Skip to content

College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences

Faculty and Staff Profile

Patrick Rosopa

Department of Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences

Office: 410J Brackett Hall

Phone: 864-656-7633

Fax: 864-656-0358

Educational Background

Ph.D. Industrial-Organizational Psychology
University of Central Florida

M.S. Industrial-Organizational Psychology
University of Central Florida

M.S. Data Science and Analytics
Clemson University

B.S. Psychology
Tulane University

Courses Taught

Research Design & Quantitative Methods I (PSYC 8100)
Research Design & Quantitative Methods II (PSYC 8110)
Research Design & Quantitative Methods III (PSYC 8130)
Laboratory in Quantitative Methods I (PSYC 8140)
Organizational Psychology (PSYC 8620)

Introduction to Experimental Psychology (PSYC 3090)
Advanced Experimental Psychology (PSYC 3100)
Industrial Psychology (PSYC 3640)
Organizational Psychology (PSYC 3680)


Dr. Rosopa is a Professor in the Department of Psychology in the College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences. He teaches graduate-level courses in applied univariate and multivariate statistics, and research methods. At the undergraduate-level, he teaches experimental psychology. Dr. Rosopa has co-authored a statistics textbook titled Statistical Reasoning in the Behavioral Sciences, published by Wiley in 2010 and 2018. His research has appeared in peer-reviewed journals including Psychological Methods, Organizational Research Methods, Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, Human Resource Management Review, Journal of Managerial Psychology, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Human Performance, and Personality and Individual Differences. Dr. Rosopa is an Associate Editor - Methodology for Journal of Managerial Psychology. He serves on the editorial board of Group & Organization Management, Human Resource Management, Human Resource Management Review, and Organizational Research Methods. He also serves as an ad hoc reviewer for numerous leading refereed journals (e.g., Behavior Research Methods, British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation, Computational Statistics, Journal of Applied Psychology, and Journal of Management). Prior to entering academia, Dr. Rosopa worked in human resources management, and he was a Research Fellow at the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD). Dr. Rosopa has worked with various organizations including BMW, Prisma Health, Cognitive Performance Group, CHI Systems, Inc., HealthCare Interactive, and Institute for Simulation and Training, where he has served as a consultant in areas related to experimental design and statistical analysis. More on Dr. Rosopa's research interests and publications can be found below.

Current Graduate Students:

  • Rebecca Pool, M.A.
  • Madison Brumbaugh

Former Graduate Students (current employer):

  • Elizabeth Waller, M.S. (Microsoft)
  • Amber Schroeder, Ph.D. (Amazon)
  • Jessica Doll, Ph.D. (Appalachian State University)
  • Theresa Atkinson, Ph.D. (Allstate)
  • Ashley McIntyre, Ph.D. (Amazon)
  • Jamie Fynes, Ph.D. (Department of Defense)
  • Stephen Robertson, Ph.D. (HumRRO)
  • Katie D'Souza, Ph.D. (Cox Enterprises)
  • Coleton King, M.S. (CoorsTek)
  • Phoebe Xoxakos, Ph.D. (Infor)

Research Interests

Dr. Rosopa’s research interests are in two broad areas--quantitative analysis and topics germane to organizational psychology. He blends statistics and organizational research.

Dr. Rosopa's quantitative research interests are in applied statistical modeling especially with applications in organizational research. Dr. Rosopa published a paper that compares different methods for testing the equality of independent slopes on their conditional Type I error and power under various conditions of heteroscedasticity. This research has implications not only for testing interactions in general, but also with differential prediction in the context of human resource selection. In other research, no procedure exists for comparing the equality of three or more independent rWGs. Such a procedure could prove very practical in research that involves 'clustering' including employees clustered within a team (in organizational research), students clustered within a classroom (in educational research), and soldiers clustered within a team and teams clustered within a squad (in military research). Dr. Rosopa and a colleague have proposed novel procedures and are evaluating their relative performance via Monte Carlo simulations.

