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Architecture + Health

Architecture + Health Programs include a comprehensive framework of coursework appropriate for both the practice of architecture and a focused area of expertise in the study and design of an Architecture for Health. The intent of the A+H concentration, which is the most structured and established program of its type in the United States, is to develop the generalist-specialist-graduates who can creatively work in both modes. The curriculum concentration includes both the study of health facility design and the study of relationships between architectural settings and their impact on the health and well-being of individuals, communities, and global ecosystems. The primary purpose of the concentration is to study the design of healthcare environments, how architectural environments impact health and how to create architectural settings that support the health and well-being of individuals and larger populations. Our Master of Architecture in Architecture + Health, a NAAB-accredited professional degree, and Master of Science in Architecture, research-oriented degree program, are both STEM Designated Graduate Degree Programs. (CIP Code 04.0902 (architectural and building sciences/technology)

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Student Work

Within the framework of NAAB accredited Master of Architecture [M.Arch] degree, the Architecture + Health Concentration includes seminar courses and studio work appropriate for both a general professional degree and a concentrated area of study in Architecture + Health. Studio design projects and seminar courses examine architecture-health relationships for settings and conditions ranging from entire communities to specific projects and individual spaces. The emphasis in the studio is on design excellence within the framework of the complex demands found in the practice of healthcare architecture. Student work must stand up critically at all levels of architectural consideration.

The Architecture + Health concentration is demanding in the scope of its professional studies, with most of the coursework designated for specific areas of learning which are currently only offered on the main campus in Clemson. Students may take advantage of off-campus programs for a maximum of one semester with the approval of the program director. A thesis option is offered in the Architecture + Health concentration and is developed during the final year of study. The thesis deals with architectural topics as they relate to health and well-being.

Learning Outcomes:
  • Knowledge of best practices and emerging trends in healthcare architecture
  • Knowledge of and ability to apply evidence-based design practices
  • Understand human health safety and welfare issues with respect to the built environment
  • Understand professional ethics, practice regulations and business practices
  • Understand the fundamentals of regulations for buildings and sites
  • Understand building systems, assemblies, and methods of construction
  • Ability to synthesize user requirements, regulations, site conditions, accessible design, and environmental impact.
  • Ability to make design decisions through the integration of building envelop and assemblies, structural systems, environmental systems, life safety systems and building performance.
  • Engage in sponsored service-learning programming & design projects with actual clients
  • Participate in regional and national AIA Academy of Architecture for Health Conferences
  • Engage in participatory interdisciplinary and cross disciplinary learning, research, and design initiatives.
STEM Designated Graduate Degree Programs:

CIP Code 04.0902 (architectural and building sciences/technology)

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  • Plan of Study - Master of Architecture + Health

    Master of Architecture
    The required course study of the Architecture + Health Curriculum consists of two and three year tracks, both with an option for comprehensive or thesis projects.

    The first year of the three-year track is within Clemson's general architecture program, this year allows students without an architectural background to receive core architectural knowledge before their two years within the Architecture + Health studio.  This first year also gives opportunities for new students to study abroad.

    The two-year track is based on the main campus in Clemson, SC and places students with advanced standing upon admissions and an undergraduate degree in architecture directly into the Architecture + Health studio.

    STEM Designated Graduate Degree Programs:

    CIP Code 04.0902 (architectural and building sciences/technology)


    To learn more or set up a visit, contact David AllisonDirector of Graduate Studies in Architecture + Health and Alumni Distinguished Professor of Architecture, adavid@clemson.edu

     

     

    Master of Architecture + Health Plan of Study

    FIRST YEAR: CORE STUDIOS
    Three-Year (MArch I) Track (91 Credits) begins here.

    Comprehensive Project Option

    Thesis Option

    Semester 1 - FALL

      6  ARCH 8410  Architecture Studio I

      3  ARCH 8100  Visualization I

      3  ARCH 8600  Architectural History and Theory I

      3  ARCH 8700  Structures I

    15 credits

    Semester 1 - FALL

      6  ARCH 8410  Architecture Studio I

      3  ARCH 8100  Visualization I

      3  ARCH 8600  Architectural History and Theory I

      3  ARCH 8700  Structures I

    15 credits

    Semester 2 - SPRING

      6  ARCH 8420 Architectural Studio II

      3  ARCH 8200 Visualization II

      3  ARCH 8610 Architectural History and Theory II

      3  ARCH 8710  Structures II

    15 credits

    Semester 2 - SPRING

      6  ARCH 8420 Architectural Studio II

      3  ARCH 8200 Visualization II

      3  ARCH 8610 Architectural History and Theory II

      3  ARCH 8710  Structures II

    15 credits

     

    SECOND YEAR: INTERMEDIATE STUDIOS
    Two-Year (MArch II) Track (61 Credits) begins here.

