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Faculty and Staff Profile

Lauren Duffy

Associate Professor
Undergraduate Coordinator

Office: 294 Lehotsky
Phone: 864-656-1135

 Educational Background

Ph.D. Leisure Behavior
Indiana University Bloonington 2013

M.S. Parks and Recreation Management
University of North Carolina Greensboro 2009

B.S. Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management
North Carolina State University 2006

 Courses Taught

PRTM 2980, 3980, 4980 Creative Inquiry in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management
PRTM 3450 Tourism Management
PRTM 3480 Cultural Immersion: Exploring Intersections of Tourism and Society -- Study Abroad to Cuba
PRTM 3490 Survey of Tourism Sites in the Southeast
PRTM 3990 Honors Seminar
PRTM 4090 Methods in Recreation Research I (Honors)
PRTM 4010 Methods in Recreation Research II (Honors) -- study abroad to Thailand
PRTM 4440 Tour Planning & Operations
PRTM 4460 Community Tourism Development
PRTM 4470 Perspectives in International Travel
PRTM 4990 Honors Research Presentation
PRTM 6460 Community Tourism Development
PRTM 8080 Behavioral Aspects in PRTM
PRTM 8400 Tourism Planning
PRTM 9100 Special Topics: PRTM Writing Mentorship Program

Courses Taught at Other Institutions: Tourism and Commercial Recreation; Ecotourism: Administration and Management; Sustainable Tourism; Research and Evaluation in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management; Data-based Decision-Making; International Tourism; Community-based Tourism Planning [study abroad to Ecuador]


Dr. Duffy has two major research areas that intersect under the umbrella of critical sustainable tourism: 1) tourism planning and development with a particular focus on how power dynamics influence stakeholder participation throughout a planning process, and how power influences the distribution of tourism impacts (i.e., better understanding who benefits from tourism development projects), and 2) critical pedagogy and global learning. Her interest in tourism planning emerged out of her time spent working in rural communities in South and North Carolina where she has assisted with master tourism plans, resident and visitor survey data, community mapping, GIS asset mapping, town hall focus groups, and community visioning exercises, feasibility assessments for small businesses, product development, marketing plans, and linkage development. In the international context, her past and current research program includes working with communities in Chile, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, and Zambia. Her research also explores the impact of cross-cultural exchanges, highlighting the importance of learning from, and with, people across the world. These exchanges, which can be intentionally designed into the classroom, are fundamental in preparing students to collaborate across borders. Dr. Duffy's work has also focused on how to help students to think both critically, and ethically, so that they can engage in the responsibility of addressing the grand social and environmental challenges of our time. Other pedagogical research has related to teaching diversity and social justice, international education, service-learning, collaboration, and transformative learning.

 Research Interests

Gender and tourism
Tourism planning and development
Power, ideology, and tourism
Social and environmental justice and tourism
Sustainable tourism planning and development
Critical pedagogy and critical thinking within travel and tourism

 Research Publications

*Graduate Students
** Undergraduate Students

Duffy, L.N., Stone, G. A., Townsend, J., & Cathey, J. (accepted, 2020). Curriculum internationalization: Virtual exchange as a means to develop global and cultural competencies, critical thinking, and transformative learning? Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education.

*Kleinbort, T., Duffy, L. N., Powell, G., *Stephens, L., *Fogle, E., *Gremlin, J. P., *Kakrabe Coleman, K., *Olsen, L., & Stephens, L. (2020). Writing in the discipline: A writing mentorship program to enhance student writing skills in the leisure field. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education. doi:10.1080/1937156X.2020.1720467

Kim, G., Duffy, L.N., & Moore, D. (2020). Tourist attractiveness: Measuring residents' perception of tourists. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Online First. doi 10.1080/09669582.2019.1708919

Koppa, E. W. & Duffy, L. N. (accepted, 2020). Gender-based violence: A systematic literature review of causes and intersections with tourism. In P. Vaizcaino, H. Jeffrey, & C. Eger, Tourism and Gender-Based Violence: Challenging Inequalities. Boston, MA: CABI.

Kim, G., Jodice, L., Duffy, L.N., & Norman, W. (accepted, 2019). Examining the role of tourism product’ responsibility in a tourist’s behavioral decision-making associated with sustainable marine farming in coastal communities. Journal of Tourism in Marine Environments.

Townsend, J., Stone, G., *Murphy, E. Crowe, B., Hawkins, B., & Duffy, L.N. (accepted, 2019). Examining attitude change following participation in an international adaptive sports training. Therapeutic Recreation Journal.