Dr. Rosopa’s substantive research interests include individual differences (e.g., personality, cognitive ability), stereotypes and fairness in the workplace, and cross-cultural issues in organizational research. Dr. Rosopa is a Co-PI on an NSF ADVANCE grant ($3.4 million). This grant supports a variety of initiatives that promote gender equity at Clemson University, where the percentage of women STEM faculty is notably below the percentage of women PhD graduates available at the national level and also below that of our peer institutions. Dr. Rosopa is also Co-PI on two research projects funded by the U.S. Department of Defense. These projects (totaling $2 million) support the operational performance of soldiers in the U.S. Army.

Research Publications

* graduate student

Flathmann, C.*, Schelble, B. G.*, Rosopa, P. J., McNeese, N. J., Mallick, R.*, & Chalil Madathil, K. (2023). Examining the impact of varying levels of AI teammate influence on human-AI teams. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 177, 103061. link

Rosopa, P. J., & King, B. M. (2023). Analysis of variance: Univariate and multivariate approaches. In R. Tierney, F. Rizvi, K. Ercikan, and G. Smith (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education (4th ed.), 529-535. Elsevier. link

Taffe, K., Ferrand, Y., Khoshkenar, A., Fredendall, L., San, D., Rosopa, P. J., & Joseph, A. (2022). Operating room design using agent-based simulation to reduce room obstructions. Health Care Management Science, 26, 261-278. link

Pool, R. N.*, Rodriguez, A. B.*, Cranmer, G. A., Rosopa, P. J., Muñiz, Z. J., & Schaedel, D. O. (2022). Beyond the classroom: A comparative examination of parental and peer support on students’ socialization. Communication Research Reports, 39(5), 266-278. link

Khasawneh, A., Chalil Madathil, K., Taaffe, K., Zinzow, H., Ponathil, A., Chalil Madathil, S., Nambiar, S., Nanda, G., & Rosopa, P. J. (2022). Dynamic simulation of social media challenges participation to examine intervention strategies. Journal of Computational Social Science, 5, 1637-1662. link

Rosopa, P. J. (2022). Machine learning and the science of teams. In B. Murray, J. Dulebohn, and D. Stone (Eds.), Managing team centricity in modern organizations, pp. 53-76. Charlotte, NC: Information Age. link

Datu, J. A. D., Rosopa, P. J., & Fynes, J.* (2022). Does relational mobility moderate the associations between core self-evaluations and psychological well-being? A cross-national investigation in the Philippines and United States. Current Psychology, 42, 13927-13937. link

Höfrová, A.*, Moore de Peralta, A., Rosopa, P. J., Small, M. A., & Steele Payne, K. (2021). Faculty perception of the contribution of start-up packages to professional development. Innovative Higher Education, 46, 481-497. link

Rosopa, P. J., Xoxakos, P.*, & King, C.* (2021). Mediation: Causal mechanisms in business and management. In Oxford Encyclopedia of Business and Management. Oxford University Press. link

Khasawneh, A., Chalil Madathil, K., Zinzow, H., Rosopa, P. J., Natarajan, G, Achuthan, K., & Narasimhan, M. (2021). Factors contributing to adolescents’ and young adults’ participation in social media challenges: A survey study. JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting, 4(1), e24988. link

Britt, T. W., Shuffler, M. L., Pegram, R. L.*, Xoxakos, P.*, Rosopa, P. J., Hirsch, E., & Jackson, W. (2021). Job demands and resources among healthcare professionals during virus pandemics: A review and examination of fluctuations in mental health strain during COVID-19. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 70, 120-149. link

Schroeder, A. N., Rosopa, P. J., Whitaker, J. H.*, Fairbanks, I. N.*, & Xoxakos, P.* (2020). Heteroscedasticity in organizational research. In E. F. Stone-Romero and P. J. Rosopa (Eds.), Research methods in Human Resource Management: Toward Valid Research-based Inferences, pp. 67-86. Charlotte, NC: Information Age. link

