscopic methods to other proboscis insects (e.g. house fly) to compare the structures and engineering principles shared by fluid feeding insects. Image analysis will enable engineering analyses and modeling of function. Once techniques for studying adult specimens have been developed we will attempt to analyze pupal development of the structures and some of the specific components important to fluid feeding. 

Team Leaders
Konstantin Kornev Materials Science&Engineering
Suellen Pometto Plant & Environmental Sciences
Peter H Adler Plant & Environmental Sciences
Terri Bruce Biological Sciences
Charles E Beard Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Aprelev, P., McKinney, B., *Walls, C., & Kornev, K. (2017). Magnetic stage with environmental control for optical microscopy and high-speed nano- and microrheology. Physics of Fluids, 29(7), 072001. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4989548
Arling, A. K., S. Pometto, C. E. BEARD, P. H. Adler, and K. G. Kornev. 2016. Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. The 62nd Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
Best undergraduate paper at South Carolina Entomological Society meeting awarded to Alison Arling.*Arling, A. K., Pometto, S., Beard, C.E., Adler, P. H. and Kornev, K. G. (2016). Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. The 62nd Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Arling, A. K., Pometto, S., Beard, C. E., Adler, P. H. & Kornev, K. G. (2016, October) Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. Paper presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society, Hickory Knob State Park, McCormick, SC.
*Arling, A., Pometto S., Kornev K.G., Beard, C.E. and Adler, P.H. (2017, April 6-7). New histological techniques for exploring the fine structure of insect mouthparts. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Arling, A. M., Pometto, S., Kornev, K.G., Beard, C. E. and Adler, P. H. (2016, October). Techniques to examine insect haustellate mouthparts. 78th Annual Meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Arling, A. K., Pometto, S., Beard, C.E., Adler, P. H. and Kornev, K. G. (2016). Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. The 62nd Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Arling, A., Beard, C., Adler, P., Kornev, K., Pometto, S. (2017, April). New Histological Techniques for Exploring the Fine Structure of Insect Mouthparts. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arling, A., Kornev, K., Beard, C.E., Adler., P.H. (2016). Developing methods to visualize insect proboscis structures. Clemson University Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
635

A non viral episomal vector system for induced pluripotent stem cell (IPS) production

A non viral episomal vector system for induced pluripotent stem cell (IPS) production Embryonic stem cells hold great promise for the cures of a variety of human diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's etc.. However, ES cell research has been hampered due to the ethical concerns of the use of human embryos. Recently, scientists have developed a novel way to convert somatic cells into ES-like cells through forced expression of four transcription factors key to the ES cell pluripotency maintenance. These cells are called induced pluripotent stem cells (IPS). The initial method used for IPS induction is based on retrovirus due to its high transfection efficiency. However, the potential dangers of retrovirus induced insertional mutagenesis and transformation pose great concerns for the applications of theses IPS cells in human. Therefore a great deal of research efforts have been put in the search of alternative delivery systems to create safer IPS cells, such as protein, mRNA, plasmid, and non integrating viral system. My laboratory has working with a non viral episomal vector based on the sequence of mammalian scaffold/matrix attachment region (S/mar), which are sequences in the DNA of eukaryotic chromosomes where the nuclear matrix attaches. S/mar sequences function as architectural DNA components that organize the genome of eukaryotes into functional units within the cell nucleus. Plasmids incorporated with S/mar sequence can be maintained as replicative episomal units within mammalian nuclei. We plan to clone the four transcription factors into this vector for IPS induction. This episomal vector system will not only reduce or eliminate the potentials of insertional mutagenesis, but also solve the problems of gradual loss from transfected cells encountered by regular plasmids due to the episomal replicative capacity of this plasmid.

Team Leaders
Xianzhong Yu Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
We are collaborating with Orbis Health Solution and Lauren's Hope foundation trying to establish patient-specific IPS for the treatment of Sanfilippo Syndrome, a deadly genetic disease affecting children. Both the company and the foundation have donated reagents to our research and we hope that further collaboration will lead to grants from them.
*Amanda Barrett, a former member of our team, get hired by MUSC as a research specialist to do IPS related work.*Milap Patel, also a former member of our team, get hired by Orbis Health Solutions to do patient-specific IPS related research work. Both hires are based on their experiences in our CI class.
College of ScienceG
356

Geologic Properties

This group explores and analyzes the relationship between surficial processes and subsurface conditions.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Martuch, A. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Origin and Geochemical Relationships of Pegmatites in the Upper Piedmont of South Carolina. Oral and Poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Avard, D. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Characterization of Accelerated Erosion and Failure Potential along Hunnicutt Creek. Oral and Poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Wykel, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April 4-5). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*McCaffrey, D.M. & Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Episodic Growth of Garnets from a Two-Mica Schist near Clemson, SC. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bagbey, D. & Murdoch, L., (2015, March 25). Characterization and Imaging of Pipe Flow Within a Natural Embankment. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lyles, M. J. & Murdoch, L.C. (2013, April 4). Characterizing Water Content Trends in Saprolite Soils near Clemson, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Waterhouse, T. C., *Chamlee, W. M., *Baldwin, J. A., *Thompson, E., *Vaughan T. & Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Chamlee, W. & Murdoch, L., (2013, April 4). Modeling Sediment Transport associated with a Reservoir Sediment Release following Dam Removal on Twelve-mile Creek. SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, J. A. & Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Quantifying Radial Borehole Deformation During Well Tests. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Murdoch, L. (2014, April 3). Evaluation of Hydrology of Hunnicutt Creek Wetland. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Kennedy, C. D., Murdoch, L. C., Genereux, D. P., Corbett, D. R., Stone, K., Pham, P., & Mitasova, H. (2010). Comparison of Darcian flux calculations and seepage meter measurements in a sandy streambed in North Carolina, United States. Water Resources Research, 46(9). https://doi.org/10.1029/2009wr008342
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
363

Creative Inquiry in Graphic Communications with Variable Data

This project provides the students an opportunity to develop research projects dealing with current technology in the print and marketing arena where they compare and measure the success campaign or technology options related to variable data and interfacing data base analytics.

Team Leaders
Charles Weiss Graphic Communications
Linda A Kanaley Graphic Communications
Accomplishments
Students work to help with XMPie Users Conference (top VDP software in the world) and we have been asked to return this year with four more students to assist again. It is the largest event each year for power users in the variable data/integrated marketing market place in the industry.
College of BusinessD
364

Landscape Ecology and Conservation in the Appalachians

Students in this CI Project explore the influence of human land use on biodiversity. Specifically, they focus on amphibian response to a range of land uses, including urbanization and forest management. Students gain experience in experimental design, data collection and analysis, and project interpretation and communication.

Team Leaders
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Potter, H., *Carew, A., *Miller, B., *Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). The effect of a growing college town on stream health and abundance. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). Salamander and aquatic insect response to development in southern Appalachia. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Miller, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, Oct. 17). The influence of forest structure on Piedmont streams in Upstate South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Surasinghe, T. D. & Baldwin, R. F. (2011, April). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Natural Resource Graduate Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Reinstein, Z., *Albright, K., *Enright, R., Surasinghe, T.D. & Baldwin, R. (2012, March). Riparian land-use as a predictor of salamander diversity in stream ecosystems in Upstate SC. Presented at Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Surasinghe, T.D., *McAlister, M. & Baldwin, R., (2012, February). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Southeastern Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Falls Creek Fall State Park, TN.
Surasinghe, T.D., *Reinstein, Z., Baldwin, R. (2012, October). The community composition of stream salmanders as a function of riparain land-use. Presented at the Student Conference on Conservation Science, American Museum of Natural History, New York-Manhattan, NY.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
365

Multicultural Competencies in Peer Dialogue Facilitation: Building Capacity and Efficacy

Peer Dialogue Facilitators [PDFs] are a team of undergraduate students whose primary role is to enhance campus climate through programs which improve understanding, tolerance and communication among students at Clemson University. PDFs facilitate dialogue for the Clemson student body in an effort to develop essential communication and leadership skills, which are critical for living and working in diverse and inclusive communities. Peer Dialogue Facilitator's foster mutual understanding, compassion, awareness, and meaningful relationships among students from different social identities.

Team Leaders
Kendra Stewart-Tillman Education & Human Dev
Tony W Cawthon Leadrshp,Counsl Ed,Hum&Org Dev
Jacob Frankovich Gantt Multicultural Center
Accomplishments
*Mills, D. (2014, July 9). Dialogue to Shift a Culture. Presented at the annual conference of Diversity in Organizations, Communities & Nations, Vienna, Austria.
College of EducationE
1243

ENGAGE Dominica 4: Transportation Infrastructure

After Tropical Storm Erika made landfall in August of 2015, the transportation infrastructure of Dominica was devastated. Prime Minister Skerrit stated that the storm set Dominica’s development progress back more than 20 years, leaving hundreds of homes destroyed with over half of the roads and bridges partially or completely damaged. Following Erika, Dominica’s government has placed a major focus on documentation and preparation for future natural disasters.The goal of the transportation infrastructure team is to research and gather a complete understanding of issues with the transportation network in Dominica to improve safety and security for its citizens.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Jared Delk General Engineering
Adika Mammadrahimli Civil Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
372

"Gangsterism" as a Film Genre: The Italian Experience

From the street hustler to the corporate embezzler, Hollywood has long been fascinated with crime of all types. Irrespective of ethnicity, the greatest interest has been reserved for criminal gangs and organized crime syndicates. Even those productions marked by poor direction, casting, or cinematography have proven all but irresistible to the American public. In contrast to other genres of American cinema (e.g. Westerns, historical epics, etc.), gangsterism as a cinematic concept has remained timely in the face of cultural, economic, and historical upheavals. While the notion of good versus evil has continued to be a bankable thematic foundation, contemporary audiences continue to demonstrate a preference for the presentation of the same in a colorful urban environment. While such requisites are necessarily found in the contextual landscape in which criminal syndicates flourish, depictions of both individual actors and organizations are not necessarily consistent with reality. As such, it is necessary to evaluate the development of gangsterism as a cinematic genre in both an empirical and historical context. The 2018-2019 Creative Inquiry will explore the American mafia genre specifically. Students enrolled in the Creative Inquiry will spend the Fall and Spring semesters of AY 2018-2019 evaluating films on the American mafia. Regularly scheduled group discussions will be held on the films to ascertain level of student participation, development of theoretical framework, and subsequent areas of focus. Particular attention will be given to the role of women, corruption of authority, community involvement, good vs. evil, role conflict, and duality of role, During the Spring Semester of the same year, students will compare and contrast depictions of the various criminal syndicates, assessing accuracy and identifying stereotypes. Students will present the findings of their inquiry in the form of brief reading summaries and a final paper. In the Summer of 2019, qualifying students will visit New York City. At this time, they will interact with various law enforcement agencies and visit geographical locales with significant importance to the applicable topics. At the conclusion of the visit, students will submit a term paper and poster which summarizes their experience and examines contradictions.

Team Leaders
Marjie Britz Sociology and Anthropology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
922

Biochromic Sensors for Food Safety Applications

Polydiacetylenes (PDA) are polymers which when exposed to environmental stress, such as heat, solvent, mechanical impact, etc., change color from dark blue to bright red. In this project PDAs will be modified so that they respond to the presence of food pathogens (or to their metabolites), such as E. Coli, Salmonella, or Listeria. These sensors will be developed as swabs, wipes, aerosols, and gels for use in processing plants and to test storage and shipping containers.

Team Leaders
William T Pennington Jr Chemistry
Julie Northcutt Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Outstanding Chemistry Senior at Clemson University Award, Western Carolina ACS Award*Andrew Poveromo
*Garbowski, S., *Poveromo, A., *Johnson, T., Gaulden, H., *Vanswol, J. Khadijatul, K. & Pennington, W. ( 2017, March 4) "Polydiacetylene biosensors for food safety." Presented at the 2nd Annual Chemistry Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Castiglione, E., *Haines, J., *MacPherson, G., McNamara, C., Melnychuk, J., Parker, J., Vanswol, J., Kobra, K. & Pennington, W.T. (2017, September 22). Polydiacetylenes: Sensor Applications and Reversible Thermochromism. Presented at the College of Science Undergraduate Research Showcase, Clemson, SC.
Pennington, W.T., Khadijatul, K., Dawson, P., Hanks, T.W., Jelinek, R., Northcutt, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Polydiacetylenes: Sensor Applications and Reversible Thermochromism." Invited talk to be presented in the Molecules to Functional Supramolecular Materials Symposium at the 2016 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia SC.
Gotthelf, G.I., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Reversible Thermochromism in Polydiacetylenes. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
*Garbowski, S.J., *Reamer, S.A., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Immobilization of Polydiacetylene Sensors onto Cellulose. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
Zhang, Y., Northcutt, J., Hanks, T., Miller, I., Pennington, B., Jelinek, R., Han, I., Dawson, P. (2017). Polydiacetylene sensor interaction with food sanitizers and surfactants. Food Chemistry, 221, 515–520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.09.168
Binational Agricultural Research and Development Grant for collaboration between our group and groups at Furman University and at Ben Gurion University in Israel.
College of ScienceG
376

Popular Science Journalism

Students will survey the primary science literature and produce articles on timely topics in research for the Tigra Scientifica column in The Tiger. Students will also assemble the articles into a magazine with the same name.

Team Leaders
Lesly Temesvari Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Temesvari, L.A. ed., Johnson, M.G. ed., Newbold, C.R. ed., *Bendixen, B., *Kloc, B. *Larrew, T.W., *Tom, D.M., *Ward, L., *Wasylyk, R.D., *Watts, R., *Woodard, M., *Jackson, F. (2012, May). Tigra Scientifica, Spring 2012 (Issue 3).
Temesvari, L.A. ed., Johnson, M.G. ed., Newbold, C.R. ed., *Isgett, S.F., *Larrew, T.W., *Scott, A.H., *Wasylyk, R.D., *Alsallaiy, I.A., *Deneen, L.C., *Kloc, B.M., *Richman, A.E., *Tom, D.M., *Peterson, A.J., *Simmons, K.E., *Villamizar, J.D. (2011, November). Tigra Scientifica, Fall 2011 (Issue 2).
Tuten, H.C., Temesvari, L.A. (2013, March). Popular Science Journalism: facilitating learning through peer review and communication of science news. Journal of Science College Teaching, 42(4), 46-49.
Tuten, H. ed., Stone, C. ed., *Isgett, S.F., *Larrew, T., *McCuen, V., *Murphy, C., *Scott, A.H., *Stephan, K.L., *Wasylyk, R.D. (2011, May). Tigra Scientifica, Spring 2011 (Issue 1).
*McCuen, V. (2011, April). Tigri Scientifica: Prosthetics get a leg up. The Tiger, p. A6.
*Larrew, T. (2011, April ). Tigri Scientifica: If I only had a heart ( and a kidney). The Tiger.
*McCuen, V. (2011, Febuary 18). Tigri Scientifica You Complete Me: Relationships Help Couples Expand Minds and Identities. The Tiger.
*Scott, A. (2011, Febuary 25). Alert: Intelligent Plastics May Not Be All They Claim to Be. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Murphy, C. (2011, March 4). The Key to Living Well: Ha, Ha, Ha! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2011, March 11). Kiss and Tell: From Frogs to Antibiotics. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, April 1). The Brains Behind the Beats. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Stefan, K. (2011, April 15). Fruit May Hold Key to New Fuel Source. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, September 2). Don't Get Testy, It's Just Testosterone. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2011, September 9). The Romance of Fear: Lean on Me When You are Scared. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Scott, A. (2011, September 16). Ethics Versus Innovation: The Future of Gene Therapy. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Stefan, K. (2011, September 30). Chemistry of Heartbreak. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, October 7). Tonight's Dinner Special: Test Tube Tartare. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Scott, A. (2011, October 21). CSI: Wildlife Forensics Unit. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2011, October 28). When H20 Can be H2 Much: The Truth Behind Exercising and Hydration. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Deneen, L. (2011, November 4). Parlez-Vous Francais? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Richman, A. (2011, November 11). The Essence of Trust. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Kloc, B. (2011, November 18). Sunscreen in a Pill? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Tom, D. (2011, December 2). Level Up: Gamers Advance Scientific Knowledge. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Alsallaiy, I. (2012, January 20). Relax...Take a Break...BREATHE. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, February 3). Using the Pill and Losing the Thrill. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2012, February 10). Bath Salts: The Drug that is Everything, but Clean. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Tom, D. (2012, February 17). Practice Makes Perfect: Musical Training has Long-term Impact. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Kloc, B. (2012, Febuary 24). Read Past the Calories: There's More than Meets the Eye. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, March 2). A Sight for Blind Eyes: Vibrating Vests Provide a Fifth Sense to the Visually Impaired. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Watts, R. (2012, March 9). Step Away from the Diet Soda! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Bendixen, B. (2012, March 30). Attackbots for Your Body. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Woodard, M. (2012, April). Can I Have Your Attention Please? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Ward, L. (2012, April 13). Portable Physician. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2012, April 20). From Generation to Generation to Generation to... Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, August 24). Losing Your Keys Shouldn't Mean Losing Your Mind. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Kloc, B. (2012, September 7). Pumping Insulin May Soon Be a Thing of the Past. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Watts, R. (2012, September 14). Meatless Mondays, Tofu Tuesdays, and Wheat Wednesdays. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Ward, L. (2012, September 21). Sharing is Not Always Caring. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Watts, R. (2012, September 28). Howling for Help. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Luther, E. (2012, October 5). Professor Close Up: Dr. Mike Henson. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*West, H. (2012, October 12). Too Much Pep in this Spice? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Fall 2012.
*Xu, T. (2012, October 26). Allergies, Begone! Genetically Modified Plants Could Bring Relief to Millions. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Simonin, S. (2012, November 5). Green Tea Goodness. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012
*Khan, S. (2012, November 12). A Starving World and a Changing Planet. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Pollard, S. (2012, November 30). The Telepathic Light Switch. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Ward, L. (2012, December 7). You'll Have to Feel It to Believe It! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Luther, E. (2013, January 18). Professor Close Up: Dr. June Pilcher. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Nix, Q. (2013, January 25). Companies are Starting to Make More Green. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Pollard, S. (2013, Febuary 1). Turning Trash into Treasure. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*West, H. (2013, Febuary 8). Risky Busniess. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Xu, T. (2013, Febuary 15). Trapped in Food Traffic. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Elmore, B. (2013, Febuary 22). Your Friendly Neighborhood Killer-the Cat? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*King, C. (2013, March 1). Frankenfish or Futurefish? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Lutz, M. (2013, March 8). One Beer, Two Beer, Three Beer-What was that? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Raciborski, L. (2013, March 29). Shedding Some Light on Tanning. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Nix, Q. (2013, April 5). A Handy New Way of Designing Prosthetics. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
College of ScienceG
377

MacroAFM

This project is aimed at reconstructing a working Atomic Force Microscope at the Macro Scale for research and education purposes. We first start with an introduction to a real, working AFM machine (our recently received Asylum Research BioMFP-3D) – how it works and what it can do. We also will run some samples to better understand the principles of AFM. After that the team will study the existing designs of AFM models or build their own scheme. The team then uses their AFM to collect data to reveal the contours of a prepared macro-roughened surface – models of different molecules and biological systems – proteins, viruses. This model will be a very good demonstration object for education of summer undergraduate and high-school students.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Accomplishments
William Bagnal, Thomas Roberts, Fletcher Roberts, Vladimir Reukov, An Educational Model of an Atomic Force Microscope, 2017, 12th Annual Poster Forum "Focus on Creative Inquiry", Clemson, SC, April 5-6 2017*Bagnal, W., *Roberts, T., *Roberts, F. & Reukov, V. (2017, April 5-6). An Educational Model of an Atomic Force Microscope. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Bagnal, W., *Roberts, F., *Roberts, T., Reukov, V. & Shaporev, A. (2017, April 4-5). An Educational Model of an Atomic Force Microscope. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Bagnal, W., *Canas, B., *Roberts, T.,  *Tilles, J. & Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Macroscopic Model of Atomic Force Microscopy. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A. & Reukov, V. (2016, March 11-13). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android. Presented at the 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA. 
*Hoelzen, M., *Athavale, D., *Portilla Rodriguez, M., Reukov, V. & Shaporev, A. (2014, April 3). Macro-AFM model. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
378

Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World

Developing countries face healthcare challenges every day, whether it is lack of supplies or a shortage of healthcare professionals. Medical devices and equipment that are considered standard in hospitals in the United States can be hard to find and very expensive in developing countries, such as Tanzania. Tanzania has recently made significant advances with the quality of their healthcare; however, the infant mortality rate is still ten times greater than that of the United States. This is due to the lack of technology available and untrained healthcare professionals to use these medical devices. The goal of this Creative Inquiry team is to design and develop medical instrumentation and monitors that are robust, user-friendly, and low-cost for developing countries. The students on this team will be expected to work on electronics and instrument design. The first project will focus on developing a neonatal temperature sensing and control system for the prevention of hyperthermia in premature babies for Tanzanian health centers. The next projects will focus on development and design of cheap pulse oximeter and electrocardiography systems to monitor the blood oxygen levels and heart rates in these babies. These types of projects not only have the ability to improve the lives of young infants and families, but they can also impact the medical field in developing nations worldwide. Applications for the team are typically due at the end of the semester. Please see the department of Bioengineering website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Kayla Gainey Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
William Richardson Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
Accomplishments
NIH NMH R01 1R01MH111366-01 “Impact of Integrated HIV/NCD Screening on HIV Testing Uptake and Engagement in HIV Care: an RCT in Kisarawe, Tanzania” PI: M. Sweat (MUSC), D. Dean and D. DesJardins (Clemson) Award dates: Aug. 2016-2021 Total award: ~$3.5M
"Developing World Biomedical Device Innovation Co-op Program", VentureWell, $30,500 https://venturewell.org/portfolio-item/developing-world-biomedical-device-innovation-co-op-program/ This grant funds internship experience for our CI students to travel to Tanzania and do medical device assessment and needs finding.
Dean, D., DesJardins, J., McCullough, M., *Brewer, C., DeMass, I., *Guion, K., *Young, C. (2016). Designing medical devices for developing countries. Medical Design Technology. Sep/Oct 2016: 8-9. http://digital.mdtmag.com/medicaldesigntechnology/september_october_2016?pg=8#pg8
*Rohde, J., Cobb, A., *Gilbert, R., *Hawks, Z., Desjardins, J., Dean, D. (2016, July), "Development of Low-cost Impediometric Biosensors for Clinical Diagnostics and Water Testing", Proceedings of the annual Biomedical Engineering Society
*Gainey Wilson, K., *Ovington, P., & Dean, D. (2015). A Low-Cost Inkjet-Printed Glucose Test Strip System for Resource-Poor Settings. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 9(6), 1275–1281. https://doi.org/10.1177/1932296815589755
Bartelme, T. (2013). Clemson students make difference From neck braces to incubators, medical care in Tanzania now a little better Former MUSC neurosurgeon proves to be life-saver in Africa. The Post And Courier. 9, March 2013. Retrieved from https://www.postandcourier.com/news/special_reports/clemson-students-make-difference-from-neck-brace...
*Guion, K., Dean, D., *Rohde, J., *Young, C., *Gilbert, R., *Wilson, G., DesJardins, J., *Erickson, H. & *Hargett, Z. (2017, April 4-5). Medical Technology for Developing Countries. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Young, C., *DeMass, I., *Brewer, C., *Gilbert, R., *Guion, K., McCullough, M., *DesJardins, J. & Dean, D. (2016, October). "Assessment of Medical Equipment in Kisarawe, Tanzania", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Stafford, S. & DesJardins, J. (2015, November), Designing Medical Devices for the Developing World: A Global Health Partnership in Biotechnology. Oral presentation at the Partnering for Impact in Global and Public Health Symposium, Charleston, SC
Cobb, A., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A. & *Rohde, J., (2015, December), MicroSense, Invention disclosure presentation to CURF. Oral presentation to the Clemson University Research Foundation, Clemson, SC.
*Rohde, J., *Brewer, C., *Young, C., *DeMass, I, *Guion, K., *Gilbert, R. & Cobb, A, (2016, April 6-7) "Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World." Poster Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
*Showghi, J. D., *Stafford, S. G., *Veliz, J. S., Dean, D., DesJardins, J. & Rodriguez, J. (2014, March 28). Respire Medical, a breath assistive device for low resource settings. Presented at Fifth Annual National Undergraduate Global Health Technologies Design Competition, Houston, TX.
*Showghi, J., *Stafford, S., *Rohde, J., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A., *Veliz, J., *Murdy, J., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Rodriguez, J. & Gainey, K. (2015, April 6). Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L. & Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L. & Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Honor's College Research and Travel Award Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L. & Dean, D. (2010, October). Low-Cost Temperature Control Alarm Systems Designed for Application in Third World Countries. Presented at the SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference, Orlando, FL.
*Kofoed, M., *Keith, K., *Nicholas, J., Dean, D. & DesJardins, J. (2012, October). Medical Equipment Breakdown Survey _ Weil Bugando Referral Hospital, Tanzania. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wiles, L., *Langworthy, S., *Halsey, M., DesJardins, J. & Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Development of a Low-Cost Blood Glucose Monitoring System for Implementation in Resource-Poor Settings. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Youngman, T., *Kofoed, M., *Martin, D., *Metzger, A., Dean, D. & Desjardins, J. (2013, Sep 26). Developing a Woven Grass Neck Brace for Low Resource Implementation. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Devon, A., *Gainey, K., *Adams, H., Desjardins, J. & Dean, D. (2013, Sep 28). Designing Neonatal Monitoring Devices for Resource-Poor Settings. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Gainey, K., *Ovington, P., Desjardins, J. & Dean D. (2013, Sep 25-28). Design of Low Cost Glucometer and InkJet Printed Test Strips. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Adams, H., *Adams, R., *Devon, C., *Hall, R., *Hargett, A., *Herbst, A., *Ovington, P., *Rye, K., *Stafford, S., *Tibbs, M., *Veliz, J., *Youngblood, R., Dean, D., Desjardins, J., *Gainey, K., *Metzger, A., Rodriguez, J. (2014, April 3). Designing medical technology for developing countries. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
CI team was Clemson finalist for Clemson InVenture competition and they competed in the pitch competition on Feb. 2016. http://tv.clemson.edu/acc_inventure_prize_clemson_competition_full_event/
Kayla Gainey Wilson (former CI student) was a US finalist in the James Dyson Award competition. http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/student-created-medical-device-advances-in-competition/
*Carson Brewer participated on the Emory Global Health Competition as the engineering student on MUSC's team. http://globalhealth.musc.edu/blog/musc-team-reflects-emory-university-global-health-case-competition
The Lemelson-MIT National Collegiate Student Prize Competition is a nationwide search for the most inventive undergraduate and graduate students, with winning undergraduate teams receiving $10,000 in two categories and graduate student winners receiving $15,000 in two categories: 1. "Cure it!"� for students with inventions that can improve healthcare. 2. "Use it!" for students with inventions that can improve consumer devices and tools. Tyler Ovington*, Alex Devon*, and Kayla Gainey* won in the "Cure it!"� undergraduate team category for their work in the Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World Creative Inquiry project. The Lemelson-MIT Program celebrates outstanding inventors and inspires young people to pursue creative lives and careers through invention.
The Woven Solutions team (Matthew Kofoed*, Danielle Martin*, Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman*) from our CI won the Spiro Institutes Social LaunchPad Competition in April, 2013, for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
Katelyn Rye* and Sarah Stafford* (rising junior won the LIMBS International Design competition on prosthesis/orthosis design for developing countries. The finals were held at UT El Paso this weekend and Katelyn and Sarah won first place ($1000). It was for the latest design of the grass-woven neck brace from Tanzaniahttp://engineering.utep.edu/announcement061614.htm
Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman* from our CI came in 2nd place at the Rice 360 Global Health Technology competitions for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
CI program and student, Jacki Rohde, featured in Anderson Independent Mail video and article: Eads, M., Anderson Indepent Mail, (Feb. 2016), Clemson engineering students devise cheap health solutions http://www.independentmail.com/news/clemson-engineering-students-devise-cheap-health-solutions-2c5df0b8-9a82-6349-e053-0100007f02a4-370293211.html
Updated Invention disclosure to the university. (Hopefully should file patent soon) (CURF #2013-069) "Electrochemical Biosensor for the Detection of Microorganisms in Liquid Medium"
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
379

Digital History and Introduction to Cyberinfrastructure in Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

This project will appeal to students with an interest in the Civil War and Southern History who want to explore how digital technologies can help historians uncover dimensions of the past. Students will cull primary source materials for relevant characteristics of Confederate soldiers that will be integrated with an existing demographic database that includes socioeconomic data on the same soldiers. Students will use a relational database to study how the experiences of soldiers during the war affected the well-being of themselves (and their families) in the fifteen years following the war. The effect of the war on the families of soldiers will be compared to the experiences of families that did not have a male member who served in the army.  We use this  database to analyze who actually fought from a South Carolina county in the civil war and what their experiences were.  In other words, what difference did it make if you served in the Confederate army, were wounded, were imprisoned, etc. to your life.The creative partnership between computer science, the humanities, and the social sciences—the core of what we now call “humanities technology”—is the cornerstone of the digital revolution. Knowledge is useless without meaning, and meaning is the essence of the humanities and social sciences. This CI project introduces students to advanced applications computing, primarily Digital History, but also to other Digital Humanities, Arts and Social Science techniques. Students are encouraged to develop their own projects, but the class together works on Southern Identity and our changing understanding of the Civil War, using newspapers, the HathiTrust (largest collection of digitized documents, as well as the Social Medial Listening Center. Several students are also interested in tracing the “DNA” of the writings of Abraham Lincoln, that is who he read and influenced Lincoln, and who read and was influenced by Lincoln. Skills and knowledge acquired will be an advantage for graduates to be marketable in today’s workforce and enhance student’s applications for advanced study and graduate school. Students can work on a digital history project of their own choosing and creation with approval from instructor, or they can work as a group on various projects.  The standard project is the Civil War Database, but we have other opportunities, including text mining and datelining the oral histories conducted in the Veterans Project Creative Inquiry class,  Students might also be interested in a social science approach to the Social Media Lab mining of issues about medicine, in this case, dermatological issues,   In this project they would work with medical students in analyzing social media as well as developing and analyzing an on-lin diary survey.  There will be about 4 meetings together to discuss one book on digital history and several articles,  Most of the time and grade is determined by the actual digital history project. 

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History
Matthew Simmons History
Accomplishments
I nominated *Corrine Foster for several awards for her project on the Cherokee early village settlements and maps. I believe she will receive the History award for a project she has done in this Creative Inquiry class.
The Digiital History CI worked on a grant with me on improving dermatology patient outcomes with social media; Sponsored by University of Illinois at Champaign Urbana and we have received $7,500 so that we can continue to explore issues on the Social Media Listening Center, especially as to the Civil War and Southern Identigy.
Students worked on a grant to the Tom Watson Foundation to add a digital component and a website for a conference on Abraham Lincoln's Unfinished work which will be presented at Clemson in 2018. We just received this award for $15k
Appleford, S. (2016, November 20). "Using the Social Web to Explore Online Discourse on Southern Identity and Memory of the Civil War". Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of  the Social Science History Association, Chicago, IL.
*Eichhorn, C., *Werts, B., *Mack, D. & *Madini, M. (2014, April 3) Digital History: Working with Large Data Sets. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Burton, V. (2013, February). The South as Other, The Southerner as Stranger. The Journal of Southern History, LXXIX:1: 7-50.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
960

Campus Suicide Prevention

This project will involve students in prevention and research activities associated with Clemson's Tigers Together to Stop Suicide initiative. Student research activities will include program evaluation, designing studies related to suicide and mental health, conducting literature reviews, data collection and analysis, creating written products from scientific and research findings, and presenting findings at conferences, meetings, and publications. Programmatic activities will include generating student organization involvement, providing educational seminars on suicide prevention to students, developing website content, recruiting students for a crisis hotline, implementing social marketing, organizing speakers panels, hosting the Out of the Darkness Walk, implementing activities for National Suicide Prevention Month, co-facilitating advocacy trainings for the campus community, and campaigns related to suicide prevention.  

Team Leaders
Heidi Zinzow Psychology
Kristi Bussell Student Health Center
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Erikson, D., *Free, K., *Krug, B., *Fields, M. & *Webster, C. (2018, April 2-3). The impact of trauma, emotion regulation, and media contagion effects on non-suicidal self injury and suicidal behavior. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Stanton, C., *Farrenkopf, K., *Free, K., *Fritsche, A., *Krug, B., *Fields, M., *Bogardus, L., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Tigers Together: Examining the Efficacy of a Suicide Prevention Advocacy Training. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeffirs, S., *Dickson, A., Calvert, B., *Balser, C., *Kramer, A., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M., Bogardus, L. (2016, April). Examining the Efficacy of a Suicide Prevention Advocacy Training. Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Series of videos from August 28-29, 2016
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
643

Aspire: Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus

Students will collaborate on the development, implementation and evaluation of peer-delivered prevention and wellness focused programs for first-year students. Students will research multiple aspects of health and well-being as they relate to the college population. Possible focus areas for CI participants include: alcohol and other drug abuse prevention, addiction, alcohol and drug interactions, mental health and suicide prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, bystander intervention, and nutrition. Students may make videos, interview campus and community members, tour campus facilities, create new online content, and promote wellness through social media.

Team Leaders
Chloe Greene Student Health Center
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Uzell, L., Brown, D., Goree, J., Green, C., Palmer, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Increasing Student Resiliency through the Aspire to be Well Program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hester, E., *Wood, S., and *Webster, C. (2016). "Aspire Presentation". Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Harbin, M, *Smith, T., *Uzell, L., (2016, March). Increasing Suicide Awareness and Prevention on Campus Through the Aspire to Be Well Program. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Allison, H. & Greene, C. (2015, October) Clemson University's Aspire to be Well Program. Presented at the Healthy Campus Summit Conference, Columbia, SC.
Allison, H., Burnette, C., Duncan, R., Greene, C., (2015, March). Breaking Down the Silos of Prevention. NAPSA Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA.
Allison, H., Greene, C., Goree, J., *Hinson, A., Rock, K., *Shaw, C., and Thompson, M. (2015, April). Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Goree, J., Greene, C., Thompson, M., Zinzow, H., (2015, April) Aspire to Be Well Fall 2014. Student Affairs Vice President Cabinet Meeting. Clemson, SC.
387

Multi-disciplinary Exploration of Materials Friction, Lubrication and Wear

Industry, academic and national laboratories are all interested in understanding how to control the friction between sliding surfaces. Work has shown that materials selection (surface materials and lubricant), surface topography (micro patterning), system parameters (velocity and force), etc. can all influence the coefficient of friction for a system. Since all these factors play a role (and their roles are not always completely understood), the direct measurement of the coefficient of friction and surface wear is often desired. Students in this group will look at surface deformation mechanisms, sliding contact and common test techniques used in this field. You will all contribute to this field by working on a research project in pairs. Don’t worry, we will help you select a partner and project. Focus for 2014- Tribocorrosion is understanding the synergistic effect between the friction between sliding surfaces (wear) and an electrochemical response resulting into material deterioration (corrosion). There has been a push to determine if one aspect dominates the other or if wear and corrosion equally contributes in the deterioration of the tribo-system (which are unique based on materials, loads, environment, velocity, etc.). Initially, wear tests and corrosion tests for each tribo-system are needed to be performed independently to determine the coefficient of friction, wear rate, and critical corrosion density of the system. Once the system is understood independently, the students in this group can follow ASTM standard G119-09 to determine the tribocorrosional aspects of the tribo-system.

Team Leaders
Amir Poursaee Civil Engineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Marian Kennedy Materials Science&Engineering
Accomplishments
Mitchell, N., Eljach, C.*, Lodge, B., Sharp, J.L., DesJardins, J.D., Kennedy, M. (2011, September). Single and reciprocal friction testing of micropatterned surfaces for orthopaedic device design, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
397

Computational Design Group

The Clemson School of Architecture Computational Design Group engages in a critical exploration of emergent technologies and material science in architectural design. The aim of this group is to house several, more specific, research agendas concerning applications of computing methods in architecture under one, more general, classification of ‘computational design’.

Team Leaders
David Lee School of Architecture
Accomplishments
*Crile, B., Lee, D. & *Scherer, J. (2018, March 1-3).  "Design Instrumentation in an Immersive Virtual Environment". Presented at the 'Time' 34th National Conference on the Beginning Design Student. Ed. University of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, Ohio.
*Danahy, P. (2017, April 5-6). The Machined Shoe. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Danahy, P., Lee, D., *Bell, E. (2017, April). The M. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, David. (2016, February 25-27). Topological Tactics. Presented at the National Conference on the Beginning Design Student at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. 
Lee, D., *Colquhoun, A., *Mabe, S. & *Newberry, J. (2012 April 10). Visualizing Curricula. Presented at the 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D. & Newbold, M. (2011 April 13). Advanced Architectural Geometry: Subdivision Surfaces. Presented at the 6th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D., Hutcherson, D.*, Mountcastle, A. 2013. "Animated Curved Folding" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p413-414. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., Lee, D. (2014, April). Light-responsive facade prototype. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., Lee, D. (2014, April). Structural optimization using FEA tools. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D. (2016). Topological Tactics. Proceedings of the 32nd National Conference on the Beginning Design Student, Volume 32, 155.-159.
Boggs, B. (2015). Think Smarter, Not Faster. Decipher 2015. Clemson Creative Inquiry Magazine, p51-52.
Lee, D., (2014). Creative Inquiry: A case for specialized research as foundation of the undergraduate architecture curriculum/ In Globalizing Architecture: Flows and Disruptions: The Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture 102nd annual meeting Proceedings. p831-837.
Lee, D., (2011). Meta-Zoning Logistics. In ACADIA Regional 2011: Parametricism SPC. Proceedings of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture Regional Conference. p25-30.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. 2013, "Self-Organizing Origami Structures" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture.Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p421-422. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. (2013). Non-Uniform Responsive Origami Structures. In Proceedings of the 2013 Architecture Research Centers Consortium Conference: The Visibility of Research.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
416

TAGA Journal

Students will design, edit and produce a technical journal showcasing student research in Graphic Communications and compete with schools internationally for recognition for the quality of their work. Students will utilize state-of-the-art technologies for the printing industry to produce their project, and travel to the international Technical Association for the Graphic Arts (TAGA) conference for the competition and to meet and learn from top researchers in the Graphic Communications industry.

Team Leaders
Liam O'Hara Graphic Communications
Accomplishments
Ferguson, F. (2017, March 20-22) Brand Personality (Web vs. Print): Consumer Perception of Color in Branding. Presented at the 69th TAGA Annual Technical Conference, Houston, TX.
*Bates, V., *Fidler, L., *Dillard, C., *Jones, H., *Queen, K., *Brown, D., *Epps, B. & *Marion, A. (2017, March). "Clemson Chapter Student Journal". Presented at the TAGA Annual Technical Conference, Houston, TX. 
*Hinson. R., Sisson, R., Rivers, S., *Snell, M., Giles, G., Pretorious, N., Swiger, M., Heron, K., King, L., Cagle, J. (2016). Clemson University TAGA 2016 Edition.Journal/Book as a result of a competition
The students were recognized for Best Design and Best Production in the student journal competition, the Helmut Kippan Cup, by the TAGA Board of Directors.
College of BusinessD
406

Creative Inquiry in Marketing: Advertising Campaign Development and Execution

A Creative Inquiry in Marketing (offered as MKT 3980 - 001) is an annual two-semester project in which students form as a simulated advertising agency. In the project, students must research and develop fully integrated marketing communication campaign proposals for actual national sponsors. Competitions for the current CI team will include proposals for a national sponsor of the American Advertising Federations' National Student Advertsing Competition and potential other competitions yet to be announced. Students will conduct secondary and primary research as they prepare a campaign that incorporates their findings across multiple platforms. They will consider the industry, competitors, the product categories, and the brand. More information will be provided when the case is announced and presented by the AAF. Their strategic efforts will likely incorporate social media, targeted advertising, and sales promotions. They will be required to use media planning across a designated budget.The team effort culminates their CI work in the second semester by competing against teams from other Universities in regional AAF competitions, with winners competing on a national level. This project requires weekly meetings to plan, execute, and present the final submission. This competition is part of the American Advertising Federation's National Student Advertising Competition (see under Education at www.aaf.org). Students participate in this Creative Inquiry project as part of the American Advertising Federation's annual National Student Advertsing Competition. For details, see under Education at the website: www.aaf.org.

Team Leaders
James G Gaubert Marketing
Brian Connaughton Erwin Center for Brand Comm
Accomplishments
Gaubert, J., *Carter, H.,  *Border, J., *Collado, A., *Devine, J., *Todd, A., *Taylor, L., *Sebestyen, A., *Rivera, E., *Murray, J., *McNeal, V., *Kruener, M., *King, S.N. & *Holden, K. (2018, April 2-3) Advertising Campaign Development and Execution. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Team 131. (2016). All Natural Snapple. Presented at the National Student Advertising Competition, Raleigh, NC.
Upstate advertising professionals presented topical coverage during the two semesters and critiqued their work prior to presentations in Raleigh.
College of BusinessD
412

The South Carolina Economy in Transition: The Textile Industry, 1880-1960

Did prohibition and the reduced access to alcohol increase productivity, which was one of the principal arguments in support of the policy? This project will use information from South Carolina's textile mills to determine whether productivity increased as a result of prohibition.

Team Leaders
Howard Bodenhorn Economics
College of BusinessD
418

Exploration into Soft Tissue Sports Injuries: Diagnosis and Prevention

The goal of our project is to understand the forces and stresses incurred at the elbow during baseball pitching and eventually develop new tools to assess ligament and tendon issues for baseball players. We completed a small pilot study to investigate the forces and stresses incurred to the elbow during a baseball pitch. However, we were left with questions about maximum stress capacity before failure of the ligament, and if there were identifiable indicators of impending failure. This semester, our CI aims to investigate the microstructure of ligaments and tendons, as well as their ability to withstand mechanical stresses. We will then apply our findings to a sports medicine setting to look for early warning signs of ligament failure, to prevent injury. This research is still in the initial phase of research. We are looking at the biomechanical properties of porcine tissues obtained from the a local abatoire. Following this, we will be submitting an IRB protocol to use Ultrasound technology to take images of the joints of Clemson athletes, as well as Clemson students. We plan to compare the density the density data we found in ligaments with and without microtearing. 

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Hefter, G., *Warner, M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (submitted 2017). Force sensor ultrasound probe design for better rotator cuff injury diagnosis. IEEE Engineering in Medicine.
*Bocklet, C., *Kowal, E., *Hefter, G., *Marlowe, M., *Warner, M., *Harley, W., Dean, D. & Kwartowitz, D. M. (2016, October 5-8) “Ultrasound Elastography Probe Design for Rotator Cuff Diagnosis.” Presented at the BMES Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
*Harley, W., *Kowal, E., *Showers, K., *Corbett, C., *Scruggs, H., *Hefter, G., *Marlowe, M., *Matel, N., Dean, D. & Kwartowitz, D. (2015, October 7-10). "Ultrasound Elastography Probe Design for Rotator Cuff Diagnosis," Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Tampa, FL
*Scruggs, H., *Cusik, A., *Grove, K., *Guo, Q., *Perry, K., *Rogers, M., Kwartowitz, D. & Dean, D. (2012, October). Force sension ultrasound probe design for better rotator cuff injury diagnosis. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Scruggs, H., *Corbett, C., *Cusick, A., *Perry, K., *Sudduth, B., *Cash, H., *Showers, K., *Hanschke, M., Dean, D. & Kwartowitz, D. (2013, Sep. 28). "Force Sensor Ultrasound Probe Design for Better Rotator Cuff Injury Diagnosis". Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Showers, M., *Kerr, C., *Cash, H., *Corbett, C., *Kowal, E., *Scruggs, H., *Hanschke, M., Dean, D. & Kwartowitz, D. (2014, April 3). Detachable force sensor for an ultrasound probe to improve rotator cuff injury diagnosis. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
The team won 1st place in the audience vote for the FoCI photography contest
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
420

The Ben Robertson Society

Students will work with mentors to develop a Ben Robertson Society that will help spearhead research and publicity about this international World War II correspondent who was an alumni of Clemson and the writer of the southern classic Red Hills and Cotton: An Upcountry Memory (1942). Projects and activities will include developing a digital online museum about Ben Robertson as well as curricular and instructional materials. Other opportunities include assisting with an academic biography on Ben Robertson, re-issue-ing his Travelers' Rest and I Saw England, spearheading an annual consciousness-raising campaign via a SWING dance event that features Clemson's Jungaleers, a group that Ben Robertson founded in 1920, contributing to a traveling trunk museum related to the Battle of Britain, and offering assistance for the statewide South Carolinians for the Common Good Multimedia History Project that helps sustain Robertson's legacy within South Carolina.The Fall (2017) Ben Robertson CI will focus on completing plans to reissue Ben Robertson's I Saw England, his highly regarded first-hand account of the Battle of Britain or Blitz in the Second World War.  The book first appeared in 1941, during the Battle of Britain, and is considered one of the best accounts of the event.  Students will be looking at Robertson's articles for PM magazine, which became the basis of the book, and his relationship with other famous wartime correspondents like Edward R. Morrow.           

Team Leaders
C Alan Grubb History
Beatrice E Bailey Teaching & Learning
Accomplishments
Bailey, B. and Grubb, A. (2016). "Traveler's Rest". Clemson University Press. 
*Bailey, B., *Grubb, A. (2016). Travelers' Rest and promoted it in the fall. Published through the Clemson University Press a re-issue of Ben Robertson's 1938 novel.
*Bailey, B., and *Grubb, A. (2015). Introduction In Ben Robertson's Travelers' Rest. Clemson, SC: Clemson University Digital Press.
Received some grant support from The Ben Robertson Society Foundation here at Clemson to launch our first South Carolinians for the Common Good Mulltimedia History Project (see details below) to honor the life and legacy of Ben Robertson. The funds covered the costs of advertising and the state awards.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
422

ClemsonLIFE Mentoring Program

Through individual and group reflection, mentors will learn about students with disabilities and how to help them overcome challenges associated with integration in a campus community. The Mentoring Creative Inquiry students will be required to meet once per week with a ClemsonLIFE student. The Creative Inquiry group will assist the ClemsonLIFE program by providing hour long weekly mentoring meetings for ClemsonLIFE students to assist ClemsonLIFE students with personal goals such as becoming a friend, providing advice, and helping the student become acclimated to college life.

Team Leaders
Erica Walters Foundation & Special Education
Joseph Ryan Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Walters, E. Dukes, C., Chandler, M, & Lewis, R. (2017, February 23-25). ClemsonLIFE South Carolina's Post-Secondary Transition Program for Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Walters, E.* & Sulpizio, A. (2016, Feb). South Carolina’s Post-Secondary Education Programs for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Presentation session at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Walters, E*. & Potter, M. H. (2016, February). The Ins and Outs of ClemsonLIFE and Implementing a Healthy Lifestyle for Students with Intellectual Disabilities. Presented at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference in Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ryan, J.B., Traylor, D., Olson, C. (2015, February). Promoting HealthyLifestyles for Individuals with Disabilities. Presentation session at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Schwarze, T. (2016, 25 February). Wellness course proposed in CUSG Senate: Class would cover the seven principles of wellness. The Tiger.
College of EducationE
879

Ecology and management of invasive plants in forest ecosystems

Most graduates in the natural resource field will manage or be responsible for lands that are impacted by invasive species. This CI project offers an interactive, hands-on learning environment to teach natural resource students the common invasive plants in southern forests as well as the their impacts of forest ecology and management. Students will be engaged to think about how invasive plant species change forest ecosystem composition, structure and function, especially how invasive plant species will impact silviculture and wildlife management actions. In addition, students will also be exposed to the ethical implications associated with invasive species. This CI project will take students to several sites that have been impacted by invasive plant species. Students will investigate several impacted forest sites, select a site for management, create management plans, prescribe management treatments and monitor vegetation change.

Team Leaders
Gaofeng Wang Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Third place poster award at SE-EPPC/NC-IPC regional conference
*Lund, M., *Soriano, D., Pile, L.S., Thomas, S. D., Wang, G.G. (2014, October). Exotic Invasive Plant Species of South Carolina. Published in South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council (SC-EPPC), 1-76.
Miller, S. (2015, September 3). Clemson students publish guide to state's invasive plants. Herald Independent.
*Thomas, D.J., Durham, W.P., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants adapted to frequent surface fires in the southeastern US? Presented at the Society of American Foresters National Convention, Baton Rouge, LA.
*Steppe, C., *Adams, C., *Spencer, H., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants of Asian origin adapted to frequent fire regimes that were historically characteristic of the southeastern US? Presented at the Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC) and North Carolina Invasive Plant Council (NC IPC) Joint Annual Meeting, Chapel Hill, NC.
*Adams, C., *Lund, M., *Spencer, H., *Brady, T., *Garland, T., *Hutto, H., *Myers, C., *Raeckelboom, M., *Steppe, C., *Thomas, D., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Increasing our scientific knowledge of invasive plant species of the Southeastern US and promoting public awareness. Presented at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum. Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
424

Synthesis and Modification of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Our team is developing novel synthetic routes for the production of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications. Students will work on applications ranging from MRI contrast agents, drug delivery, and magnetic hyperthermia. Specifically we will be focusing on novel metal ferrites with controlled magnetic anisotropy.

Team Leaders
Olin Mefford Materials Science&Engineering
Accomplishments
Fellows, B.D., *Sandler, S., Yan, Z. & Mefford, O.T. (2018 May 22-26) Extended LaMer Synthesis of Nonstoichiometric Ferrites with Enhanced Magnetic Properties for Magnetic Hyperthermia. Presented at the 12th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
*Bleyer, C., *Patterson, L., *Stegura, C., *Young, C., Yan, Z. & Mefford, O.T. Systematic Investigation of Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion. Presented at the Annual MagMED MRS/OSA Poster Competition, Clemson, SC
Mefford, O., *Bleyer, C., *Patterson, L., *Stegura, C. & *Young, C. (2018 April 2-3) Systematic Investigation of Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion in MagMED. Presented at the 13th Annual Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Sandler, S., Nguyen, C., *Fuller, K., Fellows, B.D., *Bigner, J., *Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M. & Mefford, O.T. (2017, March 16) Investigation of Cobalt doped ferrite nanoparticles for use in MagMED. Presented at the MRS Poster session, Clemson, SC.
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., and *Nguyen, C. (2017, May 1). MagMED of Cobalt Ferrite. Presented at Mefford-Kitchens Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Sandler, S., Fellows, B., *Livingston, J., Fuller, K., Bigner, J., Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M., and Mefford, O. (2017, June 5-7). Systematic Investigation of Cobalt Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion in MagMED. Poster Presentation at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particle V in Asheville, NC. 
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., Nguyen, C., Fellows, B., and Mefford, O. (2017, March 16). Investigation of Cobalt-Doped Ferrite Particles for Use in MagMED. Presented at MRS/OSA Poster Competition, Clemson University. 
Mefford, O.T. (2016, October 23-26). "Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in Magnetically Modulated Energy Delivery (MagMED) via SAXS". Presented at the 68th Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Bigner, J.*, Fellows, B., Goodling, A., Kirkland, E.*, Mefford, O., Saunders, M., Timmins, S.* (2016, June 30). Beyond Magnetite: Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in MagMED. Retrieved from Magnetic North V, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. 
Timmins, S.*, Kirkland, E.*, Fuller., K*, Livingston, J.*, Sandler, S.*, Bigner, J.*, Fellows B., and O. Mefford. (2016, March 24). Synthesis and Characterization of Doped Ferrites for Use in MagMED. Presented at 11th Annual MRS/OSA poster session, Madren Conference Center.
*Bell, M., Pearson, T., *Frazier, C., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Ye, L., Crawford, T.M., Mefford, T. (2015, June 23-25). The Formation and Isolation of Nanostructures through Directed Magnetic Assembly of Nanoparticle Patterns using Disk Drive Recording Media. Presented at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Howell, S., *Burden, B., *Cantley, M., *DeMass, I., Mefford, T., (2015, June 23-25). Purification and Quantification of Magnetite Nanoparticles for Biological Applications. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
Mefford, O. T. (2015, June 23-25). Integrated approach for the fabrication of multifunctional metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Murbach, J., Fellows, B., Wetzler, M. & Mefford, T.O. (2015, June 23-25). Seeking alternative polymer coatings and functionality for magnetic nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Hunt, H., Fellows, B., Gutierrez, L., Puerto Morales, M., Mefford, O. T. (2014, June 10). Measurement of the size effects on the biodistribution of polymer sterically stabilized magnetic nanoparticles. Poster presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany.
Stone, R., Raval, Y., Qi, B., Bruce, T., Mcnealy, T., Tzeng, T.J., Mefford, O. T. (2014, June 10) Synthesis of a heterobifunctional polymer platform for "tailored" multimodal theranostic magnetic particles. Oral presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany
Fellows, B. D., *Sandler, S., Livingston, J., Fuller, K., Nwandu, L., *Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M., Mefford, O. T. (2018). Extended LaMer Synthesis of Cobalt-Doped Ferrite. IEEE Magnetics Letters, 9, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1109/lmag.2017.2787683
*Glasgow, W., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Darroudi, T., Kitchens, C., Ye, L., Crawford, T., & Mefford, O. T. (2016). "Continuous synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles via thermal decomposition". Particuology, 26, 47-53.
*Sarah Sandler was awarded a Honors College Educational Enrichment Grant, where she continued this work at University College London.
*Jessica Bigner was selected to be one of two students from the State of South Carolina to Present at Posters on the Hill in Washington DC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
426

Improving Quality of Life for Those with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers

CI students will implement strategies to promote quality of life of those with dementia and their caregivers in community-based settings.  They will also provide education to healthy older adults about strategies to improve brain fitness. Students will become certified in Human Subjects Protection and will collect data to measure level of engagement of those with dementia in the socially and cognitively stimulating activities provided by fellow students.  Students will also assist the CI instructors in measuring changes in dementia family caregivers knowledge and attitudes regarding their care giving role.

Team Leaders
Cheryl J Dye Public Health Sciences
Caitlin Torrence Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
Graduate Assistant, Caitlin Torrence, was nominated and awarded the College of Behavioral Health and Social Sciences teaching award for her role as co-teacher for this course.
*Ball, E., *Cox, E., *Gonzalez, N., *Nolan, C., *Nguyen, T., *Passailaigue, L., *Pikula, J., *Tracey, M., *Tuttle, E., *Young, E., *Edwards, K., *Merritt, A. & *Nance, E. (2017, April 4-5). Improving Quality of Life for Those with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers. Poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Dye, C., Zhang, L., *Allen, A., *Bao, A., *Carsten, B., *Greiner, K., *Huff, M., *Kordonis, P., *Johnson, H., *Lang, E., *Lott, T., *Rennhack, J., *Sutcliffe, K. & *West, E. (2016, April 6-7). Caring for Others, Caring for Self. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Jadrnicek, S. (2016) Seneca Journal. Clemson professor offers up safe haven for family caregivers, pp. B1, B6.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
430

Student Directors of the Annual Clemson Literary Festival

Students in the project will thoroughly research, plan, organize, promote, and put on the 12th Annual Clemson Literary Festival. The events in the festival take place over a three-day period at locations on campus and in the Clemson community, with multiple readings by nationally-acclaimed authors free and open to the public. It is the only student run, student directed festival of it kind nationally. Other events include a Young Writers Workshop for area high-school students, a "Family Day" for children and young adults interested in learning more about literature, and an open mic for all who are interested in participating. The festival is sponsored by the City of Clemson and the CU English Department, among others.

Team Leaders
John Pursley English
Jilian Weise English
Keith L Morris English
Accomplishments
This year for the first time in its history, the class was able to procure a large external sponsor for the festival. The initial commitment is for two years, but we are hoping the family will agree to extend this commitment over the next ten years.
Grant from the Humanities Advancement Board, September 2011.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
648

Humanitarian Aid to Support Ethnic Reconciliation

This is a unique project initiated by the students who participated in PO SC 305-010 (spring & fall 2012) and Summer Study Abroad May/June 2012 in the Balkans. It is sort of branching out from "Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies". Students collect aid for young students (K 1-9) in Srebrenica and deliver it in May during the Study Abroad Balkans program. Their work during academic year 2016/2017 was very successful.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Kaitlyn Samons
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
649

AIChE ChemE Car Team

Each year, an inter-university competition is held by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers challenging students to power a small vehicle using a chemical reaction. While Clemson University is known for its outstanding chemical engineering program, it has unfortunately not been represented in this competition in the past few years. This creative inquiry would be committed to the crafting and submission of a car into this competition in March at the regional AICHE meeting.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Owen, K., *Childs, B., *Pstrak, P., *Dworkin, J., *Coats, J., *Joshi, J., *Redzikowski, J., *Hughes, E. & Kitchens, C. (2014, April 3). ChemE car. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
656

Reconstructing Historic Mitchelville:Using the Basic Tools Genealogy and Oral Histories to Gain a Better Knowledge of Life in Historic Black Community

Mitchelville, SC was the first community of freed slaves. Located on Hilton Head Island and established before the end of the Civil War. This town was an “experiment” by Union Army General Ormsby M. Mitchel as a solution to the growing number of abandoned and escaped slaves resulting from won battles of Confederate territory in SC. Students are still engaged in Daufuskie Island research.  During fall break 2017 we will hopefully tour the island as well as gain some perspective from the few native islanders still living on the island.  Students will complete IRB training during September and will arrange interview times for oral histories to be conducted during Spring 2018.Students will also participate in an archeological dig at the request of Joyce Wright, director of the Mitchelville Preservation Project.  This will take place in November.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*Curenton, J. (2016, Dec. 2). "Newburg Plantation". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Smiley, S. (2016, Dec. 2). "Yvonne B Robinson".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Ray, J. (2016, Dec. 2). "Sallie Ann Robinson".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Arrington, P. ( 2016, Dec. 2). "Jane Hamilton School". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Leonardi, D. ( 2016, Dec. 2). "Mr. Francis Jones".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1088

Upstate Black Communities Then and Now: Their People and Their Places

The students researching Upstate Black Communities utilize Rose’s book to find the correlations between operations established by those who established Mitchelville and established operations of communities in Anderson, Oconee, Pickens and Greenville Counties. They will also conduct oral histories given by persons native to these communities to have recorded documentation of these disappearing communities. They will utilize the Heritage Library in Hilton Head, Ancestry.com and all forms of local, state and federal documentation to trace the migrations from these communities as well as look at how and why these communities thrived or ceased in existence.Students, at the Spring 2015 request of the curator of the Strickland Cultural Museum of Seneca, will research the Black churches of Oconee County. Students will construct a family tree; if you will, listing the lineage of each of the church’s pastors, will research the history of church that will include the founders, land purchase and activities of the churches they research. Students will utilize the Heritage Foundation Library to research the genealogy of the church founders. There will be a meeting of those interested parties of the chosen churches to record oral histories.  Research will be displayed at the Strickland Cultural Museum as well as documented in the archives of the Heritage Foundation Library as they see fit.  For Fall 2017 the student will complete IRB training.  Students will focus their research on New Harmony United Methodist Church.  During October and November oral histories will be conducted as well as the collection of personal artifacts.  Students will also trace family geneology of the congregants to see if there are connections to those churches and/or inhabitants of Mitchelville.  This will be done by the students from the other PAS Creative Inquiry sections.Students will travel to Hilton Head during fall break to participate in an archeological dig at the request of Joyce Wright, director of the Mitchelville Preservation Project as well as assist students from the other PAS CI sections in the preparations for their Spring 2018 research.

Team Leaders
Abel Bartley History
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
*White, R. (2016, December 2). "Flat Rock Baptist Church".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Young, K. ( 2016, December 2). "St. Paul Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Cave, J. (2016, December 2). "St. Matthews Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Stackhouse, Z. (2016, December 2). "St. Mark Baptist Church, Westminster, SC".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Taurel, B. (2016, December 2). "Shiloh Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Heard, C. (2016, December 2). "Cheohee Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Brown, V. (2016, December 2). "Crossroads Baptist Church".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Howard, J. (2016, December 2). "Pleasant Hill Baptist Church".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Elgin, H., *Jackson, A., *Raphael, T., *Howard, J., *Travis, J., *Brockington, N., *Hardy, J., and *Francis, M. (2015). "Upstate Black Communities".
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
454

Food Ingredient Applications

This CI team is focused on 1. Developing novel applications for traditional food ingredients, 2. Developing small scale manufacturing processes for the commercial production of ice cream inclusions, 3. Travel to food ingredient manufacturers to expand their understanding of companies that are focused on innovation of food ingredient applications.

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
$2,500 was received from the National Dairy Shrine to support travel of students to Madison WI to attend the Wisconsin Cheese Makers Annual meeting.
*Sam Lopane received the International Dairy Industries Joe Larson Leadership Award which is given to the student that has demonstrated the greatest leadership potential. This is our industry's version of the Heisman Trophy.
A three person team competed in the Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Contest against other universities from Canada and the US. Clemson placed 2nd overall with numerous top 3 individual and team awards.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
Raised $3,000 in funding to support travel to industry trade show.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo.� The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent.� This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
Writing Your Food Safety Plan, published online for Clemson Cooperative Extension distribution
ESPN Video Shoot.2016. '55 Exchange History and Culture
ESPN Video Shoot.2016. Creative use of Ice Cream Ingredients
Food Safety Plan  for Clemson Ice Cream, documents and templates created for use by other ice cream manufactures.  Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual meeting
*Worley K. & *MacDonald, K. (2016) Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab. Presented to department faculty in preparation for industry presentations during the fall 2016 semester, Clemson, SC.
*Haile, A., *Madore, C. & *Mathews, S. (2012, November 7-10). Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the 79th Annual National Ice Cream Retailers Association Meeting, Greenville, SC.
*Santoro, H., *Ciccone, M., *Fish, K. & *Newsome, P. (2012, November 7-10). Evaluation of Strawberry Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the 79th National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting, Greenville, SC.
*Davis, C., *Richards, C., *Thompson, S. & *Burpee, G. (2012, November 7-10). Evaluation of Regular Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the 79th National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting, Greenville, SC.
*Maddox, B., *Suhoza, S., *Felch, C. (2012, November 7-10). Evaluation of Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the 79th National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting, Greenville, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1261

User Experience in Virtual Reality Games

In this project, students will work together to develop and evaluate user experience in virtual reality games. In the upcoming semesters, we will be recreating portions of Grand Theft Auto V to VR using the Unity 3D game engine and evaluating how people play the game in VR, as compared to the desktop.

Team Leaders
Andrew Robb School of Computing
Divine Maloney School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
493

The Domestic Politics of US Treaties

In this Creative Inquiry project, we are investigating President Obama's behavior when completing international agreements and what happens to those agreements when the president submits them to the Senate as Article II treaties. Obama has completed far fewer Article II treaties than his predecessors, despite his efforts at international collaboration and multilateralism. What explains this puzzle? That will be our focus this year, as we collect original data on treaties, analyze the data and present our findings at national political science conferences.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Peake Political Science
Accomplishments
Peake. J. S. (2017). Obama, unilateral diplomacy, and Iran: Treaties, executive agreements, and political commitments. 142-171. Presidential Leadership and National Security: The Obama Legacy and Trump Trajectory, ed., Richard S. Conley. Routledge Press, New York, NY. ISBN-10: 113828419X
Peake, J. S., Krutz, G. S. (2014, August). Le President Obama, les Clevages Partisans et la Politique des Accords Internationaux (President Barack Obama, Partisanship, and the Politics of International Agreements). 2014 Annuaire Francais des Relations Internatinales XV, 534-59, in French.
Peake, J. S. (2014, December). The Domestic Politics of U.S. Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949 - 2012. Foreign Policy Analysis.
*Forrester, V.C., *Wilson, E. (2016, April). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association Meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. S. (2016, April 9). The Congressional Role in US Diplomacy in an Era of Presidential Unilateralism and Partisan Polarization, paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
*Forrester, V. C., *Wilson, E. A. (2016, April 8). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented as a poster at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2015, April). Executive Agreements as a Foreign Policy Tool during the Bush and Obama Administrations. Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2014, August). Unilateral Power during the Obama Presidency: Executive Agreements and the Implementation of American Diplomacy. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.
Peake, J.S. (2014, April). The Obama Administration's Use of Executive Agreements: Business As Usual or Presidential Unilateralism? Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, August). The Domestic Politics of International Agreements during the Obama Administration: Presidential Unilateralism and Senatorial Obstruction. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, April). The Domestic Politics of US Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949-2012. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
958

Camera traps in animal ecology

This project is designed to train undergraduate students to design, carryout and report on investigations into animal ecology through the use of remote camera trapping technology.  Specifically, students will utilize camera traps to collect scientific data on the location of animal species, then work with the instructor to analyze the data and report findings.  Students will be expected to be involved with the entire scientific process from building hypotheses to writing and presenting findings at professional meetings.  

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Laura Gigliotti Forestry & Environment Conserv
Robin Eng Forestry & Environment Conserv
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1383

Controlled Environment Agriculture: Innovation of distributing food to urban environments and food deserts

The project will provide an atmosphere for the design and evaluation of a moderate sized controlled environment container to yield animal protein, vegetables to supplement fresh food in an urban environment.  Urban areas, also called food deserts, have limitations to fresh food and previous research has proven that, if available, people would welcome the choice of fresh food to prepare in their household. People are also reassured that the products being produced are fresh and free from harmful chemicals. Transportation is limited for these people so getting to a grocery store is somewhat restricted, so the idea of bringing a food production unit to the area is widely accepted.  Presently these portable controlled environment units are available and expensive, however economics performed usually show limited to no revenue.  The CI will investigate what is needed for the unit to produce food but on a more economical scale.  This would also benefit school systems by providing fresh food to supplement the cafeteria needs for fresh food and at the same time becomes an effective teaching tool that can be positive reinforcement for understanding science, math and economics topics in an enjoyable and dynamic atmosphere.

Team Leaders
Lance Beecher Plant & Environmental Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1384

Unraveling the Mystery of the Rare Rocky Shoals Spider Lily

Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies are an important part of South Carolina’s natural heritage and probably existed along most Piedmont streams prior to hydropower development of shoals and sedimentation of creeks and streams due to agricultural practices. The watershed for Stevens Creek is forested and mostly undeveloped allowing us a glimpse of what plant, fish, and even mussel populations may have looked like prior to European influence. There is a population of Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies that runs approximately 150 yards along Steven Creek on the Naturaland Trust Property.As a part of this CI, students will research and characterize the Stevens creek run where the Rocky Shoals Spider Lily occurs and at least two additional sites where historic populations existed to determine why the Rocky Shoals Spider Lily has such a robust population along this stretch of stream. Students will collect water quality data using the SC adopt a stream protocol and characterize the sites. They will additionally put out game cameras as one hypothesis is that deer herbivory is impacting Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies. Students will also work to propagate Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies in greenhouses at Clemson so that we will have a population we can attempt to introduce to other suitable stream stretches. By using the SC adopt a stream protocol, students will be adding to a database of stream health for the state and they will be able to compare Stevens Creek to other SC streams to determine what is different about Stevens creek that allows the Rocky Shoals Spider Lily to persist.

Team Leaders
Althea Hagan Forestry & Environment Conserv
William C Stringer Entomology, Soils & Plant Sci
Lisa Lord
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
466

Carbon-Based Materials for "Fast-Discharging" Supercapacitors

Team members in the Carbon-Based Materials for "Fast-Discharging" Supercapacitors research topic learn how to research and evaluate carbon based materials and polymers for electrical energy storage devices. CI students work with Dr. Roberts, graduate student mentors and fellow CI team members in a multi-level, interdisciplinary research environment. Students perform literature searches, collect information to design experiments, and conduct measurements on state-of-the-art laboratory equipment. Through a series of directed tasks and activities, students learn how to properly formulate and evaluate hypotheses and efficiently conduct research on polymeric materials. Projects in this research topic include 1) integrating renewable, redox-active biopolymers with nanostructure carbon materials or electrically conducting polymers, 2) enhancing ion-transport properties in polymer electrodes using polyelectrolytes, 3) evaluating the effects of molecular structure and processing conditions on the material performance in electrode films. Undergraduate researchers are engaged in a multi-level educational environment where they learn how to become effective researchers and research mentors. Team members are mentored by the faculty advisor and more experienced researchers and are also required to mentor entry level students.

Team Leaders
Mark Roberts Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Mark Thies Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Arcila-Velez, M., Emmett, R., Karakaya, M., Podila, R., *Díaz-Orellana, K., Rao, A., & Roberts, M. (2016). A facile and scalable approach to fabricating free-standing polymer—Carbon nanotube composite electrodes. Synthetic Metals, 215, 35-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2016.02.005
*Klett, A., *Gamble, J., *Thies, M., & Roberts, M. (2016). Identifying thermal phase transitions of lignin–solvent mixtures using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Green Chemistry, 18(7), 1892-1897. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5gc02342d
*Leguizamon, S., Díaz-Orellana, K. P., Velez, J., Thies, M. C., & Roberts, M. E. (2015). High charge-capacity polymer electrodes comprising alkali lignin from the Kraft process. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(21), 11330–11339. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ta00481k
Kelly, J. C., *Degrood, N. L., & Roberts, M. E. (2015). Li-ion battery shut-off at high temperature caused by polymer phase separation in responsive electrolytes. Chemical Communications, 51(25), 5448–5451. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4cc10282g
*Kearns, J.T., Roberts, M.E. (2012). Enhanced performance of triarylamine redox electrodes through directed electrochemical polymerization, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 2392.
*Kearns, J.T., Roberts, M.E. (2012). Synthesis of high-charge capacity triarylamine-thiophene redox electrodes using electrochemical copolymerization. Journal of Material Chemistry. 22, 25447.
*Robert (Bobby) Emmett, a former CI participant in this project, was recently awarded a scholarship by the Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation (SMART) Scholarship-for-Service Program, which is funded by the Department of Defense.
*Samuel Leguizamon, a former CI participant, received a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship. He is currently a graduate student at the University of Michigan.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
468

South Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project

The Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project seeks ways to incorporate hands-on inquiry-based natural history field studies into K-12 classrooms. Each semester, we partner with various master teachers and schools to help train K-12 students in the use of technology and techniques to successfully gather and interpret field data as they investigate the natural world, both in protected park settings and in their local communities.

Team Leaders
John R Wagner Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Jacob Archer Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Undergraduate student *Jacob Archer was awarded the third place prize in the 'Digital Poster Category' at the 12th Annual "Focus on Creative Inquiry" symposium in April 2017.
Archer, J., Wagner, J. (2017, April). Interactive Tour of the Pendleton School Nature Trail. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Archer, J., *Bobo, A., *Braun, S., *Canterbury, S., *Huston, C., *Knowlin, L., *Sherley, K., *Smithdeal, C., Stefano, G., *Tidd, K., *Winns, J. (2016, April). The Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Poster Forum at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Video of the Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
522

Experiencing Woody Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Forest trees are an essential component of our ecosystem, providing habitat and food for wildlife, stabilization of riparian zones, long-term carbon sequestration and other essential ecosystem services, as well as wood products for human use. In addition to use in lumber and pulp and paper, forests are a potential resource of biomass for sustainable energy production. In 2005, forestry and forest products contributed over $400 billion to the US Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a value exceeding the combined US farm income. However, many factors are threatening the sustainability of our forests, such as the increasing numbers of accidentally introduced exotic pests, diseases, and invasive plants, increasing climate instability, and forest fragmentation. This has created a dire need for forest management tools, including detailed genetic and genomic information, as well as an educated workforce. Unfortunately, interests in working with forest trees are generally low when compared to other systems. Thus, it is essential to educate and excite students about the ecological and economic importance of forest trees and the cutting-edge research. The goals of this Creative Inquiry project are to expose students to the genomics tools and biotechnology that can be used to improve biomass and fitness of trees and stimulate their interest in and appreciation for trees. 

Team Leaders
Haiying Liang Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the South Forest Tree Improvement Conference. Clemson, SC.
Xu, C., *Stott, G., *Barclay, M., Liang, H. (2014, April). Unraveling the basal angiosperm cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) genes that are involved in lignin biosynthesis. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2014). Poster presented in 2014 Biology Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June 23). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the Plant Biology Annual Meeting, Providence, RI.
Zhang, X., Carlson, A., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H . (2015, June). Genetic characterization of Liriodendron seed orchards with EST-SSR markers. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(1).
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2015, January). Diversity level of genomic microsatellites in redbay (Perseaborbonia L.) generated by Illumina sequencing. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(2).
CI student Alanna Carlson* received a 3rd place poster award in 2013 Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference
College of ScienceG
526

Soil Judging Project - Hands-On Experience in Soil Science

Soil Judging is a field-oriented project designed to master the techniques used to interpret soil and landscape characteristics with the application to real-life issues in the United States and abroad. It provides hands-on experience in soil morphology and classification. Students have a choice to participate in the Southeastern Regional Soils Contest held each fall at a university within the region which includes the following states: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Contest consists of an individual and team competition where participant(s) must describe, classify and interpret the soil characteristics and their suitability for agricultural use, urban development and subsurface water treatment. If the team places in the top five positions, it is qualified to compete in the national contest held in the spring. In the Fall 2013 and Spring 2014 students will participate in the project "Adaptation and interpretation of Soil Judging in China."

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Mikhailova, E.A., *Baldwin, R., *Barringer, L., *Brady, J., *Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., *Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T. & *Sumwalt, W. (2017, April 6). Soil Judging project. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Green, A., *Kneece, R., *Murphy, H., *Padgett, A. *Rogers, T., *Tisdale, E. (2017, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, R., *Barringer, L., *Brady, J., *Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., *Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T., *Sumwalt, W., Mikhailova, E. (2017, April). Soil Judging Project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dukart, Y.L., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J. (2016, April). Adaptation of Soil Judging to Brazil. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
525

Development of Course Material for AGM Undergraduate Curriculum

Students will design, develop, construct, and test technologies to be used in AGM Undergraduate courses. These activities and materials have been partially developed in prior semesters and need improvements made. The course material will not only allow an opportunity for the students working on the project to get experience in the design process, but also add additional visual aids and teaching tools to the current AGM courses. Using AGM 473 this will be an continuing project, which will allow upper classmen to interact with the underclassmen to improve the teaching tools.

Team Leaders
Hunter Massey Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Large equipment donation. AGM program received a 2-row John Deere Cotton Picker and 14 foot equipment trailer to serve as the starting point for this project. These items were donated by Edisto Research and Education Center and Massey Farms.
Attaway, D. (2017). Tabletop peanut digger can help growers reduce yield loss, boost profit. Southeast  FarmPress. http://www.southeastfarmpress.com/peanuts/tabletop-peanut-digger-can-help-growers-reduce-yield-loss-...
Clemson University. (2016). Clemson students build cotton picker to increase awareness about agriculture. Retrieved from http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-students-build-cotton-picker-to-increase-awarene...
*Mefferd, J., *Coleman, A., *Short, S., *Crisp, M.,*Barnes, J. (2015). Mobil Cotton Harvest Demonstration Unit. Tiger Prints. Capstone paper.
*Perrow, J., *Holland, B. (2014). "Precision Agriculture Yield Monitor Mobile Trainer," Capstone Paper, Clemson University.
*Morgan, W., *Ramsey, G. & *Whitesides, C. (2012). Golf Cart Modification. Presented at the AGM 473 Capstone, Agricultural Mechanization and Business, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Massey, H. & Kirk, K. (2013, July 23). Teaching Precision Agriculture Technology with Modified Diesel Golf Cart. Presented at the ASABE International Meeting, Kansas City, Missouri.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
489

Exploring Peptoid Proteins: Making and Structurally Characterizing Peptidomimetic Structures

Natural peptides and proteins are critically important in biology and medicine as well as increasingly in biotechnology and the chemical industry. Chemical structures mimicking the properties of natural peptides and proteins have been developed over the past two decades, with enormous potential for transformative impact in many fields. One handicap of these peptide-mimetic systems, however, is the lack of a broad scope of knowledge comparable to that available for natural proteins and peptides. Databases such as the Protein Data Bank contain structures for ~100,000 natural proteins, collected over the past ~50 years. These rich data sources enable whole fields of research, such as bioinformatics and protein engineering, that rely on having abundant data. Design of peptide mimics and hybrid peptide-peptidomimetic systems, therefore, relies on rational planning and design. This project involves both a structural component--synthesizing peptoids and peptoid-peptide mimics to study their structures and test predictions for novel secondary structures; as well as biomedical component--using the proven strategy of replacing proline residues in peptides with peptoid residues, as well as incorporating other peptidomimetic residues.

Team Leaders
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Cannon, J., *Haberman, V. (2017, April). Extending Half-lives of Peptide Hormones by PEGylation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Haberman, V., Hamilton, P., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Facile synthesis of PEGylated vasopressin, lypressin, and oxytocin analogs". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Dong, D., Ehrlich, D., Johnson, J., and Wetzler, M. (in press). "Faster and Greener: One Minute Reactions for Synthesis of Peptoid Oligomers and Polymers". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 
College of ScienceG
479

Comparative Vertebrate Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Research in my lab examines the patterns and processes of functional evolution in vertebrates. To understand the factors that have contributed to evolutionary transitions in function, we test the functional consequences of variation in biological design, primarily through experimental studies of vertebrate musculoskeletal biomechanics. We have extended these studies to include selection experiments on functional performance, allowing us to evaluate the impact of functional tradeoffs on structural diversification. Our three primary study systems have been examinations of (1) the load bearing capacity of vertebrate limb bones (and fish fins) during terrestrial and aquatic locomotion; (2) the functional performance of waterfall climbing gobiid fishes in a variety of behaviors, including climbing, predator escape, and feeding; and (3) the effects of differences in body structure on the swimming performance of turtles. These systems have allowed a diverse range of comparative studies that have provided insight into broader issues in the diversity and evolution of vertebrate functional design.

Team Leaders
Richard Blob Biological Sciences
Kelly Diamond Biological Sciences
Amanda Palecek Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
CI student *Alex Rubin (graudated 2017) has been admitted to the graduate program at Auburn University.
Former CI student *Jenna Pruett (graduated 2016) received a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship to pursue graduate studies at Auburn University.
Student Poster award - *Stevens, L.M., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, G., Vance, J.T., Blob, R. (2017, April). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Morgan Summerlin, Third Place, Science as Art competition, Clemson.
*Jake Youngblood, admitted to graduate program in biology at Arizona State University
*Jenna Pruett - admitted to graduate program in Biology at Auburn University
*Jenna Pruett – Honorable Mention, National Science Foundation GRFP
*Jenna Pruett – 1st place Best poster presentation at FOCI
*Jenna Pruett – 2nd place Best poster presentation at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium
Mayerl, C.J., *Pruett, J.E., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (2017). Hindlimb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function?. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2017(220), pp.2554-2562.
Young, V., *Vest, K., Rivera, A., Espinoza, N., & Blob, R. (2017). One foot out the door: limb function during swimming in terrestrial versus aquatic turtles. Biology Letters, 13(1), 20160732. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2016.0732
Maie, T., Furtek, S., Schoenfuss, H. L., & Blob, R. W. (2013). Feeding performance of the Hawaiian sleeper,Eleotris sandwicensis (Gobioidei: Eleotridae): correlations between predatory functional modulation and selection pressures on prey. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 111(2), 359–374. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12214
*Cullen, J.A., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H.L., Blob, R.W. (2013) Evolutionary Novelty versus Exaptation: Oral Kinematics in Feeding versus Climbing in the Waterfall-Climbing Hawaiian Goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53274. dx.dio.org/doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053274
Kawano, S. M., Bridges, W. C., Schoenfuss, H. L., Maie, T., & Blob, R. W. (2012). Differences in locomotor behavior correspond to different patterns of morphological selection in two species of waterfall-climbing gobiid fishes. Evolutionary Ecology, 27(5), 949–969. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10682-012-9621-z
McPherson, C.* (2012). Ontogenetic Scaling of Jaw Function in Hawaiian Gobioid Stream Fishes, Sicyopterus stimpsoni and Eleotris sandwicensis: Implication of Functional Demands and Specialization. Biological Sciences departmental honors thesis.
*Stevens, L.M., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, G., Vance, J.T. & Blob, R. (2017, April 4-5). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Mayerl, C.J., *Pruett, J.E., Rivera, A.R.V. & Blob, R.W. (2016, June 29-July 3). Hind limb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function? Presented at the 11th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology meeting, Bethesda, MA.
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L. & Blob, R. W. (2016, February 20). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V. & Blob, R.W. (2016, February 20). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V. & Blob, R.W. (2016, April 6-7). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Vest, K. G., Young, V. K H., Espinoza, N. R., Blob, R. W. (2016, April 6-7). Swimming in terrestrial turtles: does limb function correlate with ecology or phylogeny? Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2016, January). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the Annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
Bertram, R.S., Schoenfuss, H.L., Lagarde, R., Ponton, D., Diamond, K.M.,  *Offerle, T. & Blob, R.W.  (2016, January). Waterfall-climbing performance of gobiid fishes from La Reunion: how conservative are novel functional behaviors? Presented at the Annual SICB meeting, Portland, OR.
*Pruett, J. E., Mayerl, C. J., Rivera, A. R. V., Blob, R. W. (2016, Jan). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster Presented at the Annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
*Hicks, K., *Pruett, J., *Youngblood, J., Mayerl, C. & Blob, R. (2015, April 6). Effects of flow on the swimming stability of turtles. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H. & Blob, R. (2013). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presented at the 2013 National SICB meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H. & Blob, R. (2012). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presented at the 2012 Southeast Regional SICB meeting, Charleston, SC.
*Sutton, J., Blob, R., Young, V. (2014, April). In vivo femoral strains in swimming turtles: Influence of locomotor medium on limb bone loading. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Rubin, A. M.*, Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L.,  Blob, R. W. (2017, January 4-8) Assessing the impacts of environmental contaminants on escape behavior in the migratory stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA
College of ScienceG
469

Integrating Children's Literature and Classroom Learning

The purpose of this CI project is to investigate current children's literature (grades 2-6) and approaches for integrating trade books in the elementary school classroom curriculum. Participants read 5-6 titles and develop teaching suggestions for using the books in classrooms.

Team Leaders
Pamela J Dunston Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Butler, T., Dunston, P. J., Cole, M. W. (2014 May 11). The Splendors and Glooms in Middle School Reading: Using Interactive Read-Alouds with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Reading Association, New Orleans, LA.
Dunston, P. J., McCrea-Andrews, H. J., Pang, S., Massey, C. L. (2013). Examining Changes in Adolescent's Reading Motivation: Traditional Text versus eBooks. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Literacy Educators and Researchers, November 2, 2013, Dallas, TX.
College of EducationE
918

Future Engineers and Scientists

To deploy an undergraduate/graduate mentored after-school program to excite elementary school students and recreation camp participants about STEM disciplines through hands-on project experiences. This program has been operating at Clemson Elementary School since Fall 2008 serving 4th and 5th grade students. Our objective is to extend this program to other schools, especially rural and predominantly minority schools through the recruitment and training of undergraduate/graduate teams that will work directly with the schools in six-week modules during after school club or in-service programs according to mutual agreement with the school. Moreover, we seek to collect empirical data on the impact that this program has on the longitudinal academic career paths of the elementary students as well as the professional career paths of the undergraduate and graduate students involved. Finally, we wish to involve Education students and help promote and develop new hands on modules for K-12 classrooms and PRTM students to expand our work in camp settings that are in increasing demand.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Nominated for the SC Governor's Award for STEM outreach. This is an award given by the SC Academy of Sciences.http://www.scacademysci.org/govaward
Presentation to the American Camp Association that discussed and provided hands on demonstration of the importance and use of STEM activities.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
480

CI Tiger Conservation

We will continue to maintain two CI teams working on tiger conservation projects in collaboration with the Clemson University Tigers for Tigers Club, and the National Tigers for Tigers Coalition which was formed here by an earlier CI class. Tiger Conservation CI (WFB 4700-045) will conduct the annual campus-wide competition on tiger conservation, inviting students to create written, art or video entries that focus on poaching of tigers in the wild, private ownership of tigers in the US and/or tiger farming in China.  This year we have added a group competition for student organizations, for more substantial contributions. Students will promote this competition, solicit and judge entries, and award prizes to the best in each category at an awards ceremony at the end of the semester.Tiger Awareness CI (WFB 4700-046) will plan and host the National Tigers for Tigers Summit again this spring, bringing together students from many schools and tiger experts to plan and coordinate efforts.  We will also begin plans for an international summit, in coordination with organizations in India and Bangladesh. 

Team Leaders
Shari Rodriguez Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
$800 from the International Fund for Animal Welfare to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
$2,000 from Tigers in America Foundation to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
As part of our planning for our campus-wide, spring Multimedia Competition on Tiger Conservation, we raised $2,000 in prize money from the Tigers in America Foundation.
$200 from an anonymous donor to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
491

Reading and Reviewing Children's and Young Adult Literature

The purpose of this CI project is to write book reviews that will be included in a children's literature review column. The column will be published annually in Reading Matters, the journal of the South Carolina International Reading Association (SCIRA). Students will read 6-8 titles and then choose their favorites to review.

Team Leaders
Jonda McNair Teacher Education
Accomplishments
McNair, J. C., and Clemson University Students (2016). The Right Book: A Review of Children’s Literature for Teachers. Reading Matters, 16, 72-75.
McNair, J. C., Clemson University Students, & Thomas, K. (2017). The Wonderful World of Books: A Review of Children’s Literature for Teachers. Reading Matters, 17, 69-72.
College of EducationE
498

Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies: The Cases of Serbia, Kosovo, BiH, Montenegro and Croatia

This Creative Inquiry project is organized in spring as PO SC 3050-010 for students registered for Summer Study Abroad in May/June 2019 [Balkans trip]. Students are engaged in research of the history and causes of the conflicts in former Yugoslavia working in 5 teams, one for each country to be visited in May/June. They present their findings and draft research papers which are then finished during Summer Study Abroad using primary sources.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Accomplishments
Jessica Collins applied for the Fulbright Scholarship in Serbia and got it in summer 2015. Since mid September she is teaching at the Faculty of Philosophy in Nis. She is also Clemson on-site Mentor for a group of our students who are in Serbia - Clemson Spring Semester in Belgrade program
Holba, K.*, Matic, V. (2014, April). Humanitarian aid for ethnic reconciliation. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
510

Aquaponics: Maximizing use of a biological system for unique production of an aquatic and plant based crop

             The effort for this creative inquiry is to motivate students involved in aquatic (fish, shrimp) production in recirculating systems and to expand the unit for establishment of a dual or polyculture unit. Traditional aquaculture systems have bio filtration units to reduce nutrient loading and clean the water efficiently for reuse in the system. However, because of high land, water and energy cost systems must be able to produce more by-products to be competitive in the food market and at the same time be environmentally stable; an aquaponics system provides this. The system is comprised of a fish system and a plant system.  The fish system consists of fish holding tanks, solids capture filtration and biofiltration.  The fish holding tanks are usually circular for good water circulation and should be about 3 to 4 feet deep.  Solids capture filtration is essential to remove solids (fish feces) so that the system water delivered to the plant system is clear so that the plant roots don’t become covered with solids which could suffocate the plants. Biofiltration is needed to house the bacteria discussed above so that nitrification can take place.  Ammonia, which comes directly from the fish, is converted to nitrite and then to nitrate in an oxygen rich environment.  Nitrate is the final product of nitrification and is the main element for plant production.  The plant system can be designed to suit the needs of the owner and all systems have both positive and negative aspects to production.  The creative inquiry will investigate processes for aquaponics and hone in on specific deficiency of the system which include passive heating techniques to reduce costs, system design (airlift technology) considerations for efficiency and power dependency, automation for system productivity and bacterial control for food safety considerations.          

Team Leaders
Lance Beecher Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
587

Cement - Civil Engineering Peer Mentoring Program Development and Evaluation

This group will develop, implement, and evaluate a peer mentor program for new civil engineering students and develop a model for college wide adoption.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Candice Bolding Civil Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
578

Green Building Materials: Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Alternative

Have you ever wondered what goes into the building products that go into your house? In many cases, these materials can contain toxic components, have inferior structural properties, or be detrimental to the environment. The goal of this creative inquiry is to explore the use of magnesium oxide-based (MgO) cements as a sustainable alternative to conventional building materials that consist of Portland cement, gypsum and oriented strand board (OSB). The current materials that dominate the $15 Billion residential building products market have many drawbacks. For example, Portland cement has a huge carbon footprint, releasing one ton of CO2 per ton of cement. One way to offset this is to incorporate large volumes of fly ash, which is laden with toxic and carcinogenic heavy metals. OSB contains toxic phenol-formaldehyde resins and are highly flammable. We have recently paired up with Jet Products to investigate the nearly limitless potential for MgO cement boards in a diversity of markets, primarily focusing on residential building products. The societal benefits of this work have the potential to impact every individual that lives in the built environment. Example products include wall board, tile backer, siding, structural insulated panels, fire-proof panels, and ballistic panels.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Roque Gochez was granted an industrial internship this past summer with JetProducts LLC.
Gochez, R., Wambaugh, J., Rochner, B., Kitchens, C. L. (2015 Submission). “Kinetic Study of the Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Cure Reaction.” Cement and Concrete Research.
*Mou, H., *Nasol, D., *Rogers, N., *Vreeland, T., Gochez, R., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April 6-7). “Reinforced Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Building Alternative.” Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
*Robison, J., *Brown, A. (2015, March).MgO Concrete CI Project. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Gragg, J., *Nasol, D. (2015, March). Magnesium Oxide Cement Research. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Haney, B., *Layman, O., *Hughes, E., *Foote, J. (2015, March). Life Cycle Assessment of the Magnesium Oxide Board . Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
Flanagan, M., *Orear, C., *Johnson, K., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). The Cooler Koozie, optimizing thermal insulation for beverage consumption. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Vreeland, T. (2015, June 29). "Reinforcement of Magnesium Oxychloride Cement through addition of organic and inorganic fibers". 
This is a initial draft for a Life Cycle Assessment publication that we plan to complete this upcoming year.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
966

Qualitative Consumer Research

This Creative Inquiry is seeking students interested in learning how to conduct consumer qualitative research. This CI is specifically tailored for students who are interested in pursuing a career in academia, qualitative research, or marketing research. Students must be committed for three semesters: spring, summer, and fall of 2017.   During the spring semester, students will meet every other week for a semi-structured seminar where research question development and qualitative methods selection will be taught and discussed. There will be no formal, face-to-face meetings in the summer. Rather, the students will collect qualitative data. During the fall semester, the students will learn how to analyze qualitative data and write-up their results. The project will conclude with the student’s turning in a research paper on their findings and results.     Students can earn 2-3 credit hours: 1 for the spring, 1-2 for the fall.  

Team Leaders
Anastasia Thyroff Marketing
Robert Fitzwater University Relations
Accomplishments
*Kristine Ward, University of Georgia, Scholarship. Pursuing Masters in Marketing Research starting Fall 2016
*Rachael Spilka, University of Georgia, Scholarship. Pursuing Masters in Marketing Research starting Fall 2016
Kaitlyn Kooi*, University of Miami Fellowship. Pursuing PhD in Marketing starting Fall 2016
*Allen, M., *Maisel, H., *Andrews, E., *Mcguire, A., *Stabler, L., *Nenninger, M., Thyroff, A., Fitzwater, R. (2017, April). Festival Materialities: Assembling Cool from Chaos. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Thyroff, A., *Kooi, K., *Ward, K., *Spilka, R., *Ciaramello, J., *Clark, M., *Meacham, B. (2016, November). That’s so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Presented at the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Thyroff, A., *Kaitlyn, K., *Ward, K., *Ciramello, J., *Clark, M., Fitzwater, R., *Kountz, G., *Meacham, B., and *Spilka, R. (Forthcoming). (2016, November 2-5). "That's so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival". Proceedings of the 2016 Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Thyroff, A.*, Kooi, K.*, Ward, K.*, Spilka, R.*, Ciramello, J.*, Clark, M.*, Meacham, B.* (2016). That’s so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Jie G. Fowler and Weiser, J., Editors. Proceedings of the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, (Atlanta, GA). 465-466.
College of BusinessD
569

Conservation Drones (UAV's) for Natural Resource Management

With recent advancements it is now possible to build unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, using off the shelf model airplane kits and available electronics/software systems. These model airplanes can house gps-enabled digital cameras and have the capability to take ultra-high resolution aerial photos. These conservation drones are being used all over the world to both evaluate land cover and to identify the location of wildlife species. This creative inquiry project will aim to develop a multi-disciplinary team to add this capability to undergraduate research at Clemson University.

