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Faculty and Staff Profile

Gregory Cranmer

Assistant Professor

Office: 305B Daniel Hall
Phone: 864-656-1567

 Educational Background

Ph.D. Sport and Organizational Communication
West Virginia University 2015

M.A. Communication Theory and Research
West Virginia University 2012

B.A. Religious Studies
West Virginia University 2011

 Courses Taught

Advanced Sports Communication
Interpersonal and Family Communication & Sport
Sport, Communication, and Society
Survey of Sports Communication
Quantitative Research Methods
Communication Theory
Public Speaking


Dr. Cranmer joined the Department of Communication in the Fall of 2016. He is the 2017 recipient of the Emerging Scholar Award in Communication and Sport from the National Communication Association, the 2017 chair of the Organizational Communication Interest Group for the Eastern Communication Association, 2018 secretary for the Communication & Sport Division for the National Communication Association, and author of the forthcoming book "Athletic coaching: A communication perspective." He has served as an invited reviewer for several peer-reviewed journals, including Communication & Sport, International Review for the Sociology of Sport, International Journal of Sport Psychology, Communication Quarterly, Western Journal of Communication, & Communication Research Reports -- Among others. His campus service activities include serving as an advisor of the Lambda Pi Eta honor society and being a speaker for Vickery Hall's Freshmen Immersion Program. He also conducts professional consulting that is focused on fostering effective communication skills and assisting individuals in adjusting to new social groups and roles. In this capacity, he has worked with Clemson's Paw Journey and the Atlantic Coast Conference.

 Research Interests

Dr. Cranmer's research centers around providing athletes with better and healthier experiences, whether it be by assisting in their adjustment to their sport teams, promoting health behaviors, or fostering positive interactions with coaches. To accomplish this effort, he often utilizes organizational, interpersonal, or instructional frameworks to highlight the uniqueness of the athlete-coach relationship and sport as a context of human development.

 Research Publications

Cranmer, G. A., & Bowman, N. D. (In press). Fight of the century: Parasocial relationships & affective disposition theory. In J. P. Mazer (Ed.), Communication and social media: Case studies in personal and professional relationships. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Cranmer, G. A., Yeargin, R., & Spinda, J. (In press). Life after signing: The recruiting process as a resource of college football players’ socialization. In T. L. Rentner & D. P. Burns (Eds.), Case studies in sport communication: You make the call. New York, NY: Routledge.

Cranmer, G. A., & Linvill, D. (In press). Call it intuition: Moral foundations theory and understanding political and social disagreement in a contentious society. In T. Avtgis, A. Rancer, E., MacGeorge, & C. Liberman (Eds.), Casing communication theory. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.

Cranmer, G. A., Arnson, E., Moore, A., Scott, A., & Peed, J. (2018). High school athletes’ reports of confirmation as a function of starting status and leader-member exchange. Advanced online publication. Communication & Sport.

Cranmer, G. A. (2018). An application of socialization resources theory: Collegiate student-athletes’ team socialization as a function of their social exchanges with coaches and teammates. Communication & Sport, 6, 349-367. doi:10.1177/2167479517714458

Cranmer, G. A., & LaBelle, S. (2018). An application of the disclosure decision-making model to understand high school football players’ disclosures of concussion symptoms. International Journal of Sport Communication, 11, 241-260. doi:10.1123/ijsc.2017-0120

Cranmer, G. A., & Sanderson, J. (2018). “Rough week for testosterone”: Public commentary around the Ivy League’s decision to restrict tackle football in practice. Western Journal of Communication. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/10570314.2018.1441431

Cranmer, G. A., Brann, M., & Weber, K. D. (2018). “Challenge me!”: Using confirmation theory to understand coach confirmation as an effective coaching behavior. Communication & Sport, 6, 239-259. doi:10.1177/2167479516684755

Myers, S. A., Cranmer, G. A., Goldman, Z. W., Sollitto, M., Gillen, H., & Ball, H. (2018). The appropriateness, importance, and frequency of seeking information from organizational peers. International Journal of Business Communication, 55, 30-43. doi:10.1177/2329488415573928

Cranmer, G. A., Buckner, M. M., Pham, N., & Jordan, B. (2017). “I disagree”: An exploration of triggering events, messages, and success of athletes’ dissent. Communication & Sport. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/2167479517731334

Cranmer, G. A., Brann, M., & Weber, K. D. (2017). Quantifying coach confirmation: The development and preliminary validation of the coach confirmation instrument. Communication & Sport, 5, 751-769. doi:10.1177/2167479516660037

Cranmer, G. A., Anzur, C. K., & Sollitto, M. (2017). Memorable messages of social support that former high school athletes received from their head coaches. Communication & Sport, 5, 604-621. doi:10.1177/2167479516641934

Cranmer, G. A. (2017). A communicative approach to sport socialization: The functions of memorable messages during Division-I student-athletes’ socialization. International Journal of Sport Communication, 10, 233-257. doi:10.1123/IJSC.2017-0031

Cranmer, G. A., & Myers, S. A. (2017). Exploring Division-I student-athletes’ memorable messages from their anticipatory socialization. Communication Quarterly, 65, 125-143. doi:10.1080/01463373.2016.1197292