Rosopa, P. J., Fynes, J. M.*, D'Souza, K. B.*, & Xoxakos, P.* (2020). In pursuit of inclusivity: A review of human resource management research and practices involving LGBT employees. In D. L. Stone, J. H. Dulebohn, and K. M. Lukaszewski (Eds.), Diversity and inclusion in organizations, pp. 165-192. Charlotte, NC: Information Age. link

Rosopa, P. J., McIntyre, A. L., Fairbanks, I. N.*, & Brown, K. N.* (2019). Core self-evaluations, job complexity, and net worth: An examination of mediating and moderating factors. Personality and Individual Differences, 150, 109518. link

Borzendowski, S. A. W.*, Tyrrell, R. A., Sewall, A. A. S.*, Britt, T. W., & Rosopa, P. J. (2019). Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior to drivers’ use of high beam headlamps. Advances in Transportation Studies, A49, 61-74. link

Rosopa, P. J., Brawley, A. M.*, Atkinson, T. P.*, & Robertson, S. A.* (2018). On the conditional and unconditional Type I error rates and power of tests in linear models with heteroscedastic errors. Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 17(2), eP2647. link

Sytine, A. I.*, Britt, T. W., Pury, C. L. S., & Rosopa, P. J. (2018). Savouring as a moderator of the combat exposure-mental health symptoms relationship. Stress and Health, 34, 582-588. link

Zinzow, H., Brooks, J. O., Rosopa, P. J., Jeffirs, S., Jenkins, C., Seeanner, J., McKeeman, A., & Hodges, L. F. (2018). Virtual reality exposure therapy for driving anxiety and aggression in veterans: A pilot study. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 25, 296-309. link

King, B. M., Rosopa, P. J., & Minium, E. W. (2018). Statistical reasoning in the behavioral sciences (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. link

Rosopa, P. J., & Kim, B. (2017). Robustness of statistical inferences using linear models with meta-analytic correlation matrices. Human Resource Management Review, 27, 216-236. link

Stone, D. L., & Rosopa, P. J. (2017). The advantages and limitations of using meta-analysis in human resource management research. Human Resource Management Review, 27, 1-7. link

Rosopa, P. J. (2017). Bootstrapping. In S. G. Rogelberg (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of industrial and organizational psychology (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. link

Brooks, J., Seeanner, J., Hennessy, S., Manganelli, J.*, Crisler, M.*, Rosopa, P., Jenkins, C., Anderson, M., Drouin, N.*, Belle, L., Truesdail, C., & Tanner, S. (2017). Interactive tools for measuring visual scanning performance and reaction time. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71, 1-5. link

Switzer, F., Roth, P., & Rosopa, P. J. (2016). Power and errors in adverse impact indices. Human Performance, 29, 159-171. link

Sewall, A. A. S.*, Borzendowski, S. A. W.*, Tyrrell, R. A., Stephens, B. R., & Rosopa, P. J. (2016). Observers’ judgments of the effects of glare on their visual acuity for high and low contrast stimuli. Perception, 45, 755-767. link

Rosopa, P. J., Datu, J. A. D., Robertson, S. A.*, & Atkinson, T. P.* (2016). Core self-evaluations and subjective well-being in the U.S. and the Philippines: The moderating role of self-construal. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 57, 50-56. link

Rosopa, P. J., Schroeder, A. N.*, & Doll, J.* (2016). Detecting between-groups heteroscedasticity in moderated multiple regression with a continuous predictor and a categorical moderator: A Monte Carlo study. Sage Open, 6, 1-16. link

Doll, J. L.*, & Rosopa, P. J. (2015). Workplace romances: Examining attitudes, experience, conscientiousness, and policies. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30, 439-453. link

Healy, S.*, Manganelli, J.*, Rosopa, P. J., & Brooks, J. O. (2015). An exploration of the nightstand and over-the-bed table in an inpatient rehabilitation hospital. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 8, 43-55. link

