Jim Strickland

Department Chair

Jim StricklandEmail: jrstric@clemson.edu
Office: (864) 656-3138
Cell: (502) 517-2726

Animal and Veterinary Sciences

130 Poole Agricultural Center

Ph.D. Clemson University, Nutrition, 1992
M.S. Clemson University, Nutrition, 1990
B.S. Southwest Missouri State University, Animal Science, 1987

I see my responsibility, as Department Chair and Professor, as being a servant leader tasked with facilitating the success of the students, faculty and staff of the Department. I am directly tasked with providing leadership to maintain and advance strong research and teaching programs; recruitment, retention, evaluation and mentoring (when needed) of faculty and staff; and fostering strong working relations with our stakeholders in animal production and allied industries. I am also assigned the duty of managing the Department’s fiscal affairs including developing revenue generating programs. I also have the responsibility to teach and do some research (these latter are in the planning stages – updates to follow).

Research interest:
My research interests revolve around the effects of plant and fungal secondary metabolites on animal health and productivity as well as the metabolism of those metabolites by metabolic systems within exposed animals. I currently have a special interest in the distribution and metabolism of ergot alkaloids in ungulates, especially as those functions relate to "Fescue Toxicosis" [a toxicity syndrome in animals consuming toxic (ergot alkaloid containing) endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum) infected tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum), the most common cool season forage grass in the transition zone of the Eastern half of the U.S.].

