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Faculty and Staff Profile

Thomas Britt

Professor


Office: 410G
Phone: 864-656-4979
Fax: 864-656-0358
Email: TWBRITT@clemson.edu
Personal Website: http://people.clemson.edu/~twbritt/
 

 Educational Background

Ph.D. Social Psychology
University of Florida 1994

M.A. General Psychology
Wake Forest University 1990

B.A. General Psychology
College of William and Mary 1988

 Courses Taught

Introduction to Psychology
Social Psychology
Advanced Experimental Psychology
Organizational Psychology
Organizational Stress

 Profile

Dr. Thomas Britt is a Trevillian Distinguished Professor of Psychology at Clemson University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1994 before entering active duty as a research psychologist in the U.S. Army. He was stationed at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)-Heidelberg, Germany Unit from 1994 to 1997, and then at the WRAIR in Forest Glenn, Maryland, from 1997 to 1999. He left active duty in 1999 (he received an honorable discharge as a Major) and spent a year at King College before moving to Clemson University in 2000, where he was promoted to Full Professor in 2007. He has published over 70 empirical articles and multiple book chapters, and has been an editor for two books and a 4-volume series in the area of Military Psychology. He is also the author of two published books in the fields of organizational psychology and thriving under stress. His articles have been published in leading journals such as the Psychological Review, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Personality, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, and Harvard Business Review. His current research programs investigate how stigma and other barriers to care influence employees in high stress occupations seeking needed mental health treatment, and the identification of factors that promote resilience among employees in high stress occupations. His research has been funded by multiple grants and contracts from the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community.

 Research Interests

Determinants of Employee Resilience and Thriving:

Employees in high risk occupations (e.g. military personnel, police officers, firefighters, first responders, intelligence analysts) encounter traumatic events that have the potential to severely affect their health and performance. Our research addresses factors that enhance the resilience of personnel in high stress environments, as well as factors that contribute to employees thriving at work. These factors include high quality leadership, performing meaningful work, morale, and a sense of optimism and hope that a mission is succeeding. Our ultimate goal is to design organizational interventions that will enhance the resilience of personnel by equipping them to better cope with different types of work demands and by encouraging a consideration of the significance and meaning of their work.

Mental Health Treatment Seeking Among Employees in High Stress Occupations:

Employees in high stress occupations (e.g. military personnel, police officers, firefighters, war reporters) develop mental health problems as a result of their work, but often fail to get treatment for these problems. Our research examines the determinants of treatment seeking among employees in high stress occupations, including perceived stigma from leaders and co-workers, personal stigma associated with a failure to demonstrate expected resilience, beliefs about mental health treatment and medication, and the unit climate associated with treatment seeking. We have recently developed a more comprehensive taxonomy of the factors influencing an individual’s decision to seek mental health treatment. We have examined the determinants of treatment seeking among military personnel for a number of years. The problem of stigma is especially salient for combat Soldiers who are trained to "suck it up" and take care of problems themselves without resorting to professional help. We recently conducted a longitudinal study examining nine different determinants of treatment seeking, and found the strongest predictor of future treatment seeking was whether Soldiers scored lower on a measure of self-reliance, indicating those personnel who preferred to handle problems themselves were less likely to get treatment. Our undergraduate research team has also conducted studies on the stigma of seeking treatment for psychological problems among college students, and we have replicated some of the key findings that we obtained with soldiers. In 2010 we were awarded a 4-year, 1.3 million dollar grant from the Department of Defense to study the multiple reasons soldiers do not seek mental health treatment following combat, and to design unit training for improving the climate associated with Soldiers getting mental health treatment. We recently developed and tested the effectiveness of the unit training. Soldiers receiving the training reported engaging in more supportive behaviors towards unit members experiencing mental health problems three months later.

 Research Publications

Empirical Articles (since 2008):

Britt, T.W., Jennings, K.S., Cheung, J.H., Pury, C.L.S., Zinzow, H.M., Raymond, M., & McFadden, A.C. (in press). Determinants of mental health treatment seeking among soldiers who recognize their problem: Implications for high risk occupations. Work & Stress.

Britt, T. W., Crane, M., Hodson, S. E., & Adler, A. B. (2016). Effective and ineffective coping strategies in a low-autonomy work environment. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 21, 154-168.

