Skip to content

College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences

Faculty and Staff Profile

Jeffrey Hallo

Professor and Graduate Coordinator

Office: 280B Lehotsky Hall

Phone: 864-656-3237


Vita: View

Educational Background

Ph.D. Natural Resources
University of Vermont 2007

M.S. Technical (Project) Management
Johns Hopkins University 2001

B.S. Wildlife/Fisheries Biology and Chemistry
Frostburg State University 1998

Courses Taught

Research Methods (undergraduate, online and traditional delivery)
Advanced Recreation Resource Management (undergraduate, traditional delivery)
Creative Inquiry (undergraduate research experiences)
Research Methods in Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management (graduate, traditional and online delivery)
Human Dimension of Outdoor Recreation and Public Land Visitation (graduate; traditional, hybrid, and online delivery, international – Kenya; contract courses for the U.S. National Park Service and Delaware State Parks)
Grants and Alternative Financing for Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management (graduate, traditional delivery)
Departmental honors course series - field research, research methods, and project presentation (undergraduate as a part of the PRTM Departmental Honors Program)


Jeffrey Hallo, Ph.D. is the Interim Department Chair and a Professor in Clemson University’s Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management. His research and teaching are focused on understanding, planning for, and managing visitor use in parks, forests, and other protected areas. He has authored or coauthored over 70 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles, books, or book chapters on these topics. In 2011 he taught a course on visitor/tourist management at the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. In 2012, Jeff received an award for Excellence in Research from Clemson University, and in 2013 he was listed as an “Up and Coming Recreation Researcher” by the National Recreation and Park Association. He was an interviewed expert for news articles appearing in The Washington Post, National Geographic, Delta Sky Magazine, and WalletHub. In 2016, Jeff released his first children’s book titled Rosy Ralph Visits His National Parks. In 2017 and 2018 he received university awards for his graduate student mentoring and for his scholarship in scientific journals.


Jeff has an expertise in parks and in large project administration, having both a M.S. in Technical/Project Management and having led or co-led numerous applied projects. His work has specifically focused on empirical studies of visitor use management; park visitors/tourists; potential park visitors/tourists and stakeholders; natural, historical, and culturally-based recreation; carrying capacity studies; sustainable transportation planning; scenic driving/ORV recreation; and modeling of recreational use patterns. Methods, tools, and concepts used in this research include indicator/threshold-based planning and management frameworks (including the federal Interagency Visitor Use Management Council’s Visitor Use Management Framework), normative approaches, GPS, GIS, automated field cameras, visual simulations, surveys, and qualitative research techniques (e.g., focus groups, interviewing, Photovice, and rigorous qualitative analysis).


Jeff’s completed and ongoing projects have occurred at places such as the Cumberland Island National Seashore, Pinnacles National Park, Cape Cod National Seashore, Acadia National Park, Congaree National Park, the Blue Ridge Parkway, Petra Archeological Park (Jordan), Kenai Fjords National Park, Denali National Park, the USDA Forest Service’s Buck Hall Recreation Area and Sumter National Forest, three Tennessee State Parks, and the Maasai Mara National Reserve (Kenya). Jeff completed a project at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area to conduct visitor and carrying capacity studies to inform one of the first formal Visitor Use Management Plans in the U.S. National Park Service. Also, he led a multi-year, multi-university study at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to help support the implementation of a management strategy to protect an endangered public recreation experience related to a marine mammal of global concern – the polar bear. Many of these projects support formal planning efforts and documents. The overall intent of Jeff’s work is to ensure that we continue to sustainably and appropriately use parks, tourism sites, and protected areas for public enjoyment.


Jeff lives in Central, SC with his wife Lisa and their three young children Cooper, Ashlyn, and Bridger. Jeff greatly enjoys experiencing parks and the natural world with his family.

