Margaret H. Lloyd SmartState Project

  • Lloyd Project Logo
  • Chimney Stack
    A chimney stack from a house that once stood on the property is all that remains. (Credit: Taylor Parker)
  • Driving
    Consultant forester Coy Myers provides a tour of the property that he knows so well. (Credit: Taylor Parker)
  • Fascicles
    The sizable fascicles of the longleaf pine make the tree's name self-explanatory. (Credit: Taylor Parker)
  • Hardwood Forest
    Far different than the much longleaf pine stands, the hardwood forests of the property are rather lush. (Credit: Taylor Parker)
  • Tall Tree
    Hardscramble is home to some of the tallest longleaf pines in the Southeast. (Credit: Cole Little)
  • Walking
    Inquisitive undergraduate students Cole Little and Alex Shrier venture into the woods. (Credit: Taylor Parker)
  • Wateree River
    The Wateree is the source of one of the most prominent red river systems in South Carolina. (Credit: Taylor Parker)
  • Looking Up Tree Trunk
    Taking in the majestic longleaf pine from the ground up. (Credit: Taylor Parker)

In the heart of the South Carolina sandhills, an 853-acre plot of forested land bordered by the Wateree River on one side and the quiet town of Camden on the others is a beacon of hope in the fight for ecological justice. Bestowed upon Clemson University in 2006, the longleaf-pine dominated forest known as Hardscramble represents one woman’s dream of fostering research and environmental education in the state of South Carolina, by way of her gift, for years to come.

Find more about Weather in Camden, SC

The late Margaret “Peggy” Lloyd, a renowned and beloved philanthropist with a passion for science who spent a large portion of her life in Camden, gifted Clemson University with this sizable, picturesque stretch of forested property in the hopes that it would be harvested not for its wood but for its ethereal beauty and educational potential. Now, a group of committed representatives from Clemson University and other closely-aligned affiliates are utilizing Mrs. Lloyd’s hope as a primary motivating factor as they glean all that Margaret’s gift has to offer. From forestry to social science to education, the team led by Margaret H. Lloyd-SmartState Endowment Professor Rob Baldwin is taking advantage of the abundance of opportunities presented by Hardscramble, and, in the process, they are quickly making Margaret’s dream a reality.


    Through the Lloyd Project, Hardscramble can educate the public on the all-encompassing and all-important relationship between people and nature by fostering Margaret Lloyd’s vision of global interconnectedness.


    Utilize Margaret Lloyd’s gift as a tool for illuminating the interconnectedness and resilience of the natural world. Engage people with the natural world through research, teaching and service.


    Environmental Education – To harness the experiential education opportunities presented by the endowment through environmental learning and through the implementation of a low-impact environmental education center that is scaled to local needs.

    Environmental Awareness – To mold this land as a place for interdisciplinary reflection that thereby serves as a positive reflection of how the manmade world and the natural world can intertwine for the prosperity of both.

    Conservation – To protect and nourish the habitat of Hardscramble, developing strategies for a sustainable future there in the process.

    Restoration – To demonstrate the restoration of an ecosystem's structure and function through carefully designed projects.

    Research – To develop understanding of human influence on nature through systematic observation and recording of change in ecological pattern and process over a long-term horizon.

    Discover – To study the history of overlapping cultures in the Camden region and use the Lloyd property to develop greater understanding of how to include diverse perspectives in natural resources education.


SmartStateSmartState Involvement

One of the primary goals of the Margaret H. Lloyd is to foster the economic growth of the state of the South Carolina through the promotion of scientific advancement. Through the South Carolina SmartState Initiative, Dr. Robert Baldwin, who has served as the Lloyd-SmartState Chair since 2015, is heading the Center for Urband Ecology and Restoration sector of SmartState through his work with the Lloyd Project at Hardscramble. Aiming to develop a low-impact environmental education center that is scaled to local needs, Dr. Baldwin and his team are planning to positively impact South Carolina's economic and environmental education standings through their research.

Why SmartState? (Source: SmartState: SC Centers of Economic Excellence)

The SmartState Program builds South Carolina’s competitive advantage. In the new technology-driven economy, states that don’t focus on research, innovation, and commercialization will lose jobs. Legislative action such as the SmartState Program enables South Carolina to attract higher-paying jobs on the merit of the state’s knowledge base and technology transfer capabilities. 