Britt, T.W., Herleman, H.A., Odle-Dusseau, H.N., Moore, D., Castro, C.A., & Hoge, C.W. (2016, April 7). How the potential benefits of active combat events may partially offset their costs. International Journal of Stress Management. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/str0000026

Britt, T.W., Shen, W., Sinclair, R.R., Grossman, M., & Klieger, D. (2016). How much do we really know about employee resilience? Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 9, 378-304.

Cheung, J.H., Britt, T.W., Raymond, M.A., Pury, C.L., & Zinzow, H.M. (2016). Soldier recommendations for improving mental health treatment seeking in the military. Military Behavioral Health. 4:2, 100-107, DOI:10.1080/21635781.2016.1153540

Gillispie, S.K., Britt, T.W., Burnette, C.M., & McFadden, A.C. (2016). Employee mental health treatment seeking: Perceptions of responsibility and resilience. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 31, 1-18.

Goguen, K., Britt, T.W., Jennings, K., Sytine, A., Jeffirs, S., Peasley, P., Zaremba, B., & Palmer, J. (2016). Implicit and explicit attitudes toward mental health treatment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 35, 45-63.

Jennings, K.S., Zinzow, H.M., Britt, T.W., Pury, C.S., & Cheung, J.H. (2016). Correlates and reasons for mental health treatment dropout among active duty soldiers. Psychological Services. http://psycnet.apa.org.libproxy.clemson.edu/doi/10.1037/ser0000082.

Adler, A.B., Britt, T.W, Kim, P.Y., Riviere, L.A., & Thomas, J.L. (2015). Longitudinal determinants of mental health treatment seeking for U.S. soldiers. British Journal of Psychiatry, 207(4), 346-350.

Britt, T.W., Ranes, B., Kelley, A.M., & Trayhnam, S. (2015). Soldier beliefs about the readiness of military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury. Military Behavioral Health, 3, 138-144.

Britt, T.W., Jennings, K.S., Cheung, J.H., Pury, C.L.S., & Zinzow, H.M. (2015). The role of different stigma perceptions in treatment seeking and dropout among active duty military personnel. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal (Special Issue: Self-Stigma and Mental Illness), 38, 142-149.

Hawkins, B. L., McGuire, F.A., Britt, T.W., & Linder, S.M. (2015). Identifying the contextual influences of community reintegration among injured service members. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 52, 235-246.

Hawkins, B. L., McGuire, F.A., Linder, S.M., & Britt, T.W., (2015). Understanding the contextual influences of community reintegration among injured service members. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 52, 527-542.

Jennings, K.S., Cheung, J.H., Britt, T.W., Goguen, K., Jeffirs, S., Peasley, A., & Lee, A. (2015). How are perceived stigma, self-stigma, and self-reliance related to treatment seeking? Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal (Special Issue: Self-Stigma and Mental Illness), 38, 109-116.

Zinzow, H. M., Britt, T. W., Pury, C. S., Jennings, K., Cheung, J. H., & Raymond, M. A. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of mental health treatment‐seeking in U.S. Active duty soldiers with sexual assault histories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 289-297.

Kelley, C.L., Britt, T.W., Adler, A.B., & Bliese, P.D. (2014). Perceived Organizational Support, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, and stigma in soldiers returning from combat. Psychological Services, 11, 229-234.

Pury, C.L.S., Britt, T.W., Zinzow, H. Raymond, M.A. (2014). Blended courage: Moral and psychological courage elements in mental health treatment seeking by active duty military personnel. Journal of Positive Psychology, 9, 30-41.

Wright, K.W., Britt, T.W., & Moore, D. (2014). Impediments to mental health treatment as predictors of mental health symptoms following combat. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27, 535-541.

Britt, T.W., Adler, A.B., Bliese, P.D., & Moore, D. (2013). Morale as a moderator of the combat exposure-PTSD symptom relationship. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 94-101.

Odle-Dusseau, H.N., Herleman, H.A., Britt, T.W., Moore, D.M., Castro, C.A., & McGurk, D. (2013). Family-supportive work environments and psychological Strain: A longitudinal test of two theories. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18, 27-36.

Zinzow, H., Britt, T., Pury, C., Raymond, M.A., McFadden, A., & Burnette, C. (2013). Barriers and facilitators of mental health treatment-seeking among active duty Army personnel. Military Psychology, 25, 514-535.

