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Faculty and Staff Profile

Dorothy Schmalz

Associate Professor

Office: 286 Lehotsky Hall
Phone: 864-656-2184

 Educational Background

Ph.D. Leisure Studies
Penn State University 2004

M.S. Leisure Studies
Penn State University 1999

B.A. History
The College of Wooster 1993

 Courses Taught

Philosophical Foundations of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
Understanding Populations in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
Global Perspectives in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management
Leisure and Health


Dr. Schmalz uses a variety of methods to assess the psycho-social behavioral dimensions of recreation and leisure on human health and wellbeing. Her research includes collaborative efforts with parks and recreation professionals, as well as clinical physicians and psychologists, with specific aims for better communicating the value of recreation and leisure services for health prevention. She also has expertise in the area of prejudice and discrimination, which adds a critical and social justice perspective to her research.

 Research Interests

• Stigma as a barrier to healthful behavior in regard to obesity and cancer prevention and treatment
• physical activity for preventive physical and mental health in populations at high risk for cancer and obesity
• Holistic and integrative health outcomes of mindfulness through leisure

 Research Publications

*denotes that one or more co-authors is a student mentee

*Agate, S. T., & Schmalz, D. L. (in review). Helping Families Play: Development of a Framework for Family Recreation Programming. World Leisure Journal.

*Colistra, C. M., Bixler, R. D., & Schmalz, D. L. (in review). Contextual Facilitators of Social Interactions in a Community Center. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration.

*Harris, B. S., & Schmalz, D. L. (2016). “Cool” party, bro: The fraternity use of party structure as a mechanism for control over female status on campus. Deviant Behavior, available: DOI: 10.1080/01639625.2016.1170542

*Schmalz, D. L., & Colistra, C. M. (2016). Obesity Stigma as a Barrier to Healthy Eating Behavior. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 31,(1), 86-94.

*Schmalz, D. L., Colistra, C. M., & Evans, K. E. (2014). Adults use of social networking sites to cope with a threatened social identity. Leisure Sciences, 37, 20-38.

Anderson, D. M., Clark, B. S., Evans, K. E., Schmalz, D. L. (2014). “I didn’t want to look stupid”: Exploring the impact of a women’s only leisure education class. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 32, 1-14.

Schmalz, D. L. & Mowatt, R. A. (2014). The unsettling nature of prejudice: An Introduction to the special issue. Journal of Leisure Research, 46, 245-251.

Mowatt, R. A., & Schmalz, D. L. (2014). The conspicuous nature of power: A Conclusion to the special issue. Journal of Leisure Research, 46, 353-358.

*Schmalz, D. L., Sharp, J. L., Colistra, C. M. (2014). BMI, weight stigma, and nutrition competence. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 29(1), 3-9.

Schmalz, D. L., Hallo, J. C., Griffin, S. F., Kusch, M., & Arce, M. (2013). Development of a Healthy Parks Healthy People strategic action plan for Hot Springs National Park. Park Science, 30, 2, 37-43.

Pori, M., Payne, L. P., Schmalz, D. L., Pori, P., Skof, B., Leskosek, B. (2013). Correlation between sport participation and satisfaction with life among Slovenian participants in the Ljublana marathon. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 19, 36-43.

Schmalz, D. L., Kerstetter, D. L., & Kleiber, D. A. (2011). An evaluation of developmental outcomes at a free-choice oriented girls’ summer camp. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership. 3, 1, 53-69.

*McCall, G. D., Williams, J. E., Schmalz, D. L., & Miller, R. J. (2010). American boys and body image: A review of weight gain and weight loss issues. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 25, 351–361.

Davison, K. K., Schmalz, D. L., & Downs, D. S. (2010). Hop, skip … no! Reasons adolescent girls disengage from physical activity. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39, 290-302.

Schmalz, D. L. (2010). “I feel fat”: Weight related stigma, body esteem, and BMI as predictors of perceived competence in physical activities. Obesity Facts: The European Journal of Obesity, 3, 15-21.

Schmalz, D. L., Kerstetter, D. L., & Anderson, D. M. (2008). Stigma consciousness as a predictor of children’s participation in recreational vs. competitive sports. Journal of Sport Behavior, 31, 276-297.

Davison, K. K., Schmalz, D. L., Young, L., & Birch, L. L. (2008). Overweight girls who internalize fat stereotypes report low psychosocial well-being. Obesity, 16(Suppl. 2), S30-S38.