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Contact Information

P: 864-656-3416

Campus Location

118 Kinard Laboratory


Monday - Friday:
8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.


Profile Photo

Xian Lu

Physics and Astronomy

Associate Professor

Kinard Lab 302A [Office]

Educational Background

Ph.D., Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2011
M.S., Space Physics, Wuhan University, 2006
B.S., Electrical Engineering, Wuhan University, 2003

Profile/About Me

I joined Clemson University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, as an assistant professor in 2016. Before that, I was the CIRES postdoctoral fellow at University of Colorado Boulder from 2012 to 2013, and worked as a research scientist at CIRES from 2013 to 2016. I got my PhD degree from the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbama Champaign in 2011.

Research Interests

Space weather
Atmospheric wave dynamics
Numerical modeling and supercomputing
Data assimilation and machine learning

Courses Taught

PHYS 2210: College Physics with Calculus II (Honor)
PHYS 4410/6410: Electricity and Magnetism I (Core Physics)
PHYS 4420/6420: Electricity and Magnetism II (Core Physics)
PHYS 4200/6200: Atmospheric Physics
PHYS 8750: Numerical Fluid Dynamics (New Curriculum)

Selected Publications

Zhou, X., X. Yue, H. Liu, X. Lu, H. Wu, et al. (2021), A Comparative Study of Ionospheric Day-to-day Variability over Wuhan based on Ionosonde Measurements and Model Simulations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi: 10.1029/2020JA028589.

Kumari, K., H. Wu, A. Long, X. Lu and J. Oberheide (2021), Mechanism Studies of Madden-Julian-Oscillation Coupling into the Mesosphere/Lower Thermosphere Tides using SABER, MERRA-2, and SD-WACCMX, J. Geophys. Res. Atmosphere, doi:10.1029/2021JD034595.

Wang, X, J. Miao, X. Lu, Ercha Aa et al. (2021), Latitudinal Impacts of Joule Heating on the High-Latitude Thermospheric Density Enhancement during Geomagnetic Storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2020JA028747.

Zhou, X., H. Liu, X. Lu, R. Zhang, A. Maute, H. Wu, X. Yue, W. Wan (2020), Quiet-time Day-to-day Variability of Equatorial Vertical E×B Drift from Atmosphere Perturbations at Dawn, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics., 125, doi: 10.1029/2020JA027824.

Li, Z., X. Chu, V. Harvey, J. Jandreau, X. Lu, Zhibin Yu, J. Zhao (2020), First Lidar Observations of Quasi-Biennial Oscillation-Induced Interannual Variations of Gravity Wave Potential Energy Density at McMurdo via a Modulation of the Antarctic Polar Vortex, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125, doi: 10.1029/2020JD032866.

Kumari, K., J. Oberheide, X. Lu (2020), The Tidal Response in the Mesosphere/Lower Thermosphere to the Madden-Julian Oscillation Observed by SABER, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, doi: 10.1029/2020GL089172.

Wu. H, X. Lu, G. Lu, X. Chu, W. Wang, Z. Yu, L. Kilcommons, D. Knipp, B. Wang, Y. Nishimura (2020), Importance of regional?scale auroral precipitation and electrical field variability to the storm?time thermospheric temperature enhancement and inversion layer (TTEIL) in the Antarctic E region, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, doi: 10.1029/2020JA028224.

Li, J., and X. Lu (2020), SABER Observations of Gravity Wave Responses to the Madden-Julian Oscillation from the Stratosphere to the Lower Thermosphere in Tropics and Extratropics, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, doi: 10.1029/2020GL091014

Li, J., R. L. Collins, X. Lu, B. P. Williams (2020), Lidar Observations of Instability and Estimates of Vertical Eddy Diffusivity Induced by Gravity Wave Breaking in the Arctic Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res. Atmosphere, doi: 10.1029/2020JD033450.

Lu, X., H. Wu, X. Chu, J. Oberheide, M. G. Mlynczak, J. M. Russell III (2019), Quasi-biennial oscillation of short-period planetary waves and polar night jet in winter Antarctica observed in SABER and MERRA-2 and mechanism study with a quasi-geostrophic model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, doi: 10.1029/2019GL084759.

Rout, D., K. Pandey, D. Chakrabarty, R. Sekar, X. Lu (2019), Significant electric field perturbations in low latitude ionosphere due to the passage of two consecutive ICMEs during 6-8 September 2017, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi: 10.1029/2019JA027133.

Chu, X., J. Zhao, X. Lu, V. L. Harvey, R. M. Jones, E. Becker, C. Chen, W. Fong, Z. Yu, B. Roberts, A. Dornbrack (2018), Lidar observations of stratospheric gravity waves from 2011 to 2015 at McMurdo, Antarctica: Part II. Potential energy densities, lognormal distributions, and seasonal variations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, 7910–7934. doi: 10.1029/2017JD027386.

Lu, X., H. Wu, J. Oberheide, H. Liu, J. McInerney (2018), Latitudinal Double-Peak Structure of Stationary Planetary Wave 1 in the Austral Winter Middle Atmosphere and its Possible Generation Mechanism, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, doi: 10.1029/2018JD029172.

Huang, H., X. Lu, L. Liu, W. Wang, Q. Li (2018), Transition of interhemispheric asymmetry of equatorial ionization anomaly during solstices. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, doi: 10.1029/2018JA026055.

Lu, X., X. Chu, C. Chen, V. Nguyen, A. Smith (2017a), First observations of short-period eastward propagating planetary waves from the stratosphere to the lower thermosphere (110 km) in winter Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL075641

Lu, X., X. Chu, H. Li, C. Chen, J. Smith, S. Vadas (2017b), Statistical characterization of high-to-medium frequency mesoscale gravity waves by lidar-measured vertical winds and temperatures in the MLT, J. Atmos. Solar- Terr. Phys.,162, 3-15 doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2016.10.009.

Selected Talks

Lu, X. (2021), Atmospheric Modeling, invitated talk, CEDAR Student Workshop, June.
Lu, X., H. Wu, T. Nishimura, S. Kaeppler, J. Meriwether, J. Li, Y. Zhang (2021), An update on 2015 St. Patrick’s Day Storm using Assimilated Electric Field, invited talk, CEDAR workshop, June.
Lu, X., H. Wu, J. Li, W. Wang, A. Maute (2021), Tidal and gravity wave impacts on the short- term ionospheric variability using nudged TIEGCM, invited talk, CEDAR workshop, June.


University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) President's Advisory Committee on University Relations (PACUR, 2020.8-)
UCAR member representative (2019.8-)
Member, American Geophysical Union, AGU, (2007- )

Honors and Awards

Dean's Professor Award, College of Science, Clemson University, 2021
Rising Star in Discovery, College of Science, Clemson University, 2020
Pilot Program for Faculty Incentive for Global Engagement in SCIENCE, Awardee, Clemson University, 2020
Junior Researcher of the Year, Nominee, Clemson University, 2019
NSF/CAREER award, 2018
NCAR/Advanced Study Program (ASP) Faculty Fellowship, 2018
CIRES Postdoctoral Visiting Fellowship, University of Colorado at Boulder, 2012


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Contact Information

P: 864-656-3416

Campus Location

118 Kinard Laboratory


Monday - Friday:
8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.