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College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences

Faculty and Staff Profile

Jasmine Townsend

Associate Professor, Recreational Therapy
Recreational Therapy Program Coordinator

Office: 280A Lehotsky Hall

Phone: 864-656-2198


Educational Background

Ph.D. Leisure Behavior
Indiana University 2012

M.S. Youth & Family Recreation
Brigham Young University 2008

B.A. History Teaching & P.E./Coaching
Utah State University 2005

Courses Taught

PRTM 3260 Implementation & Evaluation in Recreational Therapy: Physical Health Conditions
PRTM 4230 Adaptive Sports and Recreation
PRTM 8710 Applied Research Methods in Recreational Therapy
PRTM 8750 Program Development and Consulting in Recreational Therapy
PRTM 9300 Doctoral Residency I
PRTM 9310 Doctoral Residency II
PRTM 9320 Doctoral Residency III
PRTM 9350 Teaching Pedagogy in Recreational Therapy Education
PRTM 9360 Research Practicum
PADM 8410 Public Data Analysis


Dr. Jasmine Townsend is an Associate Professor in Recreational Therapy within the Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management at Clemson University. She is the Program Coordinator for the Recreational Therapy concentration, director of the Clemson Adaptive Sports and Recreation Lab, and Chair of the Clemson University Athletic Council. Her primary research area focuses on the outcomes of participation in recreational therapy and the transformative nature of adaptive sports. Her research interests also include investigating the outcomes of participation in recreation for families of all types, including those with members with disabilities. Dr. Townsend is an Associate Editor for Therapeutic Recreation Journal, co-chair of the American Therapeutic Recreation Association (ATRA) Research Institute, a past co-leader of the American Therapeutic Recreation Association's Military/Veterans Affairs Treatment Network and has a history of publications and presentations regarding the relationship between participation in family recreation and elements of healthy functioning families. She also serves as a co-leader for the Veterans Affairs section of the American Journal of Recreation Therapy. Dr. Townsend's practical experience includes working in community adaptive sports and therapeutic recreation programs as a Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist, as well as in wilderness and residential behavioral treatment programs for adolescents.

Research Interests

Adaptive sport and recreation, military families, injured military service members, family leisure and family well-being (family functioning, family communication, satisfaction with family life and leisure), outcomes of recreational therapy and mechanisms that produce those outcomes

Research Publications

34. Fleming, L., Johnson, A., Wells, H., Hawkins, B., Townsend, J., & Crowe, B. (accepted). I paddled my way to kingdom come: An exploration into the experiences of female veterans who attended Higher Ground military programming. Manuscript accepted to Therapeutic Recreation Journal.

33. Montoya, N., Hawkins, B., Townsend, J., & Lewis, S. (2020). Use of evidence-based practice in recreational therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) recovery: A descriptive study of current practices. Therapeutic Recreation Journal - Special Issue on Mental Health, 54(2), 128-149. doi:

32. Walter, A.A., Van Puymbroeck, M., Townsend, J., Linder, S.M., & Schmid, A.A. (2020). Therapeutic yoga is feasible for informal caregivers: Results from a multi-method pilot study. Manuscript accepted to Activities, Adaptations, and Aging, 1-17. doi: 10.1080/01924788.2020.1783741

31. Duffy, L., Stone, G., Townsend, J., & Cathey, J. (2020). Rethinking curriculum internationalization: Virtual exchange as a means to attaining global competence, developing critical thinking, and experiencing transformative learning. Scholé, 1-15. doi: 10.1080/1937156X.2020.1760749

30. Torphy, H., Townsend, J., & Hawkins, B. (2020). Perceived Outcomes of Adaptive Fitness Participation for Individuals with Physical Impairments: An Examination of Daily and Competitive Involvement. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 20(3), 35-43. doi: 10.5055/ajrt.2020.0206

29. Townsend, J., Stone, G., Murphy, E. Crowe, B., Hawkins, B., & Duffy. (2020). Examining attitude change following participation in an international adaptive sports training. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 54(3), 276-290. doi: 10.18666/TRJ-2020-V54-I3-10112

28. Wenzel, K., Townsend, J., Hawkins, B., and Russell, B. (2020). Changes in family leisure following a family camp for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 54(1), 17-31. doi: 10.18666/TRJ-2020-V54-I1-9418

27. Mitchell, K., Townsend, J., Hawkins, B., & Van Puymbroeck, M. (2019). A program evaluation of a recreation-based military family camp. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 18(4), 19-26. doi: 10.5055/ajrt.2019.0199

26. Shahvali, M., Kerstetter, D., & Townsend, J. (2019, online). The contribution of vacationing together to couple functioning. Journal of Travel Research, 1-16. doi: 10.1177/0047287519892340

25. Loy, T., Hawkins, B., & Townsend, J. (2019). Administrators’ perceptions of recreational therapy in long-term care: A pilot study. ATRA Annual in Therapeutic Recreation: A Special Issue of the Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 53(4), 402-414. doi: 10.18666/TRJ-2019-V53-14-9754

24. Wells, H., Duffy, L., Nance, M., Fleming, L., Stone, G., & Townsend, J., Stevenson, S. (2019). Does culture matter? An exploratory study of culture in the implementation of an adaptive sport program. Therapeutic Recreation Journal - Special Issue on International Issues in Therapeutic Recreation, 53(3), 224-243. doi: 10.18666/TRJ-2019-V53-I3-9684

23. Gagnon, R., Garst, B., & Townsend, J. (2019). Tough decisions in medical specialty camps: Exploring the relationship between dosage, changes in diabetes management behavior, and scholarship provision. Journal of Social Science and Medicine, 221, 49-57. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.12.014

22. Williamson, M., Zabriskie, R., Townsend, J., Ward, P., Fellingham, G., & Kuznetsova, I. (2019). The contribution of family leisure to family functioning and family satisfaction among urban Russian families. Annals of Leisure Research, online pre-print access, 1-22. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2019.1609367

21. Hawkins, B., Townsend, J, Heath, S., & Lipton, K. (accepted). The preliminary effects of a recreation-based military family camp. Manuscript accepted to American Journal of Recreational Therapy.