    Semester 3 – FALL 1 [even # years]

      6  ARCH 8950 Architecture + Health Studio: Selected Project(s) *

      3  ARCH 8210 Research Methods

      3  ARCH 8720 Productions and Assemblies + 8721 Lab *

      3  ARCH 6850  History/Theory: Architecture + Health

    15 credits

    Semester 3 – FALL 1 [even # years]

      6  ARCH 8950 Architecture + Health Studio: Selected Project(s) *

      3  ARCH 8210 Research Methods

      3  ARCH 8720 Productions and Assemblies + 8721 Lab *

      3  ARCH 6850  History/Theory: Architecture + Health

    15 credits

    Semester 4 - SPRING

      6  ARCH 8960 Architecture + Health Studio: Tectonic Project(s)

      3  ARCH 8730 Environmental Systems + 8731 Lab ONLINE

      3  ARCH 6880 Architectural Programming and Pre-Design

      3  ARCH 8650 Health Policy, Planning and Administration

    15 credits

    Semester 4 - SPRING

      6  ARCH 8960 Architecture + Health Studio: Tectonic Project(s)

      3  ARCH 8730 Environmental Systems + 8731 Lab ONLINE

      3  ARCH 6880 Architectural Programming and Pre-Design

      3  ARCH 8650 Health Policy, Planning and Administration

    15 credits

     

    SECOND SUMMER (ARCHITECTURE INTERNSHIP)

    Summer Sessions

    ARCH XXX ELECTIVES (or Structures II)

    HLTH 6200 Health Internship (variable credit – minimum 1 credit)

    Summer Sessions

    ARCH XXX ELECTIVES (or Structures II)

    HLTH 6200 Health Internship (variable credit – minimum 1 credit)

     

    THIRD YEAR: ADVANCED STUDIOS

    Semester 5 – FALL 2 [even # years]

      6  ARCH 8970 Architecture + Health Studio: Hospital…*

      3  ARCH 8860 Health Facilities Planning and Design *

      3  ARCH 8810 Professional Practice Survey

      3  GRAD XXX ELECTIVE

    15 credits

    Semester 5 – FALL 2 [even # years]

      6  ARCH 8970 Architecture + Health Studio: Hospital…*

      3  ARCH 8860 Health Facilities Planning and Design *

      3  ARCH 8810 Professional Practice Survey

      3  ARCH 8580 Thesis Research

    15 credits

    Semester 6 - SPRING

      6  ARCH 8920 Architecture + Health Comprehensive Studio

      3  ARCH 8820 Building Economics, Costs and Legal Issues

      3  ARCH 8740 Building Processes: Technical Resolution + 8741 Lab

      3  GRAD XXX ELECTIVE

    15 credits

    Semester 6 - SPRING

      6  ARCH 8910 Architecture + Health Thesis Studio

      3  ARCH 8820 Building Economics, Costs and Legal Issues

      3  ARCH 8740 Building Processes: Technical Resolution + 8741 Lab

      3  ARCH 8590  Architecture + Health Thesis Manuscript

    15 credits

    STRUCTURES II: All students must have taken the equivalent of ARCH 8710 Structures II as undergraduates or must take this course in one of their elective options.

    Download a printable version here. 

  • Plan of Study - Master of Science in Architecture + Health

    Master of Science in Architecture
    The Master of Science [MS] in Architecture + Health offers the opportunity to undertake focused research and scholarship responsive to increasingly complex challenges associated with healthcare architecture, and relationships between health and the built environment at multiple scales. The Master of Science degree is not a professional degree that will satisfy licensure requirements. However, it is excellent preparation for the interdisciplinary Ph.D. in Planning, Design, and the Built Environment (PDBE), and may be well suited to US and international students holding a professional degree in architecture (B. Arch. or M. Arch.) and seeking to develop a focused area of knowledge in Architecture + Health, initiate an academic career, or pursue a focused and individually determined plan of study and research related to a specific relationship between architecture and health.

    Requirements for the MS degree consist of 24 credit hours of coursework and directed studies, and a minimum of 6 credit hours of thesis work, which will take a minimum of one year to complete at 15 credit hours per semester. MS Students within Architecture + Health program work closely with M.Arch students in many classes and are expected to take the same required seminar courses in the concentration: ARCH 685, ARCH 688, ARCH 886, HLTH 600, and ARCH 821. Students work closely with a Major Advisor and an Advisory Committee, with whom they determine an individual Plan of Study. The advisors periodically review the student's work and evaluate the research thesis.