Cranmer, G. A., & Buckner, M. (2017). High school athletes’ relationships with head coaches and teammates as predictors of their expressions of upward and lateral dissent. Communication Studies, 68, 37-55. doi:10.1080/10510974.2016.1254096

Cranmer, G. A., Bowman, N. D., & Goldman, Z. W. (2017). A preliminary study of racialized brawn and brain framing effects. Communication Research Reports, 34, 78-83. doi:10.1080/08824096.2016.1224165

Cranmer, G. A., Goldman, Z. W., & Booth-Butterfield, M. (2017). The mediated relationship between received support and job satisfaction: An initial application of socialization resources theory. Western Journal of Communication, 81, 64-86. doi:10.1080/10570314.2016.1231931

Goldman, Z. W., Cranmer, G. A., Sollitto, M., Labelle, S., & Lancaster, A. L. (2017). What do college students want? A prioritization of instructional behaviors and characteristics. Communication Education, 66, 280-298. doi:10.1080/03634523.2016.1265135

Linvill, D., & Cranmer, G. A. (2017). Students’ perceptions of teacher clarity: The role of cognitive traits. Communication Research Reports, 34, 344-349. doi:10.1080/08824096.2017.1356279

Cranmer, G. A. (2017). Level of measurement, ratio. In M. Allen (Ed.), Sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (pp. 949-951). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cranmer, G. A. (2017). One-group pretest-posttest design. In M. Allen (Ed.), Sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (pp. 1124-1126). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cranmer, G. A. (2016). A continuation of sport teams from an organizational perspective: Predictors of athlete-coach leader-member exchange. Communication & Sport, 4, 43-61. doi:10.1177/2167479514542151 *Article Awarded 1st Associate Dean’s recognition of Scholarship in Journal Publications, 2018

Cranmer, G. A., Brann, M., & Anzur, C. K. (2016). Putting coach confirmation theory into practice: How to confirm youth and high school athletes and coach more effectively. Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 29(6), 25-29. doi:10.1080/08924562.2016.1231098

Cranmer, G. A., Lancaster, A. L., & Harris, T. M. (2016). Shot in black and white: Visualized racial framing within ESPN’s The Body Issue. International Journal of Sport Communication, 9, 209-228. doi:10.1123/IJSC.2015-0126

Cranmer, G. A., & Brann, M. (2016). “Man up!” The potential influence of sport and gender socialization on athletes’ reactions to injury. In D. Tucker & J. Wrench (Eds.), Casing sport communication (pp. 273-281). Dubuque, IA; Kendall-Hunt.

Cranmer, G. A., & Brann, M. (2015). “It makes me feel like I am an important part of this team”: An exploratory study of coach confirmation. International Journal of Sport Communication, 8, 193-211. doi:10.1123/IJSC.2014-0078

Cranmer, G. A., & Myers, S. A. (2015). Sports teams as organizations: A leader-member exchange perspective of player communication with coaches and teammates. Communication & Sport, 3, 100-118. doi:10.1177/2167479513520487

Cranmer, G. A., & Goodboy, A. K. (2015). Power play: Coach power use and athletes’ communicative evaluations and responses. Western Journal of Communication, 79, 614-633. doi:10.1080/10570314.2015.1069389

Cranmer, G. A., & Sollitto, M. (2015). Sport support: Received social support as a predictor of athlete satisfaction. Communication Research Reports, 32, 253-264. doi:10.1080/08824096

Sollitto, M., & Cranmer, G. A. (2015). The relationship between aggressive communication traits and organizational assimilation. International Journal of Business Communication. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/2329488415613339

Cranmer, G. A., & Harris, T. M. (2015). “White-side, strong-side”: A critical examination of race and leadership in Remember the Titans. Howard Journal of Communications, 26, 153-171. doi:10.1080/10646175.2014.985807

Cranmer, G. A., & Martin, M. M. (2015). An examination of aggression and adaption traits with moral foundations theory. Communication Research Reports, 32, 360-366. doi:10.1080/08824096.2015.1089848

Myers, S. A., Sollitto, M., Cranmer, G. A., Goldman, Z. W., Ball, H., & Gillen, H. G. (2015). “It’s all about getting the job done”: Information acquisition among restaurant workers. Journal of the Speech and Theatre Association of Missouri, 45, 23-35.

Cranmer, G. A., Brann, M., & Bowman, N. D. (2014). Male athletes, female aesthetics: The continued ambivalence toward female athletes in ESPN’s The Body Issue. International Journal of Sport Communication, 7, 145-165. doi:10.1123/IJSC.2014-0021

Cranmer, G. A., Bowman, N. D., Chory, R. M., & Weber, K. D. (2014). Color-blind: Race as an antecedent condition of brawn and brain framing of Heisman finalists in newspaper coverage. Howard Journal of Communications, 25, 171-191.

Bowman, N. D., & Cranmer, G. A. (2014). Socialmediasport: Theoretical implications for the reified relationship between spectator and performer. In A. C. Billings & M. Hardin (Eds.), Routledge handbook of sport and new media (pp. 213-224). New York, NY: Routledge.

 Honors and Awards

2018 (Spring) 1st Associate Dean’s recognition of Scholarship in Journal Publications

2017 Emerging Scholar Award for Communication & Sport, NCA

2015 Judee Burgoon Doctoral Research Award

Four Regional Top Paper Awards

Two National Top 5 Paper Awards

One Regional Top 5 Paper Award


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