Research Interests

Park and protected area planning and management
Visitor use management
Carrying capacity
Outdoor recreation
Sustainable transportation and motorized recreation in parks
Visitor and nature-based tourist assessments - distributions, counts, attitudes, needs

Research Publications

(* indicates graduate student advisee at the time of manuscript development)

Munanura, I.*, Backman, K.; Hallo, J., & Powell, R. (in press). The relationship between poverty and forest dependence: An inductive exploration of multiple stakeholder perceptions at Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda. Society and Natural Resources.

Beeco, J. A., Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. (in press). GPS as a method for tracking visitors in natural environments. In J. M. Baas & R. Burns (Eds.), Best Practices in Recreation Resource Planning: A Resource Guide for Planners: Chapter 6. Using GIS Applications. State College, PA: Venture Publishing.

Miller, Z. D.*, Quigley, C. F., Hallo, J, Dogbey, J., Che, M., & Seno, S. (in press). Investigating wildlife and grazing perspectives of Kenyan university students. Journal for Nature Conservation.

Hughes, M. D.*, Hallo, J. C., & Norman, W. C. (in press). Re-conceptualizing recreation-based social worlds: Examining the core characteristics of social worlds. Leisure/Loisir

Alazaizeh, M.*, Hallo, J., Backman, S., Norman, W., & Vogel, M. (2016). Value orientations and heritage tourism management at Petra Archaeological Park, Jordan. Tourism Management, 57, 149–158.

Alazaizeh, M., Hallo, J., Backman, S., Norman, W., & Vogel, M. (2015). Crowding standards at Petra Archaeological Park: A comparative study of McKercher’s five types of heritage tourists. Journal of Heritage Tourism, DOI: 10.1080/1743873X.2015.1113977

Manning, R., E., Rovelstad, C. Moore, J. Hallo, and B. Smith*. (2015). Indicators and standards of quality for viewing the night sky in the national parks. Park Science 32(2).

Manning, R., Monz, C., Hallo, J., Lawson, S., and Newman, P. (2015) From conventional to sustainable transportation management in national parks. In F. Orsi (Ed.), Sustainable transportation in natural and protected areas (pp. 215-227). New York, NY: Routledge.

Skibins, J. C.*, Powell, R. B., & Hallo, J. C. (in press). Lucky 13: Conservation implications of broadening ‘Big 5’ flagship species recognition in East Africa. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Huang, W.-J., Beeco, J. A., Hallo, J. C., Norman, W. C. (in press). Bundling attractions for rural tourism development. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Quigley, C. F., Dogbey, J., Che, S. M., & Hallo, J. (2015). Shared understandings: environmental perspectives of Kenyan community members and teachers. Environmental Education Research, 21(7), 1079-1104.

Munanura, I.*, Backman, K.; Moore, D., Hallo, J., Powell, R. (2014). Household poverty dimensions influencing forest dependence at Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. An application of the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. Natural Resources, 5, 1031-1047.

Brownlee, M. T. J.*, Hallo, J. C., Jodice, L. W., Moore, D. D., Powell, R. B., & Wright, B. A. (2014). Place attachment and marine recreationists’ attitudes towards offshore wind energy development. Journal of Leisure Research, 47(2), 263-284.

Quigley, C. F., Miller, Z. D.*, Dogbey, J., Che, M., & Hallo, J. (2014). No one should destroy the forest: Using photo-based vignette interviews to understand Kenyan teachers’ views of the environment. International Journal of Science Education, 36, 2937-2957.

Manning, R., Lawson, S., Newman, P., Hallo, J., & Monz, C. (Eds.). (2014). Sustainable transportation in the national parks: From Acadia to Zion. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Hughes, M. D.*, Hallo, J. C., & Norman, W. C. (2014). Diversifying rural economies with natural resources: The difference between local and regional OHV trail destinations. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 9(2), 149-167.

Beeco, J. A.*, & Hallo, J. C. (2014). GPS tracking of visitor use: Factors influencing visitor spatial behavior on a complex trail system. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 32(2), 43–61.