Aiken, GE, and JR Strickland. "Managing the Tall Fescue-Fungal Endophyte Symbiosis for Optimum Forage-Animal Production." Journal of Animal Science 91:2369-2378. 2013
Aiken, GE, and JR Strickland. "Doppler Ultrasonography for Evaluating Vascular Responses to Ergopeptine Alkaloids in Livestock." Veterinary Medicine. 567-86. 2012.
Foote, AP, DL Harmon, KR Brown, JR Strickland, KR McLeod, LP Bush, and JL Klotz. "Constriction of Bovine Vasculature Caused by Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue Seed Extract Is Similar to Pure Ergovaline." Journal of Animal Science 90:1603-09. 2012.
Klotz, JL, KR Brown, Y Xue, JC Matthews, JA Boling, WR Burris, LP Bush, and JR Strickland. "Alterations in Serotonin Receptor-Induced Contractility of Bovine Lateral Saphenous Vein in Cattle Grazing Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue." Journal of Animal Science 90:682-93. 2012.
Strickland J. R., M. L. Looper, J. C. Matthews, Rosenkrans, C. Jr., M. D. Flythe, and K. R. Brown. (Invited paper). BOARD-INVITED REVIEW: St. Anthony’s Fire in Livestock: Causes, mechanisms, and potential solutions. J Anim Sci. 89:1603-1626. doi:10.2527/jas.2010-3478. 2011.
Klotz J. L., L. P. Bush, and J. R. Strickland. A vascular contractility bioassay using bovine right ruminal artery and vein. J Anim Sci. 89(6):1944-51. 2011.
Neil X., S. R. Liao, J. R. Strickland, J. A. Boling, and J. C. Matthews. Bovine neuronal vesicular glutamate transporter activity is inhibited by ergovaline and other ergopeptines. J Dairy Sci. 94(7):3331-41.
Kagan I., B. H. Kirch, C. Thatcher, J. R. Strickland, C. D. Teutsch, F. C. Elvinger, and R. S. Pleasant. Seasonal and diurnal variation in simple sugar and fructan composition of orchardgrass pasture and hay in the Piedmont region of the United States. J Equine Vet Sci. 31:488-497. 2011.
Kagan I., B. H. Kirch, and J. R. Strickland. A chromatographic survey of methods for extracting long-chain grass fructans. Grass and Forage Science. 66(3)434-448. 2011.
Foote, A. P., D. L. Harmon, J. R. Strickland, L. P. Bush, and J. L. Klotz. Effect of ergot alklaoids on contractility of bovine right ruminal artery and vein. J Anim Sci. 89(9):2944-9. 2011.
Miles, E. D., Y. Xue, J. R. Strickland, J. A. Boling, and J. C. Matthews.. Ergopeptines bromocriptine and ergovaline and the dopamine type-2 receptor inhibitor domperidone inhibit bovine equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1-like activity. J. Agric. Food Chem. 59(17):9691-9699. 2011.
Aiken, G. E., J. L. Klotz, B. H. Kirch, J. R. Strickland, and D. L. Boykin. Technical note: Comparison between two tracing methods with ultrasonography to determine lumen are of the caudal artery in beef cattle. J Anim Sci. 87(1):371-4. 2009.
Brown, K. R., G. A. Anderson, K. Son, G. Rentfrow, L. P. Bush, J. L. Klotz, J. R. Strickland, J. A. Boling, and J. C. Matthews. Growing steers grazing high versus low endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum)-infected tall fescue have reduced serum enzymes, increased hepatic glucogenic enzymes, and reduced liver and carcass mass. J Anim Sci. 87:748-760; doi:10.2527/jas.2008-1108. 2009.
Smith, D. L., L. L. Smith, Shafer, W. D., J. L. Klotz, and J. R. Strickland. Development and validation of a LC-MS method for quantification of ergot alkaloids in lateral saphenous vein tissue. J Agr Food Chem. 57:7213-7220. doi:10.1021/jf901086q. 2009.
Strickland, J. R., G. E. Aiken, and J. L. Klotz. (Invited paper). Ergot alkaloid-induced blood vessel dysfunction contributes to fescue toxicosis. Forages and Grazing Lands. doi:10.1094/FG-2009-1104-01-RS. 2009
Klotz J. L., B. H. Kirch, G. E. Aiken, L. P. Bush, and J. R. Strickland. Bioaccumulation of ergovaline in bovine lateral saphenous veins in vitro. J Anim Sci. 87(7):2437-47. 2009.
Aiken G. E., J. R. Strickland, M. L. Looper, L. P. Bush, and F. N. Schrick. Hemodynamics are altered in the caudal artery of beef heifers fed different ergot alkaloid concentrations. J Anim Sci. 87(6):2142-50. 2009.
Klotz J. L., B. H. Kirch, G. E. Aiken, L. P. Bush, and J. R. Strickland. Contractile response of fescue-naïve bovine lateral saphenous veins to increasing concentrations of tall fescue alkaloids. J Anim Sci. 88(1):408-15. 2009.
Klotz, J. L., B. H. Kirch, G. E. Aiken, L. P. Bush, and J. R. Strickland. Effects of selected combinations of tall fescue alkaloids on the vasoconstrictive capacity of fescue-naïve bovine lateral saphenous veins. J Anim Sci. 86:1021-1028. 2008.
Kagan, I. A., B. L. Coe, L. L. Smith, C. J. Huo, C. T. Dougherty, and J. R. Strickland. A validated method for gas chromatographic analysis of g-aminobutyric acid in tall fescue herbage. J Agr Food Chem. 56(14):5538-5543. 2008.
Jones, K. L., J. L. Schulze, J. R. Strickland, D. L. Cross, P. Burns, R. M. Gilley, E. Bassoo, K. B. Hart, D. L. Thompson, Jr., and S. S. King. Evaluation of domperidone dosages and delivery methods for the treatment of fescue toxicosis in beef heifers. The Professional Animal Scientist. 24(4):342-348. 2008.
Books Edited: Young, Carolyn A, Glen E Aiken, Rebecca L McCulley, James R Strickland, and Christopher L Schardl. Epichloae, Endophytes of Cool Season Grasses: Implications, Utilization and Biology. Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2012.
Invited Book Articles/Chapters: Strickland, James. Endophyte-Associated Ergot Alkaloids. Vol. 76: Mcgraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, 2012. (Book Article)
Strickland, JR, KR Brown, GE Aiken, JL Klotz, MD Flythe, CA Young, RL McCulley, and CL Schardl. "Ergot Alkaloids: Toxicokinetics and Vascular Effects." Paper presented at the Epichloae, endophytes of cool season grasses: implications, utilization and biology. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Fungal Endophytes of Grasses, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, 28 June to 1 July 2010. 2012. (Peer Reviewed)
Aiken, G. E. and J. R. Strickland. Doppler ultrasonography for evaluating vascular responses to ergopeptine alkaloids, pp. 567-586. In. Perez-Marin, C. S. (Ed.) A Bird’s-Eye View of Veterinary Medicine, InTech Open Science. ISBN: 978-953-51-0031-7. 2012. (Book Chapter).
Strickland, J. R., D. Spiers, L. Fletcher, J. W. Oliver, and G. E. Aiken. (Invited Review). Physiological basis of fescue toxicosis. In H. A. Fribourg, D. B. Hannaway, and C. P. West, (ed.). Tall Fescue for the Twenty-first Century and In H. A. Fribourg, D. B. Hannaway and C. P. West (ed.). Tall Fescue On-line Monograph. http://forages.oregonstate.edu/tallfescuemonograph/physiology_toxicosis/abstract. 2009. (Book Chapter & Online Monograph – Peer Reviewed)

Professional society activity:
American Society of Animal Science
American Chemical Society

AVS 4000 – Animal and Veterinary Sciences Professional Development (to be taught)

Offices Held Chair/Vice-Chair, ASAS/ADSA Pastures and Forages Committee (2012/2011) Associate Editor, Journal of Animal Science, (2005-2011) Vice-Chair – ASAS/ADSA Animal Health Committee (2007-2008) Chair – SERA-IEG 8 Tall Fescue Toxicosis/Endophyte Workshop (2006-2007) Secretary – SERA-IEG 8 Tall Fescue Toxicosis/Endophyte Workshop (2005-2006) Section Editor - Pharmacology & Toxicology Section - Journal of Animal Science (2001-2003) State of NM Representative – Western Interstate Commission on Higher Education – Veterinary Advisory Panel. (2001-2004) Graduate Student Competition Committee, Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science. (2000-2002, Chair – 2001) Editorial Board - Pharmacology & Toxicology Section - Journal of Animal Science (1996-1999)