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College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences

Faculty and Staff Profile

Lauren Duffy

Associate Professor
Undergraduate Coordinator

Office: 107 Sirrine

Phone: 864-656-1135


Vita: View

Educational Background

Ph.D. Leisure Behavior
Indiana University Bloonington 2013

M.S. Parks and Recreation Management
University of North Carolina Greensboro 2009

B.S. Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
North Carolina State University 2006

Courses Taught

PRTM 2200 Conceptual Foundations in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management
PRTM 2260 Foundations in Management and Administration of PRTM
PRTM 2980, 3980, 4980 Creative Inquiry in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management
PRTM 3080 Leadership and Group Processes in PRTM
PRTM 3450 Tourism Management
PRTM 3480 Exploring Intersections of Tourism and Society -- Study Abroad to Cuba
PRTM 3490 Survey of Tourism Sites in the Southeast
PRTM 3990 Honors Seminar
PRTM 4090 Methods in Recreation Research I (Honors)
PRTM 4010 Methods in Recreation Research II (Honors) -- study abroad to Thailand
PRTM 4440 Tour Planning & Operations
PRTM 4460 Community Tourism Development
PRTM 4470 Perspectives in International Travel
PRTM 4990 Honors Research Presentation
PRTM 6460 Community Tourism Development
PRTM 8040 Independent Study: Critical Sustainable Tourism Readings
PRTM 8080 Behavioral Aspects in PRTM
PRTM 8400 Tourism Planning
PRTM 9100 Special Topics: PRTM Writing Mentorship Program

Courses Taught at Other Institutions: Tourism and Commercial Recreation; Ecotourism: Administration and Management; Sustainable Tourism; Research and Evaluation in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management; Data-based Decision-Making; International Tourism; Community-based Tourism Planning [study abroad to Ecuador]; Contemporary Issues in Tourism; International Travel and Tourism


Dr. Lauren Duffy is an Associate Professor and the Undergraduate Coordinator in the Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management at Clemson University. Her research program is grounded within critical leisure and tourism studies and her published work has focused on a number of topics including: issues of power in tourism planning and development, rural and community-based tourism planning, tourism and conservation, gender and feminist epistemologies, political economy and neoliberal economic structures, local food systems and food socialization, and resident-tourist relationships.

Dr. Duffy has also spent time writing about issues related to the production of knowledge, critical thinking, global learning, transformative learning, and internationalization. Her field work has taken her across rural communities in South and North Carolina as well as Central and South America, the Caribbean, and southern Africa.

She is currently a fellow with Tourism RESET, and the Institute for Parks and has previously served as a Clemson Critical Thinking Fellow, a Clemson Forward Fellow to help support the university strategic planning efforts, and a Charles E. Hartsoe Fellow with the National Recreation Foundation.

She is President of The Academy of Leisure Sciences (2021-2024).

In 2022-2023, she was a U.S. Fulbright Scholar in Saint Lucia, working with Sir Arthur Lewis Community College in their Department of Sustainable Tourism and Hospitality.

Research Interests

Gender, Race, and class in tourism and leisure settings
Power and ideology in tourism
Tourism planning and development in Global South contexts
Rural tourism development, integrated tourism planning, and linkages between urban and rural
Critical thinking, reflection, and pedagogy in leisure, travel, tourism, and hospitality education

Research Publications

*Graduate Students
** Undergraduate Students

*KC, A., Hallo, J., Duffy, L.N., (2024). Expanding domestic tourism in Nepal: An analysis of community-based homestays in the COVID-19 era. Current Issues in Tourism.

Harmon, J. & Duffy, L.N. (2024). Blinded by the light: Smartphones and the disenfranchisement of leisure. In M. Stodolska, D. Scott, & T. Liechty (Eds.), Leisure Matters: Exploring leisure in a changing world (pp. 309-316), 4th ed. Sagamore-Venture.

Harmon, J. & Duffy, L.N. (2023). Turn off to tune in: Digital disconnection, digital consciousness, and meaningful leisure. Journal of Leisure Research, 54 (5), 539-559.

*Heath, S. & Duffy, L.N. (2023). A Transmasculine Experience working in the Outdoor Recreation Industry. Parks Stewardship Forum.

*Heath, S., Duffy, L.N., Lewis, S., Busey, C. & Sene-Harper, A. (accepted, 2023). Queering the Outdoors: 2LGBTQIA+ Experiences in Outdoor Recreation. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership.

Kim, G. Duffy, L.N., Moore, D. (2023). Identifying the Importance of Tourist Attractiveness in Increasing Community Support for Tourists. Tourism Management 94.

Dudley, K. & Duffy, L.N. (2022). Tourism discourse and surveillance: situational analysis of post-Katrina New Orleans. Leisure Sciences. 45(5), 475-493.