Ben-Zeev, D., Corrigan, P.W., Britt, T.W., & Langford, L. (2012). Stigma of mental illness and service use in the military. Journal of Mental Health, 21, 264-273.

Britt, T. W., McKibben, E. S., Greene-Shortridge, T. M., Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Herleman, H. A. (2012). Self-engagement moderates the mediated relationship between organizational constraints and organizational citizenship behaviors via rated leadership. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42, 1830-1846.

Britt, T.W., Wright, K.M., & Moore, D. (2012). Leadership as a predictor of stigma and practical barriers toward receiving mental health treatment: A multilevel approach. Psychological Services, 9, 26-37.

Odle-Dusseau, H.N., Britt, T.W., Bobko, P. (2012). Work-family balance, well-being, and organizational outcomes: Investigating actual versus desired work/family time discrepancies. Journal of Business and Psychology, 27, 331-343.

Odle-Dusseau, H.N., Britt, T.W., & Greene-Shortridge, T.M. (2012). Organizational work-family policies as resources as predictors of job performance and attitudes: The process of work-family conflict and enrichment. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 17, 28-40.

Wood, M.D., Britt, T.W., Wright, K.M., Thomas, J.L., & Bliese, P.D. (2012). Benefit finding at war: A matter of time. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25, 307-314.

Wood, M.D., Foran, H.M., Britt, T.W., & Wright, K.M. (2012). The impact of benefit-finding and leadership on combat-related PTSD symptoms. Military Psychology, 24, 529-541.

Zinzow, H., Britt, T.W., McFadden, A., Burnette, C., Gillespie, S. (2012). Connecting active duty and returning veterans to mental health treatment: Interventions and treatment adaptations that may reduce barriers to care. Clinical Psychology Review, 32, 741-753.

Adler, A.B., Britt, T.W., Castro, C.A., McGurk, D., & Bliese, P.D. (2011). The impact of transition from combat to home on well-being. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24, 381-389.

Bennett, E., Crabtree, M., Schaffer, M., & Britt, T.W. (2011). Mental health status and perceived barriers to seeking treatment in rural Reserve Component veterans. Journal of Rural Social Sciences, 26, 74-100.

Britt, T.W., Bennett, E.A., Crabtree, M., Haugh, C., Oliver, K., & McFadden, A. (2011). The Theory of Planned Behavior and Reserve Component veteran treatment seeking. Military Psychology,23, 82-96.

Britt, T.W., Pusilo, C., McKibben, E.S., Kelley, C., Baker, A.N., & Nielson, K.A. (2011). Personality and strength-related attitude dimensions: Between and within-person relationships. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 586-596.

Gosnell, C.S., Britt, T.W., & McKibben, E.S. (2011). Self-presentation in everyday life: Effort, closeness, and satisfaction. Self and Identity, 10, 18-31.

Kim, P.Y., Britt, T.W., Klocko, R.B., Riviere, L.A., & Adler, A.B. (2011). Negative attitudes about treatment and utilization of mental health care among soldiers. Military Psychology,23, 65-81.

Thomas, J.T., Britt, T.W., Odle-Dusseau, H.N., & Bliese, P.D. (2011). Dispositional optimism as a two-way buffer for Iraq War veterans’ symptoms and work impairment. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 866-880.

Wood, J.M., Tyrrell, R.A., Marszalek, R., Lacherez, P., Chapparro, A., & Britt, T.W. (2011). Using biological motion to enhance the conspicuity of roadway workers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43, 1036-1041.

Wood, M.D., Britt, T.W., Thomas, J.L., Klocko, R.P., & Bliese, P.D. (2011). Buffering effects of benefit finding in a war environment. Military Psychology, 23, 202-219.

Wright, K.M., Britt, T.W., Adler, A.B., & Bliese, P.D. (2011). Insomnia severity, combat exposure, and mental health outcomes. Stress and Health, 27, 325-333.

Wright, K.M., Britt, T.W., Bliese, P.D., Adler, A.B., Picchioni, D., & Moore, D. (2011). Insomnia as predictor versus outcome of PTSD and depression among Iraq combat veterans. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 1240-1258.

Britt, T.W., McKibben, E.S. Greene-Shortridge, T.M., Beeco, A., Bodine, A. Calcaterra, J., Evers, T., McNab, J., & West, A. (2010). Self engagement as a predictor of performance and emotional reactions to performance outcomes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 237-257.