**Wells, H., Duffy, L. N., **Nance, M., **Fleming, L., Stone, G., Townsend, J., & **Stevenson, S. (2019). Does culture matter?: An exploratory study of culture in the implementation of an adaptive sports program. Therapeutic Recreation Journal 53 (3), 224 – 243,

Duffy, L. N., Larson, L., Fernandez, M., & Powell, G. (2019). Introduction to the Special Issue on Navigating Academic Life (Part 2): Responding to change[Editorial], SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (2), 69 - 70.

Duffy, L. N., Fernandez, M., Larson, L., & Powell, G. (2019). Introduction to the Special Issue on Navigating Academic Life (Part 1): Pathways to Success [Editorial], SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), p. 1 - 2.

Boluk, K., Cavaliere, C. & Duffy, L. N. (2019). Critical Thinking for Sustainable Tourism Pedagogy: A Framework for the Empowerment of the Critical Tourism Citizen. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Doi:10.1080/09669582.2019.1615928

Gray, J., Larson, L., Fernandez, M., Duffy, L. N., Sturts, J., Powell, G. & Roberts, K. (2019). The academic job search: Steps for success. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), 16 - 28.

Fernandez, M., Sturts, J., Duffy, L. N., Larson, L., Gray, J., & Powell, G. (2019). Surviving and thriving in graduate school. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), 3 - 15.

Larson, L., Duffy, L.N., Fernandez, M., Sturts J., Gray, J., & Powell, G. (2019). Getting started on the tenure track: Challenges and strategies for success. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34 (1), 36 - 51.

Schmalz, D. L., *Joyner, L., Duffy, L. N., Bricker, K. S., & Blomquist, K. K. (2019). The cycle of food socialization: leisure as resistance. Annals of Leisure Research, 1-20.

Duffy, L. N., & Kline, C. (Eds.). (2018). Tourism and Cuba: Complexities of Tourism Planning and Development. New York: Routledge.

Kline, C., Duffy, L. N., & Clark, D. (2018). Foster tourism and entrepreneurship in fringe communities: Unpacking stakeholder perceptions towards entrepreneurial climate. Tourism and Hospitality Research. doi: 1467358418781443 [online first]

Duffy, L. N., Pinckney, H.P., Benjamin, S., & Mowatt, R. (2018). A critical discourse analysis of racial violence in South Carolina, U.S.: Implications for traveling while black. Current Issues in Tourism, doi: 10.1080/13683500.2018.1494143. [online first]

*Fogle, E. & Duffy, L. N. (2018). Guiding practices for implementing an eco-certification program: A case study of Ecotourism Australia. e-Review of Tourism Research, 15 (2-3), 136 - 160.

Duffy, L. N. & Kline, C. (2018). Cuba in transition: Complexities, competitiveness and resiliency in tourism [Editorial]. Tourism Planning and Development,15:3, 211-215. DOI: 10.1080/21568316.2018.1440830.

Duffy, L. N., Pinckney, H., Powell, G., Bixler, R., & McGuire, F. (2018). Great theses and dissertations start with an intriguing idea. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 22, 82-87.

*Stone, G., Duffy, L. N., *Holland, H., & Bowers, E. (2018). Youth and the transformative experience of travel: a case study of an international service project. Tourism Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23 (1), 109 – 121.

*Kim, G., Duffy, L. N., Jodice, L & Norman, W. (2017). Increasing interest in value-added, aquaculture-based, culinary tourism products and experiences among coastal tourists: The role of subjective knowledge and attitude. Coastal Management. doi: 10.1080/08920753.2017.1327345

*Stone, G., Duffy, L. N., Pinckney, H., & **Templeton-Bradley, R. (2017). Critical Thinking in the Field of Travel and Tourism: A Case Study Approach using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 1 – 18.

*Stone, G., Duerden, M., Duffy, L. N., Hill, B., & Witesman, E. (2017). Measurement of transformative learning in educational travel: An application of King’s Learning Activities Survey. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education. doi: 10.1016/j.jhlste.2017.05.003

Duffy, L.N. & *Kim, G. (2017). Addressing power: Dispersion of tourism impacts in integrated tourism. In S. Slocum and C. Kline, Linking Urban and Rural Tourism: Strategies in Sustainability. Boston, MA: CABI. (pp. 33 – 48).