Fogle, E., Duffy, L.N., & Hunt, W. (2022). Am I an insider or an outsider?” Being the black female ‘Mzungu’ researcher”. Tourism Geographies.

Kline, C., Duffy, L. N., Fogle, E., & Clark, D. (2022). Crossover Paths for Peri-Urban Markets in Tourism Planning and Development: Mobility Motivations, Career Stage, Life Stage, and Desired Characteristics. Tourism & Hospitality, 3, 297–313.

*Ezra, P. & Duffy, L.N. (2022). Promoting the Tourist Experience Economy in Developing Countries Through Authentic Fair-Trade Handicrafts: A Conceptual Framework. In R. Augusto Costa, F. Brandão, Z. Breda, & C. Costa (Eds). Planning and Managing the Experience Economy in Tourism. IGI Global. (pp 318 -336)

Duffy, L.N., Stone, G. A., Townsend, J., & Cathey, J. (2022). Rethinking Curriculum Internationalization: Virtual Exchange as a Means to Attaining Global Competencies, Developing Critical Thinking, and Experiencing Transformative Learning. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education.

Dudley, K., Duffy, L.N., Terry, W., & Norman, W.C. (2022). The historical structuring of the U.S. tourism workforce: A critical review. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Harmon, J. & Duffy, L.N. (2022). Alienation from Leisure: Smartphones and the Loss of Presence. Leisure/Loisir.

Stephens, L., Bowers, E., Schmaltz, D., Lenhoff, J., & Duffy, L. N. (2021). A mixed method approach to evaluating eating-related psychopathologies of collegiate student-athletes. Journal of American College Health.

Chancellor, H.C., Townson, L., & Duffy, L.N. (2021). Independent destination ambassador programs: Building informed tourist friendly destinations. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management. 21 (100639). doi.10.1016/j.jdmm.2021.100639.

Dudley, K.*, Duffy, L.N., Terry, W., & Norman, W. C. (2021). Situational analysis as a critical methodology: mapping the tourism system in post-Katrina New Orleans. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Dudley, K., Duffy, L., & Chancellor, H.C. (2021). Connecting macro sociocultural institutions and the US tourism workforce: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Tourism Quarterly.

Stephens, L., Powell, G., Duffy, L.N., & McGuire, F. (2021). The Interrupted Semester: Thoughts and tools to that move us full circle. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education

Sene-Harper, A., Duffy, L.N., & Birame-Sarr, M. (2021). Women, Fishermen, and Community-Based Tourism at Djoudj National Park, Senegal: An application of the actor-structure livelihood framework. Tourism Review International.

Stephens, L.*, Kim, G., Fogle, E.*, Kleinbort, T.*, Duffy, L.N., Powell, G., Olsen, L. K.P.*, Kakraba Coleman, K.*, & Gremillion, J.P.* (2021). Reducing writing apprehension in undergraduate parks, recreation, and tourism management students. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education.

Harmon, J., & Duffy, L. N. (2020). A Moment in Time: Leisure and the Manifestation of Purpose. International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure, 1-8.

Duffy, L. N., Fernandez, M., & Sène-Harper, A. (2020). Digging deeper: Engaging in reflexivity in interpretivist and critical leisure research. Leisure Sciences. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2020.1830903

Stone, G. A., Harris, B., Duffy, L.N., Terry, W., Kelly-Pryor, B., Kivel, D., Schmalz, D., Layland, E., & Mowatt, R., (2020). Implicit attitudes and the challenge of becoming a reflexive leisure scholar. Leisure Sciences. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2020.1830899.

Townsend, J., Stone, G., Murphy, E*. Crowe, B., Hawkins, B., & Duffy, L.N. (2020). Examining attitude change following participation in an international adaptive sports training. Therapeutic Recreation Journal. 54 (3).

Knollenberg, W., Duffy, L. N., Kline, C.K., & Kim, G. (2020). Creating competitive advantage for food tourism destinations through food and beverage experiences. Tourism Planning and Development.

*Kleinbort, T., Duffy, L. N., Powell, G., *Stephens, L., *Fogle, E., *Gremlin, J. P., *Kakrabe Coleman, K., *Olsen, L., & Stephens, L. (2020). Writing in the discipline: A writing mentorship program to enhance student writing skills in the leisure field. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education. doi:10.1080/1937156X.2020.1720467

Kim, G., Duffy, L.N., & Moore, D. (2020). Tourist attractiveness: Measuring residents' perception of tourists. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Online First. doi 10.1080/09669582.2019.1708919

*Koppa, E. W. & Duffy, L. N. (2020). Gender-based violence: A systematic literature review of causes and intersections with tourism. In P. Vaizcaino, H. Jeffrey, & C. Eger, Tourism and Gender-Based Violence: Challenging Inequalities. Boston, MA: CABI.