Scisco, J., Haack, L., & Britt, T.W., & Muth, E. (2010). The effect of parental divorce on discomfort and cardiac activity in response to public displays of affection in college females. The Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 51(4), 221-237.

Britt, T.W., Millard, M. R., Sundareswaran, P.T., & Moore, D. (2009). Personality variables predict strength-related attitude dimensions across objects. Journal of Personality, 77, 859-882.

McKibben, E.S., Britt, T.W., Castro, C.A., & Hoge, C. W. (2009). Receipt and rated adequacy of stress management training are related to PTSD and other outcomes among Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans. Military Psychology, 21, S68-S81.

Britt, T.W., Greene-Shortridge, T.M., Brink, S., Nguyen, Q.B., Rath, J. Cox, A.L., Hoge, C.W., & Castro, C.A. (2008). Perceived stigma and barriers to care for psychological treatment: Implications for reactions to stressors in different contexts. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 27, 317-335.

Herleman, H.A., Britt, T.W., & Hashima, P. (2008). Ibasho and the adjustment, satisfaction, and well-being of expatriate spouses. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 32, 282-299.

Books and Book Chapters (since 2008):

Britt, T.W., & Jex, S.M. (2015). Thriving under stress: Harnessing workplace demands. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

OdIe-Dusseau, H., McFadden, A. C., & Britt, T. W. (2015). Gender, poverty, and the work-family interface. In M. J. Mills (Ed.) , Gender and the work-family experience: An intersection of two domains (pp. 39-55). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

Jex, S.M., & Britt, T.W. (2014). Organizational psychology: A scientist-practitioner approach (3rd Edition). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishers.

Sinclair, R.R., & Britt, T.W. (Eds.)(2013). Building resilience in military personnel: Theory and practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Britt, T.W., Sinclair, R.R., & McFadden, A. (2013). Introduction: The meaning and importance of military resilience. In R.R. Sinclair & T.W. Britt (Eds.), Building resilience in military personnel: Theory and practice (pp. 3-17). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Britt, T.W., & Oliver, K. (2013). Morale and cohesion as contributors to resilience. In R.R. Sinclair & T.W. Britt (Eds.), Building resilience in military personnel: Theory and practice (47-65). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Sinclair, R.R., & Britt, T.W. (2013). Military resilience: Remaining questions and concluding comments. In R.R. Sinclair & T.W. Britt (Eds.), Building resilience in military personnel: Theory and practice (237-251). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Boniecki, K. A., Thomas, A. D., Gowin, K. C., & Britt, T. W. (2012). Prejudice towards people with mental illness: An integrated threat approach. In D. W. Russell (Ed.) The psychology of prejudice: Contemporary issues. Hauppauge, NY: Nova.

Britt, T.W., & McFadden, A. (2012). Understanding mental health treatment seeking in high stress occupations. In J. Houdmont, S. Leka, & R. Sinclair (Eds.), Contemporary occupational health psychology: Global perspectives on research and practice (pp. 57-73). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell Publishers.

Adler, A.B., Zamorski, M., & Britt, T.W. (2011). The psychology of transition: Adapting to home after deployment. In A.B. Adler, P.D. Bliese, & C.A. Castro (Eds.), Deployment psychology: The impact of combat on mental health (pp. 153-174). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Wood, M.D., & Britt, T.W. (2010). Military benefit finding: Turning adversity to advantage. In P.T. Bartone, R.H. Pastel, & M.A. Vaitkus (Eds.), The 71F advantage: Applying Army research psychology for health and performance gains (pp. 247-261). Washington, DC: National Defense University Press.

Jex, S.M., & Britt, T.W. (2008). Organizational psychology: A scientist-practitioner approach (2nd Edition). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishers.

Britt, T. W., & Pury, C. L. S. (2008). Counseling Military Personnel Following Traumatic Events: The Joint Roles of Military Culture and International Transitions. N. Arthur (Ed.) Critical Incidents in Counseling for International Transitions.

Greene-Shortridge, T. M., & Britt, T. W. (2008). Leadership. In S. Lopez (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. Oxford, England: Blackwell Publishing.

 Links

Social and Organizational Psychology Research Team
Google Scholar Profile