20. Adams, E., & Townsend, J. (2018). A systematic review of yoga and schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Implications for recreational therapy practitioners. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 17(2), 37-46. doi: 10.5055/ajrt.2018.0160

19. Melton, K., Townsend, J., & Hodge, C. (2018). The creation of military family experiences. Journal of Family Theory & Review: Special Issue on Military-Veteran Connected Families – Advances in Theory and Methodology, 10(3), 602-619. doi: 10.1111/jftr.12273

18. Townsend, J., Hawkins, B., Bennett, J., Hoffman, J., Martin, T., Sotherden, E., & Bridges, W. (2018). Preliminary long-term health outcomes associated with recreation-based health & wellness programs for injured service members. Cogent Psychology, 5(1), 1-17. doi: 10.1080/23311908.2018.1444330

17. Griffiths, H., & Townsend, J. (2018). Programming for military children: An assessment of current programs and how to gain momentum. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 10(2).

16. Page, J., & Townsend, J. (2018). The role of recreation and recreation therapists in developing a recovery oriented identity for people with substance use disorders. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 36(2), 238-254. doi: 10.1080/07347324.2017.1407225

15. Walters, A., Van Puymbroeck, M., Townsend, J., Linder, S., & Schmid, A. (2017). A systematic review of mind and body complementary health practices for informal caregivers. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 16(3), 29-35. doi: 10.5055/ajrt.2017.0138

14. Bennett, J., Piatt, J., & Townsend, J., & Taylor, J. (2017). If you don’t measure it, you won’t improve it: The advancement of recreational therapy through collaborative research projects. American Journal of Recreational Therapy 16(3), 7-15. doi: 10.5055/ajrt.2017.0136

13. Townsend, J., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Zabriskie, R. (2017). The Core and Balance Model of Family Leisure Functioning: A systematic review. Leisure Sciences, 39(5), 436-456. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2017.1333057.

12. Townsend, J., & Van Puymbroeck, M. (2017). Parental perceptions of changes in family well-being following participation in a camp: Experiences of families with a child with an ASD. Therapeutic Recreation Journal: Special Issue on Autism, 51(2). doi: 10.18666/TRJ-2017-V51-I2-8359.

11. Goodwin, B., Hawkins, B., Townsend, J., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Lewis, S. (2016). Therapeutic riding and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An application of the theory of self-efficacy. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 15(4), 41-47.

10. Hodge, C.J., Zabriskie, R.B., Townsend, J., Eggett, D., & Poff, R.A. (2016). Family Leisure Functioning: A cross-national study. Leisure Sciences, 1-22. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1203847

9. Hawkins, B., Townsend, J., & Garst, B. (2016). Nature-based recreational therapy for military service members: A strengths-based approach. Therapeutic Recreation Journal: Special Issue on Strength-Based Interventions, 50(1), 55-74. doi: 10.18666/TRJ-2016-V50-I1-6439

8. Townsend, J., & Van Puymbroeck, M. (2014). Modification procedures for instruments used with adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Pilot testing and initial psychometrics. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 48(1), 15-30.

7. Townsend, J., Hsieh, P.C., Van Puymbroeck, M., Johnston, J., Gassman, R., Agley, J., Middlestadt, S., & YoussefAgha, A. (2013). Sense of coherence, perceived stress, and health related quality of life in college students. Illuminare: A Student Journal of Recreation, Parks, & Tourism Studies, 11.

6. Townsend, J., & Van Puymbroeck, M. (2013). Understanding the intentions of families with a child with autism to participate in a family recreation program: A pilot study. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 12(1), 16-22.

5. Townsend, J., & Van Puymbroeck, M. (2012). Development and evaluation of a family recreation intervention for families with an adolescent with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. American Journal of Recreational Therapy, 11(4), 27-37.

4. Townsend, J. & Zabriskie, R. (2010). Family leisure among families with a child in mental health treatment: Therapeutic recreation implications. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 44(1), 11-34.

3. Poff, R., Zabriskie, R., & Townsend, J. (2010). Modeling family leisure and family related constructs: A national study of U.S. parent and youth perspectives. Journal of Leisure Research, 42(3), 365-391.

2. Poff, R., Zabriskie, R., & Townsend, J. (2010). Australian family leisure: Modeling parent and youth data. Annals of Leisure Research, 13(3), 420-438.

1. Redd, A., Lundberg, N., Nutter, J., & Smith, E. (2009). Using recreational therapy to improve coping self-efficacy among adolescents in residential treatment settings: A student perspective. Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, 17, 61-72.

Honors and Awards

2020 College of Behavioral, Social, and Health Sciences Award for Innovative Excellence in Teaching (RT faculty awarded)
2018 College of Behavioral, Social, and Health Science Top 3 Faculty Highlight
2017 American Therapeutic Recreation Association Excellence in Teaching Award (RT faculty awarded)
2017 American Therapeutic Recreation Association Scholarly Achievement Award
2016-2018 Clemson University School of Health Research Faculty Scholar


Dr. Townsend and Dr. Hawkins speak about recreation and wellness research

Adaptive sports and inclusive recreation in Thailand Part 1

Adaptive sports and inclusive recreation in Thailand Part 2

Wheelchair tennis introduced as Clemson's first adaptive sport team

New athletics scholarships introduced to attract wheelchair tennis athletes to Clemson

College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences
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