Kim, G., Jodice, L., Duffy, L.N., & Norman, W. (2020). Tourists’ attitudes toward the benefits of mariculture: A case of decision-making in marine tourism in Southeast U.S.A.. Tourism in Marine Environments: An Interdisciplinary Journal. 15(1), 29 - 46.

**Wells, H., Duffy, L. N., **Nance, M., **Fleming, L., Stone, G., Townsend, J., & **Stevenson, S. (2019). Does culture matter?: An exploratory study of culture in the implementation of an adaptive sports program. Therapeutic Recreation Journal 53 (3), 224 – 243,

Duffy, L. N., Larson, L., Fernandez, M., & Powell, G. (2019). Introduction to the Special Issue on Navigating Academic Life (Part 2): Responding to change[Editorial], SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (2), 69 - 70.

Duffy, L. N., Fernandez, M., Larson, L., & Powell, G. (2019). Introduction to the Special Issue on Navigating Academic Life (Part 1): Pathways to Success [Editorial], SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), p. 1 - 2.

Boluk, K., Cavaliere, C. & Duffy, L. N. (2019). Critical Thinking for Sustainable Tourism Pedagogy: A Framework for the Empowerment of the Critical Tourism Citizen. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Doi:10.1080/09669582.2019.1615928

Gray, J., Larson, L., Fernandez, M., Duffy, L. N., Sturts, J., Powell, G. & Roberts, K. (2019). The academic job search: Steps for success. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), 16 - 28.

Fernandez, M., Sturts, J., Duffy, L. N., Larson, L., Gray, J., & Powell, G. (2019). Surviving and thriving in graduate school. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), 3 - 15.

Larson, L., Duffy, L.N., Fernandez, M., Sturts J., Gray, J., & Powell, G. (2019). Getting started on the tenure track: Challenges and strategies for success. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), 36 - 51.

Schmalz, D. L., *Joyner, L., Duffy, L. N., Bricker, K. S., & Blomquist, K. K. (2019). The cycle of food socialization: leisure as resistance. Annals of Leisure Research, 1-20.

Duffy, L. N., & Kline, C. (Eds.). (2018). Tourism and Cuba: Complexities of Tourism Planning and Development. New York: Routledge.

Kline, C., Duffy, L. N., & Clark, D. (2018). Foster tourism and entrepreneurship in fringe communities: Unpacking stakeholder perceptions towards entrepreneurial climate. Tourism and Hospitality Research. doi: 1467358418781443 [online first]

Duffy, L. N., Pinckney, H.P., Benjamin, S., & Mowatt, R. (2018). A critical discourse analysis of racial violence in South Carolina, U.S.: Implications for traveling while black. Current Issues in Tourism, doi: 10.1080/13683500.2018.1494143. [online first]

*Fogle, E. & Duffy, L. N. (2018). Guiding practices for implementing an eco-certification program: A case study of Ecotourism Australia. e-Review of Tourism Research, 15 (2-3), 136 - 160.

Duffy, L. N. & Kline, C. (2018). Cuba in transition: Complexities, competitiveness and resiliency in tourism [Editorial]. Tourism Planning and Development,15:3, 211-215. DOI: 10.1080/21568316.2018.1440830.

Duffy, L. N., Pinckney, H., Powell, G., Bixler, R., & McGuire, F. (2018). Great theses and dissertations start with an intriguing idea. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 22, 82-87.

*Stone, G., Duffy, L. N., *Holland, H., & Bowers, E. (2018). Youth and the transformative experience of travel: a case study of an international service project. Tourism Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23 (1), 109 – 121.

*Kim, G., Duffy, L. N., Jodice, L & Norman, W. (2017). Increasing interest in value-added, aquaculture-based, culinary tourism products and experiences among coastal tourists: The role of subjective knowledge and attitude. Coastal Management. doi: 10.1080/08920753.2017.1327345

*Stone, G., Duffy, L. N., Pinckney, H., & **Templeton-Bradley, R. (2017). Critical Thinking in the Field of Travel and Tourism: A Case Study Approach using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 1 – 18.

*Stone, G., Duerden, M., Duffy, L. N., Hill, B., & Witesman, E. (2017). Measurement of transformative learning in educational travel: An application of King’s Learning Activities Survey. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education. doi: 10.1016/j.jhlste.2017.05.003

Duffy, L.N. & *Kim, G. (2017). Addressing power: Dispersion of tourism impacts in integrated tourism. In S. Slocum and C. Kline, Linking Urban and Rural Tourism: Strategies in Sustainability. Boston, MA: CABI. (pp. 33 – 48).

