Monitoring and Analysis

The South Carolina Water Resources Center operates as a catalyst for research projects and programs across South Carolina. Buoy sensor technologies and remote data collection systems that enable advanced environmental and hydrologic monitoring to improve scientific-based decision making are developed through the Intelligent River® Research Enterprise. 

  • Aiken Hydrological Monitoring Evaluation Update (2017)
  • IRRE Related Manuscripts and Poster Presentations

Intelligent River® Research Enterprise Intelligent River® Research Enterprise is a real-time remote data acquisition system that is used for: monitoring the water quality of watersheds, rivers and streams; analysis of the quality of watersheds, rivers, and streams; and for providing information in the field of water quality. The Intelligent River® Research Enterprise develops and operates hydrological observation systems to support research and provide real-time monitoring, analysis and management of water resources. The observation networks vary in purpose, scale, and density of observation platforms and sensor types. CONTACT: Chris Post at or (864) 656-6939.>

Intelligent River® - Savannah River NSF MRI $3M Major Research Instrumentation Award from the National Science Foundation 
(NSF Award CNS-1126344): Clemson University was awarded $3 million by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) program to design, develop and deploy a basinwide network of computerized sensors to monitor water quality along the entire length of the 312 mile Savannah River as part of the Intelligent River® Research Enterprise. External sensors collect data on water temperature, flow rate, turbidity, oxygen levels, and the presence of pollutants. Data is displayed on the web portal-

Aiken Hydrological Monitoring EvaluationThe Evaluation project stemmed from the Sand River Headwaters Green Infrastructure project and took continued steps to better understand the urban watershed boundaries and sources of stormwater discharge to help prioritize future strategic green infrastructure installations.Project objectives include: quantify hydrologic flows; evaluate potential locations for further green infrastructure installation; enhance remote data acquisition capabilities; and disseminate results.

Sand River Headwaters Green InfrastructureThe Sand River Ecological Restoration Master Plan was developed for the City of Aiken in 2008 to address chronic stormwater erosion in Hitchcock Woods. The Plan led to EPA mananged American and Recovery Reinvestment Act funding for the City in 2009 to launch the Sand River Headwaters Green Infrastructure project for proposed concepts. The final project report summarizes the research associated with the green infrastructure concepts and stormwater monitoring project. Download Final Report, February 2013 (low res, 2.4MB)

Aiken Hydrological Monitoring Evaluation Update (2017)

During 2017, the Aiken Hydrology Project focused on continued support of existing sensors as well as installation of new equipment to expand research efforts to several other watersheds which drain into the Hitchcock Woods property.  Dr. Chris Post (Clemson University) and Project Engineer Kelly Kruzner have installed 8 new Maximet GMX600 weather stations, with two additional units to deploy.  These weather stations are located at strategic locations across the city proper of Aiken in order to provide a better picture of the distribution of rain events over such a large area.  Other installations included 3 new FTS Radar Stage Level Sensors, with one more in plan to deploy.  The purpose of these sensors is to continue to support the city in its decision-making process for future stormwater management practices.  The data is shared with the City and its representatives to calibrate models which will simulate rain events and be used to evaluate potential storm water management practices.

Stormwater pipe low flow      Stormwater pipe high flow     Aiken monitoring sensors     Aiken monitoring station

Related Manuscripts and Poster Presentations

Moving Forward: Refinement of the INTELLIGENT RIVER, A Basin-Scale Monitoring Instrument

G Eidson, S Esswein, O Flite III, R Geist III, S Goasguen, et al.

2012 SC Water Resources Conference

Clemson University Center for Watershed Excellence
G Eidson

2012 SC Water Resources Conference

Sand River Headwaters Green Infrastructure Project: A Collaborative Team Approach to Implementing Green Infrastructure Practices

G Eidson, C Sawyer, D Hitchcock, J Calabria, B Putnam, et al.

2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Real-time Water Quality Monitoring Using Remote Sensing

C Chewning, C Privette, D White, C Sawyer

2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Augmenting Hydrologic Information Systems with Streaming Water Resource Data
S Esswein, J Hallstrom, C J Post, D White, G Eidson
2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Cyberinfrastructure for Preservation of Stream and River Ecology
J Gemmill, G Eidson, W Conner, S Esswein, O Flite, et al.

2008 SC Water Resources Conference

Green Infrastructure in Coastal Landscapes: Ecological Design, Hydrological Function, and Sustainable Land Use Goals

D Hitchcock, A Jayakaran, T Epps, D White

2012 SC Water Resources Conference

Green Infrastructure Assessment Tools for Varying Scales in Coastal South Carolina
D Hitchcock, D White, A Jayakaran, T Williams, K Giacalone, et al.

2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Creating Digital Coastal Watersheds: The Remote Data Acquisition Network at Bannockburn Plantation, Georgetown County, SC

D Hitchcock, W Conner, S Esswein, C Post, T Williams, et al.

2008 SC Water Resources Conference

Using GIS to Prioritize Green Infrastructure Installation Strategies in an Urbanized Watershed
L Owen, D Hitchcock, D White, G Eidson

2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Field Performance of Porous Pavements in South Carolina
B Putnam
2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Evaluation of Maintenance Practices for Porous Pavements
B Putnam
2012 SC Water Resources Conference

A Local Correlation Score to Monitor Sensor Drift of Real-Time Environmental Data
I Taylor, J Sharp, D White, J Hallstrom, G Eidson

2012 SC Water Resources Conference

Real-Time Quality Control Processing, Notification, Visualization Services, Supporting Data Management of the Intelligent River
D White, J Sharp, G Eidson, S Parab, F Ali, et al.

2010 SC Water Resources Conference

Enabling Broadband Data Access for the Digital Watershed with Heterogenous Wireless Networks

G Venkatesh, KC Wang, C Post

2008 SC Water Resources Conference