Beeco, J. A.*, Hallo, J. C., & Brownlee, M. T. J. (2014). GPS visitor tracking and recreation suitability mapping: Tools for understanding and managing visitor use patterns. Landscape and Urban Planning 127, 136–145.

Miller, Z. D.*, Hallo, J. C., Sharp, J. L., Powell, R. B., & Lanham, D. J. (2014). Birding by ear: A study of recreational specialization and soundscape preference. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 19(6), 498-511.

Huang, W.-J., Norman, W. C., Hallo, J. C., McGehee, N. G., McGee, J., Goetcheus, C. L. (2014). Serendipity and independent travel. Tourism Recreation Research, 39(2), 169–183

Quigley, C. F, Dogbey, J., Che, M. & J., Hallo. (2014) Investigating Local Sustainable Environmental Perspectives of Kenyan Community Members and Teachers. Cultural Studies in Science Education. DOI: 10.1007/s11422-014-9584-1

Dogbey, J., Quigley, C. F., Che, M., & Hallo, J. (2014). Using smartphone technology in environmental sustainability education: The case of the Maasai Mara Region in Kenya. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 6(1), 1-16.

Brownlee, M. T. J.*, Hallo, J. C., Moore, D. D., Powell, R. B., & Wright, B. A. (2014). Attitudes toward water conservation: The influence of site-specific factors and beliefs in climate change. Society & Natural Resources, 27, 964-982.

Manning, R., Valliere, W., & Hallo, J. C. (2014). Busing through the wilderness: Managing the “near-wilderness” experience at Denali. Alaska Park Science, 13, 59-65.

Quigley, C. F, Dogbey, J., Che, M., Hallo, J., & Womac, P. (2014). Through their lens: The potential of photovoice for understanding environmental perspectives among Kenyan teachers. The Qualitative Report, 19(9), 1-23.

Schmalz, D. L., Hallo, J. C., Griffin, S. F., Kusch, M., & Arce, M. (2013). Development of a Healthy Parks Healthy People Strategic Action Plan for Hot Springs National Park. Park Science, 30(2), 37–43.

Brownlee, M. T. J.*, Hallo, J. C., Wright, B. A., Moore, D. D., & Powell, R. B. (2013). Visiting a climate-influenced national park: The stability of climate change perceptions. Environmental Management, 52(5), 1132-1148.

Beeco, J. A.*, Hallo, J. C., English, W., & Giumetti, G. W. (2013). The importance of spatial nested data in understanding the relationship between visitor use and landscape impacts. Applied Geography, 45, 147-157.

Brownlee, M. T. J.*, & Hallo, J. C. (2013). Motivations to visit designated wilderness at Cumberland Island National Seashore. International Journal of Wilderness, 13, 34-40.

Skibins, J. C.*, Powell, R. B., & Hallo, J. C. (2013). Charisma and conservation: Charismatic megafauna’s influence on safari and zoo tourists’ pro-conservation behaviors. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22, 959–982.

Smith, B. L.*, & Hallo, J. C. (2013). A system-wide assessment of night resources and night recreation in the U.S. national parks: A case for expanded definitions. Park Science, 29(2), 54-59.

Eagles, P., & Hallo, J. (2013). Parks and protected areas in Canada and the United States. In Human Kinetics, Introduction to recreation and leisure (pp. 93-126). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics.

McGehee, N. G., Boley, B. B., Hallo, J.C., McGee, J. A., Norman, W. C., Goetcheus, C. & Oh, C.-O. (2013). Doing sustainability: An application of an inter-disciplinary, mixed-method, and multi-university approach. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21, 355-375.

Brownlee, M. T. J.*, Powell, R. B., & Hallo, J. C. (2013). A review of the foundational processes that influence beliefs in climate change: Opportunities for environmental education research. Environmental Education Research, 19, 1-20.

Brownlee, M.*, Hallo, J., & Krohn, B. (2013). Park visitors’ perceptions of climate change: Awareness, concern, and behavioral responses. Managing Leisure, 18, 1-21.