The SmartState Program advances South Carolina's efforts to create a vibrant knowledge economy. The SmartState Program actively supports job-creating research in high-growth, high-wage industries that have the power to transform the state’s economy. These industry-focused areas are called Smart Clusters and include Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology, Automotive & Transportation, Biomedical, Energy & Alternative Fuels, Information Science, and Pharmaceutical.

The SmartState Program attracts new federal and private funding for research in South Carolina. The program is a magnet for outside investment. State money for each Center is matched dollar-for-dollar by non-state investors. To date, the program has resulted in more than $1.5 billion dollars in non-state investment into the South Carolina economy.

The SmartState Program recruits world-class scientists and engineers to lead economy-building research programs, establish new companies and educate students. These top-flight scientists help South Carolina stimulate patenting, venture capital investment and the vreation of startup companies.

The SmartState Program creates opportunities for South Carolina students who might otherwise leave the state for other universities. New SmartState-inspired graduate programs include automotive engineering, electrochemistry, fuel cell engineering, and mathematical modeling. These graduates are highly sought after employees as well as future researchers and entrepreneurs.

Economic Implications

Economic growth is driven by the creation of new technologies, new company formation, the expansion of existing businesses, and job creation. Economic growth doesn’t just happen. It requires vision, investment and courage.

In 2002, the South Carolina General Assembly had the vision to establish the SmartState Program, funding it with proceeds from the South Carolina Education Lottery. The legislation authorizes the state's three public research institutions—Clemson University, the Medical University of South Carolina and the University of South Carolina—to use state lottery funds to create Centers of Economic Excellence in research areas that will advance South Carolina's economy.

The program also supports SmartState Endowed Chairs, world-renowned scientists and engineers who lead the Centers. By investing in talent and technology, the SmartState Program is fueling the state's knowledge economy and creating high-paying jobs and an improved standard of living in South Carolina.

Natural resources provide the top money-earning potential in the State: Agriculture and Forestry and number 1 and 2 economic forces for a combined 42 billion annually

Outdoor recreation is dependent on clean water and healthy forests including wildlife populations; recent data suggest 1.6 billion dollars is spent in South Carolina on wildlife-related recreation, annually

Top industries attract their talent to the State by advertising beauty of the natural landscapes and these companies contribute to environmental sustainability

BMW-Spartanburg website has an environmental sustainability page that states "Economic growth and quality of life are not mutually exclusive"

Payment for ecosystem services models, being researched by faculty and students of the Lloyd-Smartstate Endowment, can be used to compensate private landowners for clean water they provide to the State's urban areas

Lloyd-SmartState Endowment is dedicated to spreading an environmental message of sustainability that will help the state expand its economy by protecting its vital green infrastructure

Biodiversity and access to natural areas has been shown to correlate with increased measures of individual and community health and well being, especially in children

Lloyd-SmartState endowment is providing the research infrastructure to map and identify those key parts of the landscape that must be conserved to insure continued provision of ecosystem services 

What is environmental education? (Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency)

Environmental education is what the very fabric of this project is built upon, as each component of it is centered upon educating the public on the interconnectedness of people and nature and how the knowledge of Hardscramble and its environmental components can affect the impact that people have on Hardscramble, as well as the natural world as a whole. With the being said, simply knowing what environmental education is is a major component of that educating.

As described by the United States Environmnetal Protection Agency, environmental education "is a process that allows individuals to explore environmental issues, engage in problem solving, and take action to improve the environment. As a result, individuals develop a deeper understanding of environmental issues and have the skills to make informed and responsible decisions."

The components of environmental education are:

  • Awareness and sensitivity to the environment and environmental challenges
  • Knowledge and understanding of the environment and environmental challenges
  • Attitudes of concern for the environment and motivation to improve or maintain environmental quality
  • Skills to identify and help resolve environmental challenges
  • Participation in activities that lead to the resolution of environmental challenges

Environmental education does not advocate a particular viewpoint or course of action. Rather, environmental education teaches individuals how to weigh various sides of an issue through critical thinking and it enhances their own problem-solving and decision-making skills.

Hardscramble Map


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