    Admission is based on previous academic credentials, GRE scores, TOEFL or IELTS scores (for international students), a design portfolio, and a detailed statement of purpose and intent. Since MS students work closely with a major advisor, they are most likely to be admitted if they have identified a potential advisor and discussed a possible plan of study with a faculty member in advance of their application. Faculty members are limited in the number of MS students whom they can advise, so admission may be limited and competitive.

    Contact:

    David Allison, Director of Graduate Studies in Architecture + Health and Alumni Distinguished Professor of Architecture, adavid@clemson.edu

  • Plan of Study - Ph.D. in Planning, Design and the Built Environment - Built Environment + Health Concentration

    Ph.D. in Planning, Design and the Built Environment (PDBE) - Built Environment + Health Concentration
    The School of Architecture’s Graduate Program is affiliated with Clemson University’s interdisciplinary Ph.D. in Planning, Design and the Built Environment (PDBE)

    The Architecture + Health program is integrated with the PDBE Built Environment + Health concentration. Architecture + Health professors Dina Battisto, PhD, and Anjali Joseph, Ph.D. serve as major advisers in the BE+H concentration. 

    The primary aim of the Built Environment and Health concentration area is to generate new knowledge and theories that demonstrate how human health and well-being may be improved through design. As such, this concentration area builds upon an evidence-based design philosophy where innovative architectural designs are measured using various performance metrics in an effort to produce a knowledge base that can be used to inform future design interventions. Through a specialized interdisciplinary curriculum, students will be prepared for a professional career in research, teaching, and other specialized fields that may advance theoretical, methodological and practical knowledge related to design for health.

    • Healthy Communities
    • Aging in Place
    • Sustainable Community Design
    • History and Theory

    Contact:

    Dr. Dina Battisto, Associate Professor of Architecture, dbattis@clemson.edu 
    Dr. Anjali Joseph, Associate Professor of Architecture, anjalij@clemson.edu

  • Faculty

    faculty_david-allison_headshot.jpgDavid Allison, FAIA, FACHA, NCARB

    Position
    Alumni Distinguished Professor
    Director of Graduate Studies in Architecture + Health
    School of Architecture, Clemson University
    Faculty Fellow, Clemson University School of Health Research

    Contact
    Email: adavid@clemson.edu

    Bio                                                                                                                               
    David Allison FAIA, FACHA is an Alumni Distinguished Professor and has served as the Director of Graduate Studies in Architecture + Health [A+H] at Clemson University since 1990. His teaching, research and scholarship involve the study of relationships between health, healthcare and the built environment. The A+H program at Clemson is nationally recognized for its focused curriculum and emphasis on design excellence within the discipline of healthcare architecture. It is committed to the integration of innovative design with academic scholarship and research in healthcare environments and healthy community planning and design, and it has won numerous national and international program and student awards for its work under Professor Allison’s direction. 

    Professor Allison is also a Licensed Architect in South and North Carolina as well as a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. He is also a board certified, founding member and Fellow of the American College of Healthcare Architects [ACHA], currently serves on the ACHA Board of Regents, and received its Lifetime Achievement Award in 2019. He is the founder of the Architecture for Health Educators Summit held annually as part of the joint AIA/AAH and ACHA Summer Leadership Summit. He is also a cofounder of an annual AIA Academy of Architecture for Health South Atlantic Regional Conference. He was selected in 2007 as one of “Twenty Making a Difference” nationally by Healthcare Design Magazine and identified again in 2009, 2010 and 2012 by a national poll conducted by the magazine as “one of the most influential people in healthcare design.” Design Intelligence Magazine named him one of the nation's 30 Most Admired Design Educators in 2013-14 and again in 2019. He was also recently recognized as the Center for Health Design 2019 Changemaker. 