Kline, C., Duffy, L.N., & Clark, D. (2017). Resident and tourist perception of people, towns and amenities in fringe settings. In S. Slocum and C. Kline, Linking Urban and Rural Tourism: Strategies in Sustainability. Boston, MA: CABI. (pp. 94 - 114).

Duffy, L. N., Kline, C.S., Swanson, J., Best, M., & McKinnon, H. (2016). An application of community capitals framework to urban organic farming in Cuba. Journal of Ecotourism online first, doi: 10.1080/14724049.2016.1218498. (Special Issue The Future We Want: Effecting Positive Change through Ecotourism)

Powell, G.M., Duffy, L.N, *Stone, G. Pinckney, H.P., Tucker, T. & Cathey, J. (2016). Triple Gain: Practical ideas for maximizing connections between students, faculty, and professionals. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 31 (2) 56-67.

Duffy, L. N., *Stone, G., Chancellor, H.C., Kline, C. S. (2016). Tourism development in the Dominican Republic: An examination of the economic impact to coastal households. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 16 (1), 35 – 49. doi: 10.1177/1467358415613118.

Powell, G, Kuzminykh, Z., Duffy, L. (2016) Critical Thinking in Action: Youth Camp Gives Natural Focus for Choices. Vestnik of Volga State. 1(19)16-22.

Duffy, L. N. & Zablah, F. E. (2016). El Salvador. In H. Xaio & J. Jafari (Eds.) The Encyclopedia of Tourism, London: Springer.

Duffy, L. N., Kline, C., Mowatt, R.A., & Chancellor, H.C. (2015). Women in tourism: Shifting gender ideology in the DR. Annals of Tourism Research, 52, 72-86. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2015.02.017.

*Shakona, M., Backman, K., Backman, S., Norman, W., Luo, Y., & Duffy, L. (2015). Understanding the traveling behavior of Muslims in the United States. International Journal of Culture, Tourism, and Hospitality Research, 9 (1), 22-35.

Cardenas, D. A., Byrd, E.T., & Duffy, L. N. (2015). An exploratory study of stakeholder understanding and sustainable tourism development principles. Tourism and Hospitality Research,15(4), 254 -266, doi doi: 10.1177/1467358415580359

*Stone, G. & Duffy, L.N. (2015). Transformative Learning Theory: A Systematic Review of Travel and Tourism Scholarship. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 15 (3), 204 – 224. DOI: 10.1080/15313220.2015.1059305.

Duffy, L.N. (2015). Demonstration Effect. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishers.

Duffy, L.N. (2015). Educational Tourism. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishers.

Duffy, L.N. (2015). Participatory Action Research. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishers.

Duffy, L.N., Mowatt, R. A., **Fuchs, M., & **Salisbury, M. (2014). Making diversity tangible: Assessing the role of service-learning in teaching diversity and social justice. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 5(2), 54-75.

Duffy, L.N. & Overholt, J.R (2013). Seeking Authenticity: Re-conceptualizing Adventure Tourism. Illuminare: A Student Journal in Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Studies, 11(1), pp. 45-59.

Duffy, L.N., Mowatt, R.A., Chancellor, H.C., & Cardenas, D.A. (2012). Machismo-Marianismo and the involvement of women in a community-based tourism project in Ecuador, South America. Tourism Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17(6), pp. 791-803. DOI: 10.3727/108354212X13531051127384

Kline, C., Cardenas, D., Duffy, L.N., & Swanson, J. (2012). Funding sustainable paddle trail development: paddler perspectives, willingness to pay and management implications. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 20(2), 235-256, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2011.603425.

Duffy, L. N. (2009) Study abroad students' understanding and knowledge of sustainable tourism practices. UMI Dissertation Services (Unpublished master's thesis), University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC.

Byrd, E.T., Duffy, L.N., & Gladwell, N.G. (2008). Ecotourism in Rural America. Encyclopedia of Rural America, 2nd edition (pp 966-1000), Millerton, NY: Gray House Publishing.

 Honors and Awards

2020 The Academy of Leisure Sciences Excellence in Teaching Award
2020 The Academy of Leisure Sciences Innovation in Teaching Award
2019 - 2020 Clemson University TeachingForward Fellow
2018 Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching in CBSHS
2018 Women Academics in Tourism (WAIT) Most Awesome Scholars 2018
2017 Award for Excellence in Innovation, CBSHS for the PRTM Writing Mentorship Program
2015 - 2019 Clemson University Critical Thinking Fellow


Tourism RESET Scholar
Clemson Institute for Parks