Borzendowski, S. A. W.*, Stafford, A. A.*, Rosopa, P. J., & Tyrrell, R. A. (2015). Drivers' judgments of the effect of headlight glare on their ability to see pedestrians at night. Journal of Safety Research, 53, 31-37. link

Xi, Y.*, Rosopa, P. J., Mossey, M.*, Crisler, M. C.*, Drouin, N.*, Kopera, K., & Brooks, J. O. (2014). The reliability of a Vision Coach task as a measure of psychomotor skills. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 28, 444-454. link

Mossey, M. E.*, Xi, Y., McConomy, S. K.*, Brooks, J. O., Rosopa, P. J., & Venhovens, P. J. (2014). Evaluation of four steering wheels to determine driver hand placement in a static environment. Applied Ergonomics, 45, 1187-1195. link

Rosopa, P. J., Schaffer, M. M.*, & Schroeder, A. N.* (2013). Managing heteroscedasticity in general linear models. Psychological Methods, 18, 335-351. link

Rosopa, P. J., Schroeder, A. N.*, & Hulett, A.* (2013). Helping yourself by helping others: Examining personality perceptions. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 28, 147-163. link

Walker, A.*, Muth, E., Switzer, F., & Rosopa, P. J. (2013). Predicting team performance in a dynamic environment: A team psychophysiological approach to measuring cognitive readiness. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 7, 69-82. link

Goodenough, R. R.*, Brooks, J. O., Crisler, M. C.*, & Rosopa, P. J. (2012). Developing a driving simulator based functional object detection task. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 26, 240-256. link

Muth, E. R., Moss, J. D.*, Rosopa, P. J., Salley, J. N.*, & Walker, A. D.* (2012). Respiratory sinus arrhythmia as a measure of cognitive workload. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 83, 96-101. link

Stone-Romero, E. F., & Rosopa, P. J. (2011). Experimental tests of mediation models: Prospects, problems, and some solutions. Organizational Research Methods, 14, 631-646. link

King, B. M., Rosopa, P. J., & Minium, E. W. (2010). Statistical reasoning in the behavioral sciences (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. link

Stone-Romero, E. F., & Rosopa, P. J. (2010). Research design options for testing mediation models and their implications for facets of validity. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 25, 697-712. link

Rosopa, P. J., & Schroeder, A. N.* (2009). Core self-evaluations interact with cognitive ability to predict academic achievement. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 1003-1006. link

Rosopa, P. J., & Stone-Romero, E. F. (2008). Problems with detecting assumed mediation using the hierarchical multiple regression strategy. Human Resource Management Review, 18, 294-310. link

Smith-Jentsch, K. A., Scielzo, S. A., Yarbrough, C. S., & Rosopa, P. J. (2008). A comparison of face-to-face and electronic peer-mentoring: Interactions with mentor gender. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 72, 193-206. link

Stone-Romero, E. F., & Rosopa, P. J. (2008). The relative validity of inferences about mediation as a function of research design characteristics. Organizational Research Methods, 11, 326-352. link

Honors and Awards

  • Outstanding Contribution to Literature (2023) for 2013 article published in Psychological Methods. Department of Psychology, Clemson University.

  • Distinguished Doctoral Mentoring Award (2022). Clemson University Graduate School.

  • Outstanding Contribution to Literature (2020) for 2008 article published in Journal of Vocational Behavior. Department of Psychology, Clemson University.

  • Excellence in Reviewing Award (2018, August). Human Resource Management Review.

  • Graduate Teaching Excellence Award (2013-2014). College of Business & Behavioral Science, Clemson University.

  • Outstanding Faculty Publication (2013) for 2013 article published in Psychological Methods. Department of Psychology, Clemson University.

  • Outstanding Contribution to Literature (2013) for 2008 article published in Organizational Research Methods. Department of Psychology, Clemson University.


Video: Getting to know Dr. Rosopa

Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology

Association for Psychological Science



College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences
College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences | 116 Edwards Hall