     

    Anjali Joseph, Ph.D, EDAC

    B.Arch, School of Planning and Architecture, India; M.Arch, Kansas State University; Ph.D Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology

    Position
    Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System Endowed Chair in Architecture+Health Design,   
    Director, Center for Health Facilities Design and Testing,
    Professor, School of Architecture,
    Assoc. Professor, Department of Public Health Sciences,
    Clemson University.               
    Faculty Fellow, Clemson University School of Health Research
    Contact
    Office: 2-141 Lee Hall
    Email:  anjalij@clemson.edu 
     
    Bio
    Anjali Joseph, Ph.D., EDAC is the Spartanburg Regional Health System Endowed Chair in Architecture + Health Design and Director of the Center for Health Facilities Design and Testing at Clemson University. Dr. Anjali Joseph is focused on using simulation and prototyping methods to research and test effectiveness of promising design solutions that may impact patient safety in high stress healthcare environments. She has focused her research on multidisciplinary approaches to improving patient safety in healthcare through the development of tools and built environment solutions. She is also interested in understanding the role of the built environment in improving population health outcomes. She is currently leading a multidisciplinary AHRQ funded project to develop a learning lab focused on improving patient safety in the operating room. She led the research activities at The Center for Health Design before joining Clemson. Here, she served as principal investigator on several grants from different organizations such as Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Green Building Council and the Kresge Foundation. Anjali’s work has been published in many academic journals and magazines. She frequently peer reviews articles for journals. She currently serves on an independent review panel on military medical construction standards for the Defense Health Agency. Anjali obtained her Ph.D. with a focus on Architecture, Culture and Behavior from the Georgia Institute of Technology, master's degree in Architecture from Kansas State University and bachelor’s degree in Architecture from the School of Planning and Architecture in New Delhi, India.

     

    Dina Battisto, Ph.D

    faculty_dina-battisto_headshot.jpg

    B.Arch, University of Tennessee - Knoxville; MArch, Clemson University; Ph.D, University of Michigan

    Position
    Associate Professor in Architecture + Health
    School of Architecture, Clemson University
    Contact
    Office: 2-165 Lee Hall
    Email:  dbattis@clemson.edu
     
    Bio
    Dina Battisto is Associate Professor in the School of Architecture and also leads the Built Environment and Health Concentration in the interdisciplinary Planning, Design and Built Environment Ph.D. Program in the College of Architecture, Arts and Humanities. She earned a B.Arch from the University of Tennessee, a M.Arch from Clemson University, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Michigan. Her primary research areas include healthcare facility design, facility performance evaluations, sustainable design and aging in place. Since 2005, Dr. Battisto has been awarded as principal investigator over $1 million dollars of externally sponsored research. She is highly recruited for national and international conferences, actively publishes in scholarly journals and has won multiple national healthcare design awards. Dr. Battisto also serves as the Chair of the AIA’s Academy of Architecture for Health Foundation Grants Committee. In 2008, she was peer-nominated and selected by HEALTHCARE DESIGN Magazine as one of the top twenty in the nation advancing the future of healthcare design.

     

    Byron Edwards, AIA, ACHAfaculty_byron-edwards_headshot.jpg

    B.S. Pre-Architecture and M.Arch, Clemson University

    Position
    Professor of Practice in Architecture + HealthSchool of Architecture, Clemson UniversityFaculty Fellow, Clemson University School of Health Research
    Contact
    Office: 2-143 Lee
    Email:  byrone@clemson.edu
     
    Bio
    Byron Edwards, AIA, ACHA, EDAC, LEED AP is a Professor of Practice in Clemson University’s School of Architecture’s Architecture + Health Graduate Studio. He is a 1980 alumni of Clemson University’s Healthcare Planning and Design Graduate Studio, and he has over 35 years of experience in Healthcare Facilities Planning and Design. Byron’s passion for mentoring and teaching the Research-Based Design Process began as a student at Clemson and has always been a driving force in his Professional career, as well as Academic engagements over the years.


    Byron is one of the few certified Healthcare Architects in the State of South Carolina, and he is actively involved in a number of committees for the American Institute of Architect’s Academy of Architecture for Health (AIA/AHA), including the South Atlantic Regional Healthcare Chautauqua and the Research Initiatives Committee and the Codes Committee. He is active with the Center for Health Design (CHD) as an Affiliate Member and through his involvement with the Knowledge Repository as a reviewer and critic. He is also involved with the American College of Healthcare Architects (ACHA), where he continues to assist the Exam Committee for which he was a committee member for over 4 years.


    In keeping with his interest in both sustainability and research-based practice, Byron is a LEED Accredited Professional and a Certified Evidence-Based Design Professional (EDAC). He is also Owner and Principal of BE THREE LLC, an Architectural Design and Consulting Firm in Charleston, SC; where he continues to practice healthcare programming, planning, and design. His contributions to the profession of Architecture have been recognized with a number of honors and awards, including numerous AIA design awards, some of those were for projects in Charleston, SC and MUSC. He has practiced Research-Based Design (or Evidence-Based Design) throughout his career and recently was awarded an NCARB Grant as a co-investigator for “Defining Best Practices in Ambulatory Care Design for the Medically Underserved Populations: an Integrated and Collaborative Knowledge Research Informed Learning-Practice Model”.