Hallo, J. C., Beeco, J. A.*, Goetcheus, C. A., McGee. J., McGehee, N. G., & Norman, W. C. (2012). GPS as a method for assessing spatial and temporal use distributions of nature-based tourists. Journal of Travel Research, 51(5) 591-606.

Beeco, J. A.*, Huang, W-J.*, Hallo, J. C., Norman, W. C., McGehee, N. G., McGee, J., Goetcheus, C. (2012). GPS tracking of travel routes of wanders and planners. Tourism Geographies, 15(3), 551-573.

McKay, A. D.*, Brownlee, M. T. J.*, & Hallo, J. C. (2012). Changes in visitors’ environmental focus during an appreciative recreation experience. Journal of Leisure Research, 44(2), 179-200.

Skibins, J. C.*, Hallo, J. C., Sharp, J. L., & Manning, R. E. (2012). Quantifying the role of viewing the Denali ‘Big 5’ in visitor satisfaction and awareness: Conservation implications for flagship recognition and resource management. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 17(2), 112–128.

Brownlee, M.*, & Hallo, J. (2012). Climate change segmentation groups at Kenai Fjords National Park: Insight into visitors’ perceptions. Alaska Park Science, 10(2), 19-21.

Beeco, J. A.*, Hallo, J.C., Baldwin E. D., & McGuire, F. A. (2011). An examination of the guided night hiking experience in parks and protected areas. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 29(4), 72-88.

Manning, R., Valliere, W., Anderson, L, Stanfield McCown, R., Pettengill, P., Reigner, N., Lawson, S., Newman, P., Budruk, M., Laven, D., Hallo, J., Park, L., Bacon, J., Abbe, D., van Riper, C., Goonan, K. (2011). Defining, measuring, monitoring, and managing the sustainability of parks for outdoor recreation. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 29(3), 24-37.

Beeco, J. A.*, Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2011). GPS as a method for tracking visitors to natural environments. Best Practices in Recreation Resource Planning: A Resource Guide for Planners. Retrievable at

Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2010). On the edge, peering in: Defining and managing the near-Wilderness Experience on the Denali Park Road. International Journal of Wilderness, 16(3), 28-34.

Manning, R. E., & Hallo, J. C. (2010). The Denali Park Road experience: Indicators and standards of quality. Park Science, 27(2), 33-41.

Manning, R., Valliere, W., & Hallo, J. (2010). Recreational carrying capacity of Lake Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 1, 175-182.

Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2010). Managing park roads and scenic driving using indicators and standards-based frameworks. In B. Prideaux & D. Carson (Eds.), Drive Tourism – Trends and Emerging Markets. Oxon, UK: Routledge.

Holly, F. M.*, Hallo, J. C., Baldwin, E. D., & Mainella, F. P. (2010). Incentives and disincentives for day visitors to park and ride public transportation at Acadia National Park. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 28(2), 74-93.

Anderson, L. E., Manning, R. E., Valliere, W. A., & Hallo, J. C. (2010). Normative standards for wildlife viewing in parks and protected areas. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 15(1), 1–15.

Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2010). Analysis of the social carrying capacity of a national park scenic road. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 4, 74–95.

Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2009). Transportation and recreation: A case study of visitors driving for pleasure at Acadia National Park. Journal of Transport Geography, 17, 491–499.

Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2009). Understanding and managing the off-road vehicle experience: Standards of quality. Managing Leisure, 14(4), 269–285.

Hallo, J. C., Manning, R. E., & Stokowski, P. A. (2009). Understanding and managing the off-road vehicle experience: Indicators of quality. Managing Leisure, 14(3), 195–209.

Lawson, S. R., Hallo, J. C., & Manning, R. E. (2008). Measuring, monitoring and managing visitor use in parks and protected areas using computer-based simulation modeling. In R. Gimblett & H. Skov-Petersen (Eds.), Monitoring, simulation and management of visitor landscapes (pp. 175-188). Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.

College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences
College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences | 116 Edwards Hall