Kline, C., Duffy, L.N., & Clark, D. (2017). Resident and tourist perception of people, towns and amenities in fringe settings. In S. Slocum and C. Kline, Linking Urban and Rural Tourism: Strategies in Sustainability. Boston, MA: CABI. (pp. 94 - 114).

Duffy, L. N., Kline, C.S., Swanson, J., Best, M., & McKinnon, H. (2016). An application of community capitals framework to urban organic farming in Cuba. Journal of Ecotourism online first, doi: 10.1080/14724049.2016.1218498. (Special Issue The Future We Want: Effecting Positive Change through Ecotourism)

Powell, G.M., Duffy, L.N, *Stone, G. Pinckney, H.P., Tucker, T. & Cathey, J. (2016). Triple Gain: Practical ideas for maximizing connections between students, faculty, and professionals. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 31 (2) 56-67.

Duffy, L. N., *Stone, G., Chancellor, H.C., Kline, C. S. (2016). Tourism development in the Dominican Republic: An examination of the economic impact to coastal households. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 16 (1), 35 – 49. doi: 10.1177/1467358415613118.

Powell, G, Kuzminykh, Z., Duffy, L. (2016) Critical Thinking in Action: Youth Camp Gives Natural Focus for Choices. Vestnik of Volga State. 1(19)16-22.

Duffy, L. N. & Zablah, F. E. (2016). El Salvador. In H. Xaio & J. Jafari (Eds.) The Encyclopedia of Tourism, London: Springer.

Duffy, L. N., Kline, C., Mowatt, R.A., & Chancellor, H.C. (2015). Women in tourism: Shifting gender ideology in the DR. Annals of Tourism Research, 52, 72-86. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2015.02.017.

*Shakona, M., Backman, K., Backman, S., Norman, W., Luo, Y., & Duffy, L. (2015). Understanding the traveling behavior of Muslims in the United States. International Journal of Culture, Tourism, and Hospitality Research, 9 (1), 22-35.

Cardenas, D. A., Byrd, E.T., & Duffy, L. N. (2015). An exploratory study of stakeholder understanding and sustainable tourism development principles. Tourism and Hospitality Research,15(4), 254 -266, doi doi: 10.1177/1467358415580359

*Stone, G. & Duffy, L.N. (2015). Transformative Learning Theory: A Systematic Review of Travel and Tourism Scholarship. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 15 (3), 204 – 224. DOI: 10.1080/15313220.2015.1059305.

Duffy, L.N. (2015). Demonstration Effect. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishers.

Duffy, L.N. (2015). Educational Tourism. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishers.

Duffy, L.N. (2015). Participatory Action Research. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishers.

Duffy, L.N., Mowatt, R. A., **Fuchs, M., & **Salisbury, M. (2014). Making diversity tangible: Assessing the role of service-learning in teaching diversity and social justice. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 5(2), 54-75.

Duffy, L.N. & Overholt, J.R (2013). Seeking Authenticity: Re-conceptualizing Adventure Tourism. Illuminare: A Student Journal in Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Studies, 11(1), pp. 45-59.

Duffy, L.N., Mowatt, R.A., Chancellor, H.C., & Cardenas, D.A. (2012). Machismo-Marianismo and the involvement of women in a community-based tourism project in Ecuador, South America. Tourism Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17(6), pp. 791-803. DOI: 10.3727/108354212X13531051127384

Kline, C., Cardenas, D., Duffy, L.N., & Swanson, J. (2012). Funding sustainable paddle trail development: paddler perspectives, willingness to pay and management implications. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 20(2), 235-256, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2011.603425.

Duffy, L. N. (2009) Study abroad students' understanding and knowledge of sustainable tourism practices. UMI Dissertation Services (Unpublished master's thesis), University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC.

Byrd, E.T., Duffy, L.N., & Gladwell, N.G. (2008). Ecotourism in Rural America. Encyclopedia of Rural America, 2nd edition (pp 966-1000), Millerton, NY: Gray House Publishing.

Honors and Awards

2022 - 2023 US Fulbright Scholar, Saint Lucia
2022 Faculty Senator of the Year, Clemson University
2021 Pacesetter Alumni Award, College of Health and Human Performance, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
2020 Award for Excellence in New Faculty Mentorship, CBSHS
2020 The Academy of Leisure Sciences Excellence in Teaching Award
2020 The Academy of Leisure Sciences Innovation in Teaching Award
2019 - 2020 Clemson University TeachingForward Fellow
2018 Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, CBSHS
2018 Women Academics in Tourism (WAIT) Most Awesome Scholars 2018
2017 Award for Excellence in Innovation, CBSHS
2015 - 2019 Clemson University Critical Thinking Fellow


Tourism RESET Scholar

Clemson Institute for Parks

College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences
College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences | 116 Edwards Hall