     

    Soheyla Mohammadigorji, Ph.D

    soheyla.jpg

    Position
    Research Assistant Professor
    Contact
    Email:  soheylm@clemson.edu
     
    Bio
    Soheyla Mohammadigorji, Ph.D. is a Research Assistant Professor with the Center for Health Facilities Design and Testing at Clemson University. She received her Bachelor’s in Industrial Design from the University of Tehran, her first Master’s in Industrial Design from Amir Kabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), and her second Master’s from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Soheyla received her Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 2021, majoring in Design, Construction, and Planning, with a concentration in Interior Design. Her research focuses on the role of design in preventing or moderating the risk of aggression by patients or their companions against healthcare providers in emergency department (ED) settings. Soheyla has specifically explored the feasibility of using space syntax analysis as a tool for identifying risks of aggression and opportunities to intervene.

     

    Deborah Wingler, Ph.D

    deborah-wingler.jpg

    Position
    Adjunct Faculty
    Contact
    Email:  dwingle@clemson.edu
     
    Bio
    Deborah Wingler graduated with a Doctorate in Planning, Design and the Built Environment with a focus in Architecture + Health in the spring of 2019. Deborah’s research focuses on improving the patient and staff experience within the ambulatory care environment. Her research utilizes real-time data collection techniques to elicit insight into user physiological, psychological and neural responses to high stress healthcare environments. Her research interests also include bringing high-quality care to vulnerable populations and medically underserved communities within the United States and internationally. In her current role, she contributes to multiple large grant funded projects, working with multidisciplinary teams to develop and test built environment solutions for improving patient safety, user experience and operational efficiencies. As President of Healing Design Integration, LLC, Deborah has focused on the integration of research into the design process at varying scales, from the development of emerging models of care through multi-year capital projects to product development for healthcare market segments of global companies and the development of tools to support evidence –based design decisions. Her work is published in multiple peer reviewed journals and industry publications. She is well known as a patient and family advocate for healthcare design, and also serves as a reviewer for peer-reviewed journals and industry competitions. She currently serves as a member of The Center for Health Design’s Research Coalition. Deborah obtained her Ph.D. from the Architecture + Health concentration of the Planning Design and the Built Environment program at Clemson University. She holds a Master of Science and Design in Healthcare and Healing Environments from Arizona State University Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts, and a B.S. in Chemistry from Northern Arizona University.
     
  • Facilities

    The Studio

    The studio space of the Architecture + Health program is located in 104 Lee hall. The studio was renovated in the Fall of 2010, bringing a healthy and modern space to both students and faculty. New features from the renovation include operable windows, access to the exterior balcony, comfortable lighting, new workstations/computers, a simple kitchen, and an advanced media center. Keeping with our ethos of healthy and creative collaboration, the studio of the MA students is adjacent to the MS/P.h.D students and the research lab.

    Check out more images of our studio on our Floor Plan.

  • A+H Summer Study Abroad

    Join Clemson University’s Architecture + Healthcare program for a 3 week summer abroad trip where students will visit historical and contemporary examples of healthcare architecture. Participants must be at least 21 years old with junior or senior undergraduate standing or graduate students. Available for 4 credit hours at undergraduate or graduate level.

    Visit our Architecture + Health Study Abroad page for more information and to apply!

  • The Center for Health Facilities Design and Testing
    The Center for Health Facilities Design and Testing (CHFD+T) is one of the 55 South Carolina Centers of Economic Excellence (SC CoEE). This Center, based out of Clemson University’s School of Architecture, is an integral part of the Architecture + Health Program. The Center's work is multidisciplinary and projects often include architects, researchers, human factors engineers, and clinicians on the team. CHFD+T researchers focus on high-risk, high-impact clinical areas such as the operating room, the patient room, and the intensive care unit. The projects typically follow an iterative cycle of problem analysis, design and development, implementation, and testing. The goal is to develop human-centered built environment solutions using a systems framework that integrates the built environment, the people in healthcare, technology, tools, and processes. CHFD+T researchers work closely with the students and faculty in the M. Arch. program in Architecture + Health to create evidence-based built environment solutions that bring about change in the healthcare design industry.

Contact

David Allison

David Allison, FAIA, FACHA, NCARB

Email: adavid@clemson.edu | Phone: 864-656-3897

About David Allison
David Allison
School of Architecture
School of Architecture | Lee Hall 3-130, Clemson, South Carolina 29634