Team Leaders
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
575

Veteran's History Project Collection and Digitization

History 2970 CI Veteran's History Project 2 (2,2). The Veterans History Project of the American Folklife Center collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war veterans, as well as U.S. Citizens who were actively involved in supporting war efforts (war industry workers, USO medical personnel, flight instructors, etc.) so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand the realities of war. In order to assist the Library of Congress with this arduous task, Clemson University students will conduct interviews and collect other materials accepted by the project then facilitate their digitization for Clemson University records before sending the original materials to the Library of Congress.  The course is being revamped this year, students will meet together as a group for five classes to learn how to do oral interviews and how to use the digital camera for the interview.  With students in the Creative Inquiry Digital History/Humanities/Social Science class, the interviews will use AI technology to analyze the interviews, as well as the more than a hundred interviews already collected.  A syllabus is available upon request that outlines what is required in the course

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History
Lance Young CBBSUAC
Matthew Simmons History
Accomplishments
*Mall, A., *Devera, D., *Gerstmyer, H., *Richter, W., *Richter, J., *Hines, W., *Bruns, Z., *Mack, D., Young, L. (2014, April). Clemson veterans project. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Mack, D. (2014, April, 11). Clemson Veteran's Project. Presentation to Mr. Bob Patrick, The Director, Veteran's History Project, American Folklife Center,Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1121

Breaking Bud: investigating the environmental control of spring bloom timing in peach.

Trees must time their spring bloom to avoid late frosts but allow sufficient developmental time for their fruit and seeds. Although we know cool (chilling) followed by warm (heat) temperatures are necessary for bloom, we do not currently understand the quantitative relationship between chilling and heat that results in a specific bloom date for a cultivar. Missing this information means we cannot make accurate predictions of the timing of bloom and the start of the growing season now or under future climate change scenarios. Additionally, understanding the environmental and genetic factors that determine timing of bloom date is critical to efforts to breed tree fruit varieties adapted to our current or future climates. The goal of this work is to establish the relationship between chilling and heat requirements for bloom date in trees and whether there is variation for this relationship within a species. We will test these question using peach trees from the diverse germplasm collection located at the Musser Experimental Fruit Research Farm. Students are expected to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters with a minimum of 2 semesters essential. This CI will be listed as BIOL 4940/4941 sec 024 each semester.

Team Leaders
Douglas Bielenberg Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
USDA Specialty Crop Block Grant
*Cook, K., *Scott, G., *Spencer, H., Bielenberg, D. (2017, April). Characterizing genotype specific responses to chilling and heat for predicting spring bud break in peach. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1043

Towards an Adaptive Multimodal Interface in Support of Real-Time Decision Making for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Command and Control

Data overload, especially in the visual channel, and associated breakdowns in monitoring already represent a major challenge for UAV command and control. The problem is expected to get worse due to the anticipated introduction of even more tasks and technologies. For example, the Office of the Secretary’s Defense Roadmap for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) outlines the need to investigate “appropriate conditions and requirements under which a single pilot would be allowed to control multiple airborne unmanned aircraft simultaneously.” Currently, 2-3 operators are needed to handle all mission, flight, and management tasks for a single UAV; the ultimate goal, however, is to have one operator handle up to 10 UAVs. This drastic change in the operator-to-UAV ratio presents a major design challenge given operators’ limited attentional resources.   Given that an increasing number of tasks will have to be automated to achieve single operator control of multiple UAVs, the question then becomes what to allocate to automation and how to present this information to support attention management and multitasking. 

Team Leaders
Sara Riggs Industrial Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
787

Community Supported Art

CSA's are commonly known as "Community Supported Agriculture" - where shareholders pick up fresh produce at regular intervals throughout a season. An new spin on the CSA model is "Community Supported Art" - where shareholders pick up fresh art at special seasonal events, which are popping up around the country through arts centers, galleries, individual artist studios and other non-profits. This CI project will investigate the CSA and other innovative art and community models for application within the Clemson community, and as an opportunity for students interested in art to develop and implement a marketing plan.

Team Leaders
Valerie Zimany Art
Daniel Bare Art
Accomplishments
Bunda, C., Kim, D., & Zimany, V. (2017, March). Seven Semesters of Community Supported Art at Clemson. National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Portland, OR.
*Bunda, C., Clevenger, J., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., Miller, W., Murphy, J., Rinker, R., *Rupprecht, A., *Stanley, S., *Wesly, E. (2016, April). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Rupprecht, A., *Wesly, E., Wilund, B. (2015, November). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A. (2015, August). Three Semesters of Community Supported Art. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Emory A Gunnin Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D, Elsey, L, Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Community Supported Art in the Academic Setting. Lecture presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Beijing, China.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A., Zimany, V. (2015, November). Three Semesters of Clemson Community Supported Art. Non-refereed public exhibition developed and presented in the Gunnin Architecture Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D., Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Clemson Community Supported Art.  Peer-refereed presentation at the biannual meeting of the International Society of Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Jingdezhen, PRC.
*Beaird, R., *Hunt, H., *Shafer, H., *Wilund, B. Zimany, V. (2015, March). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Presented at the National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Providence, RI.
*Beaird, R., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Pechthalt, S., *Pizzuti, M., *Rupprecht, A. *Shafer, H., *Wesly, E., *Wilund, B. & Zimany, V. (2015, April 6). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Everyhope-Reiser, J. (2015). Bring the Audience to the Artists: Community Supported Art Gives Students a Taste of the Marketplace, Glimpse Magazine, Fall 2015, 12-13.
*Hunt, H. L. (2015, May). Buying Local with Clemson Community Supported Art. Decipher A Creative Inquiry Magazine, 42-43.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1169

Kinetic Sculpture

Kinetic sculptures are art pieces that incorporate movement.  Traditional sculptures use energy stored in a spring which is released over time or are powered by the wind.  However, other mechanisms can be envisioned, including small motors, magnets, or others.  This project will work to design and prototype new kinetic sculpture.  Prototypes will be pursued via 3D printing of plastic sculptures, and successful designs may be pursued via other materials.  Highly successful designs may be entered for display at Artisphere, the art show held downtown Greenville in May, as part of the Clemson Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics (STEAM) exhibit.  Computer design software skills such as SolidWorks will be a huge asset to students in this project, although they are not required.

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
962

Robot networks

The technological development of the last decade in robots, computing and communications has led to envisage the design of robotic and automation systems consisting of networked vehicles, sensors, actuators and communication devices. These developments enable researchers and engineers to design new robotic systems that can interact with human beings and other robots in a cooperative way. Applications span surveillance/monitoring, manufacturing, intelligent vehicles, exploration, and many others. In this project, we will explore some basics of robot networks and build robotic cooperation using several intelligent ground robots available in the lab. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems or robotics is needed.

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
NSF Award Abstract #1738902 CICI: RSARC: Secure Time for Cyberinfrastructure Security
Wang, Y. (2016, May). $10,000. "A Summer Camp for Video-game Based Control Learning for Middle-School Girls" Control Systems Society Outreach Fund. IEEE. http://ieeecss.org/sites/ieeecss.org/files/A_Summer_Camp_For_Video_Game_Based_Control_Learning_Report.pdf
IEEE Control Systems Society , 10K
Mulqueen, D., and Wang, Y. (2017, August) Undergraduate Creative Inquiry of Swarm Robotics: Communication Methods. Paper Presentation at The 3rd International Conference on Control Science and Systems Engineering, Beijing, China
*Osler, S. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Undergraduate Research of Swarm Robot Systems". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Networks and Control.
*Bear, E. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Cooperative Mobile Robotics". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering.
*Bear, E., *Maxwell, T., Anglea, T., *Raval, D., *Buckley, I., & Wang, Y. (2016). An undergraduate research platform for cooperative control and swarm robotics. In 2016 IEEE 11th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/iciea.2016.7603893
Wang, Y., *Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., & Anglea, T. (2016). A unified communication and control approach for decentralized heading alignment in robot networks. In 2016 Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ccdc.2016.7531413
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
548

China's Foreign Policy

The objective of this one-credit Creative Inquiry project is to instruct Clemson University undergraduate students to systematically examine some of the most important issues facing the world, by involving the students in on-going discussions and debates and engaging them in direct dialogues with diplomats and business leaders, both Chinese and American.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
516

Heat transfer along the human arm in electric arch phenomenon(Mathematical Modeling with Advanced Engineering apps)

Participants pursue research on different aspects for the problem of heat transfer along the human arm occurring during the electric arch phenomenon. Emphasis is placed on modeling and considering various modules that this complex problem consists of with applications in engineering and science and on use of electronic portfolios. Students will continue this project  for three semesters.

Team Leaders
Irina Viktorova Mathematical Sciences
Timothy Teitloff Mathematical Sciences
Sofya Alekseeva Mathematical Sciences
Jonathan Figueroa Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Viktorova, I., Alekseeva, S., *Kose, M. (2017). Some Aspects of Model Equations Development for Viscous Materials. MMSE Journal, II. Mechanical Engineering and Physics, 10:179-190. DOI:10.2412/mmse.81.48.85
Viktorova, I., Bates, M. (2016). An empirically derived arc-flash discharge energy model and comparison to established safety codes. MMSEJ, Vol. 4, p.p. 634-641.  https://doi.org/10.13140/rg.2.1.4793.6404
*Kose, M., Fleck, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). HAVs and HAVnots: Investigating resonance in the human arm caused by the contact with machinery. MMSEJ, Vol. 3, p.p. 543-551.
Bates, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). Modeling of Heat Transfer and Self-Heating Phenomenon in Materials with High Dissipation. MMSEJ,Vol 3: 20-27. https://doi.org/10.13140/rg.2.1.2198.3761
Viktorova, I., *Fairchild, K., *Fischer, J. (2013). "Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelasic Material." Topics from the 8th Anuual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference published by Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statisics.
College of ScienceG
580

Geologic Indicators of Climate Change

Students explore and analyze the carbon dioxide fluxes from soils, rocks, and reservoirs using a variety of techniques. The goal is to characterize the variability in CO2 fluxes from natural settings and from settings disturbed by human activities.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Christison, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Comparing Seasonal Soil Carbon Flux of Three Botanically Distinct Areas in the Clemson Botanical Gardens. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Nguyen, S. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Oral and poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Nguyen, S., Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*King, T., Brame, S., (2016, March 31). Preliminary Analysis of Total Carbon Levels in Lake Issaqueena. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*George, S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Comparative Study of Soil CO2 Flux using Eddy Covariance and Chamber Methods. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D. & Brame, S. (2015, April 6). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Coffin, A., Brame, S. (2014. April 3). Comparison of Till and No-till Agricultural Practices on Carbon Dioxide Flux from the Soil on an Organic Farm. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux from an area underlain by Amphibolite in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hickok, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3).Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Forest Soil and Topsoil Influenced by Soil Moisture and Temperature Variations. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lacy, N. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide exchange between the Atmosphere and Freshwater Reservoirs around Clemson, South Carolina. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J. & Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux on an Area underlain by Biotite Gneiss in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
As part of a collaboration with Stephen Moyseys NSF grant with the GeoPath program, a $35,000 Eddy Covariance (EC) system was bought for the climate change students to design experiments and collect data. EC systems are the state of  the art instruments used to monitor and detect changes in CO2 Fluxes.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
585

Research in Digital Media & Learning

Research in Digital Media & Learning gives students the opportunity to work as individuals or part of interdisciplinary teams to enact research that focuses on the intersection between digital media and learning. This CI is interest-driven, meaning that students should come with their own ideas about what they would like to investigate. Faculty assist students in developing and enacting their research plan. Ideal candidates would be from any field, as long as their interests involve digital media and learning in some way. Students will also be encouraged to present their work at a research conference and the Clemson FoCI conference.

Team Leaders
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Andrew Robb School of Computing
Ryan Visser Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Boyer, D. M., & *Smith, J. E. (2016). Using course opportunities for learning game design. On the Horizon, 24(1), 104–111. https://doi.org/10.1108/oth-08-2015-0039
*Roman, J., *Vargas, P., Boyer, D. M., Qian, M. (2014). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper to be presented at the Advances in Educational Psychology Conference. Fairfax, VA.
CI585 member researched, designed, and built an audio mixer using circuitry and the 3D printer.
CI585 member created a multimedia tutorial to support low-barrier-to-entry learning of FL Studio audio production software.
College of EducationE
586

The Jolly Postman Delivers: Dialoguing About Books With Children Through Book Talks, Letters, Blogs, & Vlogs

The Jolly Postman Delivers: Dialoguing about Books with Children Through Pen Pal Letters Creative Inquiry participants will have opportunities to read children’s picture books and tradebooks and dialogue through letters, book talks, blogs, or vlogs with students in elementary classrooms and libraries providing critical perspectives on quality children's literature. CI students will attend introductory sessions on picturebook characteristics and how to analyze picturebooks and tradebooks. Each group will learn ways to organize texts sets, critique, and model responses about books. Participants will create print or video book talks throughout the semester.

Team Leaders
Koti Hubbard Teacher Education
Susan Fullerton Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., and McClure, E. L. (2016). First-graders’ re-descriptions of Ezra Jack Keats’ narratives: Transforming story worlds into social worlds through oral and written responses within read-aloud discussions and pen pal letters. Presentation, Literacy Research Association Conference, Nashville, Tennessee (December).
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016). Interactive read-alouds and pen pals: Their use in a classroom and university collaboration to advocate for reading-writing connection. Presentation, NCTE Annual Convention, Atlanta, GA (November).
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016, July). Story as “lived through” experience: First graders respond to Ezra Jack Keats’ Peter narratives. Presented at the International Literacy Association Conference, Boston, MA. 
College of EducationE
566

Identifying, Cloning and Characterizing Nodule Regulatory Mutants

The lab focuses on understanding how the shoots and roots of plants communicate with each other at the molecular level, using mutants in a process called nodulation to determine what genes and proteins are involved in long-distance signaling. The project involves DNA, RNA, and protein work as well as mapping & cloning genes.

Team Leaders
Julia Frugoli Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Frugoli, J., Schnabel, E & *Corbett, C. (2018, April 2-3) "Identification of a genetic suppressor of hypernodulating phenotypes" Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Patel, M. (2017 Dec.)  "ACR4 and CLE Expression." Presented to the Department of Genetics & Biochemistry for Honors Thesis, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Corbett, C., Chaulagain, D., Schnabel, E. L. and Frugoli, J. A. (2017, April 8-10). "Screening Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion lines for mutants in the Autoregulation of Nodulation pathway." Poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.
*Chiu, C., *Patel, M., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., and Frugoli, J. (2017, April 9). Novel M. truncatula CLE peptides in nodule regulation. Poster presented at Southern Section Meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.
Nowak,S., Kassaw,T., *Flanagan, B., *Patel,T., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J.(2016, July).  "Root derived signaling: Arabinosylation of peptides and their role in Medicago truncatula nodule regulation." invited talk for the the national ASPB meeting, Austin, TX.
*Castello, A. (2016). "Solving the Mystery of the Silenced Gene." Presented at the Genetics & Biochemistry honors presentation
*Kotwis, K., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2015, March 28-30). Is there TOO MUCH LOVE in Medicago truncatula nodule regulation? poster presented at the Souther Section meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Dauphin Island, AL.
*Castelloe, A., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2015). A Forward Genetic Approach to Unraveling a Genetic Pathway: Mapping Suppressor Screen Mutants. Poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Association for Plant Biology, Dauphin Island, AL.
*Flanagan, B., *Puncheon, A., Crook, A., Kasswa, T., Schnabel, E. Frugoli, J. (2013, February). Identifying, Cloning, and Characterizing Nodule Regulatory Mutants. Presented at a poster for the Life Sciences Facility Dedication, Clemson, SC.
*Flanagan, B., Kassaw, T., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2014). The role of Hydroxyproline Arabinosyl Transferases (HPATs) in Arabidopsis. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Section of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Lexington KY.
*Kotwis, K., *Rummler, L., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2014). A Molecular Approach to the Autoregulation of Nodulation: Genes and Hormones. A poster for the Southern Section Meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Lexington, KY.
*Manushi Patel, the CI team member who could not go to the Orlando conference, received an NSF REU supplement of $4500 through my grant to continue her work through the summer.
*Cameron Corbett was selected as an Adobe Fellow for the summer
*Ashley Castelloe will be attending The Ohio State University to earn her PhD in Molecular Biology.*Tarek Patel will be apply for medical school in the fall.
Kassaw, T., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., *Patel, T. *Flanagan, B., Frugoli, J. (2016, in press). "Roles for RDN/HPAT/FIN genes in root & nodule development".
Frugoli, J., (2012, March). Be Careful What You Wish For: Research Ethics Education in the University Setting, A Response to NIH and NSF Regulations. Teaching Ethics, 12(2), 103-105.
Kassaw, T., Frugoli, J. (2012, September). Simple and efficient methods to dissect long-distance signaling in Medicago truncatula and other small plants. Plant Methods, 8(38).
Schnabel, E., Karve, A., Kassaw, T., Mukherjee, A., Zhou, X., Hall, T., Frugoli, J. (2012, January). The M. truncatula SUNN gene is expressed in vascular tissue, similarly to RDN1, consistent with the role of these nodulation regulation genes in long distance signaling. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 7(1), 4-6.
Schnabel, E., Kassaw, T., Smith, L., Marsh, J., Oldroyd, G., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2011, July). ROOT DETERMINED NODULATION 1 regulates nodule number in M. truncatula and defines a highly conserved, uncharacterized plant gene family. Plant Physiology, 157, 328-340.
Schnabel, E., Smith, C., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2010, December). Transcript profiling in M. truncatula lss and sunn-1 mutants reveals different expression profiles despite disrupted SUNN gene function in both mutants. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 5(12), 1657-1659.
Schnabel, E., Mukherjee, A., Smith, L. Kassaw, T., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2010, November). The lss supernodulation mutant of Medicago truncatula reduces expression of the SUNN gene. Plant Physiology, 154(3), 1390-1402.
Honors thesis from project
College of ScienceG
519

Advanced Synthetic Biology

Microbial biofilm confers high level of resistance to antimicrobial agents. Understanding how antibiotics penetrate through bacterial biofilms could aid the development of therapeutic approaches that facilitate the penetration of antimicrobial agents through biofilms. The team aims to develop a tool for detection of antibiotics in biofilms.  A antibiotic sensor system, i.e., a Biobrick consists of a green fluorescence protein reporter system under the control of Bacillus subtilis promotor PliaI, inducible by low concentrations of antibiotics will be constructed to measure the penetration of antibiotics through Bacillus subtilis biofilms.  A second Biobrick consists of a red fluorescence protein reporter system under the control of a synthetic constitutive promoter for Bacillus subtilis to measure the thickness of the biofilms.  A shuttle vector system will then be developed to study the penetration of antibiotics through Bacillus subtilis biofilms.  The completed antibiotic sensor tools will then be utilized to evaluate methods that could disrupt and/or facilitate the penetration antibiotics through biofilms.

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
*Bickford, M., *Wilson, J., *Jones, D., *Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Greene, G., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2014). Self-Amplifying Biosensor for Detection of N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone (AHL) in Low Limit. Poster and presentation presented at the 2014 International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Giant Jamboree, Boston, MA.
*Bickford, M., *Jones, D.G., *Kane, R., *Louie, R., *Scanlan, A., *Tzeng, J., *Whatley, A., *Wilson, J., Cao, M., Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2013, Oct 4-6). "Development of a Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensor for Repaid Detection of Viable Pathogens" Poster and oral presentations at the 2013 iGEM North America Regional Jamboree, University of Toronto, Canada.
Received the Silver Metal at the iGEM 2013 North American Jamboree for the development of Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensors for detection of pathogens.
College of ScienceG
521

Economic, Ethical, and, Practical Aspects of Trapping

Have you ever trapped a mouse? That's right- you are a trapper! The Economic, Ethical, and Practical Aspects of Trapping provides an opportunity to learn about basic trapping issues. The participants in this project will review classical writing on the history of trapping and the importance to the economic development and settlement of the United States and Canada. Readings, debate, and discussion will be used to understand the negative externalities associated with trapping problem animals. The principle of actually trapping will be learned. This Creative Inquiry will encompass the economic effect from multiple species. The ethical aspects of trapping will be a theme of study. General laws and legal regulations will be reviewed. The practical benefits associated with this recreational activity will be explored. Students will be expected to engage in research and applied technical knowledge in order to complete the objectives, including: how trapping is an effective management tool, how it maintains sustainable resources by managing nuisance animals, while maintaining ethical standards.

Team Leaders
Webb M Smathers Jr Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Caldwell, S., *Reynolds, M., *Wilson, G., *Baldridge, B., *Bryan, J., Smathers Jr, W. & *Honeycutt, M. (2017, April 4-5). Aspects of Trapping. Poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1079

ASME Student Design Competition Team

The ASME Student Design Competition is an annual international competition that tests students’ abilities to design and build a robotic solution to a unique problem statement often inspired by real world situations. Previous years’ problem statements have included: remotely navigate a room with an unknown layout in search of an object to retrieve; deliver a payload through various rugged terrain without contamination; design an automated machine to manufacture a projectile out of a piece of paper and launch it. The problem statement for this year will not be released until the end of August.

Team Leaders
Huijuan Zhao Mechanical Engineering
Corey Peruffo
Accomplishments
The team leader *James Weatherly won the ASME outstanding student member award due to his excellent leadership role in the ASME SDC team.
Koops, a manufacturing automation company located in Greenville, SC donated aluminum materials and electrical wires to our team.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
550

Experimental studies of organelle biogenesis in protozoan parasites

This project employs biochemical, genetic and cell biology techniques in the study of organelle biogenesis in protozoan parasites using the African trypanosome as a model system.

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Bauer, S., *Patel, T., McQueeney, K., Arigi, E., Almeida, I. & Morris, M. T. (2016, September 19). Defining the glucose- dependent glycosome proteome of T. brucei. Presented at the Annual Molecular Parasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA.
Crowe, L., Bauer, S., *Nicholson, K., *Patel, T. & Morris, M. T. (2016, September 9).  Glucose regulation of glycosome protein expression in T. brucei Presented at the annual Molecular Parasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA.
Hart, C*, Morris, MT. (2016, November 19) Defining the function of two novel Peroxins, TbPex13.1 and TbPex13.2 in Trypanosoma brucei. Presented at the 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens meeting, Clemson, SC
Crowe, L., Bauer, S., *Nicholson, K., *Patel, T. & Morris, M. T. (2016, November 17-19). Resolving mechanisms that mediate environmental regulation of two unique kinetoplastids peroxins, TbPex13.1 and TbPex13.2. Presented at the 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens meeting, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, T. (2016, April 8-10). "The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei". Presented at 11th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Undergraduate Research Conference, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.
*Patel, T. & Morris, M. (2015, February 28). The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei. Poster presented at the CBASS 7th Annual Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Bauer, S., McQueeney, K., Patel, T., & Morris, M. (2016). Localization of a Trypanosome Peroxin to the Endoplasmic Reticulum. Journal Of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 64(1), 97-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12343
*Patel, T., Morris, M.T., Bauer, S.T., McQueeney, K.E. (2016, June 24). ER localization of a trypanosome peroxin. J Eukaryot Microbiol. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12343
Bauer, S., *Conlon, M., & Morris, M. (2014). Using Fluorescent Proteins to Monitor Glycosome Dynamics in the African Trypanosome. Journal of Visualized Experiments, (90). https://doi.org/10.3791/51647
*Christine Hart was awarded an ACCIAC Fellowship for Creativity and Innovation for her work in the lab.
College of ScienceG
553

Poverty Ends with a Girl

Poverty Ends with a Girl is a Women’s Leadership Creative Inquiry that focuses on the unique challenges that adolescent girls and women face around the world and the important effect that education and empowerment has on alleviating global poverty.          Past projects by this Creative Inquiry include: A report entitled, ‘Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina,’ which evaluates the state of women and girls in South Carolina and provides guidance, based on successful programs from around the world, for improving our entire state by promoting gender equality. This research was presented at the 2014 ACS Gender Studies Conference. The report can be found here: http://www.clemson.edu/caah/womens-leadership/documents/Envision_Gender_EqualityThis report was written about by the South Carolina Press Association. The review of the report can be found here: http://scnewsexchange.com/?p=14410Three International Day of the Girl events, the last of which was attended by over 70 people, which raised awareness on global gender issues and girls’ empowerment.A research study on perceptions of education at the Jane Adeny Memorial School, an all-girls high school in rural Kenya.Attended the 2014 CARE conference Participated in Fulbright Scholars re-entry week, hosted by the Women’s Leadership department in Spring 2014, and brought the founder of the Jane Adeny Memorial School, Dr. Teresa Wasonga, to Clemson as a speaker for the event.Presented to a variety of groups about gender equality and global development, including Engineers without Borders, Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries, Clemson Nursing Majors, and at-risk girls at RC Edwards Middle School.

Team Leaders
Diane Perpich Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Hodge, R., *Savage, R., & *White, C. (2017). Women's vulnerability throughout the lifecyle. Presentation, Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Women's Studies Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Crouse, C., *McCullough, K., & *McDonald, K. (2017). Does women's political under-representation increase economic vulnerability. Presentation, Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Women's Studies Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Moore, M., *Farley, G., *Garland, W., *Morris, G., *Mozingo, S., *Pape, A., *Taylor, E. & *Weed, J. (2014, April 5). Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina. Poster presented at the Gender and Sexuality Conference, Furman University, Greenville, SC.
The Truman Scholarship is a prestigious, highly competitive graduate scholarship program for aspiring public service leaders in the United States.
*Moore, M., *Garland, W., *Taylor, E., *Mozingo, S., *Weed, J., *Morris, G., *English, A., *Farley, G., *Pape, A., *Hernandez, A. (2014, June). Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina. Clemson University Undergraduate Research and Clemson University Women's Leadership.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1097

The impact of peer mentoring on the student of color experience

The CONNECTIONS program believes students of color at Clemson University are scholars who will achieve positive change in themselves, the Clemson community and their world. This Creative Inquiry will prepare a group of undergraduate students whose primary role is to support students of color through their first-year transition at Clemson University. The students in the CI will understand student development and racial identity development theories and conduct research related to sense of belonging, self-regulated learning, academic achievement or student engagement.

Team Leaders
DeOnte Brown New Student & Family Programs
Cherese Fine Charles H. Houston Center
Sarah Dumas New Student & Family Programs
Accomplishments
Brown, D. & Lambert, B. (2016, November 5). CONNECTIONS: First-Year Experience for Students of Color. Presented at the Southern Association for College Student Affairs (SACSA) 2016 Annual Conference. Jacksonville, FL.  
Brown, D. & Rubenstein, K. (2017, March 12-15). Identity Development and Peer Mentoring: Enhancing Engagement, Persistence and Accountability Through the Integration of Psychosocial Data Relevant to the Mentor/Mentee Relationship. Presented at the NASPA-Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education 2017 Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX.
554

Development of NIR camera for early detection of diabetic wounds

Clinical applications for infrared (IR) cameras and thermometers have emerged in health care to detect and manage inflammation of tissue at risk of ulceration. Recent study findings in wound care suggest that IR technology is beneficial in targeting lower extremity skin temperature, including diabetic, pressure, neuropathic foot and venous leg ulcers, to predict, prevent, and treat these ulcers. However, portable IR cameras are expensive, and must be used in a clinical setting. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to manufacture a cheap near-IR camera and application for use with smart phones to test whether the device can detect areas of skin at risk for ulceration. Near IR cameras are much cheaper and are readily compatible with smartphones. Near IR technology has previously been used to monitor wound healing in a hospital setting. However, a technology that enables patients to take images of their legs at home on a daily basis and transmit them to a clinician’s office over a cellular network is lacking. Such technology would allow early detection of nascent diabetic wounds, even before the patient can visually detect them. Students will be assembling and test prototype portable near IR cameras that could revolutionize prevention and treatment approaches to leg ulcers, specifically venous ulcers because they are expected to be readily detectable in near-IR range, and account for 80% of all lower extremity ulcers.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Anastasia Frank Kamenetskii Bioengineering
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Abdeladl, O., *Schleicher, M., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V., (2016) Development of a portable near infrared camera for early detection of diabetic ulcers, pp. 55-56, Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE. doi: 10.1109/SBEC.2016.73
*Abdeladl, O., *Adams, S., *Bryant, K., *Fair, C., *Gaston, E., *Glace, B., *Giron, A., *Schrody, R., *Sleeper, B., *Portilla, M. & Reukov, V. (2017, March 17-19). Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers. Presented at the 33rd Southeastern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Gulfport, MS.
Reukov, V., Shaporev, A., *Portilla Rodriguez, M., *Fair, C., *Glace, B., *Gaston, M., *Abdeladl, O., *Schrody, R., *Groke, M., *Leonard, R., *Smithdeal, C., *Carp, M., *Magwood, K., *Stephenson, J. (2017, April). The Future Of Medicine Unseen. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Abdeladl, O., *Adams, S., *Bryant, K., *Fair, C., *Gaston, E., *Glace, B., *Giron, A., *Schrody, R., *Sleeper, B., *Portilla, M., and Reukov, V. (2017, March). "Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2017, Gulfport, MS.
*Abdeladl, O., *Edwards, M., *Fair, C., Gilbert, R., *Giron, A., *Kunkle, B., *Schleicher, M., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Portable Near Infrared Camera for Diabetic Ulcer Prevention, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Abdeladl, O., *Schleicher, M., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016) Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
Abdeladl , Omar* et al. "Development of a portable near infrared camera for early detection of diabetic ulcer". (2016, March 11-13). Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference held at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, LA.
*Bagnal, W., *Dautel, C., *Evans, C., *Hoelzen, M., *Portilla, M., *Schleicher, M., and Reukov, V. (2015, April). Portable NIR camera for Diabetic ulcers prevention. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Portilla Rodriguez, M., *Hoelzen, M., *Athavale, D., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2014, April). NIR camera for early detection of diabetic ulcers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
The Council For Undergraduate Research awarded the Certificate of�Honorable Mention to Maria Margarita Portilla* for her project "A portable, low-cost near-infrared imaging device for self-monitoring of diabetic patients to manage inflammation of tissues at risk of ulceration"�
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
742

Imaginative Ligands and Unique Metal Complexes: A Marriage of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

Organic chemists often are puzzled by metals, and inorganic chemists are often puzzled by organic chemistry, but there are great opportunities in uniting the ability of organic chemists to generate complex 3D molecules with the unique reactivities and properties of metals. Living cells, which possess some of the most complex organic molecules, still turn to metals for their powerful reactivity in 2/3 of all enzymes (proteins that catalyze chemical reactions). Students participating in this project will focus on generating previously unknown ligands (organic molecules that bind metals) and studying their reactivity with the most biologically common metal ions (iron and copper). Additional ligand designs (such as more complex ligands for a variety of different applications) may be undertaken by students more interested in the organic chemistry; alternatively studies of the metal complexes could be pursued by students more interested in the inorganic chemistry aspects of the research. First semester organic chemistry and laboratory (CH 2230) are a prerequisite for this Creative Inquiry project, and one credit hour of commitment will translate to 3 hours spent in the laboratory. Specific times to conduct the CI project will be negotiated with Profs. Wetzler and Brumaghim.

Team Leaders
Julia Brumaghim Chemistry
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Accomplishments
Pontius, R.K., Sibley, M.M., Wetzler, M. (2017, April) Synthesis of N-​(N'-​(3-​propyl)​-​N''-​methylimidazole-​2-​thione) diethylenetriamine tetraacetic acid for the reduction of nuclear waste. American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Kimani, M., Zimmerman, M., Stadelman, B., Owen, A., Bayse, C., and Brumaghim, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Metal properties control sulfur and selenium antioxidant activity". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
North, A., Sibley, M. M., *Wasilewski, M., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Trifluorotoluenesulfonyl as a new nitrogen protecting group" Presented at Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
*Rebecca Pontius received the Barry Goldwater scholarship
Amanda Owen was selected for a prestigious ($10,000) Department of Homeland Security Nuclear Forensics summer internship
*Rebecca Pontius received the Barry Goldwater scholarship
College of ScienceG
556

Biology of Lipids and Lipid Droplets in Trypanosomes

We are investigating how the lethal blood parasite Trypanosoma brucei acquires and stores lipids from its host. More specifically, we are investigating the mechanisms of uptake and storage in lipid droplets of fatty acids.

Team Leaders
Kimberly Paul Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Featherstone, E., *Raja, S., Begley, H., *Walkowiak, O., *Pazzo, K., Fowler, K., Jones, C., Winston, B. & Paul, K. (2017, Oct. 19). Fatty Acid Uptake in T. brucei. Poster presented at the annual Cell Biology of Euakryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pazzo, K., *Featherstone, M., Croft, L., Adamson, M., *Raja, S., Begley, H., *Hannah, R. & Paul, K. (2017, Oct. 19). Dramatic Morphological Changes in T. brucei Upon Over-Expression of Lipid Droplet Targeting Proteins. Poster presented at the annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Agata Walkowiak was awarded a 2017-2018 Fellowship from the ACC Fellows Program in Creativity and Innovation.
*Walkowiak, O. A., *Baron, A., *Metropol, S. G. & Paul, K. S. (2016) A Study of Fatty Acid Uptake and ATP Production in Trypanosoma brucei Parasites. Poster session presented at the 2016 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Chetcuti, M. A., *Walker, S. & Paul, K. S. (2016, November) Lipid Droplets in the Trypanosomatid, Crithidia fasciculata. Poster session presented at the 2016 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baron, E.M., *Metropol, S.G., Bauer, S.T., Mattingly, C., Jones, C.H., Winston, B.C., and Paul, K.S. (2014). Fatty Acid Uptake in Trypanosoma brucei. Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
*Staub, S., Ray, S., and Paul, K. (2013, November) "Allosteric Regulation of the First Step of Fatty Acid Synthesis in African Trypanosomes." Presented at the 2013 Southeastern Regional Lipid Conference.
*Metropol, S., Bauer, S., Mattingly, C., Jones, C., Winston, B., and Paul, K. (2013, October). "Fatty Acid Uptake in the Early Branching Eukaryotic Pathogen, Trypanosoma brucei." Presented at the 2013 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
College of ScienceG
1283

Human Performance Engineering In Health Care: Developing applications in emergency medicine

The Greenville Health System (GHS) is growing to become an academic center in addition to its clinical care given service. The Emergency Medicine Department will open a new residency program in January 2017 which will include a clinical track as well as a research track. This Creative Inquiry will be instrumental in supporting this endeavor and provide theoretic assistance as well as practical engagement with various projects. This collaboration will require students to be able to engage with physicians, residents, and patients at various levels from data collection to present a progress report. The CI yearlong (Fall, Spring and possibly Summer) commitment will enrich the student’s hands-on research experience in healthcare and provide an in-depth knowledge of clinical procedures of emergency medicine.   

Team Leaders
Dotan Shvorin Industrial Engineering
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Sandra Eksioglu Industrial Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
574

Implementation of Public Art for the Clemson University Campus

Atelier InSite is a new paradigm for the implementation of public artwork on university campuses that capitalizes on a cross-disciplinary and inclusive approach that is predominantly student driven. Students enrolled in different department programs from art to the life sciences collaboratively work together to implement site specific public artwork. Students in this creative inquiry program engage in direct, hands on processes to determine the artwork placed around campus. They also conduct research on the nature of public art as well as investigate the design build process, conduct site analysis, and identify site locations for artwork on the Clemson University campus.

Team Leaders
David M Detrich Art
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Joseph Manson V Art
Accomplishments
On August 26, 2013 the University Administrative Council approved a proposed policy that sets aside 1/2% of construction costs for new building projects and renovations exceeding $2 million for the purpose of implementing public art
*Lamont, B., *Farrow, S. (2014). Atelier InSite Public Art initiative. Presentation, City of Clemson State of the Arts Conference, Clemson, SC.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
693

Human Energy Metabolism

Students will explore a wide range of factors contributing to energy metabolism, such as body composition measurement via DXA scan, monitoring nutrient metabolism and resting energy expenditure via metabolic cart, and physical activity and sleep monitoring with a wearable activity monitor. Initial semesters will be devoted to the collection of data, with additional semester work devoted to composition of a manuscript describing the work performed. Thus it is encouraged for students who join this CI team to remain on the team until the successful completion of a manuscript.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
703

Alcohol and Other Drugs

This research teams is dedicated to reducing the negative impact of alcohol and other drugs on Clemson’s campus. This team will apply the results of the National College Health Assessment to develop and evaluate alcohol and other drug initiatives.

Team Leaders
Crystal Burnette Student Health Center
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
McKenzie McNamara Student Health Center
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bales, M., *Bonner, R., *Carter, I., *Foster, M., *Loiselle, A., *Schwarze, T., *Truong, K., Danyi, M., & Fulmer, C. (2018, April 2-3). Prescription drug misuse among college students. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Smith, L., *Andrews, L., *Arms, C., *Dipasquale, J., *Graham, J., *Henson, H., *Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J. (2017). National College Health Assessment Data 2010-2016. Presentation, Office of Advocacy and Success at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Smith, L., *Andrews, L., *Arms, C., *Dipasquale, J., *Graham, J., *Henson, H., *Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J. (2017). Promoting health on Clemson’s campus. Presentation, Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium.
704

Molecular Modeling of Biological and Polymer Systems

We are rapidly entering the era of nanoengineering where materials are designed molecule-by-molecule. It is therefore, critical that we understand and model how the molecular properties affect material properties. The Molecular Modeling of Biological and Polymer Systems CI team will focus on this aspect of materials design.This CI will provide the students with a molecular perspective of materials and introduce them to the world of nanoengineering. The students will perform molecular modeling and computer simulations to investigate how molecular interactions govern the behavior of materials. Specifically, we will focus on polymers and biologicalmolecules (e.g. proteins).Students enrolled in this CI will work under the mentorship of Dr. Sarupria and be tasked with becoming familiar with concepts from material science and computing. This cross-disciplinary environment will offer a rich experience which can enable clarify challenging concepts in materials science through modeling. Students will learn how to work cooperatively and communicate science across disciplines, while honing their own skillsfrom their own background. Ultimately, the project aims to construct molecular models that get us closer to engineer materials at the nanoscale.

Team Leaders
Sapna Sarupria Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Hall, S., *DeFever, R. & Sarupria, S. (2018 April 7). Effect of Interaction Potential on Crystal Nucleation Kinetics for Lennard-Jones-like Particles. Poster presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of SC SPSCoR/IDeA, Columbia,SC.
*Barton, D., *DeFever, R., Sarupria, S. (2016). Molecular simulations of PAMAM dendrimers for oil dispersion. Presentation, 2016 Southern Regional Student Conference AIChE, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (March 31 - April 2).
*DeFever, R., *Jacobs, D., Sarupria, S. (2015). Molecular dynamics investigations of dendrimer-aromatic hydrocarbon interactions. Presentation, 2015 AIChE annual meeting, Salt Lake, UT (November 8-13).
*DeFever, R., *Barton, D., *Jacobs, D., Sarupria, S. (2015). Dendrimers for oil dispersion: atomistic and coarse-grained molecular dynamics investigations of dendrimer-hydrocarbon interactions. Presentation, 2015 AIChE annual meeting, Salt Lake, UT (November 8-13).
*Barton, D., *Jacobs, D., *DeFever, R. & Sarupria, S. (2015, April 6) Dendrimers for Water Purification Applications: Molecular Dynamics Studies. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
*Hanger, W., Sarupria, S., *Defever, R., Apon, A., Ngo, L. (2015). Experience using XSEDE resources for scalable rare event simulation. Presentation, XSEDE 15, St. Louis, MO.
Sarupria, S., *Filanova, M., (2014). SeparationsdDivision (735g) effects of surface chemistry on heterogeneous methane hydrate nucleation. Presentation, AIChE National Meeting (November 16-21).
*DeFever, R. S., Geitner, N. K., Bhattacharya, P., Ding, F., Ke, P. C., & Sarupria, S. (2015). PAMAM Dendrimers and Graphene: Materials for Removing Aromatic Contaminants from Water. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(7), 4490–4497. https://doi.org/10.1021/es505518r
Sengupta, B., Gregory, W. E., Zhu, J., Dasetty, S., Karakaya, M., Brown, J. M., Rao, A., Barrows, J. K. Sarupria, S., Podilaa, R. (2015). Influence of carbon nanomaterial defects on the formation of protein corona. RSC Advances, 5(100), 82395–82402. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ra15007h
David Barton received the NASA Space Grant Undergraduate Scholarship for his work on simulations of dendritic polymers for cleaning oil spills. This work started as part of the Molecular Modeling CI project.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
709

The development of critical thinking in undergraduates

Evaluation of the values of critical thinking in education

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
Stephens, B.R., *Grier, K., *Mckinney, M. & *Mcwhite, C. (2018, June 4-6). Does a Psychology Research Methods Course Enhance Critical Thinking?. Invited presentation at Clemson University CT2 Faculty Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Nelson, H., *Grier, K., *Mckinney, M., *Mcwhite, C. & Stephens, B.R. (2018, April 2-3). Does a Psychology Research Methods Course Enhance Critical Thinking? Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Irvin, E., *Seo, H., Stephens, B. (2017, April). Teaching Induction and Deduction: Effect of Class Size. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Brewer, V.*, Pittman, R.*, Stevens, D. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pittman, R. *, Brewer, V. *, McKinney, M. *, Philyaw, C. *, Robinson, E. *, Stephens, D. *, St. Laurent, H. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017-March) Critical Thinking: The effect of class size. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Dicke, C., *Pittman, R., *Schneider, A., *Stevens, D., *Yockel, K., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. FOCI, Clemson University.
*Dicke, C., *Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Flynn, M., *Pittman, M., *Staples, A., *Cox, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for Our QEP. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Stebbins, C, *Cole, M., *Cox, A., *Kennedy, S., *Overdyk, M., Stephens, B. (2015) Critical Thinking: Undergraduate Views and an Intervention. Presented at SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Bogart, L., *Carney, A., *Cox, A., *Dicke, C., *Overdyk, M., *Samour, M., *Staples, A., Stephens, B. (2015). Critical Thinking. Presented at FOCI, Clemson.
*Webb, M., *Leland, E., *Huddleston, S., *Kennedy, S., *Cole, M., *Overdyk, M., *Fields, R., *Heard, N., *Laxgang, V., *Stephens,, J., Stephens, B. (2014, April). Undergraduate views of critical thinking. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Leland, E., Baskett, T., Cooper, C., Egglefield, D., Kirk, K., Lucas, L., O'Hara, C., Stephens, B. (2014, April). Undergraduate views of the structure and value of the Clemson general education ePortfolio. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
729

Geologic Field Trip Design and Implementation

Geology is an exploration of the world around us. Geologists examine, hypothesize, and decipher the landforms and associated natural process that created those landforms. One of the best ways to explore geology is on a field trip where a guide walks you through their interpretation of the processes that created what you are examining. This project seeks to place that responsibility of leadership on the student where they are assisted, encouraged, and trusted to develop field trips of their own and to lead them.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017, April 6) Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Oral and poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Marcacci, K. and Brame, S. (2017, April 5-6). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Creighton, A., *Miller, S., *Herrmann, A., *Good, D., and Miller, D. (2014, May). A Field Guide to the National Parks and Monuments of southern Utah, Field Trip Guide for Geology 375: Western Field Studies.
Brame, S.E., *Goretoy, S. (2014, April). A Geologic Transect from the Piedmont to the Blue Ridge along US Hwy 76 in South Carolina. The 22nd Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium Field Trip Guidebook, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1114

South Carolina - China Economic Relations

The U.S.-China relationship is the most important bilateral relationship in the 21st Century and China has become the top destination for South Caroline exports.  In recent years China has expanded its international economic presence and South Carolina provides an alternative for Chinese outflow foreign direct investment.  Overall in the United States, China has established 1,583 companies with $46 billion that directly employs more than 80,000 Americans.  This project aims at exploring what South Carolina can offer to such international investment as Chinese FDI, what kind of business South Carolina has been able to attract from China, and what contributions Chinese investments are making to South Carolina's economic development.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
715

Beaches and Deserts: The microbial cycling of iron and other nutrients and their importance to healthy ecosystems.

Beaches are poorly studied with respect to coastal microbial ecology. While many of us spend time on a beach for recreational purposes, most are unaware of the complex biological processes found in the sand underneath their feet. It is the goal of this project to learn about the microbial ecology in a beach ecosystem. Using a variety of scientific tools, we will learn not only about the microbial diversity found within a beach, we will learn about the geochemical processes they mediate. Through this work, we hope to directly link these fundamental processes to the microbial diversity and ecologies found in estuarine, salt marsh and near coastal marine environments. To accomplish this, we will use multiple techniques from microbiology, genomics and biochemistry to gather the data necessary to support and revise our hypotheses regarding beach inhabiting microbial communities.

Team Leaders
Harry Kurtz Jr Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Lee, H. & Taylor, H. (2017). Nitrogen cycling in intertidal beach sands along the Grand Strand area of South Carolina. Presentation, 81st Annual Meeting of SCASM, Francis Marion University, Marion, SC.
*Haire, L. M., *Funk, C., *Weyman, M. & *Corley, M. (2017) Initial characterization of six previously uncultured bacteria isolated from a desert ecosystem. Presentation, 81st Annual Meeting of SCASM, Francis Marion University, Marion, SC.
Tollman, C.D.  Kurtz, Jr., HD. (2016, April 2). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Lee, H.M., *Hundzinski, C.M. & Kurtz, Jr., H.D. (2016, April 2). Measuring the Effective Change in Conditions in Ammonium Oxidizers in Beach Sands Caused by Contaminants Associated with Recreational Activities. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
Taylor, H. B. & Kurtz, Jr., H. D. (2016, April 2). Diversity and Activity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria in Beach Sands along the Eastern Seaboard. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Taylor, H.B., Kurtz, H. (2016). Diversity and activity of ammonia oxidizing bacteria in beach sands along the eastern seaboard. Presented at the South Carolina Branch of ASM meeting at MUSC, Charleston SC (April 9).
*Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2016). Role of microbes in coloring and stabilization of the sandstone outcrops in Colorado Plateau, USA. Presentation, 2016 meeting of the Southeastern Section of the Geological Society of America. Columbia, SC (April 1).
*Tollman, C.D. (2016, April 9). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.
*Eyo, E., *Haire, M.L. (2016, April 9). Initial characterization of nine previously uncultured bacteria isolated from a desert ecosystem. Presentation, SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC (April 9).
*Lee, H.M., *Hundzinski, C. (2016). Measuring the effective change in conditions in ammonium oxidizers in beach sands caused by contaminants associated with recreational activities. Presentation,  Annual Meeting of SCASM, Charleston, SC (April 9).
*Tollman, C., *Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015). The kinetics of ammonium oxidation in coastal beaches. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
*Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Microbial diversity within the intertidal zone of four east coast beaches. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
*Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2015). Illumina-based amplicon sequencing analysis of cryptoendolithic bacterial communities in sandstones of an arid region. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
*Xavier, S., *Eyo, E., *Lee, H., Kurtz, H. (2015). Concentration of ferrous iron, ammonium and nitrite on coastal beaches. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
College of ScienceG
716

Novel Applications of Photovoltaics

Due to constant reduction of prices of photovoltaic (PV) modules, the generation of electricity is at lower price than other energy sources. Without investing about $5 million per mile in long haul transmission of electrical power, the local generation of resilient and sustainable electrical power by photovoltaics is transforming   the global electricity infrastructure. As a personal source of smart electrical power,  we can use photovoltaics  all over the world with minimum cost of electrical power  infrastructure Team 1 is building a DC Powered Cooking unit  that can work only on Photovoltaics and batteries and does not need AC power from grid. Team 2 is working on electric charging by DC Power generated by photovoltaics.   PV integrated with Transport system (car, buses, trucks, rail , etc.) coupled with a DC charging station (PV generates DC power and batteries store DC power) . have the potential of replacing more than 90 % fossil fuel based transport system. Student will gain the know how of the real world engineering.Publications are expected.

Team Leaders
Rajendra Singh Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
*Canady, D., *Bruce, J., *Zanin, E., *Griffin, T., Singh, R. (2017, April). Optimal Performance of Electric Cart with Solar Panel Installation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Sternick, B., *Combs, A., *Shook, J., Singh, R. (2015, April). Intelligent Zero Net Energy Construction for Disaster Relief. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Goodwin, H., Neary, C., *Darlington, M., Singh, R. (2014, April). Local DC electricity generated by photovoltaics (PV): Transforming the electricity infrastructure of the 21st Century. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Working with CU Automotive Engineering Center.
Based on Funding from CI funds we build a Solar Table. Next improved design will be funded by Capital Improvement, which is awarded by the student senate. The Watt Family Innovation Center is supporting our proposal to place the tables on campus.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
719

Hands on Tissue Engineering:

Interested in working with cell and tissues for future clinical breakthroughs? Then this CI will give you hands-on experience in laboratory set up. During the past semesters students had work on various projects involving the culture of  novel three dimensional cancer models for screening purposes, creating cartilage tissues from chondrocyte cultures isolated from pig joints, development of a novel high throughput culture device base on the photoelectric effect of photovoltaic devices and more projects to come including cardiovascular tissues. This CI will provide you with the insights of bioengineering to better assess the propensity to continue towards a more formal research environment at graduate school. Students are expected to be enrolled in this CI at least two consecutive semesters.

Team Leaders
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Cavrak, M., *Keating, E., *Sama, V., Navarro, M., Dean, D. & Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2018, April 11-14) "Haptic As-sessment of Neurosurgical Model of the Brain and Nerves." Presented at the Society For Biomaterials 2018 Annual Meeting and Exposition: Exploring the Nexus of Research and Application, Atlanta, GA.
*Abdeladl, O., *Cavrak, M., *DiGangi, D., *Hannam, J., *Magee, K., *Samuta, A., *Branco, R., *Keating, E., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2018, April 2-3) 3D Printing of Eloquent Structures for Preoperative Surgical Planning. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus of Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Dale, S., *Keating, E., Navarro, M. & Rodríguez-Dévora, J.I. (2017) 3D Printed Brain Model for Preoperative Planning and Practice. Poster Presented at the 3rd annual BMES/FDA Frontiers in Medical Devices Conference, Washington, DC, (May).
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Keating, E., *Dale, S., Rodriguez, J., Dean, D. (2017). Development of a brain model for neurosurgery pre-operative planning and training stage II: Integration of cerebrovascular sytem. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Stewart, A*; Holmes, S*; Wortkoetter, J*; Desai, A; Rodriguez, J; Dean, D (2015, October) Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Chondrocyte Spheroids. Presentation, 2015 Sigma Xi Annual meeting and student research conference. Kansas City, MO.
Navarro, M., *Cotton, B., *Stewart, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2016, May 19-21) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Association (SEMDA) 2016 Conference, Nashville, TN
*Cotton, B., *McGreevey, J., Navarro, M., Joseph, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J.I. (2016). 3D Printed Brain Model for Practice and Preoperative Planning. Presented at the GHS Poster Research Day, Greenville, SC.
*Cotton, B., *Repp, M., Navarro, M., Desai, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2015, October 23-24) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at Sigma Xi, International Research Conference, Kansas City, MIssouri.
*Arthur, C., *Demos, C., *Garzon, K., *Holmes, J.S., *Jones, C., *Repp, M., *Stastny, A. & *Wortkoetter, J. (2015, April 6). Exploration in Novel Tissue Engineering Methods. Poster Presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, J., *Arthur, C., *Wortkoetter, J., *Jones, C., *Stastny, A., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Rodriguez, J. & Dean, D. (2014, April 3). Exploring tissue engineering. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arthur, C., *Stastny, A., *Jones, C., *Saul, O., Dean, D. & Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013) Using Photovoltaic Surfaces for Cell Culture. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Gorrell, L., *Holmes, S., *Johnson, K., *Wortkoetter, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013). The Effect of Spheroid Culturing Techniques on Cell Viability. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, S., *Wortkoetter, J., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2014) Analysis and Development of Spheroid Cell Culture Techniques. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Engineering (BMES) meeting, San Antonio, TX.
*Brittney Cotton and *Madison Repp were recognized by Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society for their Superior research poster presentation entitled “3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Presurgical Planning” in the Society’s 2015 International Research Conference that took place at the Sheraton Crown Center in Kansas City, MO from October 23-25, 2015
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
739

mHealth devices and cell phone applications

According to Wikipedia, mHealth is a term used for the practice of medicine and public health, supported by mobile devices. mHealth applications include the use of mobile devices in collecting community and clinical health data, delivery of healthcare information to practitioners, researchers, and patients, real-time monitoring of patient vital signs, and direct provision of care (via mobile telemedicine). mHealth is a new and exciting technology that will bring doctor-patient communications to a new level within the next 5 years. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to design and manufacture a series of mHealth devices and phone apps to monitor numerous physiological parameters for patients and transfer those collected data to the researcher’s office via secured connection.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Ilya Safro School of Computing
Accomplishments
*McGreevey, J., *Shumpert, B., *Kunkle, B., *Bear, E., Reukov, V. (2017). Developing an apparatus to treat plantar fasciitis. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences. Vol 60(2) Supplemental Issue: 272-274.
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., & Reukov, V. (2016). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low Energy Devices and Android. In 2016 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/sbec.2016.61
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., & Reukov, V. (2016). SmartBottle: An mHealth Approach to Track Liquid Consumption. In 2016 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/sbec.2016.80
*Abdeladl, O., *Bakker, E., *Baum, I., *Bear, E., *Garson, P., *Mcgreevey, J., *Shumpert, B., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A., Safro, I. (2017). Creating a mHealth device for the monitoring and treating of plantar fasciitis. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., *Shumpert, B., *Bear, E. & Reukov, V. (2017, March 17-19) "Developing an Apparatus to Treat Plantar Fasciitis". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Gulfport, MS. 
Bear, E. et al. (2016, March 11-13). "SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption". Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport Convention Center, Shreveport, LA.
*McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., *Gilbert, R.; *Lindower, Z.; *Giron, A.; *Abdeladl, O.; and Reukov, V. (2016). Developing an smart sock to assist in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Presentation, 2016 BMES Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN (October).
*Bear, E., *Graham, T., *Hanger, R., *Johnson, C., *Macon, J., *Shumpert, B., *Tilles, J., Reukov, V. (2016). Mobile Health Applications. Presentation, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC (April 6-7).
*Tilles, J. (2016, March 11-13). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low Energy Devices and Android. Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport Convention Center, Shreveport, LA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
741

Marine Conservation and Genetics

Over-fishing, pollution, and habitat destruction are among the major issues affecting marine life and habitats. Marine ornamental crustaceans, i.e., wild caught species sought by aquarium hobbyists due to their aesthetic value (e.g., bright coloration) and/or ability to control/eliminate aquarium pests, are particularly impacted by over-fishing and habitat destruction and do require immediate attention. The ornamental fishery, a well-established multi-million dollar industry, often operates unnoticed due to their niche market, the frequency of product export, and the diminutive size of the target organisms. Little attention has been paid to them and they have been managed based on little to no life history information. The marine aquarium trade relies predominantly on wild caught species with > 90% taken from coral reefs and associated habitats. The industry has increased dramatically in recent years with a distinct focus on crustaceans (and other invertebrates) that provide “ecosystem services” for aquaria (control of aquarium pests). As these organisms are harvested for the services they can provide in an aquarium, those services are potentially lost from the ecosystem. Immediately after corals, crustaceans represent the most heavily traded ornamental marine invertebrate worldwide. Basic life history information critical to manage any fishery with the goal of sustainability is largely absent. Furthermore, the mislabeling of the species traded in the industry is rampant. The development of a genetic (COI and/or 16S) barcode for this economically and ecologically important group of shrimps is warranted for achieving the goal of fishery sustainability. In this Creative Inquiry project, students will learn how to generate basic life history information about the most intensively traded species in the western Atlantic (e.g., shrimps from the genera Thor, Lysmata and Periclimenes, and crabs from the species complex Mithrax-Mithraculus). Furthermore, students will be exposed to relevant molecular techniques for setting up the bases for the development of a genetic barcode for the most heavily harvested ornamental crustaceans.

Team Leaders
Juan Antonio Baeza Migueles Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Major, R. and Baeza, J. (2017). Monogamy and sexual dimorphism in the shrimp Periclemenes rathbunae, living in symbiosis with the sun sea anemone Stychodactyla helianthus. Presentation, Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (April 12-16). 
*Steedman, S., Prakash, S., Behringer, D., Baeza, A. (2017). Reproductive performance and mating system in the isopod Parabopyrella lata, a parasitic castrator of the shrimp Lysmata boggessi. Presentation, Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (April 12-16). 
*Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and testing a macroevolutionary trend in growth in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 South Eastern Ecological Conference, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 
*Simpson, L., *Major, R., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and a test of Rensch's Rule in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 
Baeza, J. A., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. (2016). Active parental care, reproductive performance, and a novel egg predator affecting fecundity in the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 
*Johnson, C.A. & Baeza, J.A. (2015, March 13-16). Exploring the effect of phyletic dwarfism on the static allometry of reproductive traits: Fecundity, Egg Size, and Reproductive Output in the Pygmy Spider Crab Mithrax pygmaeus . Poster presented at the The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Athens, GA.
*Hemphill, C., *Brownell, C., Charlton, H. & Baeza, J.A. (2014, March) The lifestyle and sexual dimorphism of the symbiotic shrimp Ascidonia katoi suggests a polygamous mating system. Poster presented at the Annual Benthic Ecology Meeting 2014, Jacksonville, FL.
*Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L., & Baeza, J. (2016). Sexual Dimorphism and Allometric Growth in the Enigmatic Pygmy Crab Petramithrax Pygmaeus (Bell, 1836) (Decapoda: Brachyura: Mithracidae), with a Formal Test of Rensch’s Rule in Spider Crabs (Superfamily Majoidea). Journal Of Crustacean Biology, 36(6), 792-803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1937240x-00002486
Baeza, J., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L., Guéron, R., & Mora, N. (2016). Monogamy in a Hyper-Symbiotic Shrimp. PLOS ONE, 11(3), e0149797. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149797
Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. Guéron, R., Mora, N., *Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive investment in a phyletic giant, the Caribbean King crab Damithrax spinosissimus: exploring egg production costs in large brooding marine invertebrates. Journal of Shellfish Research 34(3): 1049–1056.
Baeza, J. A., Hemphill, C. A., & Ritson-Williams, R. (2015). The Sexual and Mating System of the Shrimp Odontonia katoi (Palaemonidae, Pontoniinae), a Symbiotic Guest of the Ascidian Polycarpa aurata in the Coral Triangle. PLOS ONE, 10(3), e0121120. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121120
*Simpson, L.A., & Baeza, J.A. (2014). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using the Crustacea as a model system. 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their use in Evolutionary Biology' Meeting, Sevilla, Spain. Runner up to best student poster price at the Meeting 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology', Seville, Spain.
College of ScienceG
751

Health Literacy

This Creative Inquiry project will focus on the concept of health literacy. Students will focus on literature which will support future research efforts targeting the following three areas: 1) the influence of functional health literacy on health/ health care ; 2) health promotion and health-seeking behaviors/ practices; and 3) adaptation of national and global models of health addressing chronic illnesses predominant in underserved and vulnerable populations. The influence of literacy on health and health care is an important area of investigation. Several studies support deficiencies in health literacy and its correlation to health practices and outcomes in vulnerable populations. Health literacy mediates some disparities in preventive health care utilization and adds important information to the growing understanding of the role of health literacy in the health of older adults. Low literacy was also associated with poorer health status, and less satisfaction with health care, even when controlling for other potentially confounding variables. Inadequate functional health literacy is common, but its impact is not well described. Traditional patient education relies heavily on written material about disease processes, medical management, and self-care instructions. Despite the availability of extensive health education materials with relatively consistent content, many are written at too high a level for low-literate patients to comprehend essential points. Thus, patients with inadequate literacy may not benefit from such educational efforts. This may explain why some patient education programs have been unsuccessful. Understanding the role of functional health literacy in disease management and patient education should enhance efforts to improve patients' knowledge of their disease and adherence to treatment/education plan. I would like to measure health literacy on focus group participants using the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) or another appropriate health literacy tool to assist the team in the development of the education program. Project goals will guide future collaborative research efforts targeting health promotion/prevention strategies in the US and abroad.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
754

Determining Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit Utilizing a Wireless Sleep Assessment Monitor and Assessing Environmental Factors

Our creative inquiry (CI) team research seeks to discover if the use of the Z-Machine device improves the identification of events that disrupt the sleeping pattern of MICU patients. For this project, the team chose to utilize the Z-Machine device because it is the first complete electronic system for capturing and analyzing sleep event data far less complicated than an EEG. By solving the problem of inadequate sleep correlations could be made into better ways of providing care to patients in the MICU that would enhance recovery and minimize delirium. The result is better information you can use to improve protocols, streamline procedures, enhance Joint Commission compliance and improve outcomes. To gain a better understanding of the Z-Machine the objective wake/sleep state of the patient, the Zmachine contains an integrated EEG amplifier, digitization circuitry, and a processor with an integrated wake/sleep detection algorithm (”Zmachine Algorithm”). The Zmachine system acquires a single channel of spontaneous EEG data obtained from the differential-mastoids and a neck ground. The Zmachine Algorithm then processes the EEG signal to classify the wake/sleep state of the patient every 30 seconds. Because each patient will have a different EEG pattern, related to their unique characteristics (skull thickness, age, etc.), the Zmachine Algorithm automatically tunes its internal parameters to match each patient, thereby maximizing accuracy. A ninety-nine subject (99) clinical study was conducted (publication in progress) in which polysomnographic (PSG) data was acquired and analyzed by multiple PSG technologists and compared with the Zmachine wake/sleep detection algorithm.

Team Leaders
John Whitcomb School of Nursing
Accomplishments
We received the Mary Lohr Grant totaling $7,527.00 to complete this project. On behalf of the 2015-2016 Mary M. Lohr Faculty Endowment Committee and the Clemson University School of Nursing, we would like to congratulate you on the submission proposal titled “Delirium in the Neuro Intensive Care Unit: Utilizing the Z Machine Sleep Monitor for Assessment.” The committee has reviewed the proposal and was very impressed with the alignment of the School of Nursing. Your proposal was very well written and clearly outlined plans for additional funding opportunities to expand nursing research within our college. A scorecard with reviewer comments has been attached to the email for your preview.
Mary Lohr, Internal funding School of Nursing. Provided funds to purchase more devices.
Publication has been submitted and accepted for publication in Critical Care Nursing 2015.When this publication is released I will update with link to article.
*Fogle, S., *Ethridge, E., *Edwards, S., Whitcomb, J. (2015, April) A Pilot Study Determining Delirium in the ICU: Utilizing the Z-machine sleep monitor for assessment. Poster presented at the 14th Annual Research and Evidence-Based Practice Conference UCLA. Los Angeles, CA
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
756

Biochemical analysis of homologous recombination and DNA repair

The process studied in my laboratory is homologous recombination. Homologous recombination is an error-free pathway to repair DNA double-strand breaks within the genome. If these breaks in the genome are not repaired correctly, chromosomal aberrations and anueplodies can occur which may lead to cancer or even cell death. At the heart of homologous recombination in eukaryotes is two recombinases, Rad51 and Dmc1. Both the Rad51 and Dmc1 recombinases localize to a processed DSB and bind to the broken end of DNA. The recombinases then engage the sister chromosome and search for homology in order to promote error free repair of the DSB. In order to this, Rad51 and Dmc1 need help from accessory factors. My lab focuses on establishing a better understanding of the role these accessory factors play in the DNA repair process through biochemical and genetic experiments. This CI project is designed to provide students with an opportunity to perform molecular biochemical research. The project involves generating and cloning mutants of these accessory factors genes in order to express and purify the protein encoded by the genes. The purified protein from these mutant genes is tested for various biochemical activities (DNA binding, protein-protein interactions). The culmination of these studies will provide mechanistic insight in to the function of these recombination accessory factors.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Sarah Waldvogel was selected as the Outstanding Junior in the College of Science.
Kelso, A. A., Goodson,  S. D., Chavan, S., Say, A. F., Turchick, A., Sharma, D., Ledford, L. L., *Ratterman, E., Leskoske, K., King, A. V., Attaway, C. C., Bandera, Y., Foulger, S. H., Mazin, A. V., Temesvari, L. A., and Sehorn, M. G. (2016). Characterization of the recombination activities of the Entamoeba histolytica Rad51 recombinase. Molecular And Biochemical Parasitology, 210(1-2), 71-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molbiopara.2016.09.001
Kelso, A. A., Goodson, S. D., *Watts, L. E., Ledford, L. L, *Waldvogel, S. M., *Diehl, J. N., Shah, S. B., Say, A. F., *White, J. D., and Sehorn, M. (2016). The β-isoform of BCCIP promotes ADP release from the RAD51 presynaptic filament and enhances homologous DNA pairing. Nucleic Acids Research, 45(2), 711-725.doi:10.1093/nar/gkw877.
College of ScienceG
762

Exploring New Materials for Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Applications

This creative inquiry project provides a focused field of study for the research and training of undergraduates in a vital area of basic energy sciences. Through this interdisciplinary research program, we will learn what constitutes prototype solids suitable for cathode applications in the next generation re-chargeable lithium-ion batteries. The underlined research goal is to examine and evaluate the critical parameters that produce electronically and ionically conducting materials for use in Electric Vehicles (EV), Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) which require high energy density and minimal capacity fade throughout multiple charge/discharge cycles. The major emphasis of our research activity is to investigate the chemistry of extended inorganic oxides featuring open-framework structures that warrant improved electronic conductivity and ion transport properties compared to the state-of-the-art cathode materials. This research covers a broad range of fundamental inorganic chemistry in an emerging field of advanced materials. It offers ample opportunities to acquire new knowledge that invigorates innovative directions in the research development of prototype materials for next generation, high-power battery applications. Students will participate in the research activities through which knowledge in emerging fields of materials science and engineering is readily acquired.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Accomplishments
Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C., *Jiang, X. (2017, April). Joining the Resistance: Microbial Presence and Antibiotic Resistance in Student Exercising Environments. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Sulejmanovic, D., Campbell, M., Raval, Y., *Anayee, M., Whitehead, D., Tzeng, J., Hwu, S. (2016). "Water-soluble Polyoxometalates: Synthetic Strategies and Applications." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium. 
*Malone, G., Hester, B.R., Hwua, S.J. (2016). "pH Dependent Isomerism in (V14As8O42Cl)n– and Non-Covalent Interactions Between Polyoxovanadates and Organic Ligands." Chem. Sci, in preparation.
College of ScienceG
763

Exploring New Magnetic Solids for Quantum Computing and Information Storage

This creative inquiry project provides a focused field of study for the research and training of undergraduates in a vital area of basic energy sciences. Through this interdisciplinary research program, we will learn the factors that constitute a prototype solid suitable for quantum computing and information storage. The underlined research goal is to evaluate and determine the parameters that are critical for materials selection in quantum device applications. The research activity is designed to investigate the chemistry of extended inorganic oxides featuring magnetic nano structures that warrant slow relaxation of magnetic spins. This research covers a broad range of fundamental inorganic chemistry in an emerging field of advanced materials. It offers ample opportunities to acquire new knowledge that invigorates innovative directions in the research development of prototype materials for next generation computing and information storage device applications. Students will participate in the research activities through which knowledge in emerging fields of materials science and engineering is readily acquired.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Ondus, J., *Talbert, J. & Hwu, S. (2017, March 4). "Computational Study of Complex Salt Formation." Presented at the Annual Chemistry Department Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Shen, Y.; Sulejmanovic, D.; Malone, G. & Hwu, S.-J. (2016, March) Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding, Poster Presentation at the Chemistry Department Annual Research Symposium.
*Malone, G., Shen, Y., Htet, Y., Sulejmanovice, D., Tennyson, A., Hwu, S.J. (2016). "Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium.
College of ScienceG
765

Engineering the Intervertebral Disc

Low back pain associated with intervertebral disc degeneration places major economic burdens on society here in the U.S. and around the world. The multi-factor degenerative process results in the degradation of the shock-absorbing cartilage discs in your spinal column and can result in pinched nerves and reduced mobility. Many patients must have their spines fused with metallic hardware or have a synthetic disc composed of metal and plastic implanted. The goal of this creative inquiry project is to develop an approach to creating a novel engineered total disc replacement that will ultimately consist of living cells and tissues. The participating students will be responsible for idea generation, hands-on experimentation, collaboration in a team environment, and presentation of their technical findings.

Team Leaders
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
Dan Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Hensley, A., *Rames, J., *Doyle, C., *Litzinger, T., *Watt, T., *Wyman, N., Fernandez, C. & Mercuri, J. (2017, April 5). “Development of a fully decellularized bovine caudal intervertebral disc scaffold.” Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Compton, C., *Lehane, A., *Rames, J., *Skelly, M., *Hensley, A. & Mercuri, J. (2015, April 6). 'Development of a Novel Biological Intervertebral Dsic Scaffold'. Poster presentation at the 10th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
Mercuri, J. (2015-2016). Engineering the Invertebral Disc-Creative Inquiry Project 765.  
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1006

Contemporary Art & Practice

Contemporary Art & Practice is a Departmental Creative Inquiry two-semester sequence consisting of ART 4730, and then ART 4750. Visual Arts Majors seeking the Bachelors of Fine Arts (BFA) Degree begin this Creative Inquiry two semesters from graduation such that their final exhibition in the Lee Gallery coincides with their enrollment in ART 4750.             Contemporary Art & Practice CI students will explore historical and theoretical issues to gain critical perspectives on Art, visit and study current exhibitions in galleries in museums in New York City, gain professional experience, and share their studio research in an exhibition in the Lee Gallery.

Team Leaders
Joseph Manson V Art
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
772

Brain Tips

Students in this project learn more about the human brain and behavior. We find popular press and scientific articles that we think would be of interest to and help college and high school students and develop short, memorable tips to share using social media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter). Students learn about the brain and how it works by developing ideas that others can find useful and apply in their lives. https://www.facebook.com/clemsonbraintips/; https://www.instagram.com/clemsonsss/

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
*Boyk, M., *McIntyre, B., *Kouser, A., *Anzola, Z., *Schwiekert, M., *Askins, D., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Smart & savvy students: Life hacks. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Anzola, Z., *Boyk, M., *Kouser, A., *Mcintyre, B., *Schweikert, M., *Askins, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Smart and Savvy Students: Life Hacks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clancy, K. E., *Dickson, A. N., *Myers, C. M., *Kinard, S. L., *Sharpe, T. L., *Hiott, C. B., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Smart and savvy students: Broadcasting the brain. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. (* CI students)
*Holmes, K. M., *Bryan, R. C., *Clancy, K. E., *Palmer, D. E. *Tyler, C. P. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). Smart & savvy students: Year 2. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hildreth, L., *Holmes, K., *Osborn, R., Pilcher, J. (2014, April). Smart & savvy students. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
778

Virtual Teamwork

How do we turn teams of experts into expert teams, especially when their members are distributed across space and time? We are currently investigating this question in the Developing and Improving Globally Integrated Teamwork and Leadership (DIGITAL) Lab, as teams today face new challenges which may require different interventions and strategies than what seems to work in traditional teams. This CI team will involve conducting lab and field research with populations such as medical teams, business teams, and spaceflight crews to answer this question and expand our current knowledge of teamwork and leadership in culturally diverse, physically distributed, dynamic, and adaptive work environments.

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Nastassia Savage Psychology
Chelsea LeNoble Psychology
Pamela Farago Psychology
Dana Verhoeven Psychology
William Kramer Psychology
Michelle Flynn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
Shuffler, M.L., Kramer, W.S., Carter, D.R., Thayer, A.L.,& Rosen, M.A. (2017). Leveraging a team-centric approach to diagnosing multiteam system functioning: The role of intrateam state profiles. Human Resource Management Review. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2017.08.003
DiazGranados, D., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., Dow, A., & Yee, A. (2017). Defining the Prehospital Care Multiteam System. In J. Keebler, E. Lazzara, & P. Misasi (Eds.), Human Factors and Ergonomics of Prehospital Emergency Care (pp.). Boca Raton, FL: Routledge/CRC press.
Verhoeven, D. C., Cooper, T. N., Savage, N., & Shuffler, M. L. (in progress). Training in Healthcare: What Matters In Design and For Transfer. To be submitted to Human Resource Management Review.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L., Feitosa, J. (in press). The world is not flat: Examining the multi-dimensionality of culture and virtuality in teams. Human Resource Management Review.
Salas, E., Shuffler, M.L., Thayer, A. L., Bedwell, W. L., Lazzara, E. H. (2014, October). Understanding and diagnosing teamwork in organizations: A scientifically based practical guide. Human Resource Management, 54(4), 599-622.
Shuffler, M.L., *Kramer, W.S., Burke, C.S. (2015). #TeamLeadership: Leadership for today's multicultural, virtual, and distributed teams. In J. Wildman & R. Griffith (Eds.), Critical issues in cross-cultural management. New York: Springer.
*Verhoven, D., Cooper, T., *Flynn, M., Shuffler, M. L. (in press). Models of team effectiveness. In E. Salas, R. Rico, & S. Passmore (Eds.), Handbook of teamwork & collaboration. San Francisco, CA: Wiley.
Postdoctoral Fellowship, Leadership Development & Organizational Culture, Greenville Health System & Clemson University (Funded) • Marissa Shuffler, PI • October 2016-September 2018 • Sponsor: Clemson & GHS • Funding for a postdoctoral fellow (Dr. Chelsea LeNoble) supervised jointly by Shuffler & Tod Tappert of GHS • $190,000
CAREER: Detecting Patterned Profiles for Functional and Dysfunctional Teamwork (Funded) • Marissa Shuffler, PI • March 2017-February 2022 • Sponsor: NSF (Science of Organizations, SBE Division) • $466,662
*Rye, A., *Demos, J., Verhoeven, D., Savage, N., Flynn, M., Kramer, W., Farago, P., Shuffler , M. (2017, April). Leadership Formality and Cultural Diversity in Space Missions. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Farago, P.R., Verhoeven, D.C. & Shuffler, M.L. (2017) Growing pains: Leader-member exchange buffers organizational change effects. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
Farago, P. (2017). Leaving it All on the Field: Coaching in Healthcare to Reduce Burnout. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
Patel, A., Kramer, W. S., Summers, J. D., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). "Function modeling: A study of model sequential completion based on count and chaining functions". Paper presentation. Presented at the annual meeting of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference and the Computer and Information in Engineering Conference, Charlotte, NC.
*Flynn, M., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Farago, P., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). Leading Safely: Leadership Behaviors as Predictors of Patient Safety Climate. In Sinclair, R. R. (Chair) & Manapragada, A. (Co-Chair), Putting the "Health" in Healthcare. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Political Skill and Media Use as Antecedents to Healthcare Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Leadership Demands for 21st Century Healthcare: A Multilevel Approach. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., & Savage, N. (co-chairs) (2016). Bridging the Gap: Challenges of Leadership in Healthcare. Panel presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Staying Positive: The Influence of Leadership on Justice in Healthcare. In M. Jimenez-Rodriguez, M. Key-Roberts, & B. Lynn (Chairs), Maximizing Organizational Productivity: Leader Strategies for Promoting Inclusive Climates. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2016). Fairness Matters: The Importance of Leaders and Justice on Healthcare Teams. Poster Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
*Mercer, E. L., *Demos, J., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). The Influence of Leaders on Organizations: Considering the Role of Political Skill in Healthcare. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, South Carolina.
Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L. & Switzer, F. (2015, April). The effect of leader-member exchange on voice: A meta-analysis. Poster to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
*Savage, N., *Kramer, W. S., *Verhoeven, D. C, Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Are Distributed Teams More Stressed? The Influence of Distribution on Justice and Stress. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pa.
*Allison, B.A., Shuffler, M.L. (2015, April). Leading tomorrow's teams today: The future of teams-focused leadership development. Panel to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L. (2014, July). Context's ability to influence team perceptions and performance: Bridging culture and leadership research. Poster Presentation. Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
Shuffler, M.L., Janicki, S. (2014, August). Student learning in a partially distributed teamwork assignment. In S. Perry & O. Leung (Co-Chairs), Teaching students to work in virtual teams: Lessons learned from three virtual team projects. Symposium presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
*Mercer, E. L., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Farago, P. (2016). The Positive Impact of Mindfulness in Organizations. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
*Flynn, M., Farago, P., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). "The Impact of Mindfulness on Burnout in Clinical Healthcare Employees". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota
Savage, N. & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Let's Be Fair: The Influence of Leadership on Interpersonal Justice Climate in Healthcare". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Hoechst Celanese Graduate Student Research Award - Nastassia Savage
Outstanding Master’s Degree Student in Psychology - Dana C. Verhoeven
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
786

Engineering for Modern Healthcare

This Creative Inquiry collaborates with Centra hospital in Lynchburg, VA. Our contacts there have proposed several projects for us to help them with including process engineering and medical device design.

Team Leaders
Hannah Cash Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Kayla Gainey Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Cash, H., Dean, D., *Long, K., *Maad, H., *O'Neill, K., *Bergamasco, G., Gainey, K. (2017, April). Color-Coding for Hospital Stockrooms. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Ford, A., *Parekh, D., *Shaw, E., *Hobbs, M., *Harper, N., *Zadeh, S., Gainey, K. (2014, April). A cross-discipline approach to healthcare needs. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
789

Generation and Characterization of Radiation for Biomedical Applications

In recent years there has been a strong growth in the number of medical devices that use different wavelength radiation for treatment and imaging applications. There is also a growing interest in different fields ( e.g. medicine, biology, space research, electronics) to understand and utilize the effects of different forms of radiation. The effectiveness of radiation technology depends on the understanding of the interaction with the materials in question ranging from surfaces of solids to biological soft tissues. The present research project lies on the borderline of physics and biology. The elementary physical processes of the interaction are well known, but their expressions in biological samples depend on the complex response of the system and its environment. Students in this project will explore different techniques to generate, detect, and characterize electromagnetic radiation, their uses in specialized medical devices, and their applications in research. Radiation sources that can be used in this program range from simple x-ray sources to the new CUEBIT facility of the Department of Physics and Astronomy. Biological response measurements will be designed based on the advanced techniques developed at the Department of Bioengineering.

Team Leaders
Endre Takacs Physics and Astronomy
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Joey Wilson won the Astronaut Scholarship: http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-bioengineering-student-awarded-astronaut-foundation-scholarship/
Joey Wilson won the Schwartzman Scholarship: http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-senior-joey-wilson-awarded-schwarzman-scholarship-to-china/
*Bryana Baginski won the Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences Scholarship as a direct result of the work she did for CI
1st Place Judged Poster Prize at the 2017 FoCI for *Bryana Baginski, *Suzanne Bradley, *Katelyn Truong
*Baginski, B., *Bradley, S., *Truong, K., Takacs, E. & Dean, D. (2017, April 3-4). The effects of low-dose radiation on various cell types. Presented at the 12th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., Rusin, M., Takacs, E. & Dean, D. (2016, October). The cell response of 7F2 Osteoblasts to low-dose radiation. Presented at the 2016 Annual Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
*Baginski, B., *Brandenburg, K., *Caruso, S., *Hellyer, A., *Kimmel, T., *Klingenberger, A., *Medlin, D., *Miller, J., Williams, J., *Wilson, R., Wilson, J., Dean, D., Takacs, E., Rusin, M. (2014, April). Generation and characterization of radiation in biomedical applications. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., *Baginski, B., Wilson, J., *Medlin, D., Zheng, L., *Wilson, K., Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. The effect of well-characterized very low-dose x-ray radiation on fibroblasts. submitted to PLOSOne
*Medlin, D., *Heffron, W., *Siegel, A., *Wilson, K., *Klingenberger, A., *Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D., Takacs, E. (2015, Jan. 11). Development of an x-ray irradiation port for biomedical applications at the CUEBIT facility. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583(1).
*Klingenberger, J., *Schott, M., *Medlin, D., *Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D., Takacs, E. (2015, Jan. 11). "Modeling low energy x-ray interactions biological material at the CUEBIT." Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583(1).
College of ScienceG
791

Low-cost microfluidics to detect Chagas disease in a rural setting

This project will explore the development of a low cost technology to detect the parasite causing Chagas disease in newborns in a rural setting. Chagas disease is a silent killer claiming up to 14k lives each year. Although the disease is deemed incurable in the mature stage, current antibiotics are capable of eliminating the parasite in newborns. Therefore, is extremely important to diagnose the disease at the time of birth. Unfortunately, those mostly affected by the disease are born in rural conditions where power and clean water are not always a given. The project includes review of the literature to detail the specifications needed to detect such parasite in blood; hands-on development of technology; and testing of the technology with biological samples. Expected outcomes include the development of a technology with the potential of being deployed in Latin America.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Devin Keck Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Emily Gullette, *Emily Kluttz, *Meredith Hammer and *Natalie Hanson were awarded Honorable Mention in the Poster Session of the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) in New Orleans, LA. Poster session featured 70 posters from mostly graduate students. EG, EK, MH and NH were featured in the awards section of Interface, the ECS magazine
*Josie Duncan and *Mary Grace Heustess awarded 3rd place in the Poster Session of the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) in New Orleans, LA. Poster session featured 70 posters from mostly graduate students. JD and MGH were featured in the awards section of Interface, the ECS magazine
Gilmore, J., Islam, M., *Duncan, J., Natu, R. and Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017), Assessing the importance of the root mean square (RMS) value of different waveforms to determine the strength of a dielectrophoresis trapping force. ELECTROPHORESIS, 38: 2561–2564. doi:10.1002/elps.201600551
Everyhope-Roser, J. (2016, April). Trapping Chagas, Glimpse, 5 (1), 14-15
Sparks, J., Islam, M. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Towards synthesis of steel foams through carbothermal reduction of iron oxide nanoparticles and renewable biopolymers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J., *Hanson, N., *Heustess, M., *Kluttz, E., *Mitchell, F. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Attraction of T. brucei to different materials and landscapes. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Gullette, E., *Hanson, N., Kluttz, E., *Stuart, C., *Hammer, M., *Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Keck, D. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Behavior of T. brucei under Electric Field Gradients Implemented using Optoelectronic Tweezers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J, *Gullette, E., *Hammer, M., *Heustess, M., Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Islam, M. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis for concentrating Trypanosoma Brucei. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
792

Origami-inspired manufacturing of composite parts

This project explores the use of paper soaked in different composite inks as a precursor of carbide parts. The goal is to develop a manufacturing process that allows the relatively easy creation of patterns in paper, i.e. following origami techniques, that will yield carbon and carbide parts after going through a heating process. Students will perform a literature review to determine the state-of-the-art in the field; develop composite inks; establish protocols for paper processing; and optimize the carbonization process.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Islam, M., *Flach, J. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2018 July). Carbon origami: A method to fabricate lightweight carbon cellular materials. Carbon, 133, 140-149.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
795

Cardiovascular microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for myocardial regeneration

Myocardial infarction and heart failure are predominant pathologies in developed countries. Strategies for restoration of heart function remain clinical priorities. Mesenchymal stem cells have the potential to differentiate into cardiac cells, especially when grown as 3D spheroid structures. In this project, cell self-assembling techniques will be considered in order to form stem cell spheroids able to generate cardiac-like microtissues. These structures can serve as in vitro models to: 1) study of normal and pathological processes that occur in cardiac tissues; 2) study the effect of drugs on cardiac cells (and mitigate the use of animal studies); 3) assemble as building blocks and generate larger-sized tissue constructs (a tissue engineering and regenerative medicine approach). Students will work in a team environment; they will design, test, and compare several techniques, in order to create cardiovascular microtissues. Specific stainings will be used to determine cardiovascular tissue formation. Six students are required for this project.

Team Leaders
Agneta Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Zheng, W., *Ramirez, Y., *Patrick, A., *Alerre, A., *Banaszak, B., *Boulez, A., *Evans, D., *Mcauliffe, E., *Robertson, A., *Wood, E., Simionescu, A., *Busher, J., *Marsh, S. (2017). Generation of cardiomyocyte-like cells from adipose tissue-derived stem cells. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Alerre, A., *Banaszak B., *Busher J., *Freeman D., *Kamperman S., *Zheng W. & *Marsh, S. (2016, December). The Development of 3D Cell Structures for Myocardial Regeneration. Poster presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson, SC.
*Ayala, A., *Baker, A., *Beal, E., *Dale, J., *Jacks, I., *Marsh, S., *Moses, T., *Scalera, K. & Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). 3D cell-based structures for cardiac tissue engineering. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
797

Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets regeneration

Diabetes is a significant health problem affecting over 8% of the population and increasing to epidemic proportion worldwide. In type1 diabetes, the pancreas completely stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. The beta cells, responsible for insulin production, are located in pancreatic islets. Pancreatic islet transplantation is an efficient therapeutic strategy, but often rejection and poor function of islets occur after transplantation. A new tissue engineering approach has been recently described in the literature, based on the developing of multicellular aggregates or spheroids from commercial pancreas-derived cell lines. In this project, the potential of mesenchymal stem cells to form cellular spheroids and differentiate into insulin-producing cells will be investigated. These structures can be used to study pathological mechanisms involved in diabetes, as well as the effect of different drugs used for the treatment of diabetes. The participating students will explore several techniques to generate stem cell spheroids and test their ability to secrete insulin as a response to glucose stimulation. Students will develop their own hypotheses, test them in the lab, and select optimal methods for generation of insulin-secreting microtissues. Six students are needed for this project.

Team Leaders
Agneta Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Brown, G., *Haney, A., *Jackson, L., *Knight, T., *Mandilwar, S., *Scalera, K., *Shearin, J., *Walker, B., *Marsh, S., Simionescu, A. (2017, April). Adipose tissue-derived stem cell differentiation into beta-cells. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Knight, T., *Brown G., *Haney A., *Jackson, L., *Shearin, J., *Walker, B., & Marsch, S. (2016, December). Insulin-secreting Microtissues: 3D Cell-based Structures for Pancreatic Islets Regeneration. Poster presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson, SC.
*Ambrosio, N., *Carlson, K., *Gow, D., *Haney, A., *Mulqueen, K., *Scull, M., *Wilkin, B., Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets' regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
*Scull, M., *Wilkin, B., Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets', regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
Ambrosio, N., Carlson, K., Gow, D., Haney, A., Knight, T., Mulqueen, K.*, Scull, M., Wilkin, B., and Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets' regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
799

The DEN (Design Entrepreneurship Network)

The DEN (Design Entrepreneurship Network)Are you entrepreneurially minded? Do you have an idea, design or technology that you would like to move to the next stage? This CI allows student teams to be mentored by leaders in device design, development, marketing, patenting and small business development to forward student-led technology and ideas. Initially, this CI will focus on mentoring technologies that are being generated by other CI groups, as well as from other Capstone Design programs, but other “independent” teams and technical areas will be sought after the CI structure is established. Teams can include undergraduates and graduates, and preference is given to groups that have already formed around a topic or technology of interest. Mentors and guest speakers from industry, patent law, marketing and start-up businesses will work with student teams to take technology beyond the university development level. The format will be very student driven, with small student teams presenting each week on some aspect of their technology development and business plans. These presentations will be the focal point for discussions, mentoring and advice. Key concepts to be covered are: 1. Predicting Technology Trends/Market Mapping 2. Opportunity Assessment/Intellectual Property/Licensing 3. Corporate Law/Contracts 4. Project Management 5. Product Development/Device Lifecycle Management 6. Operations/GMP/Logistics/Quality 7. Business Models/Start-Up Funding/Attracting Investment 8. Start-Up Finance 9. Regulatory/FDA/International 10. Clinical Trial Design & Management The goal of this CI is to take ideas and technologies forward using student-teams with the hopes of generating new start-ups, technology licenses and a greater network of design and entrepreneurship at Clemson and in Creative Inquiry.

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Erica Black Graphic Communications
Sarah Grigg General Engineering
Suzanne H Edlein Graphic Communications
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
800

Investigating mechanisms of drug resistance in a fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans

Fungal infections are estimated to occur in over a billion people each year, and recent evidence suggests the rate is increasing. One of the pressing needs in antifungal therapy is to prevent frequent drug resistance among fungal pathogens. Commonly used azole drugs inhibit the production of ergosterol, an essential component of the fungal cell membrane. It has become apparent recently that two most significant opportunistic fungal pathogens, Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans acquire resistance to azole drugs by changing the number of chromosomes (becoming aneuploids or polyploids). It is well established that resistance of C. albicans to the azole drug fluconazole may occur through specific chromosomal rearrangements that result in an increase of the copy number of a gene that encodes the target of fluconazole, the Erg11. Similarly, Cryptococcus neoformans challenged with a dose of fluconazole higher than the MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) becomes an aneuploid with respect to key genes that permit survival of the drug treatment. What are the molecular mechanisms responsible for changes in chromosome number upon drug treatment remains elusive and the main objective of this Creative Inquiry project will be to investigate these mechanisms. The goals of this Creative Inquiry are 1. To improve our understanding of the mechanisms of fungal drug resistance 2. To engage students in a scientific discovery process that will include formulating relevant questions and hypotheses, hypothesis testing, and making conclusions. 3. To familiarize students with scientific tools and methods in a molecular biology laboratory. The participating students will enroll in GEN4910.

Team Leaders
Lukasz Kozubowski Genetics and Biochemistry
Damiana Al Tamirano Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Diana Fang was awarded 2nd in the digital poster category for the presentation "Elucidating fluconazole based aneuploidy in Cryptococcus neoformans" at the FoCI
Altamirano, S., *Fang, D., *Simmons, C., Sridhar, S., Wu, P., Sanyal, K., & Kozubowski, L. (2017). Fluconazole-Induced Ploidy Change in Cryptococcus neoformans Results from the Uncoupling of Cell Growth and Nuclear Division. Msphere, 2(3), e00205-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/msphere.00205-17
*Fang, D., *Simmons, C., Kozubowski, L., Al Tamirano, D. (2017). Elucidating fluconazole based aneuploidy in Cryptococcus neoformans. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Simmons, C., Kozubowski, L. (2015). Utilizing artificially derived diploid to elucidate the mechanism of fluconazole-induced aneuploidy in a haploid yeast Cryptococcus neoformans. Presentation, 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium in Clemson University Outdoor Lab, Clemson (October 22).
Altamirano, S., *Fang, D., Kozubowski, L. (2015). Fluconazole-induced aneuploidy in C. neoformans. Presentation, 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium in Clemson University Outdoor Lab, Clemson (October 23).
Lukasz Kozubowski serves as a Target Investigator on a recently awarded program grant from the NIH that includes investigators from the Clemson University Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center.
Lukasz Kozublwski (mentor) is a PI on recently received NIH grant award on a project directly related to this CI project. The title of the study is "Mechanisms of Fluconazole-Induced Aneuploidy in Cryptococcus neoformans", the total award is 300,000 direct costs and it ends 5/31/2018.
AREA NIH grant 1R15 AI119801-01 Title: Mechanisms of Fluconazole-Induced Aneuploidy in Cryptococcus Neoformans start date 06/15/2015 end date 05/31/2018
College of ScienceG
954

Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic: Creative Inquiry and Study Abroad

This multi-disciplinary creative inquiry project engages Clemson students in a reflective critical thinking learning process and incorporates service learning in order to study the health situation of Las Malvinas II, a low-resourced setting bordering the highly polluted Ozama River in the city of Santo Domingo. Students will use the input gathered from direct interactions with the community to recommend appropriate courses of action for improvement under the healthy communities’ and socio-ecological frameworks. This project increases students’ cultural competence by translating applicable evidence-based health practices from the US to a LAC country. 

Team Leaders
Arelis de Peralta Youth, Fmly & Comm Studies
Accomplishments
Moore de Peralta, A. (2017, June). Developing partnerships to develop a building a healthier community initiative in Las Malvinas II, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Presentation at the 47th Caribbean Studies Association Conference, Nassau, Bahamas.
Abreu, G., Henriquez, M. R., Perez, N. D., Moore de Peralta, A., & Matta, P. (2016, November). Vector-borne diseases and related factors at Las Malvinas II, Dominican Republic [Enfermedades vectoriales y factores relacionados en la comunidad de Las Malvinas II, República Dominicana]. Poster presented at the Scientific Conference of the Santo Domingo Autonomous University (UASD).
*Fuentes, M., *Brown, K., *Schockling, C., & Moore de Peralta, A. (2017, March 9-11). Utilizing Multi-Disciplinary Partnerships to Build Healthy Communities in the Dominican Republic. Poster presented at the 2017 ACHI National Conference Meeting of the Association for Community Health Improvement. Denver, CO.
Moore de Peralta, A., *Schockling, C. (2016, June 28th). Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic. Presentation to WFIC Board of Trustees.
*Schockling, C., *Brown, K., *Fuentes, M., *Lenti, R. (2016, March). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presentation/Panel at Clemson Global Symposium, Clemson Univeristy; Clemson, SC.
*Garcia L., *Lenti, R., *Labelle, N., & Moore de Peralta, A. (2016, April 7). Using GIS to conduct a household survey for developing a community health and assets assessment in the Dominican Republic. Poster presented at the FoCI Forum, Clemson University; Clemson, SC.
*Luis, G., *Lenti, R., *LaBelle, N., Moore de Peralta, A., Matta, P., Carbajales, P. (2016, April). Using GIS to conduct a household survey for developing a community health and assets assessment in the Dominican Republic. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
Schockling, C.*, Brown, K.*, Fuentes, M.*, & Moore de Peralta, A. (2016). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Poster presented at the 2016 Community Engagement & Research Symposium of the Center for Clinical and Translational Research; Albert Sherman Center, UMass Medical School, Worcester, MA.
Spitlet, N. (2016, May 4). Putting Data to Work. Clemson World.
Barnett, R. (2016, March 15). College students give up spring break frolicking for hammers and nails. Greenville News article.
Service Learning Mini-grant $400.00 Purporse: To organize service learning activity at Las Malvinas community. Type of activity: Local school children educational and fun activity focusing on healthy life style and nutrition.
$1,455.00
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
824

Plant biotechnology for use in crop genetic improvement

Abiotic stress including drought, salt, heat, cold etc. are important factors significantly impacting plant development and crop yield. Development of molecular strategies to genetically engineer crop species for enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions would greatly contribute to agriculture production. This project involves identification, cloning, molecular characterization of new genes determining plant response to environmental stress and development of novel molecular strategies to improve crop species using biotechnology approaches. Students involved in such research activities will tremendously benefit from gaining new knowledge and learning modern technologies in molecular biology and cell biology and plant biotechnologies. This would train next generation agricultural research scientists who would contribute to continued development of agricultural research for sustainable agriculture, meeting the challenge of producing more food for increasing world population. As an experienced plant molecular biology and biotechnology educator, The PI has a long-term goal of making a difference in educating a new generation of citizens with deeper appreciation of plant science research. Thus the goal of this Creative Inquiry project is to cultivate student researchers in plant molecular biology and plant biotechnology to improve crop species with enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions and increased agriculture production. The participating students will enroll in the project for at least two semesters.

Team Leaders
Hong Luo Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Hong Luo "Genetic engineering of turfgrass for enhanced multi-stress resistance" US Golf Association 02/01/2016 - 1/31/2019. $60,000.
Hong Luo "Methods and compositions for modulating gene expression in plants" Clemson University Research Foundation (CURF) Technology Maturation Fund Program 10/01/2016 - 10/31/2017. $31,808.
Li, Z., Yuan, S., Jia, H., Gao, F., Zhou, M., Yuan, N., Wu, P., Hu, Q., Sun, D. & Luo, H. (2016 September 16) Ectopic expression of a cyanobacterial flavodoxin in creeping bentgrass impacts plant development and confers broad abiotic stress tolerance. Plant Biotechnology Journal 15:433-446.
Mishra, N., Sun, L., Zhu, X., Smith, J., Srivastava, A.P., Yang, X., Pehlivan, N., Esmaeili, N., Luo, H., Shen, G., Jones, D., Auld, D., Burke, J, Payton, P., Zhang, H. (2017, April) Overexpression of the rice SUMO E3 ligase gene OsSIZ1 in cotton enhances drought and heat tolerance, and substantially improves fiber yields in field under reduced irrigation and rain fed conditions. Plant and Cell Physiology 58:735-746.
Hong Luo “Modification of plant stress-related genes in tobacco for enhanced plant performance under adverse environmental conditions” R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company 12/15/2016 - 12/14/2018. $223,516.
College of ScienceG
827

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden is a model for urban design. It uses sustainable practices for design, installation, and maintenance. It measures environmental health via soil tests and soil moisture; and human perception of health via perception surveys that have received Institutional Review Board approval. Student designs from HORT 308 were adapted for installation and students enrolled in HORT 408 worked with landscape services to install the garden. Students each semester (including summer) maintain the garden; conduct surveys; and orally present on the project. The Web site is an instrumental communication tool that provides valuable information regarding plants, process, and people.

Team Leaders
Ellen Vincent Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Anthony, A., Vincent, E. & White, S. (2018 April 4-5). The Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden. Poster Presented at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Anthony, A., Vincent, E. & White, S. (2018 April 4-5). The Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden. Presented at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
Vincent, E. & White, S. (2017, October 16-17). Sustainable Urban Garden- A Replicable Model for Health. Healthy City Design International, Royal Physicians Hall, London, England
Hollifield, K.* (2016, January 21). Sustainable landscape demonstration garden. Presented at the South Carolina Horticulture Industry Annual Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Busbee, E. (2014, August). From grease to green. South Carolina Nurseryman, 27.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
825

Synthetic Biology

The need for alternative energy sources has driven the scientific community to explore biofuels, energy sources produced by living things or their wastes. Biofuels may be produced using plants, bacteria, or other microbial systems. Bacteria are often the host of choice for mass production of industrial products because they are easily genetically engineered and cultured. However, using bacteria for the production of biofuels is not currently economical because harvesting cells is both time-consuming and energy-intensive. One way to reduce costs is to prevent the need for lysing the cells by using cellular processes to export the products instead. Not only will using cellular export allow the products to be more easily collected, but the cells can be maintained in continuous culture. There are many groups of well-described bacterial efflux pumps that can be utilized for the export of biofuels. In this study, we are evaluating the efficiency of two such efflux pumps in exporting isoprenoids. This study focuses on isoprenoids because they are already used to manufacture biofuels and are easily detectable using colorimetric methods. The goal is to combine isoprenoid production and efflux pump activity into the same cell for rapid and efficient export. Rapid product removal will drive production forward and minimize the toxic effects of overaccumulation within cells. Optimization of this system will allow for more rapid and economical production of bacterially-produced biofuels. 

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
*Bickford, M., *Jones, D.G., *Kane, R., *Louie, R., *Scanlan, A., *Tzeng, J., *Whatley, A., *Wilson, J., Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Cao, M., Tzeng, T.R. (2013, October). "Development of a Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensor for Repaid Detection of Viable Pathogens." Poster and oral presentations, iGEM North America Regional Jamboree, University of Toronto, Canada,
College of ScienceG
831

Clemson University Soil Judging Competition Team

This is a multi-semester project (3 hours in fall and 1 hr in spring unless we place and head to nationals at which time students can sign up to 4 credits in spring ) coaching students to compete in the SE regional Soil Judging competition. If make top 3 then students will advance to national competition. Expected Student Activities: 1.  characterize a soil profile, 2. identify the relationships between different soil characteristics and between soil characteristics and what the soil's uses maybe. 3. learn how to work as a team. 4. network with other students, faculty and state and federal officials for after graduation opportunities. 

Team Leaders
Dara Park Entomology, Soils & Plant Sci
Bill R Smith Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Nisbet, J. & Park, D.M. (2018, April 2-3). Soil Profiles Tell a Story of What Was and What May Become. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Reed, M., *Deason, J., White, D., Park, D. (2014, April). The Nitty Gritty of South Carolina Soil Orders. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Team placed 13th and 10th as a group  at the National Soils Contest
*Anna Scott (Senior-PES) placed  7th at the National Soils Contest. She now will represent the USA at the International Contest in Brazil in August.
At the Regional Soils Contest: Individual competition (out of 65 competitors, only top 10 are awarded): 1st place: Georgianna "Anna" Scott 7th place: John "Zack" Nisbet Team Competition (out of 10 teams competing, only top 5 are awarded and advance to national contest): 2nd place: Clemson University
The Clemson University Soil Judging Team (Calum Henderson, Tee Stoudemayer, Elizabeth Geddings, and Hunter Seiders) placed 2nd out of 9 teams at the SE Regional Soil Judging Contest in Auburn Al, Oct 6, 2016. The team will now compete at the National Competition in Northern Illinois in late April 2017.
Calum Henderson placed 9th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Timothy "Tee" Stoudemayer placed 5th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Hunter Seiders* placed 7th in the individual competition.2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University,De Kalb, IL.
Gedding, E.*, Henderson, C.*, Seiders, H.*, Park, D. (22, April 2017). Students compete in the 2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
834

Inter-kingdom communications - studies on C. elegans and bacteria interactions

Bacteria are known to have social behaviors just like the higher organisms. They use special "languages" to talk to each other and make group decisions. The "languages" (or signaling molecules) are small chemical compounds, such as autoinducers and secondary metabolites, produced and secreted by the bacterial cells. Recent studies have revealed that functions of these signaling molecules are not restricted to communications between bacterial cells, but extend to cross kingdoms, i.e. communications between bacteria and their hosts. In this research, we will use the nematode, C. elegans, as a model to study the inter-kingdom communications. Specifically, we will investigate (1) interactions between bacterial pathogens and C. elegans, and (2) effects of probiotics on C. elegans health span.

Team Leaders
Min Cao Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Graduate student, Miranda Klees, was awarded the Michael and Ellen Dobson Henson Student Assistance Endowment in Microbiology travel grant and the Clemson University Professional Enrichment Grant to support her travel to ASM Microbe 2017 and present her result at the conference.
Andrew Gitto was selected to participate in the 2016 ASM URF program. The award will provide $4000 stipend for him to conduct a minimum of 10 weeks of summer research in our lab and up to $1000 for travel to the ASM 2017 General Meeting. 
Andrew Gitto was awarded the 2016 ASM Undergraduate Research Fellowship (ASMURF) from American Society for Microbiology.
The American Society of Microbiology (ASM) awards highly competitive Undergraduate Research Fellowships each summer for projects spanning 10 weeks, giving students the experience of greater freedom and responsibility in the lab. Andrew Gitto is among the recipients for this prestigious $4,000 fellowship. The award will allow him to complete a lab research project titled "Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans" in Cao lab, which is also a part of the CI project. In addition to his $4,000 fellowship, the award covers travel expenses to the ASM annual meeting in June and a 2-year gift membership to ASM.
Diana Nguyen was selected to participate in the 2015 ASM URF program. The award will provide $4000 stipend for her to conduct a minimum of 10 weeks of summer research in our lab and up to $1000 for travel to the ASM2016 General Meeting. Although Diana already accepted another summer research fellowship and had to decline this one, the award is a great honor.
Graduate student Miranda Klees was awarded the Visiting Scholar Award for Excellence in Scholarship for the Natural and Computational Sciences at the 14th Annual Graduate Research Symposium at the College of William & Mary, which was held on March 20-21, 2015. Miranda was one of eight graduate students chosen by CAFLS to represent Clemson University to present at the Symposium. Her research is focused on the effects of probiotics supplementation on health using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model system.
*Gitto, A. J., *Whitesides, K., *Moore, C., *Patel, K., *Dimery, M., Klees, M. L., Dong, Y. & Cao, M. (2017, April 6) Probiotics and Fat Storage: A C. elegans model. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus of Creative Inquiry Poster Forum (FoCI), Clemson, SC.   
*Gitto, A. J., Klees, M. L. & Cao, M. (2017, June 3). Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the American Society for Microbiology- Microbe 2017 General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Gitto, A., *Sullivan, J., Klees, M., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2016) Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
Klees, M., *Nguyen, D., *Tran, S., *Gitto, A., Dong, Y. & Cao, M. (2015, April 6) Interkingdom Communication: Probiotics effect on healthspan in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Angeloni, J., *Conley, M., *Hourigan, P., Dong, Y. & Cao, M. (2015, April 6). Interkingdom Communication: Study of Caenorhabditis elegans and Vibrio cholerae Interactions. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Klees, M., *Nguyen, D., *Tran, S., *Gitto, A., Dong & Cao, M. (2015, April 6). Probiotics effect on healthspan in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1176

Deep Learning and Big Data Research (DL/BD)

            Deep Learning is currently a very popular paradigm of machine learning research used for applications such as image processing, natural language understanding, or even controlling a vehicle. Deep Learning has become so successful in recent years due in part to the availability of modern high-performance computing resources such as GPGPUs, but also because of the sudden influx of more and more labeled data for training these huge neural networks. The goal of this Creative Inquiry is to equip students with a better understanding of how Deep Learning networks operate, how they are directly affected by the training set used to teach them, and the methods and best practices for designing a training set for meeting a certain goal. Students should expect exposure to high-performance computing hardware, cutting-edge machine learning software, and the latest sensors used in dataset creation.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Ankit Kulshrestha Computer & Network Services
Edwin Weill Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
BMW has contributed support in conjunction with but not limited to the scope of this CI (it includes current research work by graduate students under my supervision).
Collaborations with CUiCAR and the Deep Orange 8 project. Specifically working on the image and object detection required for the autonomous aspects of the vehicle.
Presentations of work progress at BMW.
Multiple presentations with CUiCAR regarding Deep Orange 8 progress.
Collaboration with BMW on the use of Deep Learning toolkits and hardware to develop the use of machine learning in the context of both autonomous vehicles and management of parts and supplies in a manufacturing plant.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1267

Decision-Making and Risk-Taking

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry team is to conduct research on the (1) effect of emotion and reward motivation on goal-directed decision-making as well as (2) how individual differences, such as personality and susceptibility to performance pressure, affect risk-taking behaviors.  Decision-making is an inescapable, prevalent phenomenon that can have significant consequences.  This research aims to understand factors and cognitive mechanisms that affect decision-making and risk-taking. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for at least 2 semesters. 

Team Leaders
Kaileigh Byrne Psychology
Accomplishments
Winner of the Best Poster by Popular Vote Award at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum. The Effect of Depressive Symptoms on Risky-Decision-Making.
*Splendore, M. & Byrne, K.A. (2018, April 4-5). The Effect of Emotion on Effort-Based Decision-Making. Presented at the 1st Annual Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Willis, H.C., *Peters, C. & Byrne, K.A. (2018, April 2-3). The Effect of Depressive Symptoms on Risky-Decision-Making. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
844

Human Performance Engineering: Developing Applications in Sports, Health and Human Machine Interface

This is a multidisciplinary research approach in trying to understand human capability with cutting-edge technological developments. Using a mobile and wireless EED (electroencephalograph) technology we are able to record brain wave activity and analyze its meanings. We are engaging with the most complex system in the universe as we apply various engineering tools. Our goals are to improve human performance when considering our physiology, cognition, and emotions. The human developmental aspects ranging from genes, that establishes our limitations, to experience, which shapes our capabilities, are critical to multidimensional research collaboration. Experts in different fields are working with us to examine ideas that may innovate our way of thinking when trying to solve problems. Looking at disability as well as high athletic capability allows us to learn the extremes of performance and create relative scales. Innovative technology allows us to directly communicate with our brain as we can code brain activity and use that code to activate a remote-control device. This capability gives rise to shorten the distance between thought and action and present tremendous potential ready to be explored. Being a part of this research requires creativity, adaptability, and motivation. This area presents many challenges as we face great uncertainty in every aspect, thus a research member is expected to initiate research progress on a weekly basis. This is internally funded research and its funds support our technical equipment and student presentation in professional conferences.

Team Leaders
Dotan Shvorin Industrial Engineering
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
Poosarla, K., *Albo, H., *Barker, C., *Rosenberger, P., Connor, A., Matthews, C., Moschella, P., Ramsay, M., Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K., Pirrallo, R., Prabhu, V.G. (2018 May), Resident Vs. Attending Physicians Bio-markers Comparison. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Institue of Industrial and System Engineering Conference, Orlando, FL.
Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K., Baird, M. & Prabhu, V.G. (2018 May), Decision Making Modeling when Considering Bio-data. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Institue of Industrial and System Engineering Conference, Orlando, FL.
*Beeler, E., Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K., Baird, M., Sexton, J., Manning, W., Pirrallo, R., *Gallagher, G., Stephenson, J., Prabhu, V.G. (2018 May) Improving Decision-Making Awareness when Considering Conditions of Fatigue. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Institue of Industrial and System Engineering Conference, Orlando, FL.
*Albo, H., *Berg, A., *Lee, C., *Mcgill, L., *Rosenberger, P. (2017). Human performance engineering: Decision making in virtual reality. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zakian, E., *Barker, C., *Johnson, E., *Schelble, B., *Christensen, D. (2017). Brain activity characteristics of ADHD. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, M., *Williams, D., *Cink, C., *Holt, A. (2017). Human Performance Engineering: Team performance priming effect. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zakian, E., *Schelble, B., *Johnson, E., *Barker, C., *Christensen, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017). Human Performance Engineering and Brains Affected by ADHD. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA (May 20-23).
*Miller, R., *Meier, H., *Horne, J., *Jeffcoat, C., *Martin, C., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe K. (2017). Understanding Performance Characteristics Impact on Decision Making: Tennis Case Study. Presentation, Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA (May 20-23).
*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Team performance: from problem definition to solution methods. Presentation, Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Impact of Prior Experience on Team Performance and the Brain. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Keane, A., *Jenkins, M., *Farrell, A., *Pajewski, M., and *Meadows, M. (2017). Using Brain Mapping Technology to Discover New Ways to Treat ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). Presentation, Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, Pittsburgh, PA (May 20-23).
*Kalcos, L., *Pence, E., *Singal, N., *Sonday, J. (2016). Decision Making Using Brain Wave Mapping, Human Performance Engineering Research, Presentation, Department of Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., *Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., *Nunes, C. (2016). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making, Human Performance Engineering Research. Presentation, Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., *Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., *Nunes, C. (2016). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making, Human Performance Engineering Research. Presentation, Focus On Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, SC (April).
*Connolly, M., *Leonard, M., Shvorin, D. & Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Strength Control Analysis. Human Performance Engineering Research, Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Bittner, A., *Hernandez, J., Shvorin, D. & Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Confidence Testing. Human Performance Engineering Research. Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Jones, M., *Hyneman, K., Shvorin, D. & Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Confidence Testing. Human Performance Engineering Research. Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
*Kalcos, L., *Singal, N., Shvorin, D. & Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Testing Control and Reaction Time. Human Performance Engineering Research, Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Talley, G., *Courie, C. & *Henderson, B. (2015, December). Consistency and Motivation. Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Moorefield, B. & *Sonday , J. (2015, December). Adaptation Drills for Accuracy Improvement. Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Shvorin, D. & Taaffe, K. (2015, December) Human Performance Engineering. Poster presented to the Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Dotan I. Shvorin was Awarded in April 2017, in recognition of outstanding work with undergraduate students in the Creative Inquiry program. 
This grant allowed us to present our research projects at the Industrial and System Engineering Conference, May 20-23, Pittsburgh, PA.
Graduate Student Award For Mentoring In Creative Inquiry, Dotan I. Shvorin. Awarded April 2017 in recognition of outstanding work with undergraduate students in the creative inquiry program.
BrainHQ have sponsored 10 students to utilize their online software for a period of 12 weeks. This was a part of experimental testing for their software on the students bio-feedback. Results are still underway but this collaboration has opened up a link to design brain training for treating students with ADHD.
Tennis players strength is put to the test when facing a challenging drill that is analyzed for performance control.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
The tennis player capability is depended on his reaction time in certain scenarios. A drill was design to test and evaluate this performance characteristic.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
Consistency is one of the most important features of performance. The ability to replicate high level of performance is put to the test in this case study.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
Conference traveling award allowed our research team to present our achievement in the Industrial and System Engineering (IISE) conference (May 20-24, Pittsburgh, PA).
Shvorin, D., & Taaffe, K. (2014). Improving tennis player performance using system development interpretations methodology. International Journal of Quality Engineering and Technology, 4(3), 225. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijqet.2014.064400
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
840

Insect Viruses and Physiology

Insects provide excellent opportunities to perform basic and applied biological experiments at the molecular, physiological and organismal scales. They serve as model organisms for developmental and cellular biology, and are important vectors for human and agricultural pathogens. As a result, working with insects can expose students to numerous hard and soft skills useful in a range of life-sciences fields, from medical to agricultural biology, evolutionary and ecological to developmental and immunological. In this project, students will develop and work on projects examining the evolutionary physiology of an insect virus by looking at host-specific patterns and mechanistic basis of pathology, and molecular evolution, of different members of a virus gene family. To do this, students may participate in DNA barcoding of host insects, isolation of novel gene family members, and use of recombinant viruses and transgenic Drosophila melanogaster in organismal and cell culture bioassays. Techniques commonly used include fluorescent microscopy, immunological approaches, PCR and sequencing, and more. Students are required to participate in communicating data in weekly group meetings, and then via on-campus, state, regional, and national meetings.

Team Leaders
Matthew Turnbull Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Daniel Howard received 1st place in poster competition at annual meeting of the SC ASM
*Daniel Howard received 2nd place in the undergraduate poster competition at SCES/GES annual meeting
*Richard Melton Third place Student Poster Competition Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium Feb 2017
*Richard Melton First place Student Poster Competition Annual South Carolina Entomological Society Meeting October 2016
Grant award from SC Cotton Board to examine gut stem and mature cells from tobacco budworm caterpillar, characterizing membrane potential.
*Corker, A., *Howard, D., *Lynch, S., *Melton, R., *Parker, J., *Zhang, P. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 2-3) Bioelectric patterns and living: Cell membrane potentials, growth, regeneration, and pathology. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R., *Parker, J. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10) Meeting your potential: Development, defense, and regeneration in the caterpillar midgut. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Howard, D. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10). Stem cells and virus infection in the caterpillar gut. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Corker, A., *Hinsch, V., *Howard, D., *Howard, Y., *Melton, R., *Nietering, J., *Parker, J., *Reilly, M., *Stuart, G. (2017, April). Caterpillar Viruses And Insects In Biotechnology. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R. (2017, Feb). "Effects of gap junction inhibition on Heliothis virescens gut development". CBASS Annual Meeting, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Zhang, P., *Erickson, S.L., and Turnbull, M.W. (2016, October 28). Functional analysis of potential insect virus virulence factors. South Carolina Entomological Society Annual Meeting. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Melton, R. and Turnbull, M.W. (2016, October 28). Significance of gut gap junction activity in caterpillar life history. South Carolina Entomological Society Meeting. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Erickson, S.L. (2016, March). Use of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster to test function of insect virus genes. CBASS Annual meeting.
*Corker, A., *Lynch, S. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10) Bioelectric patterns associated with binding and uptake of the baculovirus, Autographa californica MNPV. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baker, P. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10) The electrotaxis potential of insect hemocytes. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R., *Parker, J., & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 12) Meeting your potential: Development, defense, and regeneration in the caterpillar midgut. Molecules in the Mountain Annual Conference, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC.
*Howard, D. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 4-6). Stem cells and virus infection in the caterpillar gut. Presented at the Joint Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society/Georgia Entomological Societies, Helen, GA.
*Howard, D. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 14). Stem cells and virus infection in the caterpillar gut. Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SC.
*Lynch, S., *Corker, A. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 14) Bioelectric patterns associated with binding and uptake of the baculovirus, Autographa californica MNPV. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SC.
*Corker, A., *Lynch, S. & Turnbull, M. (2017, October 5-6) "Bioelectric Patterns Associated with Binding and Uptake of the Baculovirus, Autographa californica MNPV." Presented at the Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society, Georgetown, SC.
*Parker, J., *Howard, D., *Melton, R. & Turnbull, M. (2017, October 5-6) "The Guts of the Matter: Development, Defense, and Regeneration in the Caterpillar Midgut". Presented at the Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society, Georgetown SC.
Hasegawa, D. K., *Erickson, S. L., Hersh, B. M., & Turnbull, M. W. (2017). Virus Innexins induce alterations in insect cell and tissue function. Journal of Insect Physiology, 98, 173–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2017.01.003
College of ScienceG
1442

Building Elder Care Services

Students work with the professor to assess caregivers attitudes, knowledge and benefits about the care of persons with cognitive impairment.  The students will do community based action research and consider policy changes that could improve the health of elders and those who care for them.

Team Leaders
Kathleen Valentine School of Nursing
Diane Hannon School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
843

Organizational Climates

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry team is to learn about and do research, specifically in the field of industrial-organizational psychology (or psychology applied to people’s work experiences). For example, one topic that we've been studying since our team was started is organizational climate, or employees' more informal perceptions of the way they should behave on the job. Climate is a neat topic to study (and our own results have surprised us a few times!) because it can be very different from formal rules or policies on the job, and make a huge difference in how employees behave. For example, if your formal safety rules say you should wear safety goggles on the job, but the informal perception (i.e., safety climate) is that the safety goggles look nerdy, you're probably going to have an issue with your employees wearing those goggles! Our stream of work has focused on looking at multiple types of climates at once.Other topics we research include: courage at work, unethical pro-organizational behavior, small family businesses, and online crowdsourced workers. We do our research with student samples, online samples, and applied samples, so team members get experience with a range of data collection techniques.Students in this Creative Inquiry will learn about the topics and research issues related to studying the field of industrial-organizational psychology. Students will gain hands-on experience in research design, data collection, and data analysis, and will have the opportunity to present research and submit manuscripts for publication after the conclusion of the project.

Team Leaders
Cynthia Pury Psychology
Emily Burnett Psychology
Accomplishments
Burnett, E. A., & Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior: The Influence of Organizational Climate. Paper to be presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL, April 27-29, 2017. 
Burnett, E. A., & Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). Attention Checks as Performance Metrics on AMT: Distributive Justice Implications. Paper to be presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL, April 27-29, 2017. 
Brawley, A. M., & Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). All Climates are Highly Prioritized?: Depends on How You Ask. Paper to be presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Brawley, A. M., & Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). Performance Management in Very Small Family Businesses. Paper to be presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Brawley, A. M., Rosopa, P. J., Pury, C. L. S. (2016, March). Examining controls for common method variance in psychological research. Paper presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M. (2016, April). Doing the best you can with what you have: Limited resources and research ethics. 2015-2016 Presidential Colloquium: Rigor, Rights and Responsibility in Research. Invited talk at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Brawley, A. M., Pury, C. L. S., *Fosu, E., *Flynn, M., *Lemere, C. & *Smith, B. (2015, May). Stress in a new era of employment: A study of crowdsourcing employees on MTurk. Poster presented at the 11th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health: Work, Stress, and Health, Atlanta, GA.
Brawley, A. M., Pury C. L. S. (2015, April). MTurk as a workplace: Satisfaction and turnover among MTurk Workers. Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Hardy, B., Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M. (2015, May). Does the climate of fear scale measure climate? Poster presented at the 11th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health: Work, Stress, and Health, Atlanta, GA.
Brawley, A. M., & Pury, C. L. S. (2016). Work experiences on MTurk: Job satisfaction, turnover, and information sharing. Computers in Human Behavior. 54:531-546. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.08.031
Brawley, A. M., Rosopa, P. J., Pury, C. L. S. (2016, March). Examining controls for common method variance in psychological research. Paper presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Team mentor Alice Brawley was award the Graduate Student Award For Mentoring in Creative Inquiry, by Creative Inquiry and the Clemson Graduate School.
Brawley, A. M., Pury, C. L. S., *Lemere, C., *Smith, B., *Fosu, E., *Flynn, M., *Bennett, M., & *Glass, J. (2015, May). Do multiple specific organizational climates create incompatible demands for employees? Poster presented at the 11th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health: Work, Stress, and Health, Atlanta, GA.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
848

Creative Play

Creative Play studies formalistic models for visual computation applied to creative disciplines and engineering. This CI project will introduce the LEGO brick system as a catalyst for creativity in design and as an introduction to formal systems for visual computation. Topics include design creativity, formal composition, engineering problem solving, exploratory research, manufacturing and game theory.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Bell, E. (2017). Creative Play. Decipher. Vol 6, 11-12.
*Sterckx, P., *Stanhope, K., *Southern, L., *Helander, L., *Abbey, A., Barrios, C. (2017, April). Creative Play. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2016, May). Richard Meier Architecture in LEGO. Work Exhibited at the Emery A. Gunnin Architecture Library, Clemson, SC
(2016, May). A Palladian Construction Grammar. Presented at the 2016 Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
849

Design Morphology

The Morphology Research Studio studies morphogenetic design and biomimicry to research natural structures and processes to find applications in the build environment. The initial focus will be for structural applications using pre-cast concrete. Subjects of study include Geometry, Topology, Computational Design, Origami, Deployable Structures and Kinetic Design.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Brandon Ross Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Clemson University URGC project initiation grant.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2018, June 14-17). Morphology Research at Clemson. Presented at the 2018 Annual Georgia/Carolinas PCI Meeting, Hilton Head, SC.
Kleiss, M. (2017, May). Precast Performative Morphologies. Presentation at the 3rd National PCI Foundation Professors Conference, Denver, CO.
Barrios, C., Ross, B., *Drinkuth, D., *Day, C., *Dorsey, R., *Johnson, L., *Krider, M., *Polk, W. (2017, April). Tesselations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Nemetz, J., *Day, C., *Moreira, E., *Polk, W., *Dorsey, R., and *Drinkuth, D. (2017, Feb 28- March 4). Precast Concrete Morphologies. Poster presented at the Precast Concrete Institute Annual Convention held at the Convention Center in Cleveland, OH.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2016, May). Developing an agenda for teaching precast concrete in the design studio. Presented at the annual meeting of the PCI Foundation Teachers Seminar, Los Angeles, CA.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2016, March).  Experiences in precast concrete studio at Clemson University. Presented at the annual meeting of the Precast Concrete Institute, Nashville, TN.
*Lehnert, A., *Sam, B., Ferguson, A., Barrios, C., Ross, B. (2016, April). Precast Tessellations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Shutt. C. C. (2015) "Integrated Disciplines." Ascent: Designing with Precast.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
850

Cities, Memories and Models

This CI aims to create a collection of large scale wall models to serve as visual catalog of significant architecture and urban environments in the most prominent cities in the US.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Robert Bruhns School of Architecture
Ufuk Ersoy School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Barrios, C., Ross, B., *Bazzani, D., *Dale, T., *Owens, J., *Ramsey, A., *Roberts, C., *Rodgers, T., *Greer, H., and Ersoy, U. (2017, April). Collages of Ashville. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Guan, M., *Southern, L., Barrios, C., Ersoy, U. (2016, May). Historical Murals of Charleston. Presented at the 2016 Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
858

Human-Robot Collaborative Manufacturing using Baxter Humanoid Robot

The goal of this project is to develop a deep understanding of capabilities and potentials for using human-robot collaborative teams in a manufacturing environment. In this project, students will investigate capabilities of humanoid manufacturing robotic systems (e.g., Rethink Robotics’ Baxter) by conducting experiments and surveys for human-robot collaborative manufacturing tasks simulated in laboratory settings. The experiments will include use case development, design and building of work environments, software design, and user studies. Students will gain experience in multi-disciplinary research at the frontiers of human-robot interaction and improve their computer programming and hands-on fabrication skills.

Team Leaders
Yue Wang Mechanical Engineering
Joshua Summers Mechanical Engineering
John R Wagner Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
862

The use of compression clothing in children with Autism

For this project, students will explore how compression clothing affects behaviors in children with Autism.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
MCDavid, B. Clemson students research possible benefits of compression clothing for children with autism. [Video file]. (2017, March 8). WYFF 4. Retrieved from http://www.wyff4.com/article/clemson-students-research-possible-benefits-of-compression-clothing-for...Clemson students research possible benefits of compression clothing for children with autism
The effect of compression in children with autism. [Video file]. (2017, March 3). Fox Carolina 21. Retrieved from http://www.foxcarolina.com/video?autoStart=true&topVideoCatNo=default&clipId=13149160
Staton, M. (2017, February 22). Researchers examine effects of compression clothing on children with autism. Retrieved from http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/researchers-examine-effects-of-compression-clothing-on-c...
*Bennett, K., *Simpson, S., Bisson, J. (2017, April). The Effect of Compression on Stereotyped Behaviors in Children with Autism. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
871

The Final Frontier: Preparing Astronauts for Teamwork and Leadership in Long Duration Space Missions

How do astronaut crews function effectively when their missions last not just weeks, but potentially years? How will they perform from a teamwork perspective when they are with their team members 24/7 for years at a time, with very little or even no contact with Earth? Who will take on leadership roles, and how will they dynamically interact to ensure mission success? How do we select the "right" team members to even start this journey? We are currently investigating these questions in the Developing and Improving Globally Integrated Teamwork and Leadership (DIGITAL) Lab. While astronaut crews have successfully conducted a range of missions over the past several decades, moving to long duration space exploration is a new and uncharted territory that has many unknown implications. Although much of the focus has been on how to physically get astronauts to destinations like Mars, we also need to understand how to prepare these crews to interact effectively as a team--that is, how do we take this team of experts and turn them into an expert team? In this Creative Inquiry project, we will use a range of methods, including getting access to NASA's simulated crew environments, in order to run studies that will help us answer all of these questions (and more!). Students will be strongly encouraged to create their own research questions that we can explore in field and lab settings, and will be actively involved in translating research findings into practical guidelines and recommendations for NASA astronaut selection and training practices. Students will also be encouraged to present research findings at local, national, and international conferences, with funding available to support such trips.

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Nastassia Savage Psychology
Pamela Farago Psychology
Dana Verhoeven Psychology
William Kramer Psychology
Michelle Flynn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
*Carmona, B., *Peters, C., *Mcelhenny, E., Savage, N., Flynn, M. L., Shuffler, M. L., Pfennig, C. & Pirrallo, R. (2018, February 23-24). Does Neuroticism Increase Burnout in First Year Medical Residents?. Poster presented at the Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior Conference, Tulsa, OK.
*Moran, E., *Richter, S., Savage, N., Kramer, W., Verhoeven, D., Flynn, M., Farago, P., Shuffler , M. (2017, April). Examining Burnout in Medical Extreme Teams. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Kramer, W. S. (2017). Teamwork state profiles: A new approach to conceptualizing team processes. In S. Marlow & J. Feitosa (co-chairs), Team-Related Constructs: How and What to Measure? Symposium submitted to the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., & Switzer, F. (co-chairs) (2017, April). More than Just Average: Novel Approaches to Measurement in Teams. Panel submitted to the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Political Skill and Media Use as Antecedents to Healthcare Leadership. Symposium to be presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Burke, C. S., Shuffler, M. L., & Kramer, W. S. (2016). Vocal Intensity: A Team Leadership Metric and Diagnostic Tool? Poster presented at NASA's Human Research Program Investigator's Workshop, Galveston, TX.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., & Burke, C. S. (2016). Examining the impact of distrust: A novel approach to shared leadership and performance. In C. N. Lacerenza & K. L. Cullen (Chairs), Develop me! Novel Approaches to Enhance Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Diversity across levels: A qualitative examination of space flight crews. In J. Feitosa & M. R. Salazar (Chairs), Current State of Diverse Teams: Going Beyond the Diversity-Performance Link. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Flynn, M., & Burke, C. S. (2016). Can you hear me now? Vocal intensity as a predictor of team leadership. In N. Contractor & G. K. Plummer (Chairs), Novel Ways to Understand and Assess Teamwork. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Diversity across Levels: A Qualitative Examination of Space Flight Crews. In J. Feitosa & M. R. Salazar (Chairs), Current State of Diverse Teams: Going Beyond the Diversity-Performance Link. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., & Rosen, M. (2016). Utilizing State Profiles as Means for Exploring Multiteam System Dynamics "In the Wild". In M. Luciano & D. Carter (Chairs), The Paradox of Multiteam Work: Factors that Pull Systems Apart and Push Teams Together. Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
Savage, N. & Hoch, J. (co-chairs) (2017). Virtual Teams "In the Wild": Considering Individual and Contextual Influences. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Allison, B. B., Goguen, K., & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). Getting Real about Virtuality: Practical Recommendations for Choosing Team Members. In N. Savage (Co-Chair) & J. Hoch (Chair), Virtual Teams "In the Wild": Considering Individual and Contextual Influences. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Burke, C.S., Shuffler, M.L., Wiese, C.W., & Howell, R. (2016). Investigating Shared Leadership in Isolated, Confined Environments: An Analog Perspective. Paper presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., & Savage, N. (2016). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Poster presented at the Annual Conference of Human Research Program Investigators Workshop, Houston, TX.
*Flynn, M., Verhoeven, D. C., Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., & Salas, E. (2016). Moving Beyond Traditional Leadership to Build Highly Functioning Autonomous Teams. Poster Presented at the 20th Annual Posters on the Hill Conference, Washington, D.C.
Burke, C. S., Shuffler, M. L. & Kramer, W. S. (2016). Vocal Intensity: A Team Leadership Metric and Diagnostic Tool? Poster presented at NASA’s Human Research Program Investigator’s Workshop, Galveston, TX.
*Moran, E., *Flynn, M., *Huffer, E., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). Listen to Me! Vocal Intensity as a Team Leadership Metric. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, South Carolina.
*Mcintyre, K., *Bateman, I., Shuffler, M., Burke, C., S. (2015). The Final Frontier: Preparing Astronauts for Teamwork and Leadership in Long Duration Space Missions. Poster presented at the Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S. (2015). An Examination of Antecedents of Shared Leadership: Considering Individual Differences and Complex Contexts. Symposium submitted at the 75th Annual Conference of the Academy of Management, Vancouver, British Columbia.
Burke, C. S., Salas, E., Shuffler, M. (2015). Leadership-followership: Moving beyond traditional leadership to build highly functioning autonomous teams. Poster presented at the 2015 Human Research Program Investigators Workshop (NASA), Galveston, TX.
Verhoeven, D. C., Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Moving Beyond Traditional Leadership to Build Highly Functioning Autonomous Teams. Poster submitted at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Verhoeven, D. C, Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Are Distributed Teams More Stressed? The Influence of Distribution on Justice and Stress. Poster submitted at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Burke, C. S. (2015). An Examination of Antecedents to Shared Leadership in Distributed Teams: Considering Individual Differences and Complex Contexts. Poster submitted at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Allison, B.A., Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Leading tomorrow's teams today: The future of teams-focused leadership development. Panel to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Wildman, J.L., Shuffler, M.L. (2015, April). Shared leadership in teams: Contemporary perspectives in diverse contexts. Symposium to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Kramer, W.S., Jimenez-Rodriguez, M., Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Emergent states in multiteam systems: A review and research agenda. In S. Posnock & S. Zaccaro (Co-Chairs), Multiteam systems: Determinants and dynamics of emergent states. Symposium to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Burke, C.S., Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Shared leadership: Building autonomous teams in long duration space flight. In J. Wildman & M. Shuffler (Co-Chairs), Shared leadership in teams: Contemporary perspectives in diverse contexts. Symposium to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Shuffler, M.L., Kramer, W.S. (2015). Multiteam systems in the final frontier: A review and research agenda. In L. Landon (Chair), Teams in Space: New Research Frontiers. Symposium to be presented at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Shuffler, M. (2015, March). Psychology professor's research for NASA and Greenville Health System showing new trend in leadership and team dynamics. 
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (in press). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Technical Report. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Verhoeven, D., Cooper, T., Flynn, M., & Shuffler, M. (2018). Transnational Team Effectiveness. In E. Salas, R. Rico & J. Passmore, The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Team Working and Collaborative Processes (1st ed., pp. 73-102). Boca Raton, FL: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (in press). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Technical Report. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Shuffler, M.L., Jimenez, M., Kramer, W.S. (2015, September). The science of multiteam systems: A review and future research agenda. Small Group Research.
Shuffler, M.L., Thayer, A.L., & Salas, E. (Proposal accepted; 2nd Revise & Resubmit). Functional & dysfunctional teamwork in organizations. Academy of Management Annals.
Hoechst Celanese Graduate Student Research Award - Nastassia Savage
Outstanding Master's Degree Student - Dana C. Verhoeven
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
965

Montana Prairie Ecology

This creative inquiry is part of a newly created undergraduate research fellowship program developed at Clemson to expose Clemson students to the biodiversity and working landscape of the Great Plains through directed undergraduate work and research experience.  Students will spend the spring semester learning about the ecosystem, developing research questions and preparing for the summer course where they will travel to Montana.  Acceptance into this creative inquiry is competitive, and applicants are expected to apply by December 1 of each year to be allowed to enroll in both the spring and summer courses.  More information on the project and how to apply can be found at:  http://prairieecology.blogspot.com/

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Keifer Titus
Accomplishments
Not applicable - this is to pay for roundtrip transportation between Clemson and Roundup, MT (4,000 miles roundtrip @ $0.57/mile, 4 nights hotel stay) as part of this year-long CI.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
883

Looking at Proteins one at a time with high precision

The goal of this project is to understand how proteins move, fold and interact in molecular complexes by looking at them one at a time with super resolution methods. Biochemical, genetics and biophysical tools will be combined with analytical and quantitative methods. In some instances we will derive three dimensional models of bimolecular machines.

Team Leaders
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
NSF CAREER award.
*Spencer M, Levesque B., Wang B., Ding F., Bowen M., Sanabria H., (2016, April). Using FRET to determine structural dynamics and inter-domain interactions of tandems PDZ1-2 domains in PSD95. Syracuse, N.Y.
*Kouser, H, Blocker R.E., *Spencer M., *Disharoon Z., Yanez-Orozco I.S., Sanabria H. (2016, April). Recombinant Flavodoxin for Single Molecule Fluorescence Experiments, Clemson, SC.
*Tremblay, L., *Williams, F., *Disharoon, Z., *Andorfer, R., Yanez-Orozco I.S.A., Sanabria, H. (2014, November 7-8). Single Molecule Spectroscopy Using Multiparameter Fluorescence Detection. Poster presented at the Sigma Xi Student Research Conference, Glendale, AZ.
College of ScienceG
1081

Evaluating the impact of Livestock Exhibition on student professional development

Livestock Exhibition Techniques is a course in the Animal and Veterinary Sciences Department designed for students learn techniques associated with exhibition and evaluation of beef, dairy, equine, poultry, and swine.  While enrolled in the course, students often boast about the knowledge they are gaining not only about the livestock and animal industries, but also a considerable amount with regards to the responsibility, team working, and leadership skills.  The purpose of this project is to allow a student-ran team to evaluate the impact enrollment in Livestock Exhibition Techniques has on a student’s professional development.  

Team Leaders
Richelle Miller Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
Student named to 2015 All-American Livestock Team
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
886

Nano 3D printing using bacteria

Fabricating materials using living organisms is an emerging practice that is fueled by the quest for sustainable and environmentally friendly manufacturing techniques. Many wild microbes are known to synthesize different useful materials ranging from polymers to ceramics, and the dramatic advances in synthetic biology are constantly expanding the boundaries of what is possible using engineered microbes. What is missing are techniques to manipulate each of these microbes in desired trajectories to build materials from the bottom-up. Imagine growing a part using a swarm of microbial “print heads” moving in orchestrated fashion. This revolutionary capability will enable us to fully exploit the superb properties of microbial nanomaterials. In this project, the use of electric fields is explored to manipulate bacteria as "print heads" with the goal of depositing nanomaterials on specific locations. 

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Devin Keck Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Flach, J.P., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, April 6-7). Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide Through Carbothermal Reduction of Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles and Renewable Biopolymers. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Flach, J.P., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, May). “Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide through carbothermal reduction of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and renewable polymers”. ECS Engineering Carbon Hybrids Symposium, San Diego, CA.
Flach, J., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016). “Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide through carbothermal reduction of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and renewable polymers”.  ECS Transactions, 72(1), 17-23.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
904

Ruminant Nutrition Research Team

This research team provides an opportunity for the advancement of the teacher-scholar model at Clemson by integrating significant student learning experiences into an ambitious ruminant research program in the animal and veterinary sciences department. Students have an opportunity to gain exposure to and experience with ruminant research first hand, and skills gained through this process will provide them a critical understanding of real world synthesis and application of research in a systematic manner. Successful development of the team will, in turn, support honors thesis, M.Sc., and Ph.D. projects, and numerous other potential future projects, many of which will be the result of active discussion among students and faculty. The team offers students coveted hands-on experience in a unique situation, and encourages all members to view issues of ruminant production from a variety of perspectives and to actively seek out opportunities for multidisciplinary cooperation in research and in practice. The team will also provide significant opportunities for networking for our students, obtaining funding for research, and sponsorship for attending conferences. The development of this team has resulted in industry funding for students to attend conferences in the past. Finally, internships can be facilitated as industry and other research organizations are actively seeking individuals with the capabilities that the team will help students develop. Additionally, the team will provide students with the necessary skills to continue their professional careers in several areas: 1. Industry 2. Independent Consultant 3. Government 4. Graduate School 5. Veterinary School

Team Leaders
Gustavo Lascano Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
Rumen Fermentation Responses of Feed Supplements for Ruminants ($277, 563)
Profiling Rumen Microbial Population Provimi in calves fed different amounts of milk Replacer and weaned with different methods ($110,000)
Koch, L.E., Gomez, N.A., *Bowyer, A., & Lascano, G.J. (2017). Precision-feeding dairy heifers a high rumen undegradable protein diet with different proportions of dietary fiber and forage to concentrate ratios. Journal of Animal Science.  95:5617–5628. doi:10.2527/jas2017.1974
Dennis, T.S., Suarez-Mena, F.X., Hill, T.M. , Quigley, J.D.,  Schlotterbeck, R.L. & Lascano, G.J. (2017). Short communication: Effect of replacing corn with beet pulp in a high concentrate diet fed to weaned Holstein calves on diet digestibility and growth. Journal of Dairy Science. 101(1):408-412.
Heinrichs, A. J., Zanton, G. I., Lascano, G. J., & Jones, C. M. (2017). A 100-Year Review: A century of dairy heifer research. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(12), 10173–10188. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-12998
Ranasinghe, P., Gomes, N.A ., Rowland, K.*, Caprio, A.*, Lascano G. J. (2015). The Effects of Substituting True Protein with Non-Protein Nitrogen in Holstein Dairy Heifers Precision-Fed Different Forage to Concentrate Ratios. J. Dairy Sci. Suppl 21:26. Retrieved from: http://m.jtmtg.org/abs/t/64334
Bowen, L.E., *Bowyer, A., *Weeks, S. A., Gomez, N, A., & Lascano, G.J. (2015). Precision-feeding dairy heifers different levels of dietary fiber and high rumen undegradable protein. J Dairy Sci. Suppl. 21: 26.
Goho, A*. (2016, April 21). Back to the future, A Solar Oven Project. The Tiger,110(37) A2. 
Hill, K.*, Cook, E.*, Boyd, H., Lynch, J.*, Johnson, J., Johnson, A., Jeffcoat, A.*. "AVS Corner, May 2016" (2016). AVS Corner. Paper 5.
*Garbowski S.J., *Goho, A.E. & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Grocery By-Product Waste and How Dairy Cattle Can Help. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
*Scott, L. & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Exploring the Market of Goat Milk Products. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Dennis, T.S., Suarez-Mena, F.X., Lascano, G.J., Hill, T.M., Quigley, J.D., Hu, W., & Schlotterbeck, R.L. (2017, June). Effect of feeding increasing amounts of beet pulp on weaned calf performance and digestion. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Koch, L.E., Koch, B., Klopp, R., Hussein, S., *Murphree, V., and Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Effects of replacing corn with different levels of starch degradability with beet pulp as a source of soluble fiber on fermentation in continuous culture. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Koch, L.E., Koch, B., Klopp, R., Hussein, S., *Murphree, V., & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Starch degradability in combination with sugar alter fermentation in continuous culture. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Koch, L.E., Koch, B., Hussein, S., *Murphree, V., Jenkins, T.C., Linn, J., Soderholm, C., Albrecht, J., & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Effects of combinations of prilled fatty acids with or without potassium carbonate on fermentation and biohydrogenation intermediates in continuous culture fermenters. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Richards V.P., Jenkins, T.C., Koch, L.E., & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Changes in rumen bacteria communities in continuous cultures fed high and low levels of unsaturated fatty acids with increasing rates of starch degradability. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Ranasinghe, P., Gomes, N.A ., *Rowland, K., *Caprio, A. & Lascano G. J. (2015). "The Effects of Substituting True Protein with Non-Protein Nitrogen in Holstein Dairy Heifers Precision-Fed Different Forage to Concentrate Ratios". Oral Presentation at the Federation of Animal Science Societies Joint Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL 
Bowen, L.E., A. Bowyer, S.A. Weeks, N.A. Gomez, & Lascano, G.J. (2015). Precision-feeding dairy heifers different levels of dietary fiber and high rumen undegradable protein. Oral Presentation at the Federation of Animal Science Societies Joint Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL.
Wade Stackhouse Award
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
899

Establishing a Clemson University-K-12 Research Collaboration

The purpose of this CI is aid in the establishment of a yearlong high school laboratory program that will include lectures, interactive discussions and and hands-on laboratory experiments in which students will generate some of the molecular constructs that will be used in research projects being carried out on the Clemson Campus.

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Dr. Meredith Morris received the Clemson University Service Alliance Faculty Fellows for 2015-2016. The Fellows Program is a program for faculty interested in exploring issues related to service-learning and community-based research
(2015-2016). Bridging the Gap Between the Classroom and the Laboratory [video file]. retrieved from: http://tv.clemson.edu/bridging_the_gap_between_the_classroom_and_the_laboratory/
College of ScienceG
906

Research and Development for the National Dairy Council's Annual New Product Competition

Small teams of undergraduates with hands on research experience with general guidance from a faculty mentor. The overall goal is to create a new dairy product to enter into the annual National Dairy Council new product competition. Emphasis being placed on conducting sensory panels and understanding ingredient functions as is relates to dairy foods.

Team Leaders
Sara Cothran Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1077

Prosthetics - Socket Fit Sensor

Amputees often experience volume change in the residual limb due to muscle atrophy, resulting in ill-fitting sockets and the need for new sockets over the course of their life. It is often difficult for a patient to determine when their socket is not fitting properly, so that they may take some corrective action, and it is difficult for care providers to justify the need for a new socket to insurance agencies. This project aims to develop a socket fit sensor, which will report to the user and care providers a quantitative measurement of the fit of the socket based on the movement of the limb within the socket. Basic programming skills will be a huge asset to students in this project, although they are not required.

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
951

Assessing Reasoning

Why are some people better than others at complex, everyday-reasoning tasks like making a political argument, troubleshooting a computer, or making a difficult decision? Another term for everyday reasoning is critical thinking. In this research project, we are studying the different styles people use for everyday reasoning as well as what psychological factors might cause people to vary in their reasoning ability. The two factors we are investigating are: general intelligence and intellectual attitudes (e.g., open-mindedness; curiosity). We are developing our own and adapting other researchers’ tests and surveys to measure reasoning, general intelligence and intellectual attitudes. Then we are conducting studies to see how strongly intelligence and intellectual attitudes correlate with reasoning ability.

Team Leaders
Leo J Gugerty Psychology
Michael Shreeves Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
993

A Retrospective study of cardiac arrest survival using Theraputic Hypothermia at a large upstate hospital

One of the most promising treatments fighting against cerebral injury post-cardiac arrest is therapeutic hypothermia (TH). TH has been proven successful because it suppresses the inflammatory response to cardiac arrest, decreases acidosis, minimizes cell death, and “can decrease the cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption as much as 6% to 7% for each 1°C reduction in brain temperature” (Ferreira & Frontera, 2013, p. 638). Indicators for TH, such as the desired body temperature, biomarkers, and pre-existing conditions of patients, require further research to standardize the process. Our team is going to do a retrospective chart review for the last 5 years on patients who have experienced a cardiac arrest and received therapeutic Hypothermia post cardiac arrest and identify common variables associated with survival.

Team Leaders
John Whitcomb School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1002

Measuring Functional Brain Asymmetry in Realistic Settings

Functional Brain asymmetry (the fact that the hemispheres of the brain show consistent differences in the type of cognitive and motor functions they control) has been known for over a century and is generally considered as one of the fundamental aspects of brain organization. Nonetheless, the reason why the brain is functionally asymmetric remains unclear.  One of the leading theories proposes that a crucial advantage that brain asymmetry may offer is to increase neural capacity, because specializing one hemisphere for a particular function leaves the other hemisphere free to perform other (additional) functions. However, to date the type of evidence showing a relationship between behavioral performance and degree of functional hemispheric asymmetry is quite limited.  One of the main reasons for this is that most current imaging studies (i.e., fMRI studies) of functional hemispheric asymmetry are conducted in highly artificial settings which drastically limit the type of cognitive/behavioral tasks that the subjects can perform. As a solution to the above-mentioned limitations of current research, I am developing a research program in which 1) the subjects are engaged in cognitive and motor tasks performed in more realistic settings, and 2) measures of brain function are obtained using functional transcranial Doppler technology (fTDS), a portable and fully non-invasive imaging technology, based on the same principles and technology of ultrasound imaging.

Team Leaders
Claudio Cantalupo Psychology
Accomplishments
*Bensch, C., *Kilcommons, P., *Lark, A., *Rice, A., *Newell, E. & *Paschall E. (2018, April 2-3). A Systematic Review on the Scientific Translation of Functional Transcranial Doppler Sonography Technology and the Assessment of Asymmetrical Brain Functions. Digital Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Davis, K., *Paschall, E., *Hentschel, B., *Kennett, P., *Kilcommons, P., *Neckles, V., *Ott, M., *Rice, A., Cantalupo, C. (2017, April). The "Cooling" Effect of Language: The Relationship Between Eardrum Temperature and Cerebral Blood Speed. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1016

Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks

Mars has long fascinated humankind because of its potential as a host for alien life. Looking forward to continued exploration, it is of the utmost importance that all technical components for Mars missions function properly once in situ. In order to test rover instrumentation before mission launch and improve the chances of success, the understanding and analyses of terrestrial soils similar to those that will be encountered on Mars have become crucial. Mars soil analogues provide a preview of the physical environment that a mission to Mars may encounter.  In this project, the mechanical properties of JSC Mars-1A soil simulant will be analyzed through a combination of conventional and advanced experimental activities, as well as computer models. Information gained from this project will be benchmarked against available data and will be used for (1) development of a numerical model to predict behavior of Mars soil simulant; and (2) feasibility of utilizing Martian geomaterials as building blocks for future Mars exploration missions.

Team Leaders
Qiushi Chen Civil Engineering
Yuan Guo Civil Engineering
Zakia Tasnim Civil Engineering
Feiyang Chen Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship awarded to CI student *Michael Burden.
NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Faculty Grant is funded as a result of this CI project.
Matthew Brennan* is a Material Science and Engineering student working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Student Fellowship to carry out research on Martian regolith-based composite materials.
Michael Burden* was a Civil Engineering sophomore working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Student Fellowship to carry out research on Martian regolith-based composite materials.
David McCormick* was a Civil Engineering senior working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Fellowship for his proposed work on creating building blocks with Martian soil. He carried out his proposed research with the CI team.
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship is awarded to Clemson undergraduate student Matthew Brennan working on this project over the summer of 2016
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship is awarded to CI student *Michael Burden on this research topic
NASA undergraduate fellowship awarded to CI student *David McCormick.
*Burden, M., *Burden, B., *Johnstone, C., *Mcdaniel, N., *Merry, P., Chen, Q., Lai, Z. (2017, April). Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Brennan, M., Burden, M., and Chen, Q. (2016, July 29). Creation and Characterization of JSC Mars-1A Martian Simulant-based Composite Material. Palmetto Academy Symposium, College of Charleston.
The grant is funded by the NASA South Carolina Space Grant Consortium's under the Palmetto Program. The overarching goals of the SCSGC Palmetto Academy are to enhance workforce development within South Carolina in STEM areas and to increase the number of students interested in and retain those currently pursuing STEM disciplines. The mentored SCSGC Palmetto Academy sites will advance NASA’s research agenda and will raise NASA’s profile in the Southeast region of the United States.
SC Space Consortium Palmetto Faculty award to Dr. Qiushi Chen on research topic of Martial soil simulant as building blocks
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1018

Video game development for fun learning of distributed dynamical systems

This project aims at the development of a car racing video game which can enhance the student learning experience of distributed dynamical  systems and even more broader dynamical systems & control courses and auto engineering courses. The project will be built upon existing work which already realized a sophisticated vehicle simulator, a  game framework, and graphics engine. Students will be focused on developing an interface between existing work and student learning process. The game development itself will be a fun learning process. Knowledge of Linux and C++/C is required. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems is needed.  

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
IEEE CSS outreach fund, $10,000
IEEE Control Systems Society outreach fund, 10K.
Parakh, N. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Pulse-Coupled Synchronization of the Roomba". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Cybernetics.
*Baracskay, D., and Wang, Y. (2016). "Communication between two cars in the torcs program". Submitted to Chinese Control Conference.
Wang, Y., *Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., & Anglea, T. (2016). A unified communication and control approach for decentralized heading alignment in robot networks. In 2016 Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ccdc.2016.7531413
*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., *Raval, D., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  An undergraduate research platformfor cooperative control and swarm robotics.  In 2016 IEEE 11th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/iciea.2016.7603893
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1020

Bionic Arm

This project is inspired by the eNABLE community whose projects are providing motion controlled prosthetics for children.  Our goal is to use their open source designs to 3D print a prosthetic arm and embed electronics for motion control via electromyography (EMG) and electroencephalogram (EEG). 

Team Leaders
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
Tyler Harvey Housing: Summer Programs
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Sedler, A., Harvey, T., McCullough, M., *Hicks, C., *Ormerod, A., *Roach, M., *Strohl, M., *Dorsey, R., Rodriguez, J., *Mcleod, D., *Robison, J., *Aitken, S. (2017, April). Clemson Bionics: Design and Development of Novel, Low-Cost Bionic Prosthetics. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Robison, J., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Sech, M., *Bryla, B., Rodriguez, R.,  and McCullough, M. (2016, October). "Development Of A Novel 3D Printed, Low Cost Bionic Hand". Biomedical Engineering Society Annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN.
*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., Zemitis, C., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, May 18-19). Low Cost Bionic Hand.Poster presented at 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Association (SEMDA) 2016 Conference, Nashville, TN.
*Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, April). Low Cost Bionic Hand. Poster Presentation. Presented at South Carolina Counselors at Clemson, SC.
J*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., Zemitis, C., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, April). Low Cost Bionic Hand. Poster Presentation. Presented at The Focus of Creative Inquiry Poster Fo-rum at Clemson, SC.
*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., Zemitis, C., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, June). Development of a Novel EMG-activated Low Cost Bionic Hand/Forearm. Presented at LIMBS Research Summit at El Paso, Tx.
*Megan Sech, one of our lead students has been accepted to and is attending the Northwestern University Master's Program in Prosthetics and Orthotics.
FOCI People's Choice Award Spring 2016*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., *Zemitis, C.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1022

Engineering Yeast for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Nutraceuticals

            Our mantra is “Inspired, but not limited by biology”. Microbial biosynthesis of chemicals and fuels offers a renewable way to create the molecules our society needs in a sustainable manner. The major barriers to more broad adoption of biochemicals in the chemical process industry are starting to be overcome by advances in biotechnology and engineering. Taking advantage of natural biodiversity, and engineering new biological components will enable an expanded set of biochemical reactions to be better controlled and therefore more efficiently produced. Team members in the Engineering Yeast for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Nutraceuticals creative inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of sustainable chemicals. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. The projects available in this creative inquiry involve: 1.     Engineering yeast for metabolism of lignocellulose. 2.     Engineering biocatalytic conversion of animal fats into value added products. 3.     Establishing genetic and metabolic engineering tools for a novel oleaginous yeast.

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
2018 SC EPSCoR/IDEA Meeting, April 7. Columbia, SC
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program
*Lauren Gambill, 2016 Biomolecular Engineering REU – Best Poster
*Kaitlyn Scola, Fulbright Fellowship Semifinalist
*Lauren Gambill - 2017 CU College of Science Outstanding Undergraduate Research Award
*Lauren Gambill - NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program – Awardee
NASA Center Internship - *Matt Brabender
NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Research Fellowship - *Matt Brabender
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship (*S. Smith, 2016)
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship (*L. Gambill, 2015)
*Bailey, M., Spagnuolo, M. & Blenner, M. (2018, April 7). Engineering Plasmid Performance in Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster presented at the Annual SC EPSCoR/IDEA Meeting, Columbia, SC.
Rodriguez, G., *Gambill, L., Shabbir-Hussain, M., & Blenner, M. (2017, January). "Engineering Robust Xylose Utilization in Yarrowia Lipolytica Using Cryptic Metabolic Pathways." Presented at the International Conference on Biomolecular Engineering, San Diego, CA.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., Wiseman, W., & Blenner, M. (2017, January). "Development of Fine-Tuned and Responsive Genetic Engineering Tools for Yarrowia Lipolytica." Poster presented at the International Conference on Biomolecular Engineering, San Diego, CA.
Spagnuolo, M., Gao, D., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). "PHA Production Using Yarrowia Lipolytica and Alternative Feedstocks." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Shabbir Hussain, M., *Baker, P., Wheeldon, I., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Genomic Hot Spots for Strong and Stable Expression Sites in Yarrowia Lipolytica." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Shabbir Hussain, M., *Baker, P., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Engineering Fatty Acid Responsive Elements for Metabolic Engineering in the Oleaginous Yeast, Yarrowia Lipolytica." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Shabbir Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Development of Hybrid Lipid Sensors for Metabolic Engineering in the Oleaginous Yeast, Yarrowia Lipolytica." Presented at the Southeast Regional American Society of Microbiology Meeting, Florence, AL
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Enabling Xylose Metabolism in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica." Presented at the Southeast Regional American Society of Microbiology Meeting, Florence, AL.
Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Critical Challenges for Synthetic Biology Applications in Space Life Support Systems." Invited presentation at NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA.
Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Synthetic Biology: From Benchtop to Mars." Invited presentation to the Microbiology Club, Clemson, SC.
*Gambill, L., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Improving xylose utilization in engineered strains of Yarrowia lipolytica." Poster presented at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
*Brabender, M., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Urine as an alternative nitrogen source for growing Yarrowia lipolytica." Poster presented at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
*Smith, S., Shabbir Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Understanding the rules of responsive hybrid promoters." Poster presented at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Gao, D., Spagnuolo, M., Rodriguez, G., *Brabender, M., *Scola, K., & Blenner, M. (2017, April). "Synthetic Biology for Recycling Human Waste into Nutraceuticals and Materials." Presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Smith, S. & Blenner, M., (2017, April). "Developing a genetic tool for metabolic engineering in Yarrowia lipolytica." Invited presentation at the ACC Meeting of the Minds, Durham, NC.
Blenner, M. (2017, April). "Expanding Capabilities for Engineering Yeast for Biochemical Production." Invited Departmental Seminar Presented at Chemical Engineering Departmental Seminar, Columbia University, New York, NY.
Shabbir Hussain, M., Schwartz, C., Wheeldon, I., & Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Discovery of a fatty acid response element in Yarrowia lipolytica and its use to construct finely tuned fatty acid responsive promoters to enable strain engineering and dynamic regulation." Presented at the Symposium for Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., *Robinson, A., & Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Aromatic metabolism by oleaginous yeast." Poster presented at the Symposium for Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Engineering oleaginous yeast for biochemical production using non-conventional feedstocks." Invited Industry Seminar to REG, San Francisco, CA.
Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Expanding Capabilities for Engineering Yeast for Biochemical Production." Invited Departmental Seminar Presented at Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of California – Irvine, Irvine, CA.
*Baker, P., *Brabender, M., *Gambill, L., *Hardy, W., *Scola, K., *Smith, S., Blenner, M. (April 2016). Engineering Yeast for Production of Oleochemicals from Waste and Renewable Resources. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (August 2015). Elucidating the Role of Xylose Metabolism Enzymes in the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the Society of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology Annual Meeting, Philadelphia PA
Shabbir-Hussain, M. *Gambill, L., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (November 2015). Exploring Mechanisms for Xylose Transport in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT
Rodriguez, G, Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (November 2015). Elucidating the Role of Xylose Metabolism Enzymes in the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT
Schartz, C. Shabbir-Hussain, M., Blenner, M., Wheeldon, I. (November 2015). Genome Editing in Yarrowia Lipolytica Using a Crispr-Cas9 System with RNA Polymerase II Transcribed Single Guide RNA. Presentation given at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT
Blenner, M. (November 2015). Yarrowia lipolytica as a robust platform for biochemical production from complex substrates. Invited Departmental Seminar, Ohio University
Shabbir-Hussain, M. *Baker, P., Blenner, M. (2016, March) Engineering Fatty Acid Responsive Elements for Metabolic Engineering of Oleaginous Yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster given at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (March 2016). Engineering Xylose Metabolism Through Unveiling Cryptic Enzymes and Transporter Expression in Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
*Gambill, L., Shabbir-Hussain, M., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (April 2016). Identification of a xylose transport and interconversion pathway in the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the ACC Research Conference, Syracuse, NY.
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M (2016, April). Enabling Xylose Metabolism from a Cryptic Pathway in Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the Symposium for Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Meeting, Baltimore, MD.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Baker, P., and Blenner, M. (2016, July) Genomic Hot Spots for Strong and Stable Expression Sites in Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster presented at Society of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
ChBE Graduate Researcher of the Year (M. Shabbir Hussain, 2017)
“CRISPR-Enabled Genome-Wide Screening of the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica” DOE Joint Genome Institute: Community Science Program in Synthetic Biology, Principal Investigator, 1.5 Mb DNA Synthesis ($0 real; ~$200,000 value) (2016-2018) DOE-DE-AC02-05CH11231
“Collaborative Research: Controlling Cellular Physiology and Enzyme Localization for Enhanced Oleochemical Biosynthesis in Yeast”, NSF CBET Cellular & Biochemical Engineering, Principal Investigator, $347,277 ($347,277), (2017-2020).
“Understanding the Influence of Kinetics and Structure in CRISPR-Cas9 Cutting of Non-Conventional Yeast” SC EPSCoR/IDeA, Principal Investigator $10,000 ($10,000), (2017).
“Optimization and Initial Bioprocess Scale Up of Omega-3 Production from Rendered Fat”, Animal Coproducts Research & Education Center, Principal Investigator, $38,500 ($38,500), (2016-2017).
“Palmetto Academy: Synthetic Biology Enabled Recycling of Waste for Life Support”, SC Space Grant Consortium, Principal Investigator, $36,000 ($36,000), (2016).
“Synthetic Biology for Recycling Human Waste into Nutraceuticals, and Materials: Closing the Loop for Long-Term Space Travel”, NASA Early Career Faculty Award, Principal Investigator, $599,785 ($599,785), (2015-2018).
“Intracellular Localization of Biosynthetic Pathways for Conversion of Lipids to Dicarboxylic Acids in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia Lipolytica”, NSF CBET Biotechnology, Biochemical, & Biomass Engineering, Principal Investigator, $301,127 ($301,127), (2014-2017). Award CBET:1403099
Yaguchi, A., *Robinson, A., *Mihealsick, E., & Blenner, M. (2017). Metabolism of aromatic compounds by Trichosporon oleaginosus while remaining oleaginous.  Microbial Cell Factories. 16:206. DOI 10.1186/s12934-017-0820-8
Hussain, M. S., Wheeldon, I., & Blenner, M. (2017). A strong hybrid fatty acid inducible transcriptional sensor built from Yarrowia lipolytica upstream activating and regulatory sequences. Biotechnology Journal, 12: 1700248. DOI: 10.1002/biot.201700248
Rodriguez, G. M., Hussain, M. S., *Gambill, L., Gao, D., Yaguchi, A., & Blenner, M. (2016). Engineering xylose utilization in Yarrowia lipolytica by understanding its cryptic xylose pathway. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 9(1). doi:10.1186/s13068-016-0562-6
Schwartz, C., Shabbir-Hussain, M., Frogue, K., Blenner, M., & Wheeldon, I. (2016). Standardized Markerless Gene Integration for Pathway Engineering in Yarrowia lipolytica. ACS Synthetic Biology, 6(3), 402-409. doi:10.1021/acssynbio.6b00285
Yaguchi, A., Rives, D., & Blenner, M. (2017). New kids on the block: Emerging oleaginous yeast of biotechnological importance. AIMS Microbiology, 3(2), 227-247. doi:10.3934/microbiol.2017.2.227
Shabbir Hussain, M., M Rodriguez, G., Gao, D., Spagnuolo, M., Gambill, L., & Blenner, M. (2016). Recent advances in bioengineering of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. AIMS Bioengineering, 3(4), 493-514. http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/bioeng.2016.4.493
Shabbir Hussain, M., *Gambill L., *Smith, S., Blenner, M. (2016) Engineering Promoter Architecture in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. ACS Synthetic Biology, 5(3):213-223.
Schwartz, C. M., Hussain, M. S., Blenner, M., & Wheeldon, I. (2016). Synthetic RNA Polymerase III Promoters Facilitate High-Efficiency CRISPR–Cas9-Mediated Genome Editing in Yarrowia lipolytica. ACS Synthetic Biology, 5(4), 356–359. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.5b00162
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1023

Enhancing School Readiness through Parent Education in the Preschool Setting

Parent education has been found effective at enhancing school readiness skills related to early mathematics and literacy.  This project will challenge students to create effective communication tools to share research-based information with parents of preschool students. 

Team Leaders
Anna Hall Teacher Education
Sandra Linder Teaching & Learning
Accomplishments
Emerson, A. & Hall, A. H. (2017). Is this just scribble scrabble? Accepted by the Literacy Research Association Annual Conference. Tampa, FL.
Hall, A. H., Guo, Y. & White, K. (2017, November 29-December 2). Who Counts as a Writer. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Literacy Research Association. Tampa, FL.
Hall, A. H., Guo, Y., and White, K. M. (2016). Who counts as a writer: An examination of teacher, parent, and child perceptions of writing during the preschool years. Presented at the annual meeting of the Literacy Research Association. Nashville, TN.
Hall, A. H., Guo, Y.*, & White, K. M. (2016) Who Counts as a Writer: An Examination of Teacher, Parent, and Child Perceptions of Writing during the Preschool Years. Presented at the annual conference of the Literacy Research Association, Nashville, TN.
Award based on research productivity and prominence in field
Hall, A. (2016). Sustaining Preschoolers' Engagement During Interactive Writing Lessons. The Reading Teacher, 70(3), 365-369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/trtr.1521
Hall, A. (2016). Quality standards matter: a comparative case study examining interactive writing in the preschool setting. Early Child Development And Care, 187(3-4), 383-397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2016.1159202
College of EducationE
1028

Development of novel antifungals

A number of drugs are inhibitors of fungal growth. We have identified medicinal leads that are active antifungals and also inhibit bacterial growth. Using chemical and biochemical techniques, this project will explore how we can tailor the chemical structures of these leads to develop better drugs.

Team Leaders
Dev Priya Arya Chemistry
College of ScienceG
1031

College Football and it's Relationship with Branding

This sports marketing Creative Inquiry focuses college football uniforms and branding of Power 5 teams. Why do some teams always play in plain uniforms, while others have elaborately designed uniforms? Why do certain teams change their uniforms every year and other teams have worn the same uniforms for decades? What do fans think of different types of jerseys? The CI seeks to answer these questions by looking at fan’s perception and opinion of uniforms, such as how fans view throwback jerseys. It is also researching how brand changes, especially uniforms, affects the football program’s performance. Students will help design online studies to test uniforms perceptions and value. They will also and track uniforms, logos, and branding effects, along with performance measures, for Power 5 teams.Accepted students will work on a junior colleague model, which implies an invitation and expectation for contributions to conceptualization of projects, method generation, statistical analysis and theory-based data interpretation. Students will leave this Creative Inquiry prepared to do sophisticated theory-based analytical thinking using the most current methods, software and research as a toolkit for employment in analytics or eventual entrance into graduate school. 

Team Leaders
T. Andrew Poehlman Marketing
Accomplishments
*Nathanael S. Martin, Ph.D. admittance, University of Cincinnati.
Poehlman, *Kooi, K. A., Martin, Thorsteinsson (2016), "Directions in Consumptive Signaling." Panel Presentation at the Society of Marketing Advances, Atlanta, GA.
Larson, L.R.L., Poehlman, T.A., *Kooi, K.A., *Martin, N.S. (2015, November). New directions in evolutionary consumer behavior. Special session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Marketing Advances, San Antonio, TX.
College of BusinessD
1036

The role of glycolysis in Entamoeba growth and infection

Entamoeba histolytica is a human pathogen that causes diarrheal disease. Although Entamoeba infection is not a problem in the US, it is a major problem in developing countries with poor sanitation. Entamoeba lacks many of the typical metabolic pathways found in other higher organisms and instead relies on scavenging (including ingesting other cells) to get many of the cellular building materials it needs that it cannot make for itself. One key metabolic pathway that Entamoeba does possess is glycolysis, which is responsible for breakdown of the sugar glucose, which is the preferred energy source for a wide variety of cells and organisms. We are investigating the proteins responsible for performing the various steps of this pathway and what role these proteins play in Entamoeba growth and infection.

Team Leaders
Cheryl Ingram-Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
NIH COBRE grant. L. Temesvari (PI) and K. Smith (Co-I). This five-year $10.5M award designates the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center as a Center of Biomedical Research Excellence. I am one of five Target Investigators on this grant and provided one of the eight individual proposals that made up the final group proposal. My proposal is entitled "Energy metabolism in Entamoeba histolytica".
NIH R15 award 1R15GM114759-01A1 Entamoeba metabolism: the role of acetate kinase and ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase Cheryl Ingram-Smith, PI 4/1/2016-3/31/2019 $423,966
*Diana Nguyen has been awarded an NIH Undergraduate Scholarship. This award provides a $20,000 scholarship for this year and a year-long paid research internship at the National Institutes of Health. This is one of just 16 awards nationwide.
Jones, C., *Khan, K., & Ingram-Smith, C. (2017). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase from the protozoan parasiteEntamoeba histolytica. FEBS Letters, 591(4), 603-612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.12573
Jones, C., Khan, K., Ingram-Smith, C. (2016, June). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase from the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Manuscript in preparation for final submission.
*Khan, K., *Smith, N., Jones, C., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, October 22-23). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase in Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson University, SC.
Khan, K., *Smith, N., Jones, C., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, October). Investigating the Mechanism of ADP-forming Acetyl-CoA Synthetase in Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at the Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson University.
Jones, C., Khan, K., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, April). Exploring the mechanism of acetyl-CoA synthetase (ADP-forming) from Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at the Southeast Enzymes Conference, Atlanta, GA.
College of ScienceG
1070

Educational Children's Books about Nature

This team will work on writing, illustrating, printing, and publishing  educational children’s books about nature. This project requires a commitment of two semesters.

Team Leaders
Suellen Pometto Plant & Environmental Sciences
David Blakesley English
Accomplishments
*Badger, A., *Brittingham, C., *Coleman, W., *Mangan, R., *Stoiser, A., *Wood, S. & Pometto, S. (2017, April 4-5). Natural Collaborations: Pathway to Beautiful Books. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1042

Using EMS triage field reports to predict accurate trauma activations to reduce over and under triage rates

We are working with the the Trauma Surgery Group at Greenville Health System (GHS) to develop a model that predicts Injury Severity Score (ISS) using physiological data from EMS field reports.

Team Leaders
Robert Riggs Industrial Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1048

The Phoenix Challenge

The Phoenix Challenge: Each year as part of this CI, the students participate in The Phoenix Challenge Foundation day-long competition focused on flexographic product design and printing for college teams to showcase their practical knowledge, problem solving, team work and presentation and communication skills. This competition has teams from North America as well as Canada representing the best of each university.  Each team is required to research, develop, design and produce three types of printed packaged goods that would be displayed for purchase or use.

Team Leaders
Nona Woolbright Graphic Communications
College of BusinessD
1429

Chemotaxis "Black Hole" Hydrogel for Tumor Elimination

Complete tumor elimination is essential in preventing recurrent tumors from appearing. Hydrogels are a cutting-edge, attractive option for cancer drug delivery. In most cases, hydrogels will release encapsulated anti-cancer drugs into the surrounding tumor tissue. We are interested in exploring a “black hole” hydrogel. In this case, the hydrogel would use motogenic signals, signals that cause cells to migrate, to “draw in” cancerous cells through a process called chemotaxis. Tumor cells that enter the hydrogel could then be eliminated using an embedded anti-cancer drug. We hypothesize that this treatment can work in conjunction with, or replace, traditional anti-cancer treatments like chemo- and radiotherapy for elimination of cancerous tumors. Success would not only improve patient survival rates, but potentially greatly increase patient quality of life. We are looking for a motivated group of individuals willing to work closely with our graduate students and faculty to explore innovative new oncological treatment options. Students will learn about polymer and biology fundamentals including polymeric drug delivery and cancer cell biology. They will have hands-on experience with mammalian cell culture and making hydrogels.

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Jesse Westfall Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1052

Development of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) for biomedical applications.

Organic light-emitting diodes was first introduced back in 1987 and appeared to be a milestone in light source industry. But why is it so great? First of all, OLEDs provide incredibly low power consumption making these materials the best choice for portable electronics. Moreover, since OLEDs incorporate their own color filters, they can produce deeper blacks and a wider gamut array. The lack of a permanently-on backlight promotes higher contrast ratios and as a result of all of these OLEDs provide better picture quality comparing with conventional LEDs. Another thing should be underlined is that contrary to LED OLED panels can be durable and lighter which give additional options for portable device manufacturers. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry project is to manufacture a single OLED starting with synthesizing luminophore, coating a substrate, encapsulating the diode and finally manufacturing the electrical contacts. OLEDs can offer great advantages for smart and portable medical equipment which is essential for fast and easy point-of-care and point-of-use diagnostics, e.g. the emission of OLED patch will go through the body and interfere with photo-sensitive drugs, activating them only in certain regions of the body, or for implantation under the skin for medical monitoring, and other biomedical applications.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Anastasia Frank Kamenetskii Bioengineering
Dmitry Gil Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Markley, A., Gil, D. & Reukov V. (2017) Development of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) for biomedical application. Presented at the 2017 Society for Biomaterials annual meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
*Markley, A., *Palsgrove, K., *Gustaveson, T., *Scammon, W., Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2017, April). Development of an Organic Light-Emitting Diode for Biomedical Application. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Abdel-Tawab, R., *Gustaveson, T., *Markley, A., *Mcauliffe, E., *Mcnamara, G., *Newell, E., *Palsgrove, K., *Scammon, W., *Tatem, L., Reukov, V., Gil, D. (2017, April). Development of Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) for Biomedical Application. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Markley, A., Gil, D., and Reukov, V. (2017, April).  "Development of Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) for Biomedical Application" presented at the Society For Biomaterials Annual Meeting 2017, Minneapolis, MN. 
*Burt, M., *Daly, S., *David, A., *Lindower, Z., *Markley, A., *Mcnamara, G., *Rodriguez, J., *Sedler, A., *Zenteno, A., *Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Organic Light-Emitting Diodes for Biomedical Application, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
Presentation given to the students
Presentation given to the students. Some of the results obtained by students are described there. 
Presentation given to the students
Presentation given to the students
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1053

Drinking Water Quality

Nephrolithiasis (kidney stones) is a common cause of significant morbidity. In collaboration with investigators at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and at the University of Maryland, we aim to determine the geospatial distribution of nephrolithiasis with respect to calcium and magnesium concentrations in the drinking water supply of South Carolina. In a retrospective cohort study using the South Carolina (SC) health utilization database, we will map annual nephrolithiasis incidence for each county in SC from 1997-2012. We will collect all available values for calcium, magnesium, zinc, pH, and alkalinity for each of the 639 municipal water districts in SC. We will determine the association between the calcium and magnesium content in the drinking water supply, and nephrolithiasis prevalence, adjusting for temperature and population demographics. SC is a good location for this study because of the geographic variability in calcium and magnesium concentrations in the water supply, which will provide the heterogeneity of exposure needed for this analysis, and the population-based database, which contains all 229,295 unique patients who received emergency, surgical, or inpatient care for kidney stones in SC from 1997-2012. Hypothesis: Areas with soft water (low calcium and magnesium concentrations) have a higher than expected incidence of nephrolithiasis.

Team Leaders
David Ladner Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Ladner, D.A., Song, L., Griffis, H.M., Landa, E.R. & Tasian, G.E. (2017, June) "Correlating Drinking Water Quality with Kidney Stone Incidence in South Carolina." Platform presentation at the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors (AEESP) by-annual meeting, Ann Arbor, MI.
Ladner, D.A., Holtmann, K., Al-Dulaimi, R.*, Bui, K.*, Degen, J.*, Dove, M.*, Gallimore, N.*, Knapp, M.*, Markley, A.*, Mettlen, H., Shugart, R.*, and Vatalaro, A*. (2016, October). "Mapping South Carolina drinking water quality for alignment with health-record databases in epidemiological studies." Platform presentation at the South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Columbia, SC.
*Holtman, K., *Mettlen, H., *Knapp, M., Ladner, D.A. (2016, March). "Correlating water quality and kidney stone incidence in South Carolina." Poster presentation at the South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Holtman, K.*; Mettlen, H.*; Markley, A.*; Knappe, M.; Al-Dulaimi, R.*; Shugart, R.*; Ladner, D.A. (2016, March 14). Correlating Water Quality and Kidney Stone Incidence in South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
In this year we developed a relationship and collaboration with the water quality engineers at the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. They provided water quality data for 63 surface water systems in the state of South Carolina.
Our collaborators are Gregory Tasian, a urologist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Edward Landa, an environmental scientist at the University of Maryland. They have been working with us to compile and analyze water quality and kidney stone occurrence data.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1068

Mammalian Genome Editing by CRISPR/Cas9

The process studied in my laboratory is homologous recombination. Homologous recombination is an error-free pathway to repair DNA double-strand breaks within the genome. If these breaks in the genome are not repaired correctly, chromosomal aberrations and anueplodies can occur which may lead to cancer or even cell death. At the heart of homologous recombination in eukaryotes is two recombinases, Rad51 and Dmc1. Both the Rad51 and Dmc1 recombinases localize to a processed DSB and bind to the broken end of DNA. The recombinases then engage the sister chromosome and search for homology in order to promote error free repair of the DSB. In order to this, Rad51 and Dmc1 need help from accessory factors. My lab focuses on establishing a better understanding of the role these accessory factors play in the DNA repair process through genetic experiments. This CI project is designed to provide students with an opportunity to edit the genome of a human cell line by 1) deleting a specific accessory factor and 2) exchanging the normal coding sequence for the accessary factor to one found in cancer.  The cell lines will be further investigated to assess the role of these accessory factors play in the repair of damaged DNA.  The culmination of these studies will provide mechanistic insight in to role these accessory factors play in the repair of damaged DNA.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
1066

STEM Outreach to Clemson Area Schools

This project involves students in coordinated activities with area school teachers and administrators to improve their STEM activities.  Specific emphasis is placed on designing and conducting school science fairs and on team-oriented STEM activities, such as youth robotics.

Team Leaders
Chad Sosolik Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
(2016). Clemson Elementary School Science Fair Judging. Retrieved from: http://cle.pickens.k12.sc.us/parents_community/student_life/science_fair
The graduate TA associated with this CI and working with the Laurens 55 school district was awarded the outstanding graduate TA award for the College of Engineering and Science 2015-16.
The Clemson Parent Teacher association donated $600 to this effort last year.
College of ScienceG
1072

Coupling Green Roofs, Rainwater Cisterns, and Urban Agriculture

Independently green roofs and rainwater cisterns have many benefits for urban storm water systems, but they also have some drawbacks. This project is going to investigate how these two green infrastructure technologies can be used together in ways that mitigate their weaknesses and create a more effective and resilient system. As a bonus, coupling these systems may allow for their utilization for urban agriculture. We will first create a theoretical model of the system to see how to best configure the system, and then we will implement a pilot study system complete with monitoring systems to see how the system actually behaves.

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
Steven C Brandon General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1074

Engineering Innovations Studio

ENGR 1900:Freshmen students will research ideas for  innovative products and conduct conceptual design, prototype development, and testing, hopefully leading to patent applications.              ENGR 2900/3900:Upperclassmen students will modify and test bladeless helicopter prototypes, design and building the positioning subsystem for the automated saw, and build the microcontroller and touchscreen for the high efficiency refrigerator.

Team Leaders
Jonathan R.A. Maier General Engineering
Steven C Brandon General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1080

Diagnostic Imaging in Animal Research

Formal laboratory, library, or field study of problems related to diagnostic imaging research in animals, emphasizing hypothesis development, testing, and reporting results. Projects are preplanned, reviewed, and approved. Students are required to maintain a project journal, spreadsheet documenting tasks and hours, have regular progress report and goal-setting meetings with graduate student and faculty mentors,  participate in laboratory journal club meetings, and submit a final report. Students are invited and mentored to submit abstracts for poster presentation at professional meetings and serve as co-authors for papers that include their research.  Current projects are focused on lower back pain in working dogs. May be repeated for a maximum of four credits.

Team Leaders
Jeryl Jones Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Constance Brinks Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Kristopher Murray Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
*Hynes, C., Carnevale, M., Jones J. & Lay, J. (2017, October 18-21) Useability and Educability of a Web-Based Anatomic Atlas of the Canine Lumbosacral Spine.  Presented at the 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Radiology, Phoenix, AZ. 
*Biddlecome, A., Murray, K. & Jones,J. (2018, April, 21). Lumbosacral pain in german sheperd military working dogs and what is causing it. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Penn Vet Working Dog Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
Beeland S, Carnevale M, Jones J. 2017, April 3. Sacroiliac joint lesions in species other than humans and dogs: literature review. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Working Dog Breeder Association, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
Sanders, S. R.*, Jones, J. C., Rowland, K. L., and J.L. Sharp. (2016). Comparison of canine lumbosacral angle measurement techniques for standardized flexion and extension positions using computed tomography. In: ABSTRACTS OF THE 2016 ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY RADIOLOGY, ORLANDO, FL, OCTOBER 19-22, 2016. (2016). Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 57(6), 670-684. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vru.12428
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1168

Fish Biodiversity Challenge

The Southeastern US harbors the greatest freshwater diversity on the continent. South Carolina is no exception: from the Upstate to the Low Country, a variety of habitats support a tremendous fish diversity. Equipping young scientists with the tools to properly understand this diversity is a major investment toward preserving our rich biodiversity diversity for future generations. In this project, students will (a) survey and document the diversity of freshwater fishes throughout the upstate, and (b) monitor changes in habitat and fish communities of local streams. Along the way, students will become proficient in several fish collection methods (e.g. electrofishing and gill netting), field identification, and laboratory methods. 

Team Leaders
Brandon Peoples Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Lamb, E., Bell, D. & Peoples, B. (2018 April 2-3) Evaluating Length Bias in Three-Pass Depletion Backpack Electrofishing. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Lamb, E., Bell, D. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Evaluating Length Bias in Three-Pass Depletion Backpack Electrofishing. Poster presented at the SC Chapter of American Fisheries Society, Beaufort, SC
*Lamb, E., Bell, D. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Evaluating Length Bias in Three-Pass Depletion Backpack Electrofishing. Poster presented at the Southern Division of American Fisheries Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1165

Injured Military Veteran Adaptive Sport Program Development

A group of professors in PRTM have received grant funding from the Department of Veteran Affairs to provide adaptive sport activities coupled with community support and leadership services to Veterans with Disabilities and injured members of the Armed Forces. This CI will involve program development, community and health integration, and event planning with a number of various military groups both on and off campus. There is potential for tournament travel to Invictus/Valor or Warrior games(or similar) to assist with tournament planning and implementation.

Team Leaders
Skye Arthur-Banning Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
$106,000 Department of Veteran Affairs grant to continue the program in partnership with US Soccer and additional students in programs.
$85,327 from the US Department of Veteran Affairs renewal of the grant. This is an increase from last year and reviewer comments included elements of the student involvement was a component they really liked.
We just confirmed receipt of a grant for $85,327 from the US Department of Veteran Affairs to continue with programs and research that we had been doing last year (2016-2017).
Student Government Capital Grant $13,500 These are funds designed for the CI to continue with program development and research as a result of the program.
Rink, B. (2017). 'Adapt and thrive': Clemson program coming together. Independent Mail. Retrieved from http://www.independentmail.com/story/sports/college/clemson/2017/04/06/adapt-and-thrive-clemson-prog...
http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-establishes-soccer-residency-program-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy-brain-injury/
Clemson University. (2016). VA funds Clemson soccer leadership camp for disabled veterans. Retrieved from http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/va-funds-clemson-soccer-leadership-camp-for-disabled-vet...
Soccer coach visits Clemson on fact-finding mission to build blind soccer program in Egypt. (2016). Retrieved from http://newsstand.clemson.edu/adaptive_sport_expert_visits_from_egypt/
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1083

Biomimicry and Biomimetics

Biomimicry is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature's time-tested patterns and strategies. Biomimicry and Biomimetics aims to create products, processes, and policies—new ways of living—that are well-adapted to life on earth over the long haul using nature as a model. This project proposes to observe and investigate the diverse ecosystem of the greater Clemson area watershed.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Barrios, C., *Gaskins, J., *Hafner, N., *Faykus, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Frager, J., *Horne, J. (2017, January). Distribution of Curbicula Flumiea in Clemson area lakes. Poster presentation at Biology research poster session, Clemson, SC.
Barrios, C., *Gaskins, J., *Hafner, N., *Faykus, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Frager, J., *Horne, J. (2017, April). Shell organisms from Clemson area lakes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Alderson, E., *Curry, T., *Faykus, M., *Gaskins, J., *Grubb, S., *Hafner, N., *Kittrell, B., *Lindler, M., *Loe, N., *Miyasato, E., *Rabin, J., *Rolfe, S., *Tharp, K., Barrios, C. (2016, April). Biomimicry. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1086

Activity in School-aged Children

This CI team investigates the effects of physical activity on performance and behavior in school-aged children. In general we are interested in how light activity while completing tasks may affect the students' ability to perform as well as their behavior in the classroom setting.

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Sarah Sanborn Psychology
Accomplishments
*Harley, L. A., *Pruitt, H. S., *McGill, S. L., *Old, A.E., *Bennett, K. N., *Benfield, E. J., *Renwick, L. E., Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Active not distractive: The effect of bouncy band use on classroom behavior. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Wiggle while you work: The effect of bouncy band use on classroom outcomes. Poster presentation at the Society for Research in Child Development Biannual meeting, Austin, TX.
*Roberson, T. A., *Pruitt, H. S., *McGill, S. L., *Harley, L. A., Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., Fleming, D. S., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Bouncing to success: How does in classroom bouncy band usage impact attention? Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1090

Novel Materials for Additive Manufacturing

The booming market for additive manufacturing (three-dimensional (3D) printing) is estimated to be $3.5 billion in 2015. Today, additive manufacturing describes a family of processes in which consecutive layers of material are arranged under computer control. Current industrial applications include resilient prototypes and parts for automotive engineering, tools and parts for aerospace manufacturing. Companies and researchers are looking for new materials for 3D printing; these range from starch-derived PLA plastic to squid ring-teeth proteins. The major trend is to sustainably replace oil and coal plastics with plant-derived and recycled materials. This project is directed to the development of sustainable materials for additive manufacturing, which will promote resource recycling and decrease industrial production of CO2.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Atwood, A., *Baxter, N., *Burt, M., *Garand, J., *Lopiano, J., *Mccall, S., *Snipes, R., *Williams, S., *Young, B., Reukov, V. (2017, April). Development of a Protein Polymer Blend for 3D Printing. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1094

Tiger Gardens: healthy home gardens to combat malnutrition and obesity in SC, USA

Research suggests that failure to link agricultural production with human nutrition and health has led to the development of unhealthy food systems. Malnutrition and high-calorie linked chronic diseases are results of unhealthy food systems. A sensible and quick approach to combat nutritional challenges would be to increase dietary diversity, in which vegetables play a central role to provide a range of essential nutrients. This Creative Inquiry project provides an introduction to vegetable production, value addition, and nutrition.  Students are expected to develop a home garden model to provide year-round nutritious vegetables (especially micronutrients and vegetable proteins) to a small family. The project includes multiple semesters with regular 1 hr. lectures and hands-on practicum for 2 hrs./week.

Team Leaders
Dil Thavarajah Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Mcswain, M., *Cox, B. & Thavarajah, D. (2017 Oct 11) Tiger Garden – approach to prevent local hidden hunger. Presented at the CU Global Food Security Institute, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2017 July 24) Future Ag Ambassadors for Global Food Security: Biofortification. Presented at the Commissioner School Program, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2017 Oct 11) Pulse crops towards food security. Presented at the Annual meeting of the CU Global Food Security Institute, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2018 Feb 8) Invited Lecture, Food systems linking to the world health challenges – biotechnology challenges in global food production Presented to the AgEd 4160 - Ethics and Issues in agriculture and the Food and Fiber system, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, Dil (2018 April 7) Invited Seminar, Pulse crops linking to global food security and human health. Presented at the International Association of students in Agricultural and related Sciences (IAAS) National Summit 2018, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2017 June 20-23) Pulses as Whole Food Solution to Global Health Challenges. Presented at the  Annual meeting at the American Council for Medicinally Active Plant, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2018). Pulses Linking to Global Food Security and Human health. Presented at the Annual International Food Legume Research Conference, Morocco.
*McSwain, M., *Nicolas, B., *Dale, S., *Sterling, A., *Schueren, F., *Younts, G., Behnke, M. F., *Edwards, R.M., *Gallagher, S.R., Mapapathirannehelage, I.P., Siva, N. & Thavarajah Dil. (2018 April 2-3). Tiger Gardens: Healthy urban vegetable production. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum (FoCI). Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Mcswain, M. & Dil, T. (2017, April 4-5). Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D., *Anderson, J., *Chaney, J., *Chapman, M., *Cox, B., *Erwin, D., *Fisher, A., *Kay, J., *Mcswain, M., *Moore, H., *Shine, J. & *Abare, A. (2017, April 4-5). Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abare, A., Bell, J., Carruth, F., Chiu, C.*, Cox, B., Dahill, B., Edwards, R., Erwin, D., Kissell, D., Oswald, L., Randall, J., Webb, J., Yeargin, J., Agudelo, P. (Nov 1 2016). Clemson students share gardening knowledge with Pendelton Elementary students. Tiger Gardens Ci project. Clemson, SC.
Abare, A.*, Thavarajah, D., Abare, S.*, Smith, P., Fernandez, G., Thavarajah, P. (2016, April 16). Carolina grown Strawberry and Raspberry as a prebiotic carbohydrate rich whole food source to reduce obesity. South Carolina Academy of Sciences, Winthrop University.
*Alex Abare: Outstanding senior for academic, research leadership Blue Key Award, Phi Kappa Phi Certificate of Merit , Distinguished Agronomist recognized as a part of this CI for all these awards at the graduation ceremony 2017 spring
1. Clemson University Extension awarded $4000 to establish school gardens at Central and Pendelton Elementary School
Denise, A. November 2016. "Clemson students share gardening knowledge with Pendleton Elementary students". The Newsstand.
Attaway, D. (2016, April). Student grow Tiger Gardens in quest to fight obesity in South Carolina. Clemson The Newsstand.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1092

Mind Controlled 3D Printing

Using neuro-signal acquisition and processing headsets we hope to build a prototype of mind control 3D printer. Students will engage in the learning on how Electroencephalograms work, and acquire brain activity that become mental commands. Such wireless or wire commands will feed into a 3D printer for creating 3D objects. 

Team Leaders
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Bolick, P., *Sech, C., *Strohl, E., *Acosta, G., Sanabria, H. (2017, April). Mind to machine additive manufacturing . Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bolick, P., *Willems, R., *Benson, C., *Wham W.H., *Mcmullen, D., *Moore, E.A. & Sanabria, H. (2016, April 6-7). Mind controlled 3D printing. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1095

Nutrient Acquisition and Utilization in Toxoplasma gondii

Toxoplasma gondii infects almost one third of human population in the world, causing severe disease and even lethality in people with compromised immune systems. The vacuolar compartment (VAC) is an emerging subcellular structure in Toxoplasma parasites that appears to be a lysosome-equivalent structure, and plays important roles in parasite pathogenesis including invasion, replication and virulence. A detailed characterization of the functions of this organelle will help identify the new targets to impact disease.

Team Leaders
Zhicheng Dou Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Davis Osborn, a former senior undergraduate student, finished his honor thesis in my lab. Now he is a MD student at the Medical University of South Carolina.
KTEF Pediatric Ophthalmology Career-Starter Research Grant PI-Dou 07/01/2016 - 06/30/2018 Knights Templar Eye Foundation Regulation of proteolytic activity within a digestive vacuole in Toxoplasma gondii, the most common pathogen causing infectious posterior uveitis in infants and children
During last academic year, the lab secured a research grant from Knights Templar Eye Foundation. The amount is ~65,000 for one year. The grant can be renewed for another year if the progress is satisfactory.
The lab secured a research grant from Knights Templar Eye Foundation. The award amount is ~$65,000 for one year. The grant can be renewed one more year if the progress is satisfactory.
College of ScienceG
1099

Object Use in Children with Autism

The proposed project was created to help students gain an understanding of the research process through designing and conducting an experiment involving the use of objects and object affordances in children with Autism.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Doghman, M., *Collins, K., *Campbell, C., Bisson, J., *Kwon, J. (2017, April). How Many Can You Find? : The Effect of an Autism Spectrum Disorder on Object Perception. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bisson, J., *Fant, C., *Tomberlin, C., *Keramati, C. (2017, April). Sleeping Hard or Hardly Sleeping: Differences in Nighttime Waking for Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1111

Development and Testing of Fatigue Experiments

This project focuses on hands-on participation to design and carry out fatigue experiments and analysis.  Modern measurement techniques, such as digital image correlation, will be utilized with a strong focus on fatigue crack growth and fatigue crack initiation.  Students will learn the proper procedure to carry out scientific, repeatable experiments and learn how to use experimental and measurement equipment.  The goal of this project in its first semester is to further understand fatigue and how to carry out experiments with an end goal of designing an experimental matrix to study fatigue in metals in subsequent semesters.

Team Leaders
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Burden, D., *Jenkins, S.J., *Piness, M., *Collins, D. & Pataky, G.J. (2018 April) “Crack Propagation from High Cycle Fatigue in High Entropy Alloys (HEAs).” Presented at the MRS/OSA 13th Annual Poster Competition, Clemson, SC.
*Burden, D., *Jenkins, S.J., *Piness, M., *Collins, D. & Pataky, G.J. (2018, April 2-3) “High Cycle Fatigue in High Entropy Alloys.” Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
One of the students, *Jody Bartanus, completed his B.S. and will continue on as a graduate student in my research group.
One student is now a BS/MS student and will be continuing into graduate school after this semester.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1112

Choosy Farm to Belly Evaluation

Choosy Farm to Belly Evaluation: Creative Inquiry students will learn about obesity prevention efforts aimed at preschool age children and their families and participate in evaluating the Choosy Farm to Belly program in Greenville, SC. The program is a hands-on, sustainable learning experience incorporating dance, music, games, recipes, gardening, and a farmers market for preschool age children and their families. The mixed methods evaluation of Choosy Farm to Belly includes observational, survey, and interview data. 

Team Leaders
Sarah Griffin Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Megan Lee - the project leader and honor student associated with our Creative Inquiry received a significant scholarship to GHS medical school this year. She attributes her award, in part, to her leadership and work on this project.
*Lee, M., Griffin, S., *Burton, L., *Lott, T., Shack, M., *Skipper, M., and *Sutcliffe, K. (2016, April). "Evaluation of the Farm to Belly program in Three Head Start Centers". US Food Symposium, Knowledge Fair. North Carolina.
*Lee, M., Griffin, S., *Burton, L., *Lott, T., Shack, M., *Skipper, M., and Sutcliff, K. (2016, April 20). Evaluation of Choosy/ Farm to Belly Program in Three Head Start Preschools.  College of Business, Social and Health Sciences and College of Education Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson SC
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1120

An Examination of Death in Pickens County

This project focuses on working with the Pickens County Coroner's Office to create a digital database of death investigation records in the county over the past several decades. Currently, records are only available in paper files. A digital database will allow students to examine detailed trends related to deaths in the county from both temporal and spatial perspectives.

Team Leaders
Katherine Weisensee Sociology and Anthropology
Accomplishments
*Marcotte, A., *Whetstone, A., *Shillinglaw, A., *Couch Hoffman, A., *Rhodes, E., *Anderson, K., *Lucas, M., *Schweikert, M., Weisensee, K. (2016, April). Spatial Analysis of Deaths in Pickens County, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1124

Protein and Peptide Binding with Carbon Based Nanostructures

Carbon based nanostructures, such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes and graphene nanosheets, have found numerous applications ranging from novel electronic and optic nanodevices to nanomedicine in imagining, diagnosis, and drug delivery. Proteins and peptides are the building block of living systems. Understanding how these novel materials interact with biomolecules may help design biologically and environmentally sustainable nanoparticles and enable their vast applications in nanomedicine. In this Creative Inquiry project, we will apply state-of-the-art molecular dynamics simulations pioneered in our lab to model the binding of peptides with various carbon nanoparticles. By studying the molecular complex systems with different peptide sequences and carbon nanoparticles of various size and shape, we will uncover the molecular determinants of such nano-bio interactions.

Team Leaders
Feng Ding Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
1127

How Do I Help? Critical Effects of Teamwork, Monitoring, and Backup Behaviors on Effectiveness

Think back to when you’ve worked on a group project. Can you think of any issues you might have had with workload or communication? Now imagine if those issues occurred in a different team context such as running a chemical plant. Having even small teamwork issues could potentially result in disastrous consequences such as toxic waste leaks or even explosions that flatten a city. This CI team will be involved in discovering what happens when teams work together and how we can improve that. We strive to do this through looking at team behaviors such as monitoring and helping in tasks, and how that affects team performance and safety. We hope to answer this question through conducting lab research and exploring the related literature on team processes and effectiveness.

Team Leaders
Tiffany Cooper Psychology
Fred S Switzer III Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1132

Improving Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Experiment

The growing need for clean energy is one of the major concerns of today’s world.  Some of the solutions include the adoption of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, hydroelectric, ocean, geothermal, and regenerative power supplies.Vertical Wind turbines are typically applied for small scale electricity generation. A Savonius wind turbine is a vertical axis wind machine with a drag-type configuration. A prototype Savonius Wind Turbine has been fabricated that converts rotational mechanical energy of the turbine rotor into electrical energy by a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) for low wind applications.Preliminary results and real-time parameter measurements from the experimental setup using data acquisition equipment indicate that the electrical power output of the system does not meet expectations.  The objective of the student team is to repeat the initial test results using data acquisition equipment to measure real-time parameters, and then redesign and modify the existing wind turbine system to increase the power output.

Team Leaders
Todd Schweisinger Mechanical Engineering
John R Wagner Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Bowers, Z., *Lagroon, R., *Aleruchi, A., *Gonzalez-Rojas, K., *King, R., *Matthews, D., *Patel, D.,*Schmidt, S., *Severance, E., Schweisinger, T. & Wagner, J. (2018, April 2-3). Improving the Power Output of a Savonius Wind Turbine Experimentt. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bowers, Z., *Patel, D., *Bostick, L., *Knippenberg, C., *Lee, H., Schweisinger, T., Wagner, J. (2017, April). Improving the Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Learning Module Experiment. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1136

Hydraulic Jump Instability Investigation

Hydraulic jump instabilities   Hydraulic jumps are ubiquitous in nature and appear over a large range of length scales; from the kitchen sink to tidal basins. The geometry of the typical Type I jump is axisymmetric and governed by the balance of fluid inertia and hydrostatic pressure. Introducing a geometric obstruction (weir) to the flow field can affect the hydraulic jump to the point where it loses stability to a less symmetric state, the Type II jump, which is seen as a precursor to turbulence.  The goal of this project is to perform an experimental study of the Type II instabilities, as they depend upon the systems parameters. We will investigate the role of weir geometry and other forcing mechanisms in the transition to instability. 

Team Leaders
Daniel B Fant Mechanical Engineering
Joshua Bostwick Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Nichols, T., *Smith, B., *Wentzky, E., Fant, D., Bostwick, J. (2017, April). Hydraulic Jump Instabilities. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1138

3D Printing the Food of the Future

This project aims at determining the printing parameters that will lead to different textures when printing food-grade pastes. These pastes could be homogeneous or a composite, for example a gel with crunchy particles. Should you print it fast or slow to get a creamy texture? What will you do to have a crusty feeling? How can you tailor the porosity of the food and what will be the impact on the eating experience? You will explore how the combination of the paste composition and the printing parameters enables specific textures. The long term goal of the project is to implement a 3D printer capable of producing exciting and nutritious foods. Imagine the possibilities of having a robot that receives raw ingredients and prints a one-of-a-kind food experience, everyday. 

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1143

Disability Research

For this project, students will explore the etiology of stigma related to individuals with disorders or disabilities. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Rikard, B., *Vatrano, A., *Martin, H. (2017, April). Disable the Label: A Study of the Effects of Labeling Disability Categories. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1146

Getting to Mars Using Microorganisms

Getting humans to Mars will likely require that food and materials are manufactured using waste and resources readily available on Mars. This CI explores the role that microorganisms could play in the sustaining life on Mars. The goal will be to address short term gaps with experiments carried out on the International Space Station and build capacity to address long term challenges. 

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1148

Inorganic Biomaterials

Inorganic biomaterials are being used for dental restorations,  orthopedic implants and bioactive materials like bioresorbable glass. Moreover, inorganic biomaterials can be also developed for applications like tissue regeneration.This project is devoted to design and synthesis of inorganic biomaterials and their characterization in cell culture environment.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Dmitry Gil Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Rodriguez Gonzalez, J., *Ward, B., *Tourville, N., Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2017, April). Novel antioxidant conjugates based on nanocrytalline ceria and SOD/Catalase. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Rodriguez J., *Ward B., Gil D., Reukov V. (2017). "Development of novel nano-conjugates to prevent oxidative damage". Presented at Southern Undergraduate Research Conference, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
*Rodriguez, J.,Gil, D., Ivanov, V., and Reukov, V. (2017) "Towards the prevention of oxidative damage via novel antioxidant conjugates". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Gulfport, MS.
McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., Shumpert, B., Bear, E., and Reukov, V. (2017) "Developing an Apparatus to Treat Plantar Fasciitis" presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference in Gulfport, MS.
Rodriguez, J.*, Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2016, October 24). "Novel nanoparticle conjugates for prevention of oxidative damage," 2016 Southeast Regional American Chemical Society Meeting, Columbia, SC.
*Rodriguez, J., Gil, D.,  and Reukov, V. (2016, October 5-8). "The effect of SOD conjugates on the release of free radicals by inflammatory cells", 2016 Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Annual meeting, Minnesota, MN.
J.Rodriguez*, D.Gil, V.Reukov (2016, October 5-8). "The effect of SOD conjugates on the release of free radicals by inflammatory cells". 2016 Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Annual meeting, Minnesota, MN.
2nd place poster competition at the 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2017
Gil, D., *Rodriguez, J., *Ward, B., Vertegel, A., Ivanov, V., and Reukov, V. (2017, February 25). "Antioxidant Activity of SOD and Catalase Conjugated with Nanocrystalline Ceria". Bioengineering 2017, 4, 18.
Rodriguez, J.*, Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2016, October 24) "Novel nanoparticle conjugates for prevention of oxidative damage," 2016 Southeast Regional American Chemical Society Meeting, Columbia, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1149

Mechanisms, Robots and Embodied Cognition

Robots that can fly walk, run, jump, slither, roll, fly and swim as well as animals do could have an enormous impact on our lives. Few if any of the currently available robots can emulate the smoothness and efficiency of animal locomotion. Characteristics like high  efficiency and maneuverability of animal locomotion are primarily due to the mechanical properties of the body architecture and not through  continuous algorithmic computation as in the case of robots.  In other words the cognition required for locomotion is embodied and is governed by mechanical principles pertaining to linear and angular momentum and energy. The project seeks to exploit these principles to deign and build mechanisms and robots that can emulate the motion of animals.

Team Leaders
Phanindra Tallapragada Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1150

Innovations in Bioinstrumentation

Bioinstrumentation is an interdisciplinary subject of applying physical principles and mechanical, electronic and chemical engineering technologies to acquire, analysis and display information from cells, tissues, organs and entire organisms including the human body. This CI was created to allow students to design and build their own bioinstrumentation and/or wearable biomedical technology projects. (Instrumentation class/experience is a pre-requisite for this team)

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Tyler Harvey Housing: Summer Programs
Vipul Pai Raikar Bioengineering
Hetal Maharaja Bioengineering
Lucas Schmidt General Engineering
Accomplishments
Dean, D., Demore, N., *Slaney, S., *Wilson, J. R., III, *Jordan, C., & McCullough, M. (2016). U.S. Provisional Patent No. 62/379,883. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.Titanium clip detectors and methods of detection.
Patent filed, , "Titanium Clip Detectors and Methods of Detection", D. Dean, N. Demore, S. Stanley, J.R. Wilson III, C. Jordan, M. McCullough, Provisional Patent Application No.: 62/379,883, 2016
Finalist in the BMES Instrumentation Design competition (top 8 finish) in *Scott Slaney, *Joey Wilson, and *Cody Jordan. They presented their work on the Breast Clip Detector at BMES in Oct. 2017.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1152

Marine Ecology

Marine ecology is an interdisciplinary field of study that integrates research efforts of marine science, conservation biology, evolutionary ecology, oceanography, and fisheries science.  The goal of marine ecology research is to understanding the abiotic and biotic factors that influence the interactions of marine life with their environment.  Students in the Marine Ecology Creative Inquiry team will conduct research on the ecology of Caribbean spiny lobsters and coral reef fishes in response to changes in water quality and habitat quality in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.  Field research will be conducted during 2 months in the summer and two week-long research trips in the spring and fall semesters.  Students with SCUBA certification will be trained to conduct data collection as a scientific diver.  Students will be expected to enroll for 2-6 semesters and will present their research at local and national conferences. Senior students with sufficient experience will have an opportunity to develop senior thesis research questions of their own design.  Evaluation for this creative inquiry is based on satisfactory participation in weekly lab meetings, unsupervised data collection in the lab, supervised field research, data analysis, poster preparation, and public presentation of research. Students will initially enroll in BIOL 4940 CI: Marine Ecology and then will advance to BIOL 4910 Independent Research.

Team Leaders
Kara Noonan Biological Sciences
Kylie Smith Biological Sciences
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 4-5) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 2-3) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 2-3) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Krachman, H. & Childress, M. (2017) The investigation of Exploratory and social behaviors in Panulirus argus. Presented as Fall 2017 Honors Thesis Presentation, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., Hulsey, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017) Territorial characteristics in adult parrotfish. Presented as Fall 2017 Senior project, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Rolfe, S. & Childress, M. (2017) The influences of social behavior on lobster dispersal. Presented as Fall 2017 Senior project, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Rolfe, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 29) Conservation of Marine Resources Summer Research blog. Presented at the 2017 Creative Inquiry Summer Research Showcase, Clemson, SC.
Jeanes, R., Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 22) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Presented at the College of Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I.; *Ehlers, A.; *Ehlert, A.; *Guryan, T.; *Krachman, H.; *Rolfe, S.; *Sims, R.; Stroud, C.; *Towe, A.;*Whitaker, S.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. April 6,2017. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum.
*Guryan, T; *Sims, R; Smith, K; Childress, M. Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M. and Bertelsen, R. (2017, April 12-16). Den sharing and den fidelity in juvenile spiny lobsters. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Rolfe, S., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Sims, R., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Damsels in Distress: Influence of reef composition on abundance and behavior of damselfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Ehlert, A., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Greener Futures: Substrate preferences explain variation in social structure in two species of parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Behavioral plasticity and the loss of social behaviors in juvenile spiny lobsters. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Krachman, H. Calhoun Honors College Research Grant, March, 2017 - $500
*Guryan, T. Calhoun Honors College Research Grant, March, 2017 - $500
Guryan, T. Calhoun Honors College Research Grant, November, 2016 - $500
Sigma Xi Research Grant - *Thomas Guryan $1000
*Guryan, T. Outstanding Undergraduate. Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University
Smith, K. Clemson University Professional Enrichment Grant - $750
*Guryan, T. Sigma-Xi Grants in Aid of Research, March, 2017- $1000
Departmental Honors Grant - *Thomas Guryan $500
Smith, K., Quirk-Royal, B., Drake-Lavelle, K. & Childress, M. Influences of ontogenetic phase and resource availability on parrotfish foraging preferences in the Florida Keys, FL (USA). In Review. Marine Ecology Progress Series.
*Guryan, T.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. Impacts of the Neon goby, Elacatinus oceanops, on Coral Reef Community Structure. May 2017. Calhoun Honors College Undergraduate Thesis, Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University.
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
College of ScienceG
1199

Animal Model Tissue Biopsy Device Design

The focus of this creative inquiry is to design and develop a fine needle aspirate biopsy (FNAB) device that is semi-automated and allows for tactile ease of use and consistent sampling in animal models.  Resultant samples will be used to study human disease development, initiation and progression of abnormal mammary cells.   

Team Leaders
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
Heather Dunn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1157

A.R.C.H.E.R. (Accessible Recreational Creations to Highlight Educational Reach) Design Works

Design targeted solutions with the ARCHER (Accessible Recreational Creations to Highlight Educational Reach) Design Works creative inquiry! Archery has been integrated into the physical education curriculum in K-12 schools across the state of South Carolina. However, students with disabilities can’t always participate fully. Through the ARCHER creative inquiry, Clemson students can design and develop engineering solutions to help these students experience the excitement that comes with hitting the bullseye. Clemson students will be paired with a K-12 student with a disability and will spend the semesters enrolled getting to know the K-12 student, learning about the PE archery program and current adaptive sports techniques, and designing and developing a prototype device to assist the K-12 student in archery competition.  Students wishing to participate should expect to enroll for a minimum of two semesters. Future semesters will expand into other sports.

Team Leaders
Meredith Owen Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
DesJardins, J. D., Owen, M., *Banaszak, B., *Benson, R., *Coeyman, S., *Elie, B., *Grant, M., *Guo, H., *Harley, J., *Hendrix, H., *Horkan, M., *Nance, E., *Teal, E. (2017, April 5). Design of Assistive Needs Devices for Kids in Sport. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1160

Child Development

Students interested in graduate school in psychology or any health-related field who have a GPA of 3.0 or more and can stay involved in the project for at least 2 semesters, are welcome to apply for this research project.  For this project, students will be studying key factors that influence parent attachment to their children in infancy and toddlerhood.   

Team Leaders
Sarah Sanborn Psychology
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1162

The History of the Clemson House

The Clemson House, which has served the University and the community since 1950 as a hotel, restaurant, residence hall, and college and community center, will soon be demolished, and with its demolition of an important part of the University's, the town of Clemson's, and the Upstate's history.  This proposal is designed as a multi-faceted history of the Clemson House, including its construction, the years of its operation, and its demolition.  It's a project involving collection of documents and but also of the memories of staff and people who visited the hotel, dined in its restaurant, resided in it as a dormitory, or made use of it as a University and community center.  Ultimately the project is aimed at producing a book detailing the history of this important structure that has meant so much to so many people.In Fall 2016 the students (3 in number) laid the basis of the more extensive history of the Clemson House, scheduled to be demolished in May and June.  Students toured the Clemson House, took pictures, and interviewed some of the personnel, and studied the original building plans for the hotel/restaurant.  In the Spring students will begin a more comprehensive collection of documents related to the Clemson House's history as a hotel/restaurant, community and college center, and dormitory, conduct written and oral interviews with people associated with the Clemson House over the years  as well as document the building's demolition.  These activities are intended to culminate in a student-written history of the structure and its place in Clemson college and community lifeThis Fall's objective (Fall, 2017) is to assemble and write up the recollections of the Clemson House sent to us, along with photographs and newspaper accounts of activities at the Clemson House, in order to publish a book that will preserve the memory of the Clemson House and its importance in the growth and development of the University..           

Team Leaders
C Alan Grubb History
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1163

Changes of patients with Parkinsons Disease when participating in Boxing

Identification of changes in balance, coordination and physical abilities plus psycho-social behavior associated with the use of a boxing program for persons with a diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease 

Team Leaders
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Deaton, C., *Escoe, B., *Fulton, H., *Greene, P., *Harris, J., *Vaughn, R., Eggert, J. (2017, April). Changes of patients with Parkinsons Disease when participating in Boxing. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1172

Carbon fiber composite fabrication and characterization

This creative inquiry will focus on investigating the mechanical properties of carbon fiber composites.  Hands-on participation is required to design and carry out fabrication of carbon fiber composite specimens, perform experiments, and analyze the results on these specimens.  Properties investigated will include the effects of embedded nanoparticles on the mechanical properties during normal and high velocity loading.  The CI will consist of multiple semesters with an end goal of furthering student’s understanding of composites and uncovering their unique properties.

Team Leaders
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
Andrew Cannon Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Oliver Myers Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Smyre, M., *Wade, D. & Pataky, G.J. (2018, April 2-3) Bistable Composites Snap Through Characterization. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Guy Kemmann completed his B.S. and is continuing on with Dr. Myers as a graduate student.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1173

Creating a Healthcare Makerspace to Enhance Active Learning for Undergraduate Students

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to create a Healthcare Makerspace community where undergraduate students can share their ideas, identify problems and create solutions, search for inspiration, and connect with fellow healthcare makers.

Team Leaders
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Accomplishments
*Peterson, R., *Gilliland, A. & *Mesler, A. (2018 April 2-3) Makerspaces and Critical Thinking in Nursing Education. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Meehan, N., Lawson, K., McKee, H., & Anderson, R. [Podium Presentation]. Health MakerSpaces. Community Advisory Board. Sponsored by Clemson University School of Nursing. Clemson, South Carolina, November 16th, 2016.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1174

CU Food Forest

A food forest is intended to mimic the structure of a woodland ecosystem, with layers of trees, shrubs, and herbs, but in a food forest these are substituted with edible and medicinal plants and fungi. The goal of this project is to create small areas, called food forests, throughout campus for all to enjoy. With the permission from Landscape Services, fruit and nut trees, berry shrubs, and edible and medicinal perennials and annuals will be planted and maintained in selected areas on campus. Edible fungi, which are often overlooked as a means of food in the garden, will also be cultivated. Students will learn landscape planning and how to grow and maintain plants and fungi in a food forest environment. The produce from the food forests will be available for anyone to pick. The intent is to nourish, educate, and inspire passersby.

Team Leaders
Julia Kerrigan Plant & Environmental Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1179

Engage Dominica 1 - Water and Sanitation

On the basis of the most recently conducted study, the levels of poverty in Dominica have fallen from 39 percent in 2003 to 28.8 percent in 2009. This reduction in poverty is attributed to attempts by Government to stabilize the economy, contain the debt, expand the social and physical infrastructure and prioritize investment. International assessment has been used to expand the physical infrastructure that is contributing to economic development. These infrastructure projects include the airport development, roads and highways expansion and agricultural access roads.  However, the storm in 2015 had a devastating effect on progress, setting the country back a reported 20 years.  This group will seek to address the economic status and effect of the recent storm and infrastructure devastation. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1180

Engage Dominica 2 - Archbald Tropical Research Center Assessment and Program Development

For a number of years, Clemson has owned the Archbald Tropical Research Center in Dominica.  The center services a number of US based universities and will house a new Creative Inquiry program modeled after CEDC.  To support the program, this CI will conduct an assessment of the facilities at ATRC and determine potential projects that could improve the site and offer additional resources to visitors and the local community alike.  It is hoped that in the future, the center could support summer educational programs for local youth, as well as connections to the state college.  Additionally, facility improvement such as trails to the extents of the property would be assessed for potential construction. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1181

Engage Dominica 3 - Soufriere and Scotts Head Jetty Development

The small town of Soufriere on the southeast side of Dominica is the focus of this Creative Inquiry.  Over the next several months, students will develop a plan to collect data from local residents by local residents on topics related to water security, economic opportunity and quality of life.   Members of the local steering committee have agreed to meet and collect data related to understanding fishing conditions, water security issues, as well as other conditions related to poverty.  Several initial projects that our students can begin researching include a jetty, fishing coop, and sanitation.  

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Jared Delk General Engineering
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica.
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1220

Personality Measurement

Student's on this project will get the chance to study a variety of aspects of personality including: facet level, contextual level, personality's curvilinear relationships with outcome variables, positively/negatively worded questions, factor structure, moderators, mediators, subgroup differences, generalizability of results, etc. Students are presenting at conferences in New York City, Chicago, and Portland based on our data. Joining the team is a multiple semester commitment. Most of our submission deadlines are in the fall with conferences normally in the spring. Students are all expected to submit to conferences and will learn about the research process from start to presentation stage. With a few students potentially getting to publications. Requirements to join are flexible as long as the person is persistent and ambitious.

Team Leaders
Joseph Ligato Psychology
Fred S Switzer III Psychology
Accomplishments
*Parker, A. (2018, March 6-9), Parental Education and Income Correlation with Student’s Academic Conscientiousness. Poster presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Barry, K. (2018, March 6-9), Protective Effects of Conscientiousness on Stress. Poster presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Adams, B. (2018, March 6-9), With Age Comes Wisdom: Conscientiousness over Time. Poster presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1192

Geological Investigations in Dominica

The island of Dominica in the Caribbean has a research station owned by Clemson.  Numerous active volcanic-related features are present on the island such as calderas, volcanic domes, a boiling lake, fumaroles ( steam vents), and hot springs.  This setting represents a unique learning environment for students to study the nature of previous volcanic events and to investigate the potential for future events.  The research would include an examination of impacts to both human and environmental systems that would be affected by another eruption.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1195

Research into emotion and its expression

This Creative Inquiry is focused on learning how to conduct research in the realm of consumer behavior, with a focus on the psychology of emotions. Students will be active in research, and will actively collect data. This CI should be of particular interest to individuals interested in research careers both in and out of academia. The CI will meet weekly as round-table seminar.  Topics to be discussed are: methodology, best research practices, current literature, proposals for research projects, ongoing projects, and presentations of findings from research projects. If professional conferences coincide with the CI we will make efforts to provide presentation opportunities for students with completed research projects. We will also discuss if students are interested the path of graduate school and academic careers.

Team Leaders
Oriana Aragon Marketing
Accomplishments
Aragón, O.R. (2018 April 4-5). Dimorphous Expressions of Emotion. Presentation at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Symposium, Clemson SC.
College of BusinessD
1417

Football Facemask Performance Creative Inquiry

In this CI, we will be working with the local Daniel High School football team to study the effect of a season of head impacts has on the performance of football facemasks.  We will be studying the performance of facemasks with ages ranging from brand new to a year of use.

Team Leaders
Gregory Batt Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Andrea Fisher Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1196

Developing an Online Platform for the Positive Behavior Supports (PBS) Film Festival

Positive behavior support (PBS) is a proactive and respectful approach for supporting all students in a school or group. In 2010, the PBS Film Festival premiered at the Association of Positive Behavior Support (APBS) conference.  Each year the PBS Film Festival receives dozens of film submissions from all over the globe. During the PBS Film Festival, we screen about two dozen exemplary PBS films. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to (a) provide students with a hands-on experience supporting a film festival while they learn about schools are using film to support K-12, (b) develop a PBS Film Festival website, and (c) conduct a study to better understand how schools are using film.   

Team Leaders
Shanna Hirsch Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Hirsch, S., *Rice, J. & *Marcus, K. (2018, April 24). Voices of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) Film Creators: In-Depth Interviews on PBIS Film Development and Implementation. Poster presentation at the Clemson College of Education Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
Hirsch, S., *Withington, M., *Wyche, M., *Ruddy, S., *Halley, E., *Harleston, M., *Fox, A., & *Brown, C. (2018, April 24). Positive behavior interventions and support in pictures: A descriptive analysis of existing PBIS Videos. Poster presentation at the Clemson College of Education Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
Hirsch, S.E., Ennis, R. P., MacSuga-Gage, A.S., *Rice, K., Beach, J. & Rogers, J.  (2018, March 28-31). PBS Films: Understanding how educators create and use films in school settings. Lecture presented at the International Conference of the Association for Positive Behavior Support, San Diego, CA. 
Hirsch, S. E., Marcus, K., Rice, K., Ennis, R., & MacSuga-Gage, A. S. (2017, September, Pending Acceptance). Views of PBS Film Makers: What and why we make PBS Films. PBIS Forum, Chicago, IL.
*Brown, C., *Fox, A., *Halley, E., *Harleston, M., *Withington, M., *Wyche, M., *Ruddy, S., Hirsch, S. (2018, April 2-3). Positive behavior interventions and support in pictures: A descriptive analysis of existing PBIS Videos. Poster presented at the 1st Annual Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of EducationE
1198

Carnivore Ecology

In 2015, Clemson CI students detected the eastern spotted skunk on forest lands near campus, the first time the species had been seen in the state in over 17 years.  This project builds on this important discovery by doing a dedicated study of the ecology and behavior of this cryptic and poorly understood species.

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Allison Hody
Laura Gigliotti Forestry & Environment Conserv
Sara Bombaci
Accomplishments
*Wilson, S.B., *Colquhoun, R., *Klink, A., *Lanini, T., Riggs, S., *Simpson, B. *Williams, A., and Jachowski, D. S. (2016). Recent detections of Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) in South Carolina.  Southeastern Naturalist 15:269-274.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1202

Exploring engineering solutions to improve dialysis care

Patients on dialysis typically receive three blood-purification treatments a week. One of the most difficult— and potentially traumatic—experiences of a patient relying on dialysis is the experience of being “stuck” with a relatively large needle to draw blood. The primary goal of this project is to use engineering approaches to improve patient health outcomes and experience by enhancing the skill of nurses and healthcare technicians who perform these tasks. Students will work in a fast-paced, highly inter-disciplinary environment to communicate with clinicians, create novel materials to simulate anatomical structures, interface sensors with computers, and analyze human skill data. Students with previous experience in sensor interfacing are strongly encouraged to apply. To apply for the Spring 2017 cohort, please send Dr. Joseph Singapogu (joseph@clemson.edu) the following information: latest resume/CV, major and GPA, brief statement regarding why student is interested in project, any previous project experience.

Team Leaders
Ravikiran Singapogu Inst Biological Interfaces Eng
1207

The Use of Deliberate Practice in Nursing Skill Acquisition

    The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to design a research project to determine if deliberate practice can increase Clemson nursing students’ mastery of sterile technique using a deliberate practice model.        

Team Leaders
Jean Zavertnik School of Nursing
Leslie Ravan School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Conger, C., *Peh, K., Zavertnik, J.E. & Ravan, L. (2018, April 2-3) The Impact of Deliberate Practice on the Mastery of Urinary Catheterization. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1209

Clemson Curates: Visual Arts & the Clemson Campus

Clemson Curates presents visual arts exhibitions that explore ideas and issues reflective of and intersecting with university research.  Students gain experience by interpreting visual art, writing exhibit content, project management and exhibition presentations. Students also explore various media platforms necessary for marketing and communications, while conducting studio visits with artists to make final selection for artwork to be included in exhibits. 

Team Leaders
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Accomplishments
South Carolina Arts Commission, non-competitive matching grant, 2000.00 awarded for Upstate 8: SC Fellowship Women Artists. The Exhibition was on View at Lee Gallery from October 2 - November 8, 2017 and was organized through the Clemson Curates Creative Inquiry course. Students participated in studio visits, selected exhibition works, participated in coordinating the panel discussion and installed the exhibit in Lee Gallery.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1211

Whats in Our Waters

The What’s in Our Waters (WOW) educational outreach program is designed to introduce high school students to methods of monitoring and reporting on the conditions of local streams thus teaching students the importance of responsible citizen science, conducting research using the ‘scientific method’ and the relevance of science communication with the public. The program has 3 essential phases: 1) in class presentations on watershed health and research practices; 2) in field surveys and data collection; 3) scientific reporting and poster presentation at a local conference. To assess the educational effectiveness of the program surveys are administered to the participating high school students before and after the program and then analyzed by the WOW mentors to help improve the program implementation. In this creative inquiry project we will develop and implement a lesson plan based on research communication and scientific poster presentation at Daniel High School, analyze survey data to assess and report on whole program effectiveness, and work with current mentors to enhance the WOW model.

Team Leaders
Lauren Garcia Chance Plant & Environmental Sciences
Christie Sampson Biological Sciences
Lauren Stoczynski Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Linard, E.N., Garcia-Chance, L., & Sampson, S. (2017, March). Clemson WOW Project: Success and Effectiveness of an Outreach Program. Presented at the 5th Annual Southeastern Environmental Education Alliance, Buford, GA.
Chance, L., Linard, E.,  and Sampson, C. (2016, October). Clemson WOW Project: Successes of a water quality outreach program. Poster presented at South Carolina Water Resources Conference, 
Garcia, L., Linard, E., and Sampson, C. (2017, April 7). "What's in Our Waters" Clemson GRADS. Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
Pamphlet covering the WOW program designed and created by CI student. 
Video shows work done by students
ARJWS donated $140 to support prizes for the high school student scientific poster competition, as well as donating the time of their employees to serve as judges.
Attaway, D. (2017, March 8). "Clemson water project engages Daniel High students in citizen science". 
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1212

Siemens Qualitative Marketing Research

This project will provide a hands-on learning experience in conducting qualitative research for theoretical and B2B insights for Siemens Corporation. In addition to actively learning and practicing different qualitative research methods (e.g., focus groups, interviews, ethnography), students will also learn how to conduct a qualitative research project from start to finish. This CI takes place over the course of three years. Students will need to be available to work on the project for at least one year to be selected for this CI. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Seimens Marketing
Anastasia Thyroff Marketing
Accomplishments
*Wink, H., *Wagner, A., *Huber, E., *Hack, B., *Ostermann, D., *McDowell, H., Thyroff, A., Seimens, J., *Dieterich, T., *Norman, C., *Robinson, I., *West, J., *Parsons, T., *Lynch, E. & *DeVonage, V. (2018, April 2-3). Understanding Knowledge Transference Between Generations. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McDowell, H. (2018, March). Siemens Qualitative Marketing Research. Presented at the Board of Trustees Meeting, Madren Center, Clemson, SC.
College of BusinessD
1325

Sorghum as a feedstuff for gamebirds and broilers in the Southeast

This project aims to evaluate grain sorghum as an alternative feedstuff for gamebirds and broilers in the Southeast by investigating if it is nutritionally equivalent to corn for use in poultry diets. Aside from determining the apparent metabolizable energy of each dietary treatment, students will learn the components of formulating a diet, which will be essential to evaluating the growth, health and product quality of the birds. In addition, students calculating and analyzing diet formulations will be able to make projections for expected growth rates and performance of the birds as well as the economic costs and benefits of an alternative feedstuff. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.      

Team Leaders
Tiffany Wilmoth Animal & Veterinary Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1364

Happiness and Values

The purpose of this ongoing Creative Inquiry research team is to learn about and conduct research in the field of industrial-organizational psychology. We will explore how our values and their importance to us guide our judgment and decision-making on the pathways toward happiness, especially in circumstances where we must trade-off one option for another. The team will also examine whether or not the choices between two paths towards happiness are worthwhile or regrettable in the long-run.  For example, person A works at an organization and they have decided to work more hours at the office instead of spending more time with their family. Depending on which pathways someone values, this decision could make person A seem either hardworking or uncaring to an observer.  The students who participate on this research team will have the opportunity to see how work in empirical psychology is conducted. Our research is conducted with student samples and online samples, so team members will be exposed to various data collection techniques. In addition, students will gain experience in research design, data collection, and data analysis.

Team Leaders
Cynthia Pury Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1214

A Nursing/Engineering Collaboration to Solve Current Healthcare Problems

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry (CI) is to utilize a Healthcare Makerspace as a collaboration between nursing and engineering students in order to solve current problems faced by healthcare professionals. This CI will organize teams and match them to healthcare problems brought to us by health professionals currently practicing in the field. Students may use cutting-edge technology, CAD design and other software/hardware to build and test prototypes. The School of Nursing will utilize a portion of its CLRC (Clinical Learning and Research Center) to test products in a realistic clinical environment. Already equipped with high-fidelity automated mannequins and modern healthcare equipment, the CLRC will provide an opportunity for new products to be developed and tested.

Team Leaders
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1215

Perinatal Substance Exposure

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, or NAS occurs when babies are born with opioid dependence from mothers using opioids during late pregnancy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports 3.9 of every 1,000 hospital births in 2013 were NAS babies in South Carolina (Ko, 2016). The purpose of the study is to understand the maternal experience battling substance exposure use and caring for an infant with substance exposure through story telling. The voice recording will be transcribed for qualitative analysis using the ATLAS.it program.References: Ko JY, Patrick SW, Tong VT, Patel R, Lind JN, Barfield WD.(2016). Incidence of Neonatal  Abstinence Syndrome — 28 States, 1999–2013. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly  Report;65:799–802. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6531a2 

Team Leaders
Heide Temples School of Nursing
Mary Wright School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Drum, L., Wright, M. & Temples, H. (2018, April 2-3). The Importance of Maternal Inclusion When Treating Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS): A Literature Review. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Drum, L., Wright, M. & Temples, H. (2018, April 2-3). The Importance of Maternal Inclusion When Treating Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS): A Literature Review. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Drum, L., and Temples, H. S. (2017, April). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry, 12th Annual Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.
*Drum, L., Wright, M. & Temples, H. (2018, April 4-8). The Importance of Maternal Inclusion When Treating Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS): A Literature Review. Poster presented at the National Students Nurses' Association 66th Annual Convention, Nashville, TN.
*Drum, L., Temples, H.S. & Wright, M.E. (2017). Website Development for the MAiN Treatment Model for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Presented at the Regional Perinatal Substance Exposure Summit, Mission Children's Hospital, Asheville, NC. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1217

Researching the need for and development of an Undergraduate Network for Innovation and Marketable Skills (NIMS)

To research, plan, and propose a centralized model of undergraduate resources that will empower innovation and development of marketable skills through partnership with student organizations, Creative Inquiry, and special interest centers on campus. These actions will enrich the student team’s ability to investigate issues; think critically; collect, analyze, interpret data and communicate results relative to real-world applications right here on campus.

Team Leaders
Barbara Speziale Watt Family Innovation Center
Accomplishments
1218

Development of novel antibacterials

Summary as described in Medchemcomm, 2014 Jun 1;5(6):816-825. "Controlling DNA topoisomerase functions has been envisioned for developing new anticancer and antibacterial agents.   A number of small molecules have been tested for their ability as poisons of DNA topoisomerase functions.  The therapeutic interest in the development of small molecules as inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase lies in their ability to act as DNA cleavage complex stabilizing agents and to recognize ATP binding site. The emergence of resistance to anti-bacterials has necessitated the search of novel molecules that could help tackle these issues. Small molecules that are both DNA binders and non-binders will be discovered to poison the functions of DNA topoisomerases".  Team members will learn about the target enzyme and work towards investigating small molecules that can inhibit it.

Team Leaders
Dev Priya Arya Chemistry
College of ScienceG
1219

Entrepreneurial Mentoring: Lemonade Day

Lemonade Day is a community-wide educational program that teaches youth the entrepreneurial skills necessary to start, own and operate their own business...a lemonade stand. The CI project is a recurring activity each academic year engaging a new cohort of Clemson students.          

Team Leaders
Dave Frock Campus Recreation
1221

Human Factors Forensics

This team will explore the application of scientific knowledge and methods in Human Factors to the legal arena.  Issues include the development of expert opinion, the scientific justification and defense of expert testimony, the techniques for effective education of jurors and the court by experts, etc.  Students will explore these issues from practical, empirical, and theoretical perspectives.  Focus will include topics in vision, attention, cognition and related areas.

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Tutaj, M., *Martin, E., *Khoury, Z., *Free, K., *Giovinazzo, A., *Martin, T., *Cox, E. & Stephens, B. (2018, April) Human factors forensic analysis of trip and fall incident. Poster presented at the Southeaster Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Cox, R., *Free, K., *Giovinazzo, A., *Khoury, Z., *Martin, E., *Martin, T., *Tutaj, M. & Stephens, B. (2018, April 2-3). Human Factors Forensics of Child Elevator Accident. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Free, K., *Giovinazzo, A., *Martin, T., Wyndham, E. & Stephens, B.R. (2018, March 8) Forensic Analysis of a Five-Year-Old’s Elevator Accident. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1227

Understanding the aggregation mechanism of amyloid peptides with multiscale molecular dynamics simulations

Understanding the aggregation mechanism of amyloid peptides with multiscale molecular dynamics simulations   Protein misfolding and amyloid aggregation are implicated in an increasing list of human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases as well as type-2 diabetes. Accumulating evidences suggest that the intermediate species - i.e., oligomers - along the aggregation processes are the toxic species causing cell deaths. Understanding the aggregation mechanisms and identifying the structural and dynamics properties of these toxic oligomers are crucial for designing therapeutic approaches to inhibit the aggregation and/or reduce cytotoxicity. However, the aggregation mechanism of amyloidogenic proteins and peptides is largely unknown due to challenges both in experiments and simulations. The intrinsic and transient nature of these intermediate states makes experimental pinning difficulty, while the time and length scales of aggregation is often beyond the computational limit of traditional computer simulation methods. The PI lab has pioneered a multiscale discrete molecular dynamics algorithm (DMD) with enhanced computational sampling efficiency, which allows us to observe protein and peptide aggregation in silico. The project aims to perform large scale DMD simulations to understand the aggregation mechanisms of several commonly-studies amyloid peptides - including Abeta in Alzheimer's disease, alph-synuclein in Parkinson's disease, and amylin in type-2 diabetes. The students involved in this CI project will be exposed to the fundamental research of amyloid diseases and get familiar with high performance computing. The students will be trained to use various advanced computational methodologies either developed in the lab or academically available, and will learn to develop their own computational analysis tools. The students will also present the outcome of their research in scientific journals and research conferences. The CI project is part of the NIH-sponsored MIRA research award – “Inhibition of Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide Aggregation”.

Team Leaders
Feng Ding Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
1224

The genetic and developmental basis of evolution in cichlid fishes

Variation during developmental processes can both produce disease in humans, as well as the incredible variation in morphology found in nature. Cichlid fishes have undergone an extraordinary adaptive radiation; in Lake Malawi alone, upwards of a thousand species have evolved within just two million years.  A hallmark of this radiation and a major focus of the lab is their unparalleled range of craniofacial morphologies, which correlates with their feeding mechanism (e.g. algae scraping or suction feeding). The goal of this CI is to determine the genetic and developmental basis of evolved differences in cichlid fishes. Students will characterize genetic and phenotypic variation in cichlids.  We will then analyze the mechanism through which DNA variation alters development to produce different adult shapes in cichlids. Given the molecular conservation of development from fish to humans, the goal of this work is advance our understanding of how genetic variation can produce both natural and disease-related variation. Students are expected to enroll in this CI for 2-4 semesters as part of Biol 4940/4941, section 027 or Biol 4940/4941, section 028 for honors.

Team Leaders
Kara Powder Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Martin, K.T., &Haire, S. & Powder, K. (2018, May). Genetic Variation in the Cranial Shape of Malawi Cichlids. Poster presentation at the Southeast Regional meeting of the Society for Developmental Biology, Athens, GA.
*Lally, M.E. & Powder, K. (2018, May). Gene expression analysis of migrating neural crest cells in craniofacial evolution in cichlid fishes. Poster presentation at the Southeast Regional meeting of the Society for Developmental Biology, Athens, GA.
*Hawkins, E., *Furno, E. & Powder, K. (2018, May). Cis-enhancing regions that influence craniofacial development in cichlids. Poster presentation at the Southeast Regional meeting of the Society for Developmental Biology, Athens, GA.
*Furno, E., *Hawkins, E. & Powder, K. (2018, April 2-3). Identifying cis-enhancing regions that influence craniofacial development in cichlid fishes. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1238

A cross-disciplinary approach to understanding project teams

Have you ever been on a project team where you had issues getting along your teammates because they had a different expertise than you? Would you like to get hands-on experience learning how to effectively compose, communicate, and learn in a cross-disciplinary team? If so, this CI team might be for you. As a research initiative of the DIGITAL lab, we are interested in better understanding not only the difficulties that cross-disciplinary teams face, but also how we can leverage individual differences to benefit team performance. This CI team’s primary goal is to develop best practices and interventions for cross-disciplinary project teams that are both practical and timely. To do this, CI team members can expect to conduct field research such as interviews and behavioral coding across a number of cross-disciplinary teams.

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Michelle Flynn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
William Kramer Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1228

Taxonomic, genetic and functional diversity in lucinid-bacteria chemosymbiosis

Lucinid clams are the most diverse and one of the oldest families of chemosymbiotic bivalves commonly found in shallow coastal biomes. These clams fulfill most of their nutritional needs through gill endosymbionts which oxidize sulfur and use this chemical energy to fix carbon for their hosts. This Creative Inquiry project aims to characterize taxonomic, genetic and functional diversity in the lucinid-bacteria symbiosis. Students will use laboratory techniques, such as nucleic acid extractions, PCR, qPCR, as well as next generation sequencing technology to explore various aspects of the lucinid-bacteria symbiosis. Results will relate to microbe-microbe interactions, microbe-host interactions and microbe-environment interactions.

Team Leaders
Jean Lim Biological Sciences
Barbara Campbell Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Alexander, L., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 April 4-5) Methanol dehydrogenase expression in two chemosymbiotic bacterial species in the lucinid clam Ctena orbiculata. Poster presented at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Nachman, E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2017 September) Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the Fall Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walton, J.L., Gill, D.E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2017 September) Spirochete vitamin B12 synthesis in Lucinidae clam foot and gill tissues. Poster presented at the Clemson University Creative Inquiry Showcase, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Walton, J.L., Gill, D.E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2017 September) Symbiont Vitamin B12 Synthesis in Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the Clemson University Undergraduate Research Showcase, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Alexander, L., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 April) Methanol dehydrogenase expression in two chemosymbiotic bacterial species in the lucinid clam Ctena orbiculata. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology Spring 2018 meeting, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SC.
*Walton, J.L., Gill, D.E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 March 10) Symbiont vitamin B12 synthesis in Phacoides pectinatus. Presented at the 10th annual Clemson Biological Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Nachman, E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2017 September) Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the Fall Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Alexander, L., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 March 10) Methanol dehydrogenase expression in two chemosymbiotic bacterial species in the lucinid clam Ctena orbiculata. Poster presented at the 10th annual Clemson Biological Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Alexander, L., *Knight, B., *Nachman, E., *Walton, J., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 April 2-3) Gill microbiome diversity in Lucinidae clams. Poster presented at the 13th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1230

Sustainable Spools

This project will focus on reducing the impact of 3D printing on the environment by developing sustainable methods of producing printing filament by utilizing waste plastic to generate 3D printing filament for use in prototyping.

Team Leaders
Sarah Grigg General Engineering
Accomplishments
Grigg, S., *Rossow, K., *Napolitano, J., *Vogel, A., *Green, K., *Trotter, K., *Swift, L., *Smith, S., *Scruggs, D., *Armstrong, E., *Schoenbeck, G. & *Brown, C. (2018, April 2-3). Sustainable Spools. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1235

Conation and Creativity in Engineering

Have you heard of Disney Imagineers? Are you interested in how engineers apply creativity? Conation and Creativity in Engineering (CCE) is a one-credit Creative Inquiry project in which students from across campus work together and explore how instinctive problem-solving (conation) and creativity can inspire innovation in engineering. Students in this CI will learn about each other’s problem-solving instincts and how to operationalize conative diversity when working with others, and actively explore creativity in engineering. Students from all majors are invited to participate in CCE however Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) majors and STEM transfer students are strongly encouraged to register. 

Team Leaders
Claire Dancz Engineering & Science Educatio
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1236

Clemson University Bicycle Sharing System Modeling: CUBSSM

Clemson University Bicycle Sharing Systems Modeling: CUBSSM is conceived to engage students in theoretical and applied modeling of bicycle sharing systems, strengthened by the current implementation of a bicycle sharing system at Clemson University.  However, the goal is to produce publishable and implementable research results in the management of bicycle sharing systems. This goal will be achieved through a series of activities with concrete student learning objectives aligned with appropriate and Department of Industrial Engineering Program Outcomes, documented through on-campus presentations, conference deliverables and journal deliverables. This is intended to be a one-year, one cohort CI. It may be extended if results and interest warrant such an extension.

Team Leaders
Mary Kurz Industrial Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1240

Exploring Balkan Politics

The project is focused providing an opportunity for students to independently (or in groups) conduct research about the politics and situation in former Yugoslavia (the Balkans) prior to a spring semester study abroad program centered in Belgrade, Serbia.  The fall semester is used to prepare students and learn more about the politics of the region, as well as selecting research topics within groups of 2-3 students.  The project continues through the spring semester as students study in Belgrade and the region.  They will research a specific topic of Balkan politics while abroad, with the goal of producing a group paper / presentation on their selected topic.  There is also an opportunity for students to collaborate with Serbian students on their projects, either at the University of Belgrade or The University of Nis.   Past research projects have included Serbian perspectives on the US presidential election and current US-Serbian relations.  The course is 1 credit hour per semester.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Peake Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1244

ENGAGE Dominica 5: Medical Partnerships

The Dominica healthcare system offers both primary and secondary levels of care. Primary care health centers include fifty-two health clinics that are spread throughout the island and two district hospitals in Marigot and Portsmouth. These primary care facilities provide basic services such as treating common illnesses and non-emergency injuries. This is provided to citizens free of charge and acts as a mediator to limit over-crowding of Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH). Tertiary care services, such as cancer screening and specialized surgeries, are not provided in Dominica and patients are forced to seek care off the island at extremely high personal and government expense.The mission of the Medical Partnerships team is to foster collaboration with health centers in Dominica in order to identify and begin to remedy current needs in the healthcare system.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Aniqa Chowdhury Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1246

ENGAGE Dominica 6: Primary School Initiatives

The Primary School Initiative team will work on projects at primary schools around Dominica. These projects will include sustainable gardens and livestock raising, vocational training, and recreational areas. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Jared Delk General Engineering
Kyle Brooks Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1265

Research Abroad at Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico

Students will engage in an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and collaborative research program by partnering with faculty,  researchers, and students of Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico. Tecnologico de Monterrey is a premier engineering school in Latin America.During the calendar year, students will design experiments and tackle specific challenges found in collaborative projects involving faculty of both institutions.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1247

Leidenfrost effect

A liquid drop brought into contact with a hot solid can levitate on a cushion of vapor. The absence of liquid/solid contact makes the liquid extremely mobile and susceptible to a number of hydrodynamic instabilities, such as shape oscillations, and directed self-propulsion. This CI project will focus on experimental studies of instabilities that result from the Leidenfrost effect; shape oscillation, self-propulsion, splashing, and bouncing. 

Team Leaders
Joshua Bostwick Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Bostwick, J., *Hilleary, C., *Wallace, D., *Haithcock, E. & *Henke, J. (2018, April 2-3) The Effects of Specific Fluid Properties on the Leidenfrost Effect in Directed Motion. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1250

Science and Pseudoscience in popular media

The combination of access to information and the decline in science education and critical thinking ability have given rise to a fear of science and mistrust of scientists.  Because of the lack of understanding of science, charlatans like Dr. Oz are able to exploit the public’s fears for their own financial gain.  A few examples of what this exploitation has led to:  cancer patients refusing chemo therapy treatments in favor of questionable “natural” therapies; a subset of people have tried to “cure” their autistic children by giving them bleach enemas; and an increase in the production and marketing of dietary supplements promising to cure everything from obesity to cancer.  Because of ignorance, people can be the victims of scams and in the case of fad diets and supplements, can be harmed. In addition to the decline of science education, critical thinking, and difficulty identifying reliable sources of information, public attitude towards science and scientists is negative.  Scientists are harassed on a regular basis and are accused of being paid to do the bidding of large companies like Monsanto.  Additionally, these celebrities and charlatans mislead the public by saying science is wrong and that they are the only ones that are trustworthy.  This leads to fearmongering and a belief in conspiracy theories.   The proposed project seeks to help students and the general public tell the difference between science and pseudoscience and be able to evaluate claims seen in popular media, correct misconceptions about science, and to help students develop critical thinking skills through presenting their findings to a general audience.  The CI will help students explain science to a general audience and show people that science is relevant to their lives, approachable, and nothing to be afraid of.

Team Leaders
Elliot Ennis Chemistry
Catherine Blankenship PRTM Leisure Skills
Bailey Nestor
College of ScienceG
1260

Robotic Agriculture

How can we use robotics and mechatronics to support agriculture and horticulture. Students will learn about prototyping and machine design using open source materials as a springboard to build a functioning CNC farming robot from the ground-up with bought, built, and engineered parts. Using a prototype developed in the last year, we seek to improve its functionality, test its capabilities, and design a second generation deployable system. Students should expect to enroll in the project for 2-4 semesters.

Team Leaders
Cameron Turner Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1253

Ecotoxicological effects in aquatic species: lionfish as indicators for oil pollution in the Carribean

Lionfish is an invasive species in the Caribbean. Because of their rapid expansion they can now be found in a large number of coral reefs. To limit the ecological effects of these voracious feeders, scuba divers are encouraged to catch lionfish without limitations. Because of their widespread occurrence, and relative ease of collection, lionfish may be a very suitable species for environmental monitoring of pollution events. In this CI project we will investigate if there are toxicological effects in lionfish as a result of hurricane Irma, which hit the Florida Keys in September 2017, and resulted in hundreds of sunken boats that are releasing oil and fuel. Collected lionfish will be evaluated in the lab for specific biochemical markers that are indicative for exposure to oil compounds. 

Team Leaders
Peter Van den Hurk Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1251

Supporting Healthcare Superheroes: Leadership and Team Development through Simulation and Technology

Soaring healthcare costs, staffing shortages, and legislative changes have contributed to surge of interest in the ways healthcare organizations manage their leaders and teams in order to better impact the bottom line. As a research initiative of the DIGITAL lab, we are interested in better understanding the impact of leadership development on multiple levels of analysis within the healthcare industry: this includes, but is not limited to, leader health and burnout, team effectiveness, employee engagement and health, patient safety and experiences, and business outcomes. The purpose of this CI team is to examine leadership structures within Greenville Health System and the impact of leadership on various GHS outcomes. If you are interested in healthcare management, employee engagement, leadership and team development, patient experience, applied statistics, or any combination of the above, this CI team is likely to be a great fit for you. CI members on this team will be involved in field research including interviews, focus groups, simulations, and observations; training development and evaluation; data organization and analysis; and other qualitative and quantitative research efforts. 

Team Leaders
Chelsea LeNoble Psychology
Melissa Vogel Sociology and Anthropology
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Accomplishments
*Dobson, M. (2017) Leadership Development Programs and Work-Family Enrichment. Research presented to Greenville Health System leaders, Greenville, SC.
*Brown, D. & Smith, E. (2017). The New Way to Lead: An Examination of the Relationship Between Leadership Development and Patient Satisfaction Ratings Across Healthcare Systems. Research presented to Greenville Health System leaders, Greenville, SC.
*Schwarze, T. (2017). A Review of Physiological Devices: Measuring Healthcare Worker Stress and Well-being. Research presented to Greenville Health System leaders, Greenville, SC.
*Brown, D., *Schwarze, T., *Dobson, M. & LeNoble, C. (2018 April 2-3) Supporting Healthcare Superheroes Through Leadership Development. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1252

Appalachian Fire Ecology

Wildfires in late 2016 burned tens of thousands of forested acres across the southern Appalachian region. These events, unprecedented in recent history, have created a unique opportunity to conduct important fire ecology research in affected areas. This Creative Inquiry project will establish a collaborative effort between Clemson, the US Forest Service, and other agencies to assess the impacts of these fires. Students will assist with the establishment of a series of long-term soil and vegetation monitoring plots, with the aim of documenting patterns in overstory mortality, soil erosion and ecological succession in areas impacted by the fires. 

Team Leaders
Donald Hagan Forestry & Environment Conserv
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1254

International Bridge Design Project With Engineers Without Borders (EWB) In Nicaragua

Students participating in this project will lead bridge designs and implementation for the CU-EWB official project in El Serrano, Nicaragua.

Team Leaders
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Jerry Wylie Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Shyla Kupis
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1257

Design of New Virtual Reality Headset

Virtual reality is a new way of media display and engineering data visualization.  Current commercially available hardware requires data to be split into two screens, one for each eye.  In this project we will design and construct a new hardware that allows virtual reality visualization of any media on a smartphone without additional image processing of screen splitting.  

Team Leaders
Ethan Kung Mechanical Engineering
Akash Gupta Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1256

DEVELOPMENT AND ASSESSMENT OF MAKERSPACE STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

The Clemson Makerspace provides students and staff the ability to collaborate and innovate using current technologies such as 3D-Printing, laser cutting, scanners, textiles processing equipment, and electronics. The Makerspace educates and trains students of all majors on machines and processes. Students in this CI will learn to operate key equipment in the Makerspace such as CNC machines, water jets, 3D scanners, 3D printers, laser cutters, electronics, embroidery and sewing machines, t-shirt printers, etc. The objective is to develop a safe set of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for training students on makerspace equipment within the culture and requirements of the university.  Students will research, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of training methods that will likely include manuals, videos, and presentations. This CI has a strong hands-on component, and a team leadership aspect.

Team Leaders
Todd Schweisinger Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Hoolachan, N., *Grant, W., *Turner, N., *Patel, P., *Samstag, M. & Schweisinger, T. (2018, April 2-3). Student Engagement: Lowering the Barrier of Entry to The Clemson Makerspace, Digital presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1258

Native Bass Conservation

Bartram’s Bass (Micropterus sp. cf cataractae) is endemic to the upper Savannah River (SC & GA); it lives nowhere else in the world. Unfortunately, Bartram’s bass is threatened by numerous factors, including hybridization with invasive Alabama Bass. Understanding the life history of this species will be critical to its conservation. In this course, students will (a) survey Bartram’s Bass distribution throughout the upper Savannah River basin, and (b) conduct laboratory analyses of Bartram’s Bass life history. Along the way, students will become proficient in several fish collection methods (e.g. electrofishing, seining, etc.), field identification, and laboratory methods. 

Team Leaders
Brandon Peoples Forestry & Environment Conserv
Emily Judson Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the Southern Chapter American Fisheries Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 April 2-3) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the SC Chapter American Fisheries Society, Beaufort, SC.
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the Southern Division of American Fisheries Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1259

Assessing the EU's Influence

This project seeks to isolate the political, economic, cultural, societal, international, and other factors that affect the European Union's (EU) influence on the world stage. It also seeks to better understand the ways and conditions under which this influence is perceived positively or negatively by citizens, policymakers, and external actors.

Team Leaders
K. Amber Curtis Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1264

Youth Relationship Violence Prevention and Education Program

This Creative Inquiry project facilitates students’ involvement with community-based education to prevent relationship violence among youth in South Carolina. Students learn about the social causes and context of violence in relationships. They also will participate in educating youth through partnerships with Safe Harbor’s Relationship Education Project, which conducts informational sessions in local school systems. Safe Harbor is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to helping victims of domestic violence in the upstate South Carolina. 

Team Leaders
Carolyn Coffman Sociology and Anthropology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1270

High-Throughput Quantitative Western Blotting with the Microwestern Array

Genomic technologies, such as whole genome or mRNA sequencing, probe samples genome-wide at reasonable cost, but current technology to measure protein-level properties at a similar scale are lagging behind. Much biology occurs at the level of proteins and their modifications. This proposal focuses on further developing a technology called microwestern array to increase capacity and decrease cost of high-throughput protein-level measurements to complement genomic data.

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1271

Ocean under the magnifying glass - using microscopy to understand the impacts of climate change

Oysters are important to our coastal ecosystem, providing food in the aquaculture industry, protecting coastal fisheries and alleviating storm damage to the coastal land. The changing climate is, however, posing an alarming threat to the marine ecosystem. The excessive release of carbon dioxide by human activities has caused an acidified ocean with greater pH fluctuations. The impact has been found to be regional, pH values are found to reduce faster in estuary regions than the open ocean. As a result, the coastal oyster communities are facing an unprecedented risk. Our research focus on assessing the health of the native oysters Crassostrea virginica. Microscopy techniques are sensitive to the physiological status, and therefore, oysters can be monitored for their success in terms of growth, development and calcification. The goals of this Creative Inquiry projects are (1) to develop students with the skillset for marine science and climate change research, (2) to raise appreciation and understanding of an oyster life cycle, (3) to promote image analysis skills for biology topics and (4) to enable student's experience for research planning, performing, writing and presenting.   Students will conduct ocean acidification study on oysters using confocal microcopy and image analysis tools such as ImageJ and MATLAB to measure the response and development of shell formation process.

Team Leaders
Bin Chan Biological Sciences
Andrew Mount Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1272

Elucidating Water Transport and Structure of Polymer Membranes for Energy Applications

The use of polymer membranes for energy storage and delivery applications is ubiquitous. The performance properties of these membranes is inherently tied to the nanostructure, making it important to elucidate the fundamental structure-property relationships of these materials.

Team Leaders
Eric Davis Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1282

Development of a System to Incentivize Litter Storage/Collection in Developing Areas

Widespread litter, comprised in large measure of plastic bags, plastic beverage containers, paper, and assorted refuse, vexes large parts of the world, particularly under-developed regions where there is no centralized trash and garbage collection.  A practical means of involving the local population in collecting and transporting accumulated litter to central collection points and establishing incentives for participation is a potential solution.  An important component of such an approach is thought to be the development of a practical process to enable single individuals to compact litter into small, manageable units, for which they could be compensated on a piece by piece basis, somewhat like collecting deposits on discarded beverage containers in some communities.  Accordingly, the following effort is proposed:   Develop a means of compacting litter into dense units that can be transported easily to central collection facilities by personal conveyances such as bicycles, motorcycles, push carts, bicycle rickshaws, and bullock carts   Apparatus employed should be amenable to local fabrication from readily available materials, including recycled automobile and bicycle parts, scrap metal, and the like, using modest welding, blacksmithing, and fabrication methods commonly found in undeveloped regions.  Any method or materials used to bind compacted litter into stable units should be derived from litter components.

Team Leaders
Todd Schweisinger Mechanical Engineering
Cecil Huey Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1430

Translation of signal transduction pathways into computational models

Cells integrate signals from different external stimuli to decide their fate: to continue growing, to divide, or to die. They do so by using different signaling cascades and mathematical modeling of such systems can help us understand the cells’ behavior. This proposal aims to translate cellular signaling pathways into computational models. Writing out the exact reactions happening in the cells, we can create a network of interactions and thereof a model that can be simulated and studied. An already existing model will be used as a template to obtain the one of a kind whole cell model.

Team Leaders
Cemal Erdem Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Marc Birtwistle Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1289

CEDC Bio-Digester Development for Haiti

CEDC Biodigesters Development for Haiti - Haiti does not have infrastructure to protect the population with systems that supply clean water and treat human waste.  This Team will leverage the existing working prototypes in Cange and Corporant to create an execution plan for the Central Plateau of Haiti. 

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Allison Mills Experiential Education
Ian Stewart
Natalie Osten Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Stewart, I., *Dara, A., *Sarver, H., *Falconer, R., *Mills, A., Gabbard, C. & Vaughn, D. (2018 May 27). CEDC - Biodigesters. Poster presented at CEDC Spring 2018 Summit at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC
*Mills, A., *Dara, A. & *Stewart, I. (2017, December 8) CEDC Summit - Biodigester Expansion Across the Central Plateau of Haiti. Poster presented at the CEDC Fall 2017 Semester Summit held at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1291

CEDC - Water Analysis for Haiti

CEDC Water Analysis The water analysis program at Clemson uses remote sensing technology to provide automated reporting of water conditions across a wide area of parameters that indicate compliance or non-compliance with WHO standards.  One of the issues that has been identified is that many of the world standard instruments are currently at a price point that is not economically feasible for most resource constrained environments.  This Team will reverse engineer a cost effective solution that uses low cost sensors and will test them against the world standard instrumentation.  The intent will be to create a deployable module that can report water quality remotely for a price point that is less than $350.

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Jessica Dooley Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Shannon Leonard
Natalie Osten Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Black, H., *Leonard, S., *Rosenberger, P., Hiles, H., Garcia, D., *McCaffrey, W., *Osten, N., Mussro, B., Ladner, D. & Vaughn, D. (2018 May 27). CEDC - Water Analysis. Poster presented at CEDC Spring 2018 Summit at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1293

CEDC - Morne Michel Roadway

CEDC - Morne Michel Water System – Phase 1  Morne Michel is a remote village in Haiti located in the mountains about a three hour hike away from Cange where Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries focuses most of their efforts. While interning in Haiti, Aaron Gordon worked in Morne Michel to make improvements on the school and church. He  noticed that the village had no access to a clean water source and that people living there had to face dangerous conditions to climb down the mountain to collect water for use. The water tested positive for fecal coliforms over the limit of 200 colonies per 100 mL of water and so work began to find a way to provide a safer, cleaner water source for the village.

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Jessica Dooley Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Lisa Uy General Engineering
Natalie Osten Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Uy, L., *Donahue, R., *Dooley, J. & *Hoffman, R. (2017, December 08). CEDC Summit - Morne Michel Water Project.  Poster presented at CEDC Fall 2017 Semester Summit held at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1295

CEDC Marketing and Branding

CEDC Marketing & Branding – This team will draft an overarching scope statement for the Marketing Team that defines all of the usual work efforts for the semester and integrate the two additional line items of scope into your overall mission.

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Autumn Brown Experiential Education
Sarah Walker Experiential Education
Charlotte Higgins Experiential Education
Accomplishments
*Walker, S.G., *Petit, L., *Simpson, E., *McMillan, H., *King, S., Brown, A. & Vaughn, D. (2018 May 27). CEDC - Marketing. Poster presented at CEDC Spring 2018 Summit at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
*Walker, S.G., *Di Staulo, A., *Simpson, A., *McMillan, H. & *King, S. (2017 December 8) CEDC Marketing and Bradning - Fall 2017 Summit.  Poster presented at CEDC Fall 2017 Summit at Humanitarian Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1296

CEDC Directors

CEDC operates as a mini global corporation with student leadership at all levels. Students self-govern and organize into functional groups and project related groups with an executive group of students providing oversight. 

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Ian Davis Experiential Education
Sarah Walker Experiential Education
Alexander Arzon
Autumn Brown Experiential Education
Accomplishments
*Fretwurst, K. & *Cope, M. (2017, December 8). CEDC Project Controls - Fall 2017 Summit.  Poster presented at the CEDC Fall 2017 Summit at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio in Pendleton, SC.
*Hardaway, L. & * Scales, C. (2017, December 8). CEDC Current Operations Fall 2017 Summit.  Poster presented at CEDC Fall 2017 Summit at Humanitarian Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1299

CEDC - Waste Management Planning for Haiti

CEDC - Waste Management System for Cange - 915   This Team will develop an economically feasible and environmentally sound waste management system for Cange that can be easily replicated in other communities across Haiti.  

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Jennifer Paloni Experiential Education
Douglas Stewart
Christian Jones Student Athletic Academic Svs
Accomplishments
*Jones, C. & *Stewart, T. (2017, December 8). CEDC Waste Management Fall 2017 Summit. Poster presented at CEDC Fall 2017 Summit at Humanitarian Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC. 
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1300

CEDC - Hydropower for Cange, Haiti

CEDC Hydropower for Cange, Haiti  Zanmi Lasante and the Episcopal Diocese of Haiti have a compound that they operate in Cange, Haiti that has numerous operations that run continuously through the year which are impaired due to inconsistent power and the high cost of electricity.   Project Description - The project team will draft a scope document that will seek funding to create a solution to supply consistent power to the Zanmi Lasante Compound by using local natural resources, dramatically reducing the annual cost for electricity.  

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Shreya Shankar
Natalie Osten Bioengineering
Allison Mills Experiential Education
Accomplishments
*Shankar, S., *Phillips, Christina; *Hippert, G. & *Ramos, M. (2017, December 8) CEDC - Cange Hydroelectric Power.  Poster presented at the CEDC Fall 2017 Semester Summit held at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1302

CEDC - Ram Pump Manual Development

CEDC - Ram Pump Typical Design Development A hydraulic ram pump is an efficient means of pumping water without the use of any external power source. The ram pump works using only the laws of the conservation of energy to move water to a higher vertical position than its initial source position. The project team will develop a DIY manual that will be made available globally to help others create their own Ram Pump.  This manual will describe the attributes of the pump, field data requirements, simplistic calculations, material requirements, installations methods, start-up, and operations/ maintenance requirements.

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Max Pawlick
Accomplishments
*Pawlick, M., *Chesser, A. & *Sagerman, A. (2017, December 8) CEDC Summit - Hydraulic Ram Pump Project.  Poster presented at the CEDC Fall 2017 Semester Summit held at the Humanitarian Engineering Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1303

CEDC - Grand Savane Development in Cange Haiti

CEDC Grand Savane Develpment Project in Cange, Haiti CEDC has been seeking resources in the Cange region that could be utilized boost the local economy by giving people jobs.  The Grand Savane was identified as a potential resource, it is a square mile of fertile land with a nearly constant wind but there is no road there and they have little to no water.  Based upon prior successes the Wind Power Group, was able to substantiate the purchase of an anemometer and have it installed on the Grand Savane.

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Allison Mills Experiential Education
Natalie Osten Bioengineering
Annie Barnett
Accomplishments
*Blatchly, Delaney; *Watts, T., *Barnett, A. & *Epperson, M. (2017, December 8) CEDC Grand Savane Fall 2017. Poster presented at CEDC Fall 2017 Summit at Humanitarian Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1307

CEDC - Center of Excellence in Cange Haiti

CEDC Center of Excellence in Cange, Haiti - Clemson University is uniquely positioned to become the Nexus that will catalyze change by unifying governments, NGOs, financial institutions, the private sector, and other academic institutions while delivering sustainable solutions. As a public land-grant university, we are uniquely positioned to develop bold new ideas, foster international cooperation, and navigate the politics needed to brighten the future for everyone. We have performed extensive work in Haiti and Tanzania. Thus, to develop the most cost effective solution, we propose to export the best practices and institutional knowledge from Tanzania to Haiti. Our proposal is to launch a pilot in the Central Plateau of Haiti for five years and then expand the efforts in Haiti while launching to two new countries.

Team Leaders
David Vaughn Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Riley Garvey
Christian Jones Student Athletic Academic Svs
Jennifer Paloni Experiential Education
Accomplishments
*Paloni, J. & *Garvey, R. (2017, December 8). CEDC Center of Excellence. Poster presented at CEDC Fall 2017 Summit at Humanitarian Research and Design Studio, Pendleton, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1313

Pathways to Engineering

There are many pathways to an engineering degree, but all of them pass through calculus.  Some students complete first semester calculus in high school and start their post-secondary studies ahead of the game, or at least not behind.  Others complete calculus in high school, but nonetheless, place into courses below calculus at the start of college. Still others do not attempt calculus in high school.  In South Carolina, there is a significant racial and socioeconomic disparity between engineering students who place below calculus and those who enter college calculus-ready.  In this project, we analyze qualitative focus-group and interview data from first-year engineering students around the state to understand both academic and non-academic factors that affected their initial mathematics placement in college.

Team Leaders
Eliza Gallagher Engineering & Science Educatio
Aubrie Pfirman Engineering & Science Educatio
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1309

FishShapes: exploring the evolution of body form diversity across fishes.

Students will join a team of scientists from across the US that are working to investigate body shape evolution across teleost fishes. Teleosts account for 96% of all fish species, nearly half of extant vertebrate diversity, and exhibit a spectacular variety of body forms, including lineages that range from deep-bodied (e.g. moonfish, spadefish), elongate (e.g. eels, needlefish), laterally compressed (e.g. ribbonfish) to globular (e.g. pufferfish), plus the uniquely shaped seahorses, flatfishes and ocean sunfishes. The purpose of this research is to tease-apart the major interacting factors influencing the evolution of body form at the macroevolutionary scale, across teleost fishes, and to identify trends in shape diversity over their evolutionary history. As members of the ‘FishShapes’ team students will spend at least 3 semesters conducting research: collecting data and working together to develop and test a hypothesis concerning the evolution of body shape across fishes. The ultimate goal is to write and publish a scientific paper. This project is ideally suited to students who have no prior research experience, as we will cover everything from how to develop hypotheses through to giving scientific presentations. There is also the opportunity for paid research internships during the summer for a month at the Smithsonian museum in Washington DC (Summer 2018).

Team Leaders
Samantha Price Biological Sciences
Olivier Larouche Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1314

Collaborative biomedical engineering design between Clemson and Arusha Technical College

Developing countries face healthcare challenges every day, whether it is lack of supplies or a shortage of healthcare professionals. Medical devices and equipment that are considered standard in hospitals in the United States can be hard to find and very expensive in developing countries, such as Tanzania. In addition there is a shortage of trained biomedical engineers. Therefore, the goal of this Creative Inquiry team is to design and develop medical instrumentation and monitors that are robust, user-friendly, and low-cost for Tanzania in collaboration with engineering students and faculty at Arusha Technical College in Tanzania. The students on this team will be expected to work on electronics and instrument design.  They are expected to do needs finding to find the issues facing biomedical engineers in rural SC and in Tanzania. The students will collaborate weekly with students from Arusha Technical College through message boards. In addition, the Clemson and ATC student teams will have joint videoconferenced update meetings once a month with faculty and staff from both institutions. In addition to doing design, Clemson students are expected to learn about Tanzania. Students will learn about Tanzanian culture, government and healthcare structure. In addition, students will learn some basic conversational Swahili.

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
William Richardson Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1317

Creating Simulation in Didactics to Promote Active Learning for Undergraduate Students

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to create a community where undergraduate students can share their ideas, identify effective low-fidelity simulation strategies, and create engaging simulation pedagogies for didactic undergraduate nursing education.

Team Leaders
Lena Burgess School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1319

Calculus in Engineering: A Qualitative Analysis of Engineering Textbooks

Engineering educators rank calculus as the most important mathematics course for engineering students, but there is a need to better understand how exactly calculus ideas are conceptualized and represented in engineering. Through a qualitative analysis of commonly and widely used engineering textbooks, this Creative Inquiry project aims at improving our understanding of what, when, and how concepts introduced in calculus (derivative, integral, sequences, series, and limits) appear in engineering courses. No prior research experience is needed. CI students will be mathematics and engineering majors and will work collaboratively on small interdisciplinary teams. They will learn about and apply qualitative research methods and various theoretical frameworks for understanding mathematical concepts. Students will present findings in research journals and at conferences. Students are expected to commit to at least two semesters to this project.  The instructor may grant special permission for single-semester involvement to highly qualified graduating seniors. For more details or to join the project, contact the team leader, Tony, at ttn@g.clemson.edu

Team Leaders
Tony Nguyen Mathematical Sciences
Eliza Gallagher Engineering & Science Educatio
Marisa Orr Engineering & Science Educatio
Meredith Burr Mathematical Sciences
College of ScienceG
1318

NASA Micro-g NExT

This Creative Inquiry is focused on applying to NASA's Micro-g NExT Program. Teams of undergraduate students from multiple majors will be challenged with creating a device to aid in space exploration missions defined by requirements outlined by NASA. Student teams, if selected, will have the opportunity to travel to Johnson Space Center in Houston, TX to test their devices in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory. 

Team Leaders
Joshua Summers Mechanical Engineering
Hallie Stidham Mechanical Engineering
Nicholas Spivey
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1320

Industrial Assessments: Energy and resource efficiency audits

This project is dedicated to training students to help with Clemson's Industrial Assessment Center Students will learn how to conduct energy audits around campus and will analyze potential efficiency projects which may be implemented by Clemson's Sustainable Energy Fund. Students will work in teams to identify, plan, implement, and then monitor energy efficiency projects. They will then also track related sustainability metrics such as energy and greenhouse gas emission savings. Students should expect to enroll in this project for at least 2 semesters.

Team Leaders
Michael Dale Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Phillip Litherland Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Chakara Rajan Madhusudanan Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Sandra Eksioglu Industrial Engineering
Elizabeth R. Carraway Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
David Ladner Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1321

Bioprinting

When hosted in the proper fluid medium, cells can be loaded into ink jet printer heads and printed in three-dimensional structures.  The ultimate goal of this technology, called “cell printing” is to print organs that can be used as replacements for diseased or damaged organs.  While this goal is still far in the future, cell printing currently has several applications, including rapid drug testing, bioprinting of skin grafts for promoting wound healing, and bioprinting of bone and cartilage.  One problem inhibiting further development of bioprinting concerns the control over droplet formation for existing printheads.  Ideally one would like to have control over the drop diameter and number of cells per drop in a fixed printhead.  However, any given printhead typically is capable of forming a narrow range of drop diameters.  It is possible that, for viscoelastic fluids, there is a greater possibility to control the characteristics of drops than is the case for fluids that have little or no elasticity.  This idea is the focus of this project.  

Team Leaders
Joshua Bostwick Mechanical Engineering
John R Saylor Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1337

Combining Big Data with Live-Cell Imaging for Automatic Image Analysis

Humans can easily identify cellular features such as nucleus and cytoplasm from phase contrast images of cells, but computers still struggle. This project will combine computer vision algorithms based on deep learning with big data sets generated in the wet lab here using high-throughput live-cell imaging apparati. The goal is to make computers better at automatically identifying cell features from phase contrast images, or to identify cell types from such images. 

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1322

Aging and Decision-Making

Decision-making is a prevalent part of everyday life, and the choices we make can have significant consequences across all stages of the lifespan. The purpose of this CI Team is to examine adaptive and maladaptive decision-making strategies that occur with healthy aging.  This research seeks to assess how social, cognitive, emotional, and motivational factors influence decision-making.  Understanding these factors may allow us to develop decision aids that can improve decision-making outcomes with age. 

Team Leaders
Kaileigh Byrne Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1331

Horse Play

Hippotherapy, also known as equine assisted therapy, is the use of a horse as a moving platform for rehabilitation treatment for a range of disabilities. Literature has shown positive improvements in patients with spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and many other disabilities when partaking in hippotherapy. This information will be used to create saddles for effective use in hippotherapy. Adaptive saddles will be created to provide assistance to those of specific disabilities whom normally cannot ride without assistance or minimal intervention. The saddle will be suited with pressure sensor feedback in order to obtain rider patterns within the saddle. Further modifications to gather rider actions while mounted on the horse can also be explored.

Team Leaders
Anne Marie Holter Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Kristine Vernon Animal & Veterinary Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1328

Simplifying Virtual Environment Population through 3D Scan Implementation

The Clemson Immersive Space aims to make virtual reality technology and virtual environments accessible to all students across Clemson’s campus. This project aims to reduce the need for students to be familiar with 3D modeling software in order to create models for use in VR. Students will assist in researching and implementing 3D scanning in the Immersive Space using the Intel Realsense cameras.

Team Leaders
Oyewole Oyekoya CCIT CITI
Thomas Birdsong Electrical & Computer Engr
1330

Designing With Docs

In bioengineering, the opportunity to collaborate with clinicians in the design of biomedical devices is considered the highlight of any design experience, but usually these design experiences are limited to senior year, if at all. Clinicians are an essential contributor to the design process, in that they are both the users of biomedical devices, and often the first point of contact for problems that occur in their use. Typically, students explore design related issues, and recruit clinicians to support their work. In this new CI, clinical collaborators that have the support of their clinical innovation departments will work with students to create the next generation of biomedical devices.  This CI will be open to all undergraduates, and projects will be multi-semester, to support the development of long-term innovations in healthcare.

Team Leaders
Jordon Gilmore Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1332

Using STEAM to Connect Current Tigers with Future Tigers

This project will explore the very real task of transferring college-level engineering projects into a level-appropriate conceptualization for the current state standards for a middle school class. Students from Engineering and Education majors will collaborate in the development of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics) projects and curriculum that use fun, hands-on approaches to demonstrate engineering related topics to 6th grade students. The projects they create will be used to help establish an off-campus STEAM Lab in Pickens County. Clemson students are expected showcase their projects at the end of the semester by working alongside and educating their younger peers on engineering topics utilizing the curriculum that they developed. This Creative Inquiry project will set precedent for a project of a much larger initiative supported by the CFO and Office of the Provost. The partnership between community and university as well as the off campus STEAM Lab that is developed by this creative inquiry will serve as model to be studied, analyzed, and eventually implemented in an area of South Carolina known as the Corridor of Shame, due to its underperforming and underfunded school districts. 

Team Leaders
Jeremy King Physics and Astronomy
Abigail Holcombe Academic Success Center
Devin Keck Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Clemson Newstand, Extending STEAM: Clemson student researchers developing STEAM workshop model
College of ScienceG
1333

Aerodynamic Design and Wind Tunnel Testing of Formula SAE Prototype Cars

Formula SAE Collegiate Design Series competition is organized by Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International) and promotes engineering through design, development, and testing of small-scale Formula style race cars. Each team designs a prototype racing car within the same set of constrains, and is to be evaluated for its potential as a production item. The aerodynamics of the racing car plays a critical role during the performance testing on track. The objective of this research is to identify the potential improvement of aerodynamic performance on the components through computer-aided design and hands-on testing. Prototype designs will be evaluated inside a low-speed, low-turbulence, closed-loop wind tunnel at Department of Mechanical Engineering. During this process, students will be exposed to broad knowledge of vehicle aerodynamics, such as: automotive aero-thermal studies; fluid mechanics; jets and turbulence; scaling test in wind tunnel; aerodynamics under ground effect; wind/flap design, etc. The ultimate goal is to find the optimal aerodynamic configuration through both hands-on and theoretical analysis. Students should expect to enroll in this CI project for 2-4 semesters. The courses to be enrolled will be ME 2900/3900/4900, section number to be announced. Students are expected to meet weekly to report progress and plan for next steps. Students in their Junior and Senior years are encouraged to apply.

Team Leaders
Yiqiang Han Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1335

Autonomous Control Study for Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV) Challenge

Electric-powered Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) technologies are around the corner and ready to be applied to commercial applications, such as unmanned delivery, emergence response, survey and patrolling, etc. Autonomous control of a Micro Air Vehicle for a package delivery mission with a gross weight less than 500 grams is specifically considered in this project, which is adapted from the rules of the American Helicopter Society (AHS) Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV) Student Challenge. Due to these special considerations, the students will have to carry out their unique design that achieve a balance between size and payload, while still capable of autonomous navigation without external interference. The objective of this project is to expose the students to the broad knowledge in the MAV design and control theories. Students will also gain insight of the vehicle autonomy through hands-on programming and testing practices that can be applied to other interdisciplinary projects. Students are expected to meet weekly to report progress and plan for next steps. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.

Team Leaders
Yiqiang Han Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1336

Psychology of Religion and Spirituality

Team members have opportunities to work on several major projects related to religion and/or spirituality, under the supervision of Dr. Chen.One project is to understand the nature of a deep, compassionate bond between physicians and patients and examine its associates with burnout and healing. This project is in the stage of manuscript writing, and new ideas are being proposed. Given the success of this project, there could be further research opportunities that involve measurement development and validation within the physical population. Another project is to investigate the concept of spiritual fitness and meaning in life. We will be collecting data on this and students have opportunity analyzing the data and presenting at the CI FOCI.  Many other related research areas are open to exploration, in which students will gain experience in empirical, social scientific research methods, and may have opportunity at conference presentation and authorship on peer-reviewed publications. 

Team Leaders
Zhuo Job Chen Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1339

Hands on Water for Agriculture

Contamination of water resources is a growing concern. One of the leading contributors to this rising problem is the agriculture industry, that both needs the water for production but also frequently causes water quality impairments. This CI will focus on experimentally assessing options for physical, chemical, and biological remediation of agricultural runoff in an effort to treat water and promote water recycling programs. Students will be able to assess and use appropriate field and laboratory techniques to determine water quality and respond to water quality concerns using chemical, physical, and biological treatment options.

Team Leaders
Lauren Garcia Chance Plant & Environmental Sciences
Natasha Bell Plant & Environmental Sciences
Sarah White Plant & Environmental Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1443

Autonomous Vehicles and Users with Disabilities

Persons with certain motor or cognitive disabilities like paralysis of the extremities or autism may face significant obstacles to gainful employment and social inclusion due to difficulties in operating conventional motor vehicles. Proponents of fully autonomous or “self-driving” vehicles argue that the emergence of this technology may address this issue. Advocates for disabled persons are concerned, however, that the needs of persons with disabilities are not being adequately considered in the design of this technology.  As a result, it is argued, self-driving technologies are being developed that will ultimately prove inaccessible to persons with a range of disabilities, ultimately undermining the potential mobility benefits of the technology. There is, therefore, a critical need to determine a model of interaction that will support efficient use of this technology by persons with disabilities. The proposed research is being initiated to determine the needs, preferences, and concerns of persons with motor, cognitive and other disabilities in interacting with self-driving vehicles, a model of interaction incorporating context-specific methodologies and the development of tools to support accessible interaction.

Team Leaders
Julian Brinkley School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1340

Studying Barred Owls in an Urban to Forest Landscape Gradient

Although Barred Owls are widely described as forest interior dwelling species associated with old growth forest, some studies have also found that this species can inhabit urban settings provided some key habitat features remain. In these studies, owls readily bred and roosted in large, mature trees residual in older suburban neighborhoods. Aside from these studies, the ability of Barred Owls to reside and breed successfully in urban settings has not been well described. We plan to study how barred owls are using urban areas in the Piedmont region of South Carolina. Clemson University is an ideal region for this study because the university campus retains large mature trees, and the surrounding Clemson Experimental Forest offers the opportunity to study owl habitat and ecology on a continuous scale from urban to forest habitat. This study will describe the habitat thresholds associated with the occupancy of barred owls, and the differences between the home ranges and resource selections of owls residing in forests versus suburban habitats.

Team Leaders
Marion Clement Forestry & Environment Conserv
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry & Environment Conserv
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1341

Precise gene editing in mammalian cells

  Gene therapy has been proposed for inherited and acquired diseases yielding promising results in animal studies and human clinical trials. The advent of gene-editing tools, such as CRISPR/Cas9 nucleases have unleashed new possibilities for curing diseases at the genetic level. In this creative inquiry, we will investigate the application of genome editing tools for achieving precise gene modification in target cells for therapeutic applications.

Team Leaders
Renee Cottle Bioengineering
Lawrence Fernando Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1343

Modulating Nanoparticle Shape to Enhance Blood-Brain Barrier Delivery

The presence of the blood-brain barrier dramatically hinders neurologic treatments, with >98% of small molecule drugs unable to enter the brain. Modern medical attempts to deliver drugs into the brain have involved disruption of the barrier, exploitation of different routes of administration, and attachment of ligands on nanoparticle surfaces that are specific to cellular receptors at the blood-brain barrier. These methods have had limited success in translation to clinical applications. The modulation of nanoparticle shape has been shown to have a large impact on nanoparticle transport, thermodynamic stability, and cellular internalization. However, the effect of different nanoparticle shapes on brain uptake has not been extensively explored. Team members in the Modulating Nanoparticle Shape to Enhance Blood-Brain Barrier Delivery creative inquiry will engage in the creation of polymer-based nanoparticles of various shapes to improve blood-brain barrier delivery. CI students will have the opportunity to work in an interdisciplinary research environment, using engineering, biology, and nanotechnology related concepts towards solving a major medical problem.

Team Leaders
Jessica Kelly Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Suescum, C., *L’Amoreaux, N., *Ali, A., *Crum, C. & Kelly, J.M. (2018 April 6-7) “Post-Assembly Manipulation of Polymersome Morphology.” Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Southeastern Regional Conference, Baton Rouge, LA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1344

Image-Guided Drug Delivery To the Brain

Advances in nanotechnology have led to the development of nanoparticles that can deliver therapeutics into specific cells for the treatment of many cancers, including gliomas. Clinical translation of these therapies to patients has been limited due to inefficient efficacy in vivo.  Image-guided drug delivery may help overcome barriers to translation providing quantitative analysis of biodistribution and pharmacokinetics through real-time visual monitoring of the therapeutic within the body,. Comput