Clemson DPI enters into cooperative agreements with USDA APHIS under the Plant Protection Act 7721 to conduct plant pest surveys. These surveys help to enhance APHIS’ pest surveillance mission. Resources are allocated in the most efficient and effective manner to ensure the early detection of exotic plant pests before they become established and cause extensive damage to commercial and non-commercial resources. The value of early pest detection is in reducing losses that could result from widespread pest damage and/or the cost of mitigation. Funded surveys target multiple pests based on commodities, taxa, environments and habitats, industries and businesses, and the continuum